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Goldenhar Syndrome with Occipital Meningoencephalocele: A Rare Case  [PDF]
Mubashshir Ali, Ashish Chugh, Deepak M. Ranade
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2019.91003
Abstract: A 7-year-old male patient reported in our neurosurgery OPD with chief complaints of swelling in occipital region. The swelling was gradually increasing in size as per history given by patient’s attendant. Antenatal and birth history was uneventful. Developmental milestones were normal. Ear examination showed left sided pre auricular tag. Hearing was normal. Eye examination showed right eye limbal dermoid. Limbs examination showed syndactyly of 5th finger. Cardiovascular, respiratory and oral examination was normal. His height and weight were within normal limit. Chest X-ray was normal. Skeletal survey did not show any vertebral deformities. The karyotype was normal. The MRI brain showed a defect of size 1.3 cm in the occipital region through which cerebellum was seen herniating. The mass was surrounded by hypodense collection with multiple thickened septae within suggestive of CSF collection with thickened meninges. Patient underwent surgery and cystic portion was removed, with preservation of the occipital and cerebellar parenchyma and closure of defect was done. Patient responded well that there were no post operative complications and child was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. Hence, based on clinical and radiographic findings, a diagnosis of Goldenhar syndrome was made.
On the stability of generalized Cauchy linear functional equation
R. Chugh,Ashish
International Journal of Mathematical Analysis , 2012,
HIV and Malnutrition: Effects on Immune System
Shalini Duggal,Tulsi Das Chugh,Ashish Kumar Duggal
Clinical and Developmental Immunology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/784740
Abstract: HIV or human immunodeficiency virus infection has assumed worldwide proportions and importance in just a span of 25 years. Continuous research is being done in many parts of the world regarding its treatment and vaccine development, and a lot of money has flown into this. However, fully understanding the mechanisms of immune depletion has still not been possible. The focus has also been on improving the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS through education, counselling, and nutritional support. Malnutrition further reduces the capacity of the body to fight this infection by compromising various immune parameters. Knowledge of essential components of nutrition and incorporating them in the management goes a long way in improving quality of life and better survival in HIV-infected patients.
Spontaneous epidural hematoma: A rare complication of sickle cell anemia
Sangle Shashikala,Lohiya Rishi,Karne Sampada,Chugh Ashish
Neurology India , 2011,
On the Rate of Convergence of Some New Modified Iterative Schemes  [PDF]
Renu Chugh, Sanjay Kumar
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.34037

In this article, following Bizare and Amriteimoori [1] and B. Parsad and R. Sahni [2], we modify Ishikawa, Agarwal et al., Noor, SP iterative schemes and compare the rate of convergence of Ishikawa, Agarwal et al., Noor, SP and new modified Ishikawa, Agarwal et al., Noor, SP iterative schemes not only for particular fixed value of an,bn,rn but also for varying the value of an,bn,rn. With the help of two numerical examples, we compare the converging step.

Banach Λ-Frames for Operator Spaces  [PDF]
Mukesh Singh, Renu Chugh
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2014.48048

The Banach frame for a Banach space X can reconstruct each vector in X by the pre-frame operator or the reconstruction operator. The Banach Λ-frame for operator spaces was introduced by Kaushik, Vashisht and Khattar [Reconstruction Property and Frames in Banach Spaces, Palestine Journal of Mathematics, 3(1), 2014, 11-26]. In this paper we give necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the Banach Λ-frames. A Paley-Wiener type stability theorem for Λ-Banach frames is discussed.

Antifungal Potential of Transition Metal Hexacyanoferrates against Fungal Diseases of Mushroom  [PDF]
Charu Arora Chugh, Dipti Bharti
Open Journal of Synthesis Theory and Applications (OJSTA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojsta.2012.13005
Abstract: Ferrocyanides of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) were synthesized and characterized by IR spectra, magnetic susceptibility, thermal gravimetric analysis, elemental analysis and X ray diffraction studies. Antimicrobial potential of these complexes have been evaluated. Antifungal screening of these complexes has been carried out against Mycogone perniciosa and Verticillium fungicola causing wet and dry bubble diseases of button mushroom respectively. Nickel ferrocyanide has been found to be most effective against Mycogone perniciosa with 60% inhibitory effect while cadmium ferrocyanide has exhibited significant potential of 85% against Verticillium fungicola.
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis
Taher Chugh
University of Toronto Medical Journal , 2004, DOI: 10.5015/utmj.v81i3.670
Cloning of gag gene of HIV-1 subtype c (Indian strain) into a mammalian expression vector and in vitro expression studies
Chugh P
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2003,
Abstract: PURPOSE: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome caused by HIV-1 is one of the biggest health problems we are facing today. It is required to concentrate efforts towards designing a safe, effective and affordable vaccine candidate in the context of the growing epidemic worldwide. Recently the approach of DNA based immunogen has evoked a lot of enthusiasm in the preclinical models. METHODS: This study was designed towards a subtype C based gag DNA construct in the expression vector pJW4304. The gag and protease genes of HIV-1 subtype C were cloned into a mammalian expression vector pJW4304. The cloning strategy was designed so as to express a naturally processed form of the protein. Expression of gag protein by the construct pJWgagprotease49587 was evaluated by western blotting, p24 antigen capture ELISA and electron microscopy. RESULTS: Gag p24 was detected both in the supernatant and in the transfected cells. Extra cellular p24 protein was estimated by p24 antigen capture ELISA. Immunoblotting using HIV positive polyclonal sera further confirmed the expression and processing of gag gene. The 24kDa band has been observed in cell lysates, which indicates that the proper processing is taking place in the presence of protease. Virus like particles were seen budding from the cell membrane 24 and 48 hours post transfection by transmission electron microscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The recombinant construct pJWgagprotease49587 has shown good expression in vitro and therefore is a good candidate to study immunogenicity of the construct. Immunogenicity testing in mice is being carried out currently with this construct.
Three decades of nephrology.
Chugh K
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1994,
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