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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1868 matches for " Arun Agarwala "
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A Sustainable Energy Efficiency Solution in Power Plant by Implementation of Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT) Mechanism  [PDF]
Rajesh Kumar, Arun Agarwala
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.24020
Abstract:

An enhanced energy efficiency scheme, “Perform, Achieve and Trade” (PAT) is explored in relation to the existing carbon market in India, particularly the Clean Development Mechanism, Renewable Energy Certification and possible Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions. The PAT scheme incentivises energy-intensive large industries and facilities for Enhance Energy Efficiency, through technology upgrade and improvement in process. The PAT scheme currently identified 478 designated consumers from eight energy intensive industrial sectors namely, thermal power plants, iron and steel, cement, textiles, chlor-alkali, aluminum, fertilisers and pulp & paper. The threshold limit in thermal power plant sector to become a PAT designated consumer is 30,000 tonne of oil equivalent annual energy consumption. In the first PAT cycle, run through 2012 to 2015, total 144 designated consumers from various states have been identified with individual target. Thermal power plant sector has been categorized on the basis of their fuel input into three subsectors i.e. gas, oil and coal based plants. This paper reviews the state of the art in PAT mechanism design and operational features for implementation on thermal power plant sector. The possibility of implementing an Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) in India is explored from political and institutional perspectives.

Pediatric rhabdomyosarcomas and nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma
Agarwala Sandeep
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons , 2006,
Abstract: Tumors arising from the soft tissues are uncommon in children, accounting for about 6% of all childhood malignancies. More than half (53%) of these originate from the striated muscles and are called rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) the remaining are nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas (NRSTS). Almost two-thirds of RMS cases are diagnosed in children < 6 years of age. They can arise at varied locations like the head and neck region, genitourinary tract, extremities, trunk and retroperitoneum. Pathologically RMS is now classified as superior, intermediate and poor outcome histologies. For stratification of treatment and also comparison of results the RMS are now staged both by the clinical grouping and the TNM staging systems. The ultimate outcome depends on the site, extent of disease and histology. Currently, approximately 70% of the patients survive for 5 years or more and are probably cured. This is credited to the use of multi-modal, risk-adapted therapy, refinements in tumor grouping and better supportive care which has emerged out of cooperative studies like Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) and the International Society of Pediatric Oncology studies (SIOP). The treatment involves chemotherapy, radiotherapy and organ/function preserving surgery. The gold standard chemotherapy is still vincristine, actinomycin D and cyclophosphamide (VAC) regime with high doses of intensity bone marrow rescue with colony stimulating factors. The NRSTS are rare and of heterogenous histologies and so it has been difficult to arrive at a treatment strategy for these. What is definitely understood is that these are usually immature and poorly differentiated tumors that respond poorly to chemotherapy and so surgical resection forms the mainstay of treatment with adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy to prevent local recurrences. In all likelihood, the molecular analysis of RMS will further refine current classification schemes and knowledge of genetic features of the tumors will significantly improve the ability of investigators to identify patients at lower or higher risk of treatment failures, thus paving the way for advances in risk-based therapy.
Geometrically relating momentum cut-off and dimensional regularization
Susama Agarwala
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1142/S0219887812500818
Abstract: The $\beta$ function for a scalar field theory describes the dependence of the coupling constant on the renormalization mass scale. This dependence is affected by the choice of regularization scheme. I explicitly relate the $\beta$-functions of momentum cut-off regularization and dimensional regularization on scalar field theories by a gauge transformation using the Hopf algebras of the Feynman diagrams of the theories.
A Perspective on Regularization and Curvature
Susama Agarwala
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11005-010-0402-8
Abstract: A global connection on the Connes Marcolli renormalization bundle relates $\beta$-functions of a class of regularization schemes by gauge transformations, as well as local solutions to $\beta$-functions over curved space-time.
The geometric $β$-function in curved space-time under operator regularization
Susama Agarwala
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, I compare the generators of the renormalization group flow, or the geometric $\beta$-functions for dimensional regularization and operator regularization. I then extend the analysis to show that the geometric $\beta$-function for a scalar field theory on a closed compact Riemannian manifold is defined on the entire manifold. I then extend the analysis to find the generator of the renormalization group flow for a conformal scalar-field theories on the same manifolds. The geometric $\beta$-function in this case is not defined.
Dynkin operators, renormalization and the geometric $β$ function
Susama Agarwala
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, I show a close connection between renormalization and a generalization of the Dynkin operator in terms of logarithmic derivations. The geometric $\beta$ function, which describes the dependence of a Quantum Field Theory on an energy scale defines is defined by a complete vector field on a Lie group $G$ defined by a QFT. It also defines a generalized Dynkin operator.
Dihedral symmetries of multiple logarithms
Susama Agarwala
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper finds relationships between multiple logarithms with a dihedral group action on the arguments. I generalize the combinatorics developed in Gangl, Goncharov and Levin's R-deco polygon representation of multiple logarithms to find these relations. By writing multiple logarithms as iterated integrals, my arguments are valid for iterated integrals as over an arbitrary field.
Patellaplasty, as an Alternative to Replacing Patella in Total Knee Arthroplasty  [PDF]
Sanjay Agarwala, Anshul Sobti, Siddhant Naik
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2015.59037
Abstract: Aim: In tricompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee, the patellofemoral articulation is severely affected due to degenerative changes. Patellaplasty is done as a part of total knee arthroplasty in these cases to smoothen the articular surface of patella. However, an ideal technique with easy reproducibility has been scarcely reported for the same. Method: We describe a method of using electrocautery and power saw with thin blades for patellaplasty. Results: Using this technique, we have produced results, which are comparable with cases where patellar resurfacing has been done. Conclusion: This described method for patellaplasty is easy with good reproducibility.
Osteotendinous Suturing for Anchorage of Medial Arthrotomy in Total Knee Arthroplasty  [PDF]
Sanjay Agarwala, Lokesh Sharoff, Sameer Chaudhari
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2016.612048
Abstract: Aim: To develop a method for closure of the arthrotomy wound and approximation of the medial periosteum at the level of tibial tuberosity after total knee arthroplasty in severe varus deformity. Method: We describe a technique of osteotendinous suturing through the tibial tuberosity for suturing of the medially elevated periosteum. Result: This is an easily reproducible technique which results in very early mobilisation and no additional complications and has several advantages over other methods of closure. Conclusion: The osteotendinous technique can be used for medial arthrotomy closure after correction of severe varus deformities and also after partial patellar tendon avulsions in total knee arthroplasty surgeries.
Restoring Natural Hip Movements with Large Head (Ceramic on Ceramic) Total Hip Replacement: Experience of Our 150 Patients over 6 Years  [PDF]
Sanjay Agarwala, Mayank Vijayvargiya, Sameer Chaudhari
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2017.712044
Abstract: Background: Asian cultures require floor-seated positions demanding a high range of motion (ROM). Ceramic-On-Ceramic (COC) interface allowed the use of larger head with reduced wear debris generation and adverse tissue reactions. This study was conducted to analyze 6-year clinical-radiological outcome with large head fourth generation DeltaMotion® ceramic-on-ceramic (COC) hip articulation, with special emphasis on postoperative ROM, ability to sit cross-legged, stability, hip noise and revision surgery. Material and Methods: 150 consecutive hips were operated for primary cementless Total Hip Replacement (THR) using DeltaMotion® at a tertiary care center in Mumbai, India, between January 2010 and January 2015. Clinico-radiological outcome was assessed using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and radiographs at 6 weeks, 6 months, and annually thereafter. Results: 108 (74.5%) patients were males and 37 (25.5%) were females with an average age of 50.87 years. Mean follow-up was 54 months (range: 37 - 86 months). The mean ROM was 120° in flexion, 10° in extension, 30° in adduction, 45° in abduction, 25° in internal rotation and 25° in external rotation. The mean HHS showed a statistically significant improvement of 64.5% (from 54.66 ± 6.42 pre-operatively to 89.95 ± 4.32 post operatively) (p-value: 0.001). 92% of patients were able to sit in squatting position and 92% were able to sit cross-legged on the floor at last follow-up. 0.7% joints (1 hip) had squeaking. Considering no revision surgery as the end point, 6-year prosthesis survivorship was 100%. Complications (superficial infection) occurred in three hips (2%). All patients reported to be satisfied with their outcome after surgery. Conclusion: We infer that DeltaMotion large head COC bearing allows scope for using larger head size in relatively smaller Indian hips due to factory fitted ceramic lining. At 6-year follow-up, high activity level was observed with excellent clinical-radiological outcomes and component longevity in relatively young Indian population.
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