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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 569 matches for " Attachment "
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The Relationship between Stress and Counterproductive Work Behavior: Attachment Orientation as a Moderate  [PDF]
Lin Ma, Wenli Li
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.74033
Abstract: The dissertation is based on the stressor-emotion model, and creatively adopting attachment orientation as a moderator. This paper analyzes the sample data by issuing 400 questionnaires and then using SPSS22.0. The results show that work stress can positively predict the Counterproductive Work Behavior of employees. Attachment avoidance can moderate the relationship between work stress and CWB, and attachment anxiety has significant effect on the relationship between work stress and CWB. Research shows that the pressure in the workplace can not only cause employees’ Counterproductive Work Behavior, but also cause negative affectivity of employees, which further leads to Counterproductive Work Behavior of employees, while attachment avoidance can effectively regulate the positive pressure of work stress. Therefore, to some extent, the possibility of anti-production behavior can be reduced.
The Contributions of Attachment and Caregiving Orientations to Living a Meaningful Life  [PDF]
Abira Reizer, Dana Dahan, Phillip R. Shaver
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412151

This study adopted Bowlby’s (1982) behavioral systems perspective on meaning in life by focusing on two behavioural systems discussed by Bowlby: attachment and caregiving. Three hypotheses were formulated: 1) attachment orientations will predict meaning in life; 2) caregiving orientations will predict meaning in life; 3) attachment will moderate the associations between caregiving and sense of meaning in life. Three hundred thirteen adults completed self-report scales measuring attachment, caregiving, and two aspects of meaning in life (presence of meaning and searching for meaning). Results indicated that attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance), caregiving deactivation, and the interaction between attachment anxiety and caregiving deactivation contributed uniquely to the prediction of meaning in life. In addition, religiosity contributed significantly to the presence of meaning. Finally, attachment anxiety and caregiving deactivation predicted searching for meaning. The study shows that a behavioral systems perspective can contribute to the literature on meaning in life.

Investigating the Relationship between Attachment Styles and the Manner of Mobile Phone Usage among Iranian Students  [PDF]
Hoseini Shadi, Toozandehjani Hassan
Social Networking (SN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/sn.2017.62013
Abstract: The present study is an applied research in terms of purpose and a descriptive and correlational research in terms of the method of data collection, which has been conducted to examine the relationship between attachment styles and the manner of using the mobile phone. The statistical population of this study comprised male and female students studying at the undergraduate level of Islamic Azad Unidersity of Neyshabur (Department of Humanities) in the academic year 2013-2014. The statistical sample included 300 individuals from these students who were selected through stratified random sampling. Hazan and Shaver’s Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and a researcher-made Mobile Phone Questionnaire was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there was a significant relationship between the manner of using mobile phone and its dimensions with attachment styles.
Attachment and Psychopathology
Sermin Kesebir,Semine Ozdogan Kavzoglu,Mehmet Fatih Ustundag
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2011,
Abstract: The type of attachment defined in the early stages of life and thought to be continuous, is a phenomenon that shapes the pattern of how a person makes contact with others. The clinical appearance of every type of attachment is different and each one has prospective and retrospective phenomenological reflections. In all stages of life and in close relationships, it can be observed if a person gets in close contact with someone else and if this relation bears supportive and protective qualities. According to attachment theorists, once it is defined as safe or unsafe during nursing period, it shows little change. Starting from Bowlby’s work, unsafe attachment type is considered as the determining factor of psychopathology in the later periods of life, while safe attachment is considered as in relation with healthy processes. The nature’s original model is safe attachment. Anxious/indecisive attachment, an unsafe attachment type, is associated with anxiety disorders and depressive disorder, while avoidant attachment is associated with behavior disorder and other extroverted pathologies. Disorganized/disoriented attachment is considered to be together with dissociative disorder. The aim of this paper is to review attachment theory and the relation between attachment and psychopathology.
Attachment Relationships with Fathers and Mothers during Early Chilhood  [PDF]
Nerea Portu-Zapirain
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.43A038

The aim of this study was to analyze the nature of affective relationships between parents and children and to explore representational models in a sample of 111 children aged between 3 and 6, assessed using a projective measure. The results obtained confirm that, globally, security in the representation of attachment is higher with mothers. The figure of the father in the established hierarchy is secondary. The results also reveal a statistically significant relationship between children’s age and the attachment established with their fathers and mothers. The older the child, the greater the security manifested in their relations, and the younger the child, the greater the insecurity.

The Negative Effect of Brand Attachment: How Attachment Styles Help Explain Anti-Brand Behavior  [PDF]
Yuan Yuan, Ming Lei
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.51013
Abstract: Enterprises tend to attach importance to consumer brand relationship in the marketing context, especially the establishment and culture of attachment relationship, and they try to maintain brand loyalty through consumers’ high self-connection. But they ignore the possibility that brand attachment leads to anti-brand behavior; however, previous study was less involved in the negative effects of brand attachment and negative brand behavior. So on the basis of relevant research literature review, we firstly illustrate two kinds of incentive of anti-brand behavior: 1) the loss of functional benefit; 2) the violation of self-concept, and then discussed the theoretical framework that brand attachment leads to anti-brand behavior from the perspective of consumers’ individual characteristics. The purpose of this paper is to explore the strong brand attachment relationship between consumers and brand when and why it will be transformed into a strong negative brand behavior, and thus provide a new perspective on the study of brand attachment.
In Vitro Simulation of Tooth Mobility Resulting from Periodontal Attachment Loss  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Abe, Keisuke Nogami, Keisuke Yasuda, Yohei Okazaki, Kyou Hiasa
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2014.46043
Abstract: In our previous studies, we developed the normal periodontal ligament index (nPLI) and the residual periodontal ligament index (rPLI), to estimate residual periodontal ligament support for individual teeth during treatment planning for partially edentulous patients. The purpose of the current in vitro study was to analyze tooth mobility resulting from periodontal attachment loss, and to determine the application range of both nPLI and rPLI. The association of horizontal load-displacement and conditions of attachment loss was measured in triplicate for each anatomical tooth model at 10-minute intervals, using a universal tester at a crosshead speed of 0.05 mm/min, and a load of 0.1 N. The conditions of attachment loss were: (I) 0 mm (cementoenamel junction), (II) 2 mm attachment level, and (III) two-thirds, and (IV) one-half lengths of normal attachment. Except for the upper first molar, lower lateral incisor, lower first premolar, and the lower first molar, the displacement of each tooth type was increased significantly relative to Level I (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Moreover, except for the upper first molar, the displacement of each tooth type at Level IV was significantly increased compared to Level III (P < 0.01). The results indicated that nPLI at two-thirds of normal attachment and greater, and rPLI at less than two-thirds of normal attachment should be applied, respectively.
Competing for Space: Factors That Lead to Sponge Overgrowth When Interacting with Octocoral  [PDF]
Elizabeth L. Mclean, Klaus Rützler, Penelope S. Pooler
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2015.51007
Abstract: The overgrowth of octocorals by sponges is generally disadvantageous for the octocorals. When the growth of octocoral populations increases the reefs’ structural complexity, more substrate space becomes available for epibionts to grow. One of these epibionts is the sponge Desmapsamma anchorata, known to grow exponentially faster than other sponges, and for its ability to overwhelm the substrate over which it grows. Our objective in this study is to determine if the overgrowth of branching octocorals by varying sponges is defined only by species-specific interactions, or if some physical attributes make this octocoral more susceptible to being overgrown than others. To determine this, on a reef south of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, we monitored the attachment of various demosponges to branching octocorals in a series of experiments to assess the response effect of the interactions and properties leading to attachment and subsequent sponge overgrowth on branching octocorals. Substrate effects, species-specific reactions, and time of exposure were considered. Additionally, following successful-attachment, preliminary growth rates of two sponge species epizoic on two octocoral species were monitored. Differences in the observed interaction between species and treatments were analyzed with a multinomial response model to isolate a species-specific effect from other interacting effects of the properties tested. Results indicate that time of exposure of a sponge in direct contact with the octocoral fragment significantly affects the outcome of the interaction; secondly, physical properties and species-specific interactions also influence the attachment. Following the successful attachment to an octocoral, the growth of the sponge varies as a function of the sponge’s differential growth rate and the substrate species over which it grows. In the context of species successions, understanding interactions between coralreef organisms is important as these interactions explain
A Avalia??o da Vincula??o do Adulto: uma revis?o crítica a propósito da aplica??o da Adult Attachment Scale-R (AAS-R) na popula??o Portuguesa
Canavarro,M. Cristina; Dias,Pedro; Lima,Vania;
Psicologia , 2006,
Abstract: this article, in its first part, tries to gather knowledge about some of the conceptual issues on adult attachment. these conceptual issues are discussed in terms of the adult attachment assessment and also some of the most polemical aspects on methodology are also highlighted. finally, focusing on the assessment of adult attachment through self-?report ques-tionnaires, some psychometric data and results of portuguese studies concerning the adaptation of adult attachment scale-?r (collins & read, 1990), named ?es-cala de vincula??o do adulto? (eva) are presented.
Revisitando alguns conceitos da teoria do apego: comportamento versus representa??o?
Ramires, Vera Regina R?hnelt;Schneider, Michele Scheffel;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722010000100004
Abstract: this paper proposes a revision of some attachment theory concepts, especially those about attachment, attachment behavior, and internal representational model. it discusses such concepts according to the ideas of bowlby and some contemporary authors. the dichotomy between behavior and attachment representation is questioned, as well as the stability and specificity of the internal representational model, based on the main theoreticians of this field, especially the psychoanalytical ones. it is evaluated the relevance of the representational dimension and its role as emotions' regulator and self organizer, and the implications of such roles for clinical and development psychology and for future studies.
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