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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 140521 matches for " Ashok K Malhotra "
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Reasons for medical consultation among members of the Indian Scientific Expeditions to Antarctica
Abhijeet Bhatia,Pradip Malhotra,Ashok Kumar Agarwal
International Journal of Circumpolar Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v72i0.20175
Abstract: The article attempts to analyze the disease burden in a healthy, pre-screened population subjected to prolonged residence in the hostile environment of Antarctica. This retrospective epidemiological study was conducted utilizing data from medical consultation room on board the Indian Antarctic expedition vessels and at Indian Antarctic station, Maitri from seven Indian Scientific Expeditions to Antarctica (ISEA). The study group (n=327) consisted of 325 men and two women. The total number of medical room consultations was 1989. Maximum consultations were for injuries (27.25%); 14.68% were musculoskeletal and 10.31% were bruises and lacerations. Disturbances of gastrointestinal tract (19.66%) were the second most common disorders. Psychological disturbances accounted for 2.66% consultations. Cold injuries constituted 2.01% consultations and photophthalmia accounted for 1.06% consultations.
Single Stage Extra Cardiac Conduit Total Cavopulmonary Connection in Atrial Situs Inversus and Levocardia  [PDF]
Shamsher Singh Lohchab, Ishani Lohchab, Ashok Chahal, Naveen Malhotra, Kuldeep Laller
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2016.68016
Abstract: 10-year female child was presented with complex congenital heart defect—atrial situs inversus, levocardia, discordant atrioventricular connections, double outlet right ventricle, ventricular septal defect, pulmonic stenosis and straddling of atrio-ventricular valves along with bilateral superior vena cava and large patent ductus arteriosus. We describe here the strategy adopted to perform single stage fenestrated extra cardiac conduit total cavo-pulmonary connections in this patient especially concerning cardiac malposition of atrial situs inversus and levocardia.
Analphoid supernumerary marker chromosome characterized by aCGH and FISH as inv dup(3)(q25.33qter) de novo in a child with dysmorphic features and streaky pigmentation: case report
Sabita K Murthy, Ashok K Malhotra, Preenu S Jacob, Sehba Naveed, Eman EM Al-Rowaished, Sara Mani, Shabeer Padariyakam, R Pramathan, Ravi Nath, Mahmoud Al-Ali, Lihadh Al-Gazali
Molecular Cytogenetics , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1755-8166-1-19
Abstract: We describe here a one month old female child with several dysmorphic features and with a de novo analphoid supernumerary marker chromosome only in cultured skin fibroblast cells and not in lymphocytes. The marker was characterized as analphoid inversion-duplication 3q25.33-qter by oligo array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies. The final skin fibroblast karyotype was interpreted as 47,XX,+der(3).ish inv dup(3)(qter-q25.33::q25.33-qter)(subtel 3q+,subtel 3q+) de novo.In addition to the eight reported cases of analphoid inversion-duplication 3q supernumerary marker in the literature, this is yet another case of 3q sSMC with a new breakpoint at 3q25.33 and with varying phenotype as described in the case report. Identification of more and more similar cases of analphoid inversion-duplication 3q marker will help in establishing a better genotype-phenotype correlation. The study further demonstrates that aCGH in conjunction with routine cytogenetics and FISH is very useful in precisely identifying and characterizing a marker chromosome, and more importantly help in providing with an accurate genetic diagnosis and better counseling to the family.Small supernumerary marker chromosomes occur in 0.075% of unselected prenatal cases and in 0.044% of consecutively studied postnatal cases, and majority of them are de novo in origin [1-4]. Phenotype of individuals with de novo sSMC vary from normal to extremely mild or severe, depending on the chromosomal region involved and the euchromatic content present [5-7]. Although a number of reports describe the occurrence of a variety of sSMC for nearly all the chromosomes, the number for each type is not large enough to suggest a good genotype-phenotype correlation for a given sSMC, except for inv dup(15) and inv dup(22) where the phenotypic consequences are well described [6,8-10]. We describe here the phenotype and corresponding molecular cytogenetic results of a child with
“A Prospective Randomized Case-Control Study To Evaluate Mini Right Thoracotomy versus Conventional Sternotomy For Mitral Valve Repair In Rheumatic Heart Disease.”  [PDF]
Ashok Kumar Chahal, Preeti Gehlaut, Sanjay Johar, Ashish Asija, Divya Arora, Naveen Malhotra, Kuldeep Singh Lallar, Shamsher Singh Lohchab
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2016.611021
Abstract: Purpose: Right mini thoracotomy has been evaluated in many studies for mitral valve repair mainly in degenerative valvular disease but not in rheumatic heart disease. Mitral valve repair is more challenging in rheumatic etiology due to complexity of lesions. This prospective randomized case control study was designed to evaluate repair through mini right thoracotomy and to compare the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes with sternotomy in rheumatic patients. Methods: 25 patients of rheumatic heart disease underwent mitral valve repair through mini right thoracotomy (group I). Various clinical and functional parameters were compared with 25 patients of mitral valve repair through sternotomy (group II). On follow up the results were compared in both groups for clinical and echocardiographic parameters. Results: The various pre-operative demographic parameters were comparable in two groups. Equal rate of mitral valve repair (group I-21/25, 84% and group II-21/25, 84%) was achieved in both groups. The various intra-operative and post-operative clinical parameters were better in group I .There were equivalent functional and valve related outcomes in both groups in term of NYHA class (1.28 ± 0.613 vs 1.08 ± 0.276, P = 0.144), post-operative mitral valve area (2.43 ± 0.891 vs 2.82 ± 0.662, P = 0.090), incidence of more than mild mitral regurgitation (0) and mean pressure gradient across mitral valve (4.98 ± 3.33 vs 4.23 ± 1.5, P = 0.309). Conclusion: Mitral valve repair through mini right thoracotomy approach in rheumatic etiology is feasible and safe with equivalent rate of successful repair as compared to median sternotomy. It is associated with lesser morbidity, cosmetic advantage and lesser resource utilization.
Microwave Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Properties of SnO2 Nanoparticles  [PDF]
Ashok K. Singh, Umesh T. Nakate
Advances in Nanoparticles (ANP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/anp.2013.21012

In the present endeavour, SnO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized using microwave method. Synthesized SnO2 NPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrscopy (EDS) to find their structure, morphology and elemental composition. SnO2 NPs were of spherical morphology having crystallite size of 35.42 nm as obtained from Scherrer’s formula using most intense peak of XRD. Synthesized NPs were used for photodegradation of melthylene blue (MB) dye under UV light. The SnO2 NPs ware found to have photodegradation efficiency and apparent rate constant of 55.97% and 2.149 × 10_2 respectively.

Growth, Yield and Water Use Effeciency of Forage Sorghum as Affected by Npk Fertilizer and Deficit Irrigation  [PDF]
Mohamed M. Hussein, Ashok K. Alva
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.513225

Drought stress (DS) is an important limiting factor for crop growth and production in some regions of the world. Limitation in water availability precludes optimal irrigation in some production regions. Therefore, investigations on the interaction of other factors to mitigate the DS to varying degree are important. Two field experiments were conducted in the experimental farm of the National Research Centre, Shalakan, Kalubia Governorate, Egypt, during 2004 and 2005 summer seasons to evaluate the interactions between N, P, K rates and optimal vs. deficit irrigation regimes on biomass yield as well as water use efficiency (WUE) of forage sorghum. Omission of the 4th irrigation significantly decreased the biomass of sorghum c.v. Pioneer, as compared to that of the plants receiving optimal irrigation or subject to omission of the 2nd irrigation. The biomass yield increased with an increase in NPK fertilizer rates. Plant height and leaf area also decreased by omitting the 2nd irrigation as compared to that of the plants under optimal irrigation, and further declined with omission of the 4th irrigation. The biomass of the plants (dry weight basis) that received the high N, P, K rates was greater by 26%, 29%, and 35% as compared to that of the plants that received no N, P, K fertilizers, under optimal irrigation, omission of the 2nd, and omission of the 4th irrigation, respectively. The corresponding increases in water use efficiency (based on fresh weight yield) were 37%, 42%, and 55%.

Comparative Organics Remediation Properties of Nanostructured Graphene Doped Titanium Oxide and Graphene Doped Zinc Oxide Photocatalysts  [PDF]
Srikanth Gunti, Ashok Kumar, Manoj K. Ram
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2015.68068
Abstract: In recent years, we have accomplished effective organics remediation using titanium oxide (TiO2) doped transition metals, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires and silver & palladium doped ZnO nanowires. The present manuscript displays the advantage of organic remediation in both UV and visible radiation using graphene (G) doped TiO2 nanoparticles, G doped ZnO nanowires. The nanostructured G-TiO2 nanoparticles and G-ZnO nanowires were synthesized using sol-gel and hydrothermal methods. The nanostructured materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray diffraction (XRD), procedures. The remediation of organic compounds (naphthalene, methyl orange) in water was achieved under both UV and visible radiation using graphene doped nanostructured photocatalytic materials. The advantage of graphene doped ZnO nanowires as well as G-TiO2 nanoparticles has revealed organics remediation in both UV and visible radiation of light.
Output Voltage Ripple (OVR) Reduction of Boost Converter Using Particle Swarm Optimization  [PDF]
K. Prithivi, M. Sathyapriya, L. Ashok Kumar
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.712332
Abstract: KY Boost Converter, a modern invention in the field of non-isolated DC-DC boost converter is identified for minimum voltage ripple. KY boost converter is the com- bination of KY converter and traditional boost converter. Such a converter has con- tinuous input and output inductor current, different from the traditional boost con- verter. And hence this converter is very suitable for very low-ripple applications. The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based controller, FUZZY based controller and open loop KY boost converter are designed in MATLAB/Simulink model. The simu- lated results show a reduction in output ripple from 1.18 V of the existing open loop KY boost converter output to 0.54 V in the FUZZY logic controlled converter out- put. Further reduction in output ripple to 0.29 V is achieved in the proposed PSO based converter. The simulated results also show the variation of switching pulses based on the different existing and proposed method.
A New Insight in the Physical and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Molybdenum Disulfide Alpha-Hematite Nanocomposite Films  [PDF]
Hussein Alrobei, Ashok Kumar, Manoj K. Ram
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2017.88038
Abstract: The alpha (α)-hematite (Fe2O3) as photoanode has been used for photoelectrochemical applications due to low bandgap, low cost, high chemical stability, nontoxicity, and abundance in nature. The doping with various transition metals, formation of nanostructured and nanocomposite of α-Fe2O3 have been attempted to enrich the carrier mobility, surface kinetics and carrier diffusion properties. The manuscript is an attempt to improve the photoelectrochemical properties of α-Fe2O3 by formation of nanocomposite with dichalcogenide (molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanomaterials. The nanocomposite of MoS2-α-Fe2O3 have been synthesized by varying the amount of MoS2 in sol-gel synthesis process. The nanocomposite MoS2-α-Fe2O3 materials were characterized using UV-visible, FTIR, SEM, X-ray diffraction, Raman and particle analyzer. The photoelectrochemical properties were investigated using cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry studies. The optical and structural properties of MoS2-α-Fe2O3 nanocomposite have been found to be dependent on MoS2 doping. The band gap has shifted whereas; the structure is more prominent as flower-like morphology, which is a result of doping of MoS2. The photocurrent is more pronounced with and without light exposition to MoS2-α-Fe2O3 based electrode in photoelectrochemical cell. We have understood the photoelectrochemical water splitting using nanocomposite α-Fe2O3-MoS2 through schematic representation based on experimental results. The enhanced photoelectrochemical properties of nanocomposite α-Fe2O3-MoS2 films have been observed as compared to pristine α-Fe2O3 and transition metal doped α-Fe2O3 nanostructured films.
Effect of Current Density on Thermodynamic Properties of Nanocrystalline Palladium Capped Samarium Hydride Thin Film Switchable Mirrors
Pushpendra Kumar,L. K. Malhotra
Journal of Nanomaterials , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/52083
Abstract: A 55 nm samarium film capped with a 10 nm palladium overlayer switched from a metallic reflecting to a semiconducting, transparent in visible state during ex-situ hydrogen loading via electrochemical means in 1 M KOH electrolytic aqueous solution at room temperature. The switching between metal to semiconductor was accompanied by measurement of transmittance during hydrogen loading/unloading. The effect of current density on switching and thermodynamic properties was studied between dihydride state (FCC phase) and trihydride state (hexagonal phase). From the plateau of partial pressure of hydrogen at x=2.6, enthalpy of formation was calculated at different current densities. The diffusion coefficients and switching kinetics are shown to depend on applied current density.
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