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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 229 matches for " Authorship "
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Uncontrolled proliferation of the co-authors of clinical and observational studies, and inter-cohort analyses, in the field of clinical management of HIV disease
Roberto Manfredi
Reviews in Health Care , 2011, DOI: 10.7175/rhc.2822137-140
Views of Psychiatrists on Authorship and Gift Authorship in Turkey
Bülent Kadri Gültekin,Lut Tamam
N?ropsikiyatri Ar?ivi , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, views, and behaviour of psychiatrists on authorship, to determine the authorship problems experienced, and to evaluate their views on which contributions to research merit authorships and their perceptions about gift authorship and strategies for preventing it.Methods: A total of 87 academic psychiatrists and psychiatry specialists in Turkey participated in this study. A questionnaire form consisting of 36 questions, developed by the researchers and based on previous studies, was sent to all participants via e-mail. The returned forms have been evaluated for this study.Results: Gift authorship was considered unethical by all participants, and 42 (48%) of participants experienced authorship problems. Conceiving the research idea, designing the study, collecting data, providing statistical analysis, interpretation of statistical data, drafting the article or revising it critically were assumed to be enough to merit authorship. 81 (93.1%) of participants perceived gift authorship as a common problem promoted by pressure to publish and enhancing the chances of publication. The respondents suggested that requiring researchers to sign a statement justifying authorship and to specify the actual contribution of each author were effective strategies for reducing/preventing gift authorship. Conclusion: Authorship problems are common and gift authorship was perceived as unethical by academic psychiatrists and psychiatry specialists. There is a need for tight control as well as more comprehensive research studies and extensive education on authorship ethics. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 344-7)
Autoría y cultura posmoderna
ACIMED , 2001,
Abstract: the article discusses the conception of authorship, including its formation and functions both in the modern and postmodern cultures.
Distribui??o da autoria em trabalhos científicos
Petroianu, Andy;
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (S?o Paulo) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-67202012000100014
Abstract: introduction: to publish became almost compulsory in medicine. there is no doubt about the importance of publishing research, but the ordering of its authors is not easy. the lack of internationally accepted criteria led to the establishment of several groups or conventions particularized medical and scientific sectors. objetive: to present numerical method to establish rule of value to people who carried out the research, and whether or not incorporated as authors. method: the proposed score is based on the needs of each step when conducting a scientific work. they were divided into topics in which the main ones were: 1) scientific criteria for authorship; 2) create the idea that originated the work and develop hypotheses; 3) structure the method of work; 4) guiding the work; 5) write the manuscript; 6) coordinate the group that carried out the work; 7) reviewing the literature; 8) suggestions incorporated into the work; 9) to solve fundamental problems of labor; 10) to collect data; 11) presentation at scientific meetings; 12 ) lead the job and raise funds; 13) providing patients or material; 14) to do the routine needs; 15) specific fee to participate; 16) criteria for ranking the authors; 17) honorary author; 18) usurpation of the main authorship, 19) acknowledgments . conclusions: it is important to emphasize that, to prevent major conflicts, the group that is willing to conduct a scientific work should establish at the outset, as objectively as possible, the criteria to be adopted for distribution of authorship. the subjective criteria here proposed avoid interference and prevent conflicts of interest.
Algunas reflexiones sobre la complicidad y su aplicación en ciertos delitos socioeconómicos
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2009,
Abstract: in colombia, the definitions of crimes are found in the special part of the criminal code. they are set out as though the only way of to commit them was by being the author of the punishable conduct there described. nevertheless, in the general part of the criminal code, we find other forms of criminal responsibility for the conduct described in the special part. complicity is one of those ways. although complicity is established in the criminal code, it does not appear as a criminal definition and, as such it is ignored or, worse, applied incorrectly. for those reasons, this article tries to reflect upon the validity of complicity. accordingly, this article analyzes: what is complicity, what is the difference between complicity and co-authorship and how would complicity work in some practical cases related to socio-economic crimes, in which it has being overlooked or, has been used incorrectly. the article concludes that complicity is still valid, and that the correct application of complicity materializes the ideal of justice.
Martínez Betancur,Octavio;
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia , 2007,
Abstract: complex and multidisciplinary investigation is a cause of multiple co-authorships. actually, it is necessary a great number of collaborators to accomplish a scientific work. when it is time to publish the article, it is difficult to resolve the dilemma between credits and responsibility, neither applying editorial standards. more difficulties are added when researchers are pressed by academic and research institutions to growth up the number of their publications, which may impel them to improper conducts in order to get undeserved authorships. alternatives to dissipate the authorship tension (credits vs. responsibility) do not inspire solutions. more than group or institutional politics or international restrictive norms, which scientific authorship needs are foundational ethics values: honesty, trustworthy and fairness.
Autoria e co-autoria: efeitos negativos e positivos
Kerbauy, Rachel Rodrigues;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2005000100010
Abstract: the scientific papers are influenced by many variables, specially their authorship and co-authorship. the post-graduation publications and the difficulties in establishing the adequate rules to the current contingence changes are increasing, and the (co-)authorship problems are restrict to the common criteria's between students and their adviser orienting professor, and to the production evaluation programs. this paper also presents brazilian co-authorship tendency.
O funcionamento da autoria nos blogs de divulga??o científica
Oliveira, Simone de Mello de;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322011000300008
Abstract: the present paper reflects on the discursive functioning of scientific dissemination blogs, while challenging the mode of authorship building in the context of new technologies of information and communication. thus, here are analyzed those scientific dissemination blogs that are part in the anel de blogs científicos da usp, and selected the posts about the 61st annual meeting of the sbpc (brazilian society for scientific development). the adopted analytical procedures were those of the french line of discourse analysis, which allowed the observation of a functioning that incorporates an internet procedure, copy and paste, which represents an appropriation of texts by the blogger; the fact that the text belongs to another person is erased. consequently, one does not deal with an author as the origin of the saying anymore.
Palavras de cristal: sujeito, sentido e vers?es no processo discursivo de reformula??o de livros
Silva, Adriana Pozzani de La Vielle e;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322010000200002
Abstract: the theoretical field of discourse analysis stands at the basis of the present discussion on the discursive process for reformulation of books. by focusing on the axis subject-meaning-versions - with a punctual emphasis on the socio-historical mechanisms, which constitute the work of authorship -, here one tries to make explicit how the enunciative event (indursky, 2008), once it is responsible for the emergence of the so called "revised edition," affects the enunciable proper to a certain discursive formation, and reconfigures the memory networks. the subject-author, caught within the web of historical contradictions in which he constitutes himself, enters in a play of repeat-dislocate-forget. the reflection here developed acquires an overtone when the polemical identity of the "revised edition" is dealt with at the final considerations.
Hiperenunciador: o outro do supradestinatário?
Furlanetto, Maria Marta;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322012000100015
Abstract: this essay aims to verify if the notion of "hyperenunciator", proposed and developed by maingueneau (2005a, 2008) in his last works on discourse analysis, would have any correlation with the generic notion of "third" (investigated in its variants) in the theory of bakhtin"s circle. the proposition here is to examine an approximation or inspiration to review issues associated to established genres, including the authorship, seeking to establish their mode of operation and the implications as regards the process of authorship. it is noted, in conclusion, that the understanding of superaddressee (as a "third virtual person") goes from an instance bound to the ego, a double of the enunciator, up to an external body, regardless of the enunciator (the third with collective mark), as a set of rules that one must follow for the acceptance of the text (in a community of discourse), extending to a form of inner speech until it, eventually, coincides with the hyperenunciator.
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