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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9722 matches for " Asim Ahmed Elnour "
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Improving Adherence to Prescribed Antidiabetics and Cardiovascular Medications in Primary Health Care Centers in Nyala City, South Darfur State-Sudan  [PDF]
Ahmed Dahab Ahmed, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Mirghani Abd Elrahman Yousif, Farah Hamad Farah, Hasab Alrasoul Akasha Ahmed Osman, Abobakr Abasaeed
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2013.49098
Abstract:

Aims: Prospective pharmacist’s interventions aimed to improve patient’s knowledge and behaviors to adhere to medications in patients with type 2 diabetes with or without cardiovascular medical conditions in primary health care (PHCs) centers in Nyala city, South Darfur State, Sudan. Methodology and Materials: 300 patients were enrolled for assessing adherence with the Brief Medication Questionnaire (BMQ) in ten PHCs in Nyala city. We assessed patients’ responses to BMQ pre-and post-interventions plan by: complex interventions, humanitarianism and disease outcomes determined by health-related outcomes (SF-36), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood pressure. Results: BMQ scores have improved significantly in four screens (pre-and post-interventions): regimen [4.6 ± 0.2 to 1.8 ± 0.1; P =

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Patients with Acne  [PDF]
Amir Mufaddel, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Abdelaziz A. Omer, Esam H. Alshora
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2017.73016
Abstract: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder which has a high prevalence among adolescents and young adults and can be associated with emotional and psychological burden on patients. This review aimed to explore psychological factors in patients with acne. Several forms of emotional distress and psychological complications can occur with acne. Such complications may be worse than the physical impact of the skin condition. Current literature suggests that skin changes in acne are associated with changed body image, psychological distress, anxiety, social phobia, suicidal ideation and depression. Population-based studies suggest a significant association between acne and mental distress among both male and female adolescents. Presence of psychological distress is related to severity of acne in some studies. However, other case-controlled studies suggest increased risk for psychological problems in patients with acne regardless of its severity. Stress is suspected to have a role in exacerbations of acne, and the quality of life (QoL) is affected particularly in cases with severe facial acne. Acne treatment can be associated with psychiatric side effects. Isotretinoin may be associated with depression and suicide attempts as shown in several studies but with conflicting results. On the other hand, psychotropic medications (such as antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers) can also induce acne. The results of this review indicate the importance of vigilant psychiatric assessment for patients with acne, particularly those receiving isotretinoin, is needed for early diagnosis and treatment of the associated psychiatric co-morbidity.
Continuing Professional Development Evaluation: Two Rapid Review Courses inNephrology and Rheumatology
Abdullah Shehab,Asim Elnour,Shirina Al Sowaidi,Abdishakur Abdulle
Oman Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives: Continuing professional development (CPD) is anovel approach to increase professional knowledge and skills. The aim of this study is to explore participants’ characteristics and to understand participants’ views on two rapid review courses (RRCs) as part of CPD program, and to assess healthcare providers’ views about the use of internet for accessing medical information.Methods: Data were collected from 150 participants who attended an RRC in Nephrology and Rheumatology as part of an ongoing CME program.Results: Participants’ response rate was 92% and 84.4% in Nephrology and Rheumatology RRCs, respectively. Participants’ Mean Age±SD were 39±2.1 and 41±2.1 years in the Nephrology and Rheumatology courses, respectively. Demographic variables, i.e., age, gender, and specialization showed a significant (p<0.01) impact on the learning objectives of the program. Further, participants reported that the course material had a significant (p<0.02) impacton their knowledge. Finding new medical information was the primary motive to search the internet among all participants. About half of the subjects reported knowledge of their preferred medical education sites and had access at their clinical setup. Barriers to internet use included lack of specific information, difficulty to download contents, and excessive material. Professional association websites, online journals, and CME programs were the most frequently searched sources of information. Most of the subjects reported significant (p<0.02) barriers to find medical resources on the internet and to adequately utilize the currently available medical search engines available in the healthcare system.Conclusion: A discipline specific and integrated CPD programmay have provided dual benefit such as accredited CME hours and a significant change in the participants’ knowledge. There is a need to increase Internet accessibility and capacity in the current healthcare facilities. Future CPD studies should include measuring participants’ knowledge and skills “pre and post” course delivery, and a detailed evaluation of the course program.
Biochemical Syndrome in Adult Pyloric Stenosis, a Clue to Diagnosis in Emergency Department  [PDF]
Ahmed M. Badi, Vamanjore A. Naushad, Abraham John, Khalid H. Elnour
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.412051
Abstract: Characteristic biochemical changes have been documented in patients presenting with the symptoms and signs of gastric outlet obstruction. These changes usually consist of hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and hypocalcaemia with or without renal failure. The aim of this report is to highlight these biochemical abnormalities again. Moreover, we suggest conversely that the presence of these changes should prompt the clinician for further evaluation to rule out gastric outlet obstruction especially in the emergency department. Early intervention resulted in dramatic improvement in patient’s clinical and biochemical status.
Glacier Mass-Balance Variation in China during the Past Half Century  [PDF]
Yousif Elnour Yagoub, Zhongqin Li, Ahmed A. H. Siddig, Omer Said Musa, Muhammad Naveed Anjum
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.65004
Abstract:
The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of temperature trend on glacier-mass balance, snow density, snowmelt, snow depth and runoff by using observations of nine glacier stations that covered most of the China over the period of 1979-2013. Trend analysis showed an increasing trend of temperature on all of the selected stations. On an average, temperature was increasing at the rate of 0.46/10a. The increasing trend of temperature showed a negative relationship with annual glacier-mass balance on most of the stations and caused a decrease in annual balance. Results of Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a highly significant negative correlation between temperature and snow density (correlation coefficient (CC = -0.661 at 0.01 significance level). There was a significant positive correlation between temperature and snowmelt (CC = 0.532 at 0.01 significance level). There was a significant negative correlation between temperature and snow depth (correlation coefficient (CC = -0.342 at 0.05 significance level). Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between temperature and runoff (CC = 0.586 at 0.01 significance level). Increasing trend of temperature caused an increasing trend of annual snowmelt and runoff anomaly% at the rate of 24.82/10a and 9.87/10a, respectively. On the other hand, a declining trend in annual snow density and snow depth anomaly% was found at a rate of -5.32/10a and -1.93/10a, respectively. We concluded that the snow density, snowmelt and runoff are significantly sensitive to temperature in China. This contribution has provided information for further understanding of glacier variation and its influencing factors.
Synchronization in Wireless Networks for Practical MIMO-OFDM Systems  [PDF]
Muhammad Khurram Kiyani, Muhammad Usman Ahmed, Asim Loan
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2010.35065
Abstract: In this paper a frequency offset estimation technique for Wireless Local Area and Wireless Metropolitan Ar- ea Networks is presented. For frequency offset estimation, we have applied a low-complexity frequency offset estimator for simple AWGN channels to fading channels for MIMO-OFDM systems. Simulation results have shown that the performance of the proposed estimator is better than the low complexity frequency offset estimator designed for AWGN channels.
Maternal mortality in Kassala State - Eastern Sudan: community-based study using Reproductive age mortality survey (RAMOS)
Abdalla A Mohammed, Mahgoub H Elnour, Eltayeb E Mohammed, Samah A Ahmed, Ahmed I Abdelfattah
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-11-102
Abstract: A reproductive age mortality survey (RAMOS) was conducted to study maternal mortality in Kassala State. Deaths of women of reproductive age (WRA) in four purposively selected areas were identified by interviewing key informants in each village followed by verbal autopsy.Over a three-year period, 168 maternal deaths were identified among 26,066 WRA. Verbal autopsies were conducted in 148 (88.1%) of these cases. Of these, 64 (43.2%) were due to pregnancy and childbirth complications. Maternal mortality rates and ratios were 80.6 per 100,000 WRA and 713.6 per 100,000 live births (LB), respectively. There was a wide discrepancy between urban and rural maternal mortality ratios (369 and 872\100,000 LB, respectively). Direct obstetric causes were responsible for 58.4% of deaths. Severe anemia (20.3%) and acute febrile illness (9.4%) were the major indirect causes of maternal death whereas obstetric hemorrhage (15.6%), obstructed labor (14.1%) and puerperal sepsis (10.9%) were the major obstetric causes.Of the contributing factors, we found delay of referral in 73.4% of cases in spite of a high problem recognition rate (75%). 67.2% of deaths occurred at home, indicating under utilization of health facilities, and transportation problems were found in 54.7% of deaths.There was a high illiteracy rate among the deceased and their husbands (62.5% and 48.4%, respectively).Maternal mortality rates and ratios were found to be high, with a wide variation between urban and rural populations. Direct causes of maternal death were similar to those in developing countries. To reduce this high maternal mortality rate we recommend improving provision of emergency obstetric care (Emoc) in all health facilities, expanding midwifery training and coverage especially in rural areas.World Health Organization (WHO)s 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) defines maternal mortality as "the death of a woman while pregnant or
Primary Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the Breast—A Case Report  [PDF]
Mushtaq Chalkoo, Shahnawaz Ahangar, Asim Rafiq Laharwal, Aasim Mushtaq Patloo, Abbass Mohd, Shabir Ahmed Dar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.23028
Abstract: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare soft tissue sarcoma. Breast is an extremely rare location of this lesion and presentation as a breast lump in the absence of pain or previous benign neural tumor is even rarer. We report such a lesion in a 60 year-old female who presented with hard and painless breast lump for 2 years. Histopathology revealed a malignant spindle cell tumor of low grade potential. It was subsequently confirmed to be malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) on the basis of immunopositivity for vimentin, neurone specific enolase and S-100.
Assessment of Drugs’ Donation Practices in Sudan  [PDF]
Jacob L. Doro, Asim F Mustafa, Ahmed S. Eldalo, Mirghani A. Yousif
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2012.31017
Abstract: The quality requirements of drug donation are different from those of other donated items. Purpose: To describe and assess key aspects of pharmaceutical donations in Sudan, the kinds of benefits and drawbacks associated with drug donations, and the government controlling role in the donation process. Methods: Retrospective and prospective studies were conducted in the period from April 2007 to Mar 2008 in the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and some working NGOs’ data bases. Some quality aspects of donated drugs were explored. Six randomly selected nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) were examined for the relevance and some aspects of quality of donated drugs such as whether the donated drugs were listed in the National Essential Drug List, or labeled in International Nonproprietary Names, their dosage forms, the language on the package and if the donated drugs were sampled or returned ones. Results: The study showed that most of the donated drugs were relevant to NEDL normative standards. The median times from the date of arrival to the date of expiration were more than 400 days. The time prior to expiration range between 44.8% and 47.5% were found less than one year in arrival. The top ten therapies were accounted for about 40 shipped items. The study was revealed that Sudan did not develop its own guidelines for drug donations and NGOs are making no effort to develop written donation policies. Conclusion: development of national guidelines for drug donations is essential to control the donated drugs in Sudan.
Structural and Stratigraphical Correlation of Seismic Profiles between Drigri Anticline and Bahawalpur High in Central Indus Basin of Pakistan  [PDF]
Shazia Asim, S. N. Qureshi, Summyia Khatoon Asif, Shabeer Ahmed Abbasi, Sarfraz Solangi, M. Qasim Mirza
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.511102
Abstract: Publicly available seismic and well data are used to study the subsurface structure and stratigraphy of an area on the southern margin of the Central Indus Basin (CIB), Pakistan. Study area includes southern parts of the Punjab Platform and Sulaiman Foredeep tectonic units of the CIB. A regional scale East-West depth cross-section is prepared in South of hydrocarbon bearing Safed Koh Trend to Punjab Platform. It gives the structural configuration of various formations of Paleozoic-Cenozoic times. Reflectors are marked and correlated with the help of wells Drigri-01 and Bahawalpur East-01, located on seismic lines 914-RPR-03 and 916-YZM-05 respectively. These reflectors/formations are correlated with respect to ages to avoid the confusions as there are many truncations in the area. Average velocities are used for the depth computation. Depth cross-section (AB) shows that Punjab Monocline is a stable area with a shallow basement. In Punjab Platform all the formations dip gently to the West. Then they attain steep dips in the Sulaiman Foredeep/Depression area. Depth cross-section along the Drigri anticline which lies in the SE of Sakhi Sarwar anticline reveals that it is extended E-W over 17 km approx. and the reverse faults are present on both flanks of a fold, due to that a pop up structure is formed. It’s a low amplitude fold, as it marks the southern end of Safed Koh Trend (first line of folding of the folded flank of Sub-Sulaiman Fore Deep). Subsurface structural variations at Bahawalpur show a buried high of Jurassic-Permian age. A sedimentary cover is 9 km thick in West and 3 m thick in East. Basement is uplifted at Bahawalpur High.
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