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OALib Journal期刊

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Factors Associated with Acquired Infections Caesarian Wounds in Maternity Mbuji-Mayi/DR Congo  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa, Augustin Kadiata, Andre Guillaume Kabongo, Didier Lepelletier, Decas Blood Banza, Jean Jacques Bukasa, Félicien Ilunga, Andre Mutombo, Senghor Ngoyi Mbo, Angelique Bandimuna, Sébatien Kashimpo, Alexis Ntambwe, Stany Wembonyama
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104437
Abstract:
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with nosocomial infections of caesarean section wounds in the maternity hospitals of the city of Mbuji-Mayi. Methods: This study was conducted in 25 maternities of general referral hospitals, clinics and hospitals in the city of Mbuji-Mayi during the period from 1 February to 1 June 2017, out of 171 parturients cesarized that were followed during a period of 4 months. A survey questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: Out of 171 parturients monitored, surgical site infection developed 52 (SSI), an incidence of 30.4%. After analysis, nine factors were identified as associated post-caesarean SSI in Mbuji-Mayi city (p ≤ 0.05): age (p = 0.000), anemia (p = 0.000), prolonged duration of labor delivery (p = 0.001), premature rupture of the membranes before caesarean section (p = 0.044), prolonged duration after-rupture of the membranes (p = 0.000), preparation of the operative site by shaving (p = 0.029), surgery by general practitioner (p = 0.023), duration of operation greater than 60 minutes (p = 0.040), non-compliance with asepsis during dressing (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The fight against nosocomial infections must be a permanent concern: the prevention and regular monitoring of these infections must be the control strategies of each hospital structure, under the watchful eye of a coordination center for the fight nosocomial infections.
Knowledge and Rates of Use of Preschool Consultation by the Mothers in the Area of Health Tshitenge/Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Augustin Kadiata Bukasa, Zelda Nkongolo Kitenge, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Cedrick Ilunga Bimpa, Jean Pierre Kufua Katukumbanyi, Dominique Kapitena Mangola, Astrid Kabanga, Benedicte Bileo, Axel Ngoyi, Therese Kapenga Mitanta, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Jean Felix Kabangu, Geremie Kazadi, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Andre Kazadi Mukendi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105064
Abstract:
Introduction: The postponement of the preventive activities of the Provincial Division of Health of East Kasai 2016 revealed que le level of attendance of the preschool consultation is decreasing less and less in the Health Area Tshitenge. Thus, this study set the goal of determining the knowledge and use of maternal pre-school counseling in the Health Area Tshitenge. Methods: The survey method was used by means of a questionnary administered to mothers in this region, but more specifically, we collected data from 422 mothers responsible for randomly selected children aged 0 to 5 in the four health. Results: After analysis and analysis of the data with the computer tool, we obtained the following results: the rate of use of the preschool consultation service is 60.7%; the level of education, occupation and the number of children under 5 years of age have a strong influence on the use of preschool counseling; lack of knowledge about the most important activity of preschool counseling has a negative influence on its use. There is a link between the use of the preschool consultation and the most important activity of the preschool consultation for the respondent; there is also a link between this and an appointment on the map; and finally, the cost judgment of SPC strongly influences its use. Conclusion: In order to raise this activity, the revitalization of preschool consultation activities in the Tshitenge health area, the reinforcement of the parents’ awareness on the use of preschool counseling from 0 to 59 months, and the revival of visits to homes for children whose mothers drop out of preschool counseling sufficient are a basis.
Adolescent Pregnancy and Delivery in the Rural Areas of DR. Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study (2014 to 2016)  [PDF]
Bukasa Héman Kabemba, Yuma Gaston Alimasi, Augustin Mpo Ntambwe, Morega Esaie Kalamba, Failla Fanny Kitenge, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Huguette Kisimba Monzi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104762
Abstract:
Background: Adolescent pregnancy and childbirth remains a major public health problem that deserves special attention with regard to psychological and medical risks. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the fre-quency and determinants of the course and evolution of pregnancy and child-birth in rural adolescents. Methods: This is a multicentre, retrospective and de-scriptive cross-sectional study carried out in the maternity wards of the Katombe Health Centre and the General Reference Hospital of Moba. The pe-riod from 2014 to 2016 was retained. The data were analysed using Epi Info 7.1 software program. Results: Teenage deliveries accounted for 13.2%. The age mean of the adolescent was 17.3 ± 1.3 years, married (69.2%), housewife (72.7%), most of whom had at least one prenatal visits, primiparous (71.3%) and the highest level of study is secondary (72.3%). In the majority of cases, deliveries were dystocia (51.2%) and by the lower ways (90.8%). Maternal and neonatal mortality rates were respectively 1.7% and 3.4%. The age of the ado-lescent determines the mode of delivery (p 0.000), the delivery pathways (p 0.040) and the postpartum trend (p 0.000). The adolescent under seventeen is significantly (p 0.0006) at high risk. Age, parity, marital status, level of educa-tion, occupation of the author of the pregnancy, antenatal consultations visits follow-up, and new-born delivery modes determine the postpartum mother’s evolution. Similarly, neonatal outcome is determined by maternal age, marital status, level of education, occupation of the perpetrator, prenatal follow-up, maternal modes and ways of deliveries. Conclusion: Pregnancy is a high risk for adolescent girls in rural areas. In addition to this risk, the organizational dif-ficulties of less well-equipped health structures are compounded. The modifia-ble determinants that influence the occurrence of this risk should be considered. The age of fewer than seventeen seems to be the most critical in terms of seriousness in rural areas.
Evaluation of Biological Soil Fertility Management Practices for Corn Production in Oxisols  [PDF]
Mupala G. Muyayabantu, Bakach D. Kadiata, Kabwe K. Nkongolo
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.311201
Abstract: Field trials on the management of soil biological fertility with aim to increasing corn production were conducted in a savannah region of the DR-Congo. Three organic matters including fresh biomass of Entada abyssinica, Tithonia diversifolia, Stylosanthes gracilis and a mineral combination of nitrogen and phosphorus (NP) (115-63-0) along with a control (without fertilization) were evaluated for corn crop growth and production. The field trial was a completely randomized design with four replicates. Plant height, basal stem diameter, and yield components were assessed. Irrespective of fertilization treatments and variety, maize showed a similar growth up to 20 days after sowing (DAS), and then two distinct trends were observed. At 60 DAS, plant height and basal diameter were significantly bigger in plots treated with NP, T. diversifolia and E. abyssinica compared to S. gracilis treatment and control (NoF). This pattern was also confirmed with agronomic traits such as cob length, number of kernel per cob, and net grain yield. The local variety was the least productive under any treatment. In general, the response of corn crop to organic and inorganic fertilization showed that the mineral combination (NP) increased the most grain yield and other yield components compared to unfertilized trial, followed by T. divessifolia and E. abyssinica. NP and T. diversifolia treatments increased significantly and equally soil potassium content compared to control and other treatments. Application of T. diversifolia appears a more cost effective approach for small farmers to improving fertility of the oxisol prevailing in Central Africa compared to mineral fertilizers.
The Effects of Social Interaction and Social Norm Compliance in Pay-What-You-Want Situations  [PDF]
Leon Paul Hilbert, Augustin Suessmair
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.58054
Abstract: Since Pay-What-You-Want is a relatively new field of study, the influence factors during the pricing process are not sufficiently explored. It was hypothesized that in a hypothetical Pay-What-You-Want situation, increased social interaction and social norm compliance would lead to a higher willingness to pay for a travel mug. In a laboratory experiment, 79 German students were randomly assigned to three groups which varied in the degree of social interaction. Social norm compliance was assessed with a questionnaire. A 3 × 3 between-group factorial ANOVA showed a significant main effect for social interaction (p = 0.025, η2 = 0.08), whilst social norm compliance was slightly not significant (p = 0.067, η2 = 0.03). Follow-up comparisons were calculated and the results discussed. The findings implicate that especially the degree of social interaction should be regarded, both by researchers and practitioners, as an important situational factor influencing the price in a Pay-What-You-Want situation.
Bernard Charlot y la práctica del saber
Mutuale,Augustin;
Educere , 2009,
Abstract: bernard charlot has thought in a different way about the role of practice and knowledge at school. he, in fact, through revisiting school achievements and not school failure opposes the current postures linked with the transmission of knowledge; for instance, those that consider the transmission as a ?banking? capital or better yet as a finished product that reduces pedagogy to a simple technique of learning. from radically questioning what learning means, bernard charlot is forced to consider knowledge as a process with its own shapes. the student he presents can disappear in objectivation. its schooling process is previewed from the sole angle of trajectory, meaning linear. but seen from the perspective of a construction, the schooling process turns devious in itself by integrating multiple senses, even contradictory or conflictive.
Erratum to “on the group of strong symplectic homeomorphisms”
Banyaga,Augustin;
Cubo (Temuco) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0719-06462012000300003
Abstract: we give a proof of the estimate (1.1) which is the main ingredient in the proof that the set ssympeo (m, ω) of strong symplectic homeomorphisms of a compact symplectic manifold (m, ω) forms a group [1].
On The Group of Strong Symplectic Homeomorphisms
BANYAGA,AUGUSTIN;
Cubo (Temuco) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0719-06462010000300004
Abstract: we generalize the ?hamiltonian topology? on hamiltonian isotopies to an intrinsic ?symplectic topology? on the space of symplectic isotopies. we use it to define the group ssympeo (m,ω) of strong symplectic homeomorphisms, which generalizes the group hameo(m,ω) of hamiltonian homeomorphisms introduced by oh and müller. the group ssympeo(m,ω) is arcwise connected, is contained in the identity component of sympeo(m,ω); it contains hameo(m,ω) as a normal subgroup and coincides with it when m is simply connected. finally its commutator subgroup [ssympeo(m,ω), ssympeo(m,ω)] is contained in hameo(m,ω).
Simulation of Fatigue Crack Growth in Integrally Stiffened Panels Under the Constant Amplitude and Spectrum Loadin
Petr Augustin
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10164-010-0001-2
Abstract: The paper describes methodology of numerical simulation of fatigue crack growth and its application on integrally stiffened panels made of 2024-T351 aluminium alloy using high speed cutting technique. Presented approach for crack growth simulation starts by the calculation of stress intensity factor function from finite element results obtained using MSC. Patran/Nastran. Subsequent crack growth analysis is done in NASGRO and uses description of crack growth rates either by the Forman-Newman-de Koning relationship or by the table lookup form. Three crack growth models were applied for spectrum loading: non-interaction, Willenborg and Strip Yield model. Relatively large experimental program comprising both the constant amplitude and spectrum tests on integral panels and CCT specimens was undertaken at the Institute of Aerospace Engineering laboratory in order to acquire crack growth rate data and enable verification of simulations. First analyses and verification tests of panels were performed under the constant amplitude loading. For predictions of crack growth using the spectrum loading a load sequence representing service loading of the transport airplane wing was prepared. Applied load spectrum was measured on B737 airplane within the joint FAA/NASA collection program. The load sequence is composed of 10 flight types with different severity analogous to the standardized load sequence TWIST. Before application on the stiffened panels a calculation of crack growth under the spectrum loading was performed for simple CCT specimen geometry. The paper finally presents comparison of simulations of fatigue crack propagation in two-stringer stiffened panel under the spectrum loading with verification test carried out in the IAE lab. The work was performed within the scope of the 6th Framework Programme project DaToN - Innovative Fatigue and Damage Tolerance Methods for the Application of New Structural Concepts.
THE EFFECTS OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS LEAVERS′ DISINTEREST / Prí iny nezáujmu absolventov základnych k l o u ebné a tudijné odbory technického zamerania v súvislostiach s vyu ovaním predmetu technika
Ondrejkovi? Augustin
Technológia vzdelávania , 2010,
Abstract: Nezáujem absolventov základnych k l o u ebné a tudijné odbory strednych k l technického zamerania sp sobuje nedostatok pracovnej sily s technickym vzdelaním. Prí inou vzniknutého stavu je podceňovanie vyu ovania predmetu Technika v základnych kolách.
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