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匹配条件: “ Awareness of Self” ,找到相关结果约10377条。
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Does Consciousness Exist Independently of Present Time and Present Time Independently of Consciousness?  [PDF]
Birgitta Dresp-Langley, Jean Durup
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.21007
Abstract: While some are currently debating whether time may or may not be an illusion, others keep devoting their time to the science of consciousness. Time as such may be seen as a physical or a subjective variable, and the limitations in our capacity of perceiving and analyzing temporal order and change in physical events definitely constrain our understanding of consciousness which, in return, constrains our conceptual understanding of time. Temporal codes generated in the brain have been considered as the key to insight into neural function and, ultimately, as potential neural substrates of consciousness itself. On the basis of current evidence and opinion from neuroscience and philosophy, we consider the interrelation between consciousness and time in the light of Hegel and Heidegger’s concepts of Sein (Being) and Zeit (Time). We suggest that consciousness can be defined in terms of a succession of psychological moments where we realize that we exist in, and are part of, a present moment in time. This definition places all other perceptual or sensorial processes which may characterize phenomenal experience at a different level of analysis and centers the debate around consciousness on the fundamental identity link between awareness of the Ich (I) and awareness of what Heidegger termed Ursprüngliche Zeit (original time). We argue that human consciousness has evolved from the ability to be aware of, to remember, and to predict temporal order and change in nature, and that the limits of this capacity are determined by limits in the functional plasticity of resonant brain mechanisms. Although the conscious state of the Self is the ultimate expression of this evolution, it is devoid of any adaptive function as such.
Utilizing Service-Learning to Promote a Value Based Professional Nursing Curriculum  [PDF]
Catherine P. Corrigan, Andrea N. Kwasky
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.521206
Abstract: This article will discuss the unique way in which nursing education at one Catholic University is distinctively value-driven with a focus on the meaning of Mercy and Jesuit traditions and how these philosophies translate into professional nursing practice. An innovative approach to a value-driven education that incorporates the philosophy of the Mercy and Jesuit traditions in a professional nursing role is fostered with the teachings of Catherine McAuley and Ignatius Loyola and infused through the act of service-learning and reflection on the service-learning experience. Nursing students are educated from a perspective of historical tradition, spirituality, social justice, reflective thinking and a value-centered professional education, enriching their self-awareness toward the development of leadership behaviors. Linking the service-learning experience to nursing concepts within the Mercy and Jesuit traditions has demonstrated a deep sense of self-awareness, a high level of understanding of caring and the concept of nurses as leaders amongst the students at our university.
Neurophysics of Self Awareness and Memory
Research in Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.5923/j.neuroscience.20130201.02
Abstract: All human brain parts, Biological, Bio-physiological and Biophysical, are inactive after death. Live brain is only of energetic activity.The epistemological study of pure-natural physics and fundamentals of sense perception presented to understand the foundation of Memory. With it, the electroencephalography EEG signal data of individual's waking, dream and deep sleep states are also analysed. The inspection ascertains two essential breakthroughs: A “Self induced” brain wave, related to “I” or perception self existence corresponding “Self Awareness”. This signal manifests from 5 Hz and above. It is also found that the “Self Awareness” signal itself converts into earlier received signals induced by sense perception. The study also determines that the human brain does not have any information of the natural composition of the physical world.
Effect of Awareness of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes of Diabetes: An Observational Study at a Private Hospital in Gujarat
Desai Rujul,Parul Vadgama,Dhruv Parth
National Journal of Medical Research , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Rapid increase in diabetics is observed especially in developing world. Semi urban and rural areas are adopting life style of metro and urban areas which also bring lifestyle related disease like diabetes. Proper knowledge regarding the natural history of disease, risk factors, complication and its treatment help in better management of diabetes. This study conducted to assess existing awareness and gaps regarding diabetes in patients of diabetes in a private hospital. Methods: This was cross sectional study conducted among 80 patients using a semi-structured pre-tested questioner. Total 50 questions were included in the proforma. Appropriate statistical test was applied for data analysis. Results: Mean knowledge score was 19.06 (SD=3.75) out of 50. Dividing questions in to different aspects of disease knowledge, mean scores were found to be below half of the maximum scores in all area except symptoms where it was 4.26 out of maximum 8. Gender, level of education and age was found to be significantly associated with level of knowledge while type of occupation is not associated with it. Mean level of random blood sugar, BMI and systolic blood pressure were 126.12 mg/dL, 30.49 kg/m2 and 143 mmHg respectively which are higher than normal. Conclusion: Lower awareness regarding diabetes may lead to poor self management of disease which ultimately reflects in to poor control of clinical outcomes. [Natl J of Med Res 2012; 2(4.000): 493-496]
Identity paradoxes
?uri? Jelena
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/fid1002275d
Abstract: The article considers paradoxical nature of identity that emerges from: 1) the very concept of identity whose abstract generality unites various and even opposite features; 2) the processual nature of reality that is easier to express in the poetical metaphors or abstract principles than in unambiguous conceptual networks; 3) the oppose relationship between being and knowledge, mind and matter, subject and object, self and personality. Entangled in the labyrinth which evade efforts to be conceptually defined, the modern thinking of identity moves towards abandoning the idea of “self” on behalf of the “ego” and towards the misapprehension of identity as being identical. This corresponds to the “time of the lost spirit” stretched between the simultaneous need to find an identity and to give it up.
MEDIA CULTURE- A KEY TO SELF-EMPOWERMENT
SHIKHA DHALL
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Self awareness, vision, purpose, commitment and making a contribution are the keys to becoming a confident, empowered person. Empowerment means increasing strength. An important prerequisite for the empowerment of citizens is a concerted effort to improve media and information literacy – skills that help to strengthen the critical abilities and communicative skills that enable the individual to use media and communication both as tools and as a way of articulating processes of development and social change, improving everyday lives and empowering people to influence their own lives. Media and information literacy is needed for all citizens, but is of decisive importance to the younger generation – in both their role as citizens and their participation in society, and their learning, cultural expression and personal fulfilment.“As soon as you trust yourself, you will know how to live." -Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Health Self-Awareness in Senior Citizens: Focus on Physical, Emotional and Cognitive Health  [PDF]
Eliane Ferreira Carvalho Banhato, Pricila Cristina Correa Ribeiro, Danielle Viveiros Guedes, Cláudia Helena Cerqueira Mármora, Roberto Alves Louren?o
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.67083
Abstract: Senior people usually express high levels of satisfaction and quality of life, even though they may be facing comorbidities and disabilities. This is an evidence of how unreliable quantitative measures, taken alone, can be when trying to understand the health levels of this population. Health self-awareness has been widely used in order to assess the health of old people. The present study describes how a sample of Brazilian senior citizens assesses their general health and verifies the relationship between negative health self-awareness and social-demographic factors as well as physical, emotional and cognitive impairment in this population. There were 427 senior subjects in the sample aged 65 or more from both genders. The primary outcome was assessed by the question: “on the whole, how do you assess your health?”. This variable was divided into 2 groups: positive perception (options very good and good) and negative perceptions (options fair, bad and very bad). The independent variables were: social demographic; physical aspects of health; emotional and humour aspects; and cognitive aspects. In our studies, 42.4% of seniors had negative health self-awareness. The logistic regression analyses showed that the social demographic factor could explain negative health self-awareness in 62.4% of the subjects. However, only the association with education was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Diabetes, self-referred depression and instrumental activities were statistically related to the worse health self-awareness (p = 0.01; 0.05; 0.02 and 0.05, respectively). The emotional aspect was responsible for 64.9% of the negative health self-awareness (p < 0.001), while the cognitive aspect (p = 0.052) had a predictive value of 57.6%. From the findings in the present study, it is possible to conclude functional loss and the presence of chronic diseases is not enough to explain negative health self-awareness in old people. It is important to take into account education and the presence of depressive symptoms.
The Self and Self-Awareness  [PDF]
Thomas W. Smythe
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102854
Abstract:
In the history of philosophical discussions of the self it has been assumed that self-awareness is a reliable source of knowledge about the nature of a person. This paper reprises and compares the views of Immanuel Kant, and how Gilbert Ryle supplies a partial solution to problems Kant raises. The paper ends with a presentation of my own view of the difficulties these authors address about our self-awareness and the self or subject of experiences.
Insight na psicose: uma análise conceitual
Mella, Lucas F. B.;Dantas, Clarissa R.;Banzato, Cláudio E. M.;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852011000200009
Abstract: introduction: in the context of clinical psychiatry, insight is defined as a subcategory of self-awareness of patients, which is related to the recognition of the pathological manifestations that affect them and also the appreciation of the changes that these manifestations cause in their interaction with the outside world. objective: to examine the forms of presentation of insight in schizophrenia and other psychoses. methods: conceptual analysis, with illustrative clinical vignettes, of the relation between insight and several symptomatologic dimensions of schizophrenia and related conditions, regarding clinical, neurocognitive, psychodynamic and transcultural aspects. results: from a conceptual point of view, the construct is shaped by the theoretical approach adopted; from a clinical point of view, its presentation in psychoses is the result of the interaction with different symptomatologic areas and subjective and cultural aspects of the patient. conclusion: psychopathology assessment of insight must consider the complexity of the phenomenon, the theoretical approach used, and the clinical purpose for which it is done.
The value of self-report methods in neuropsychological diagnostics of patients after brain injury
Roessler-Górecka, Magdalena,Iwański, Szczepan,Seniów, Joanna
Psychiatria Polska , 2013,
Abstract: Self-report methods are commonly applied in medicine and psychology. However, their diagnostic value in assessment of patients with acquired brain damage can be limited due to a number of various difficulties encountered by these patients, including cognitive disorders, fatigue, similarity of psychopathological and somatic symptoms, psychological reaction to the disease and limited or lack of insight (anosognosia).In our article we highlight the most important limitations of application of popular frequently used questionnaires in evaluation of brain-injured patients. We also discuss the possible ways of adjusting self-report techniques to requirements of diagnostic process in this clinical population. Proposed modifications refer to, among others, specific construction of diagnostic tools (appropriate content and number of questions, methods of measuring responses), collecting information from relatives, using questionnaires along with more objective measures, and controlling conditions in which the assessment is carried out. Although relying only on self-report methods can be misleading, for an aware clinician it is still an important source of data on patient’s subjective opinion and on the way they experience their symptoms.
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