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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 688 matches for " Atif Abbasi "
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Socioeconomic factors effecting polio vaccination in Pakistan  [PDF]
Sheeba Arooj, Sitwat Ali, Nimra Baber, Atif Abbasi, Midhat Ali
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.55117

Background: Child vaccinations are one of most cost effective health programs that have weakened a number of child morbidity and mortality rate all over the world. Pakistan is considered one of the major country of the world, where people especially children are bound by many harmful infectious diseases like polio, hepatitis, viral infections etc. The effectiveness of routine childhood immunization programs relies on multiple factors. Socio-economic determinants have the potential to affect immunization programs. The purpose of the present study was to determine the association between socio-economic factors and polio vaccination coverage among children inPakistan. Methods: The study used data from the Pakistandemographic health survey (PDHS 2006-07 N 10023). The study focused on respondents who had births in last five years. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to determine the association between variables. Spss version 20 was used for data analysis. A number of socioeconomic variables were used in chi square & binary logistic regression model to check out their association with polio vaccination coverage. Results: Study shows that most dominant factors associated with polio vaccination coverage were region that is NWFP OR 3.48 (odd ratio) with 95% confidence interval (C-I 2.06 & 3.13) & Punjab OR 2.54 (C-I 2.062 & 3.131), residence urban OR 1.626 (C-I 1.451 & 1.822), sex of child male OR 1.125 (C-I 1.008 & 1.256), age of mother 25 - 34 years OR 1.11 (C-I 0.978 & 1.276), wealth index rich OR 2.98 (C-I 2.55 & 3.48), age of child 4 - 5 years OR 1.17 (C-I 0.899 & 1.538),

Causes of anemia in pregnant women of the state of azad kashmir: A cross-sectional survey  [PDF]
Atif Abbasi, Sheeba Arooj, Wafa Hussain, Asif Iqbal Mughal, Nazneen Habib, Wajid Aziz, Muhammad Rafique
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.51006

Background: Epidemic of anemia is considered to be a significant threat to pregnant women or women in child bearing age. Anemia is one of the major nutritional health disorders affecting significant proportion of population not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. This threat is more alarming in developing countries where poverty, illiteracy may contribute to high risk for causes of anemia. Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the main causes of anemia in pregnant women in the State of Azad Kashmir, Muzaffarabad and to investigate the relationship between education and anemia. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted over a sample of 433 pregnant women. The Chi- square test has been used to assess the statistical significance of different risk factors with Hb% (Heamoglobin) of the respondent. The multiple logistic regression model was used to get the most significant risk factors of anemia. Results: The study shows that the most dominant risk factors of the anemia were age at the time of marriage at different age categories that are 16 - 20 (OR = 3.945) (OR Odds ratios) with 95% C-I (confidence interval) (0.294 to 52.985), 21 - 25 (OR = 2.316) with 95% C-I (0.192 to 27.932) and 26 - 30 (OR = 4.179) with 95% C-I (0.347 to 50.320). Education at different education levels that is illiterate (OR = 1.191) with 95% C-I (0.005 to 87.279) and primary (OR = 1.179) with 95% C-I (0.009 to 156.200). Hb% at different levels 3 - 4 g/dl (OR = 1.220) with 95% C-I (0.299 to 4.984), 5 - 6 g/dl (OR = 2.221) with 95% C-I (0.679 to7.263) and 7 - 10 g/dl (OR = 1.384) with 95% C-I (0.408 to

4.689). Monthly income < 10,000 (OR = 2.296) 95% C-I (0.385 to 13.677), 11,000 - 15,000 (OR = 3.623) 95% C-I (0.678 to 19.31) and 16,000 to 20,000 (OR = 2.158) 95% C-I (0.441 to 10.563). Age of last child born 1 year (OR = 1.711) 95% C-I (0.399 to 7.341), 2 year (OR = 1.284) 95% C-I (0.304 to 5.421) and <1 year (OR = 2.224) 95% C-I (0.552 to 8.952). Daily eating habits, just like previous (OR = 2.415) 95% C-I (0.652 to 8.948), less than previous (OR = 3.671) 95% C-I (0.868 to 15.522). Previous history of miscarriage (OR = 1.258) 95% C-I (0.103 to 0.647), suffered in any hemorrhagic disease (OR = 1.529) 95% C-I (0.592 to 3.949). Nature of the work Exhaustive (OR = 1.961) 95% C-I (0.805 to 4.779).

Paid Work & Decision Making Power of Married Women Cross Sectional Survey of Muzaffarabad Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir  [PDF]
Sheeba Arooj, Wafa Hussain, Amber Arooj, Asif Iqbal, Saqib Hameed, Atif Abbasi
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.33022

Background: Current research focuses primarily on women’s autonomy in decision making while little attention is paid to their freedom of expression. Socioeconomic & socio demographic factors affect women’s autonomy in decision making. In the developing countries, particularly in Pakistan, although women are making significant financial contributions but they are still under collective decisions of husband and other family members while sometimes they are blindly relying on husband’s decision. Objective of study was to find out association of women’s autonomy in decision making & socioeconomic factors. Method: Cross sectional survey was conducted in Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir on married working women (N = 500). The data consist of women’s three decisions: birth control decision, financial decision and freedom of expression. A number of socio-demographic variables were used in chi-square analysis to examine the association of these variables with the said decisions. Results: Age, residence, education, professional differences, job nature, monthly income of married women are positively associated with autonomy in decision making. 59% women of above 30 years age exercise independence in birth control decisions (p value 0.02). Urban women

Modeling Accidents on Mashhad Urban Highways  [PDF]
Esmaeel Ayati, Ehsan Abbasi
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2014.41004

In recent years, numerous researches have been carried out with purpose of predicting motor vehicle crashes on transportation facilities as freeways and urban or rural highways. Accident process can be modeled successfully with assuming a dual-state data-generating process. Based on this assumption, road components like intersections or road segments have two states of perfectly safe and unsafe. Zero-inflated regression models are applied to model accidents usually in cases of preponderance of excess zero data in crash data. We handle in this research, the investigation into effective factors on frequency and severity of accidents on urban highways and use crash data of Mash had-Iran urban highways as a case study. We use in this study, the Poisson, Negative binomial, Zero-inflated Poisson and Zero-inflated Negative binomial regression models for modeling accidents, and traffic flow and road geometry related variables as in dependent variables of models. In addition to identifying effective factors on crash occurrence probability, we deal with comparison of models, evaluate and prove the efficiency of Zero-inflated regression models against traditional Poisson and Negative binomial models.

The Rotationally Symmetric Flow of Micropolar Fluids in the Presence of an Infinite Rotating Disk  [PDF]
Atif Nazir, Sajjad Hussain, Mohammad Shafique
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.62040
Abstract: The rotationally symmetric flow of a micropolar fluid in the presence of an infinite rotating disk has been studied numerically. The equations of motion are reduced to a system of ordinary differential equations, which in turn are solved numerically using SOR method and Simpson’s (1/3) rule. The results are calculated for different values of the parameter s (the ratio of angular velocities of disc and fluid) and the suction parameter a. Moreover, three different sets of the values of non-dimensional material constants related to micropolar behavior of the fluid have been chosen arbitrarily. The calculations have been carried out using three different grid sizes to check the accuracy of the results. The research concludes that the micropolar fluids flow resembles with that of Newtonian fluids when the material constants become close to zero. The comparison of these results is presented for possible values of the parameter s.
Variation in Thermal time model Parameters Between Two Contrasting Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars  [PDF]
Atif Hassan Naim, Faisal El Gasim Ahmed
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.612138
Abstract: A laboratory experiment was carried out to determine the effect of different constant temperatures on germination and early seedling establishment and to study the variation among parameters of thermal time model parameters for two contrasting chickpea cultivars . Seeds were subjected to six constant temperatures from 10 o C to 35 o C . A complete randomized design was used with four replication. Analysis of variance showed significant differences among treatments for all characters studied. The final germination percentage significantly increased with increasing temperature up to 25 ° C, and thereafter there was a sharp decrease in final germination at 30 ° and 35 ° C. Desi type cultivar (small seeded) “Jabel Marra” significantly exhibited higher final germination percentage and lower germination rate compared with the kabui type cultivar “Shendi” at all temperatures. The median (θ T(50) ) of the thermal time was significantly differ between the two chickpea cultivars. The large seeded cultivars (shendi) recorded significantly higher median thermal time than the small seeded cultivars (Jabel Marra). The results also revealed a significant differences between the two cultivars in all thermal time model parameters. The small seeded cultivar (Jabel Marra) scored lower total dry matter and temperature tolerance index (TTI) compared to the large seeded cultivar (Shendi) at all temperatures studied.
Analysis of Chaotic Ferroresonance Phenomena in Unloaded Transformers Including MOV  [PDF]
Ataollah Abbasi, Mehrdad Rostami, Ahmad Gholami, Hamid R. Abbasi
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2011.34057
Abstract: We study the effect of a parallel metal oxide surge arrester on the ferroresonance oscillations of transformers. It is expected that the arresters generally cause ferroresonance drop out. Simulation has been done on a three phase power transformer with one open phase. Effect of varying input voltage is studied. The simulation results reveal that connecting the arrester to transformers poles, exhibits a great mitigating effect on ferroresonant over voltages. Phase plane along with bifurcation diagrams are also presented. Significant effect on the onset of chaos, the range of parameter values that may lead to chaos and magnitude of ferroresonant voltages is obtained, shown and tabulated.
Are we degenerate tetraploids? More genomes, new facts
Amir Abbasi
Biology Direct , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6150-3-50
Abstract: In this article I review the 2R hypothesis by taking into account the recent availability of genomic sequence data for an expanding range of animals. I argue here that genetic architecture of lower metazoans and representatives of major vertebrate and invertebrate lineages provides no support for the hypothesis relating the origin of vertebrates with widespread gene or genome duplications.It appears that much of the genomic complexity of modern vertebrates is very ancient likely predating the origin of chordates or even the Bilaterian-Nonbilaterian divergence. The origin and evolution of vertebrates is partly accompanied by an increase in gene number. However, neither can we take this subtle increase in gene number as an only causative factor for evolution of phenotypic complexity in modern vertebrates nor we can take it as a reflection of polyplodization events early in their history.This article was reviewed by Eugene Koonin, Joshua Cherry (nominated by David Lipman), and Jerzy Jurka.To explain the genetic basis of major transitions in organismal evolution, in 1970 Susumu Ohno famously proposed that multiple rounds of whole genome duplications (2R hypothesis) had occurred during the early history of vertebrate lineage, driving the evolution of developmental and morphological complexity in vertebrates [1,2]. Ohno,s idea was based solely on genome size differences, chromosomal topologies, and recent tetraploidization events in some fish and amphibians. Over the past decade the 2R hypothesis has gained extensive popularity among evolutionary and developmental biologist.Proponents presented several lines of evidence in favor of entire genome duplication hypothesis in the early vertebrates. First, compared to model invertebrate genomes (fruit fly, nematode, sea squirt and amphioxus) the typical vertebrate genome possess more genes [3]. Second, the existence of paralogons in the human genome [4,5]. Third, the conservation of gene synteny throughout vertebrates and their
Estrogen Receptor-Beta Gene Polymorphism in women with Breast Cancer at the Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Iran
Sakineh Abbasi
BMC Medical Genetics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-11-109
Abstract: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women in most parts of the world, including Iran. Geographical variations in incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer suggest that the known risk factors for breast cancer may vary in different parts of the world and that environmental factors may be of greater importance than genetic factors [1]. For instance, in Iran it has been shown that, even after adjusting for age, young women are at relatively higher risk for developing breast cancer than are their Western counterparts [2,3].It is known that breast cancer typically arises in luminal epithelial cells of the mammary gland [4,5]. These cells contain estrogen receptors (ERs), which respond to ovarian estrogen in normal mammary gland development. How estrogens stimulate cell growth is not fully understood, but it is known that estrogen activation of ERs results in transcription of various genes that are involved in cellular proliferationOnly a small fraction (< 5%) of women diagnosed with breast cancer have a clear hereditary predisposition [6-8], and of these, about one half have predisposing mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, TP53, or other known cancer predisposing genes. However, twin studies indicate that the heritability of breast cancer is about 30% [9], suggesting that genes other than the well-mapped regions act as modifiers of breast cancer risk. Although it is likely that low penetrance as well as high penetrance genes may be involved in the etiology, it remains unclear which genomic regions and which biochemical functions or signal transduction pathways account for the additional heritability of breast cancer incidence or progression.Epidemiologic evidence suggests that estrogen plays a crucial role in most breast cancers in women who have both early menarche and late menopause. Obesity is also associated with breast cancer risk; estrogen synthesis in adipose tissue is proposed to account for this increase in risk. There is data on the involvement o
The Masculine Sea and the Impossibility of Awakening in Chopin’s The Awakening
Abbasi P.
K@ta : a Biannual Publication on the Study of Language and Literature , 2012,
Abstract: Kate Chopin has a firm place in American women’s writing. A persistent theme in her works is said to be women’s emotional liberation. The Awakening (1899) as a feminist novel is no exception. In the novel, Edna’s inner voice and desire for escape from a male-dominated society awaken in her. Edna’s suicide has been interpreted as her victory over the society however, this study argues that the idea of female defeat has been ignored to a great extent the main reason for which is the ignorance or a misreading of sea imagery. The sea of the novel that dissolves Edna is a signifier of male society and language signifying Edna’s failure to find a place within the male dialogue of the society. Extra-marital relationships with Alcee or Robert are not promising, for the climax of such relationships is no more than the old requirement of becoming the good wife and mother that the society prescribes to women. By her ultimate suicidal choice, Edna determines to find a voice and be seen but is totally perished instead to prove that women cannot speak. This study intends to argue and conclude that Chopin had this Kristevaesque belief that the male socio-cultural formation does not let women experience freedom. A new interpretation of the sea as a patriarchal element is offered which makes Edna’s drowning a total defeat rather than victory as suggested by many critics.
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