oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 7 )

2018 ( 14 )

2017 ( 10 )

2016 ( 20 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2933 matches for " Art "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /2933
Display every page Item
Religious Dimensions of Classical and Contemporary Islamic Art  [PDF]
Maha A. Al- Senan
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2015.32006
Abstract: This paper focuses on the work of Egyptian Islamic contemporary artist Ehab Mamdouh who grew up in Saudi Arabia, then moved to Cairo, where he was exposed to religious, historical concepts and art forms, then came back to work in Saudi Arabia to observe the societal struggle raging between traditional and emergent concepts, and the influence of Islam and ideology thereon. The artist conveys a fundamental tenet of Islam, embodied by the five daily calls to prayer, replete with attributes borrowed from classical Islamic art but infused with the contemporaneity of modern art—all in the context of contemporary Islamic art. In Moqeem, Mamdouh replaces the abstract geometric elements of classical Islamic art with an abstract portrayal of the praying worshipper. Mamdouh’s artistic style merges the Islamic milieu of the artist’s upbringing in Saudi Arabia and Egypt with his deep knowledge of the region’s history and architectural heritage. Moqeem is a “veiled” extension of Islamic art, in accordance with the standards by which the latter was classified in the past, yet it is shaped by the cultural development of our society and by the intellectual growth that the artist experienced on an individual level. Through this work, Mamdouh incites us to think and wonder—the true mark of a successful visual artist today.
The Problems and Reform of Art and Design Education in Colleges and Universities in China  [PDF]
Xiangdong Dou
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.620227
Abstract: The modern art education was originated from Germany Faculty of Bauhaus, dating back more than 100 years, while our art and design education is still at primary stage, only with a history of 50 years. But we are enjoying a good development trend in art and design education and it develops fast. In such a fast developmental course, it is inevitable to produce various problems. This paper mainly analyzed the problems in art and design education in our colleges and universities and put forward some feasible reform programs.
Antiretroviral Therapy among HIV-1 Infected Female Sex Workers in Benin: A Comparative Study with Patients from the General Population  [PDF]
Souleymane Diabaté, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Nassirou Geraldo, Annie Chamberland, Jocelyn Akakpo, Carin Ahouada, Marguerite Massinga Loembé, Sévérin Anagonou, Annie Claude Labbé, Michel Alary, Cecile Tremblay
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2011.13014
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study conducted in Benin was to compare HIV-1 infected female sex workers (FSW) and patients from the general population (GP) to see whether there was a difference in adherence level, mortality rate and immuno-virologic response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: Fifty-tree FSW and 318 patients from the GP were recruited and followed for at least one year. We compared both cohorts according to poor-adherence (taking <95% of the pills), CD4 count increase, undetectable viral load (VL; ≤50 copies/mL) and crude mortality rate. We constructed a multivariate regression model to assess factors associated with undetectable VL. Results: During the first year, the proportion of FSW with poor-adherence was significantly higher than that of the GP patients (19.3% versus 7.5%; p < 0.0001) and median gain in CD4 count among FSW was slightly lower (103/mm3 versus 129/mm3; p = 0.085). In the multivariate model (including CD4 at ART initiation and the sub-cohort i.e. FSW vs GP patients), duration under ART (p = 0.003) as well as CD4 count at enrolment in the study (p < 0.0001) and good-adherence (0.057) were independently associated with undetectable VL. When adherence was withdrawn from this model, there was a borderline significant association between detectable VL and being a FSW (p = 0.074). The crude mortality rate was 1.11 per 100 persons-years among the GP patients and 4.65 per 100 persons-years among FSW. Conclusion: Response to ART was lower among FSW compared to GP patients, as a result of poorer adherence. Specific behavioural interventions are needed to improve adherence and response to ART among FSW.
Factors Associated with First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy Failure amongst HIV-Infected African Patients: A Case-Control Study  [PDF]
Charles M. Kwobah, Ann W. Mwangi, Julius K. Koech, Gilbert N. Simiyu, Abraham M. Siika
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2012.24036
Abstract: Background: Since 2001, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has been provided to over 75,000 HIV-infected patients at the USAID-Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Partnership in western Kenya. Over 1000 of these patients have switched to second-line ART. We therefore set out to determine factors associated with first-line ART failure amongst these patients. Methods: This case controlled study matched patients (in the ratio 1:2) from the electronic AMPATH Medical Record System on the basis of age, gender, and ART initiation date. Cases were adults (≥18 years) who initiated second-line ART between January 1, 2007 and July 31, 2011 after at least one viral load measurement >5000 copies/ml or satisfying the WHO immunological or clinical failure criteria. Controls were those on non-failing first-line ART with a CD4 count > 400 /ml within the last 12 months, at the time of case incidence. Conditional logistic regression for paired data was used to assess association. We evaluated the strength of association of risk factors using stratified Cox model. Results: Of the 1084 cases and 2149 controls included in the analysis, 62% were female. Median age was 36.5 years (IQR = 30.7 - 43.1); median baseline CD4 cell count was 161 /ml (IQR = 72 - 277); Median time to ART failure was 37 months (IQR = 24 - 47). Low baseline CD4 count < 50 /ml (H.R = 7.07, (95% CI = 4.92 - 10.15); Zidovudine based ART (H.R 1.76, 95% CI = 1.25 - 2.48) and imperfect ART adherence (H.R = 2.77, 95% CI = 2.20 - 3.49) were independently associated with treatment failure. Conclusion: In this setting, low baseline CD4 count, zidovudine-based ART and imperfect adherence are associated with first-line ART treatment failure.
Evolution of representation of the hands in plastic arts
Sardenberg, Trajano;Pereira, Gilberto José Ca??o;Biancardi, Cleide Santos Costa;Müller, Sergio Swain;Pereira, Hamilton da Rosa;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522002000300003
Abstract: the interaction between art and science was high during the renaissance and it declined later to return significantly in the 20th century, mainly with the use of identification techniques, dating of art works and the development of new materials. the relationship between plastic arts and hand surgery is intense and artistic reproductions of hands are frequent in the illustration of scientific texts. with the objective of understanding the role of the hand in plastic arts, reproductions of works of art (sculptures and paintings) representative of several periods or styles in the history of art were analyzed emphasizing the study of the hands. anatomical details, relationship with other structures of the human body, role in the composition and symbolic aspects of the hands were studied in historical and artistic contexts of art works in the paleolithic period (pre-history) until the 20th century. the representation of the hands in plastic arts is directly related to the style or period of the work and to the individual ability of interpretation and execution by the artist.
Fayga Ostrower, uma vida aberta à sensibilidade e ao intelecto
Almeida, Carla;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702006000500017
Abstract: the article discusses fayga ostrower's contribution to both science and art. artist, educator, and humanist, ostrower (1920-2001) devoted her life to art and art education. between 1948 and 2001, her works were exhibited at numerous museums in brazil and internationally. she taught at rio de janeiro's museu de arte moderna for sixteen years, gave classes at brazil's top art institutes, and lectured with charisma, enlightenment, and clarity to students, artists, workers, and businessmen around the world. the article offers a brief biography of the artist's life, and describes her main ideas on the relation between art and science, a topic that fascinated her. many of these thoughts were recorded in her penultimate book, a sensibilidade do intelecto: vis?es paralelas de espa?o e tempo na arte e na ciência (the sensibility of the intellect: parallel views of space and time in art and science), for which she received brazil's top literary prize, the jabuti, in 1999.
Evolution of representation of the hands in plastic arts
Sardenberg Trajano,Pereira Gilberto José Ca??o,Biancardi Cleide Santos Costa,Müller Sergio Swain
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2002,
Abstract: The interaction between art and science was high during the Renaissance and it declined later to return significantly in the 20th century, mainly with the use of identification techniques, dating of art works and the development of new materials. The relationship between plastic arts and hand surgery is intense and artistic reproductions of hands are frequent in the illustration of scientific texts. With the objective of understanding the role of the hand in plastic arts, reproductions of works of art (sculptures and paintings) representative of several periods or styles in the history of art were analyzed emphasizing the study of the hands. Anatomical details, relationship with other structures of the human body, role in the composition and symbolic aspects of the hands were studied in historical and artistic contexts of art works in the Paleolithic period (pre-history) until the 20th century. The representation of the hands in plastic arts is directly related to the style or period of the work and to the individual ability of interpretation and execution by the artist.
SLAM SANAT FELSEFES NDE RENK TEOR S
Mutluhan Ta?
Idil Dergisi , 2012, DOI: 10.7816/idil-01-04-08
Abstract: The philosophy of art is a branch of philosophy dealing with the essence and meaning of art, artistic creations and tastes. Differences between civilizations might differentiate how they view art and their aesthetic attitude towards artistic work. The emergent work in its completed state attains the identity of artistic work. From an aesthetic point of view, it gains a universal characteristic. However, the relationship between artist-artwork and that of artwork-subject become dissimilar in themselves. In this study, within the framework of Islamic philosophy of art, the relationship between artist and artwork/subject is conceptually defined and it is evaluated in terms of colour theory and practice.
A Research Concerning to The Problems of Drawing Lessons in The Department of The FineArts (Painting)
Gülten ?MAMO?LU
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2004,
Abstract: It aims to find out the problems affecting the productivity of the drawing lessons in the departments of fine arts. The questionnaire developed by the researcher has been applied on the 49 lecturers from different brunches and universities. The percentage of those finding the drawing lessons insufficient in terms of duration and content was 40.8%. The percentage of those who think that the duration of drawing lessons should be 8 terms is 46.9%, which isthe highest rate. Creative, guiding and explorative method rank first with the percentage of 65.3% main lessons of art are considered to be associated with the drawing lessons with the percentage of 37.19%. 57.1% of the lecturers agree that there should be a parallelism between the methods of drawing lessons and other related lessons. The method applied predominantly affects the success of education. The success of the student with the percentage of 85.7% depends on, intellectual level, coordination between the brain and hand and eye, level of perception, motivation, thecapacity of perception. Lecturers’ ability to make the students explore plays a 36.47% part. Drawing lessons are insufficient in terms of both duration and content. The intellectual level of the student the coordination between the brain and hand and eye, level of perception, motivation, the method applied, the method employed by the lecturer affect the success of the drawing lessons. The best method to be employed is the guiding, explorative and the creativeone.
Space and time in artwork
Lubov A. Barash
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article examines space and time in artwork
Page 1 /2933
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.