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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7003 matches for " Arnaud Roy "
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Impaired Executive Function in Everyday Life: A Predictor of OCD Relapse?  [PDF]
Nathalie Fournet, Ouafae Achachi, Arnaud Roy, Jérémy Besnard, Céline Lancelot, Didier Le Gall, Martine Bouvard
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2019.93008
Abstract: Objectives: In the present study, we set out to establish whether executive function in everyday life is impaired in obsessive-compulsive disorder patients, and if it is more impaired (or not) in patients who relapsed after cognitive behavioural therapy than in treatment-na?ve obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Method: The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function— Adult Version (BRIEF-A) was used to measure executive function in everyday life in three groups of 19 participants: treatment-na?ve obsessive-compulsive disorderpatients, obsessive-compulsive disorder patients having relapsed after CBT, and healthy controls. Results: The BRIEF-A results revealed an impairment in executive function in the treatment-na?ve and relapsed obsessive-compulsive disorder groups, relative to the healthy control group. There was no significant difference in executive function between the two groups of patients. Conclusions: These results show that impaired executive function is not associated with relapse in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder having undergone cognitive behavioural therapy.
Arts and Scholastic Performance  [PDF]
Arnaud Cabanac
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.815163
Abstract: Pleasant environmental music during an academic test helped students to overcome stress. As a result the grades they obtained were higher. It was also demonstrated that students selecting music as optional course performed better, than music-less control students over three consecutive years. Yet, there remained ambiguities as for the causes of the higher test performance of these students. Our study confirmed a Mozart effect, and further showed a latency of two to three years for such a positive influence to take place, suggesting that it is the practice of music itself that helps cognition. We showed also that other art courses, when freely chosen, have similar positiveinfluences on students’ performances, illustrating that the principles of learning are linked to hedonism and to will effort in a more general manner.
1T Pixel Using Floating-Body MOSFET for CMOS Image Sensors
Guo-Neng Lu,Arnaud Tournier,Fran?ois Roy,Beno?t Deschamps
Sensors , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/s90100131
Abstract: We present a single-transistor pixel for CMOS image sensors (CIS). It is a floating-body MOSFET structure, which is used as photo-sensing device and source-follower transistor, and can be controlled to store and evacuate charges. Our investigation into this 1T pixel structure includes modeling to obtain analytical description of conversion gain. Model validation has been done by comparing theoretical predictions and experimental results. On the other hand, the 1T pixel structure has been implemented in different configurations, including rectangular-gate and ring-gate designs, and variations of oxidation parameters for the fabrication process. The pixel characteristics are presented and discussed.
Dissociation between Performances in Water Maze and Spontaneous Alternation in BALB/C versus A/J Mice  [PDF]
Julien Celestine, Arnaud Tanti, Arnaud Aubert
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2012.22018
Abstract: Learning processes are extensively studied in behavioral neuroscience. As experimental models, Morris Water Maze (MWM) and Spontaneous Alternation (SA) represent two of the most frequently used laboratory tests to respectively address spatial vs non-spatial tasks. Several factors have been shown to impact on those learning, including strain, gender, apparatus, conditioning, vision, lighting conditions and stress level. In order to focus on the later, we compared the acquisition of two learning tasks (MWM and SA) in BALB/c and A/J mice, which are known as fearful and stress-sensitive strains. Here, we report that BALB/c mice exhibited higher performances than A/J mice in the MWM (i.e. spatial reference memory task), whereas A/J mice performed better in the SA (i.e. spatial working memory task). These results indicate dissociated processes in the acquisition of spatial vs non-spatial tasks, and emphasize a varying influence of emotional reactivity on different forms of cognition.
Probabilistic Prediction for Earthquake in Bangladesh: Just How Big Does the Earthquake Have to Be Next Years?  [PDF]
Shongkour Roy
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2014.32011
Abstract: Earthquakes are more deadly than any other form of natural hazard. Because of this, scientists have been searching for accurate ways to predict earthquakes so that lives can be saved. Statistical analysis is useful methods of predicting earthquakes. They provide additional insights to the seismic hazard. In this work, the statistical analysis has been described through the study of “Region of Bangladesh”. A sample result from the statistical analysis which gives intermediate term prediction of earthquakes is given. At the end of the study, the prediction of near future earth-quakes is also investigated through the pictorial and tabular behaviors.
The “Glocal” Dynamics of Construction Labor and Digital Architecture: Preston Scott Cohen’s Addition to the Tel Aviv Museum as Case Study  [PDF]
Roy Kozlovsky
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2015.32009
Abstract: Globalization and technological change are transforming the ways in which buildings are being designed and built. An overlooked aspect of this development is its impact on construction labor, and the significance of labor for assessing the work of architecture. The paper draws upon the sociological concept of the “glocal” to analyse the construction site as the product of the tension between global and local conditions of architectural production and consumption. The construction of Preston Scott Cohen’s 2010 Tel Aviv Museum Addition serves as its case study for theorizing the “glocal” dynamics of digital architecture, building technology and construction labor. This methodological approach highlights the role of migrant guest workers and technological transfer in contemporary construction culture. To realize with precision the complex design under local constraints, the contractor developed a hybrid work process that interspersed labor saving automated manufacturing techniques with artisanal, skilled construction work. In addition, workers and contractors exercised a high level of control over the pace and method of construction, and devised building solutions which improved upon the architect’s design. In conclusion, the paper argues that construction activity differs from broader trends in manufacturing due to the self-reflexivity of architectural design to its condition of production, but that at the same time, this critical capacity is enabled by the globalization of construction labor.
Criatividade, comunica??o e produ??o do saber
Sales, Arnaud;
Sociologias , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222008000100003
Abstract: knowledge production is a key element of the dynamics of contemporary societies that until now have been based on uneven levels of scientific and professional knowledge. the aim of this work is to understand, from a sociological point of view, the various aspects of the relationship between creativity, communication and knowledge production, starting from the following questions: what is the role of communication in the elaboration of discoveries or intellectual advances? what is the role of individuals and networks in these advances? and finally, what are the characteristics, especially the communicational ones, of the more creative institutions? the text is based on the works of philippe breton (communication and the status of knowledge), randal collins (network creativity), rogers hollingsworth (cognitive complexity, institutional diversity, quality of the research environment in terms of scientific exchange and discussion). these questions are not restricted to a strictly academic debate. they are also directly related to the practices of research environments, professors-researchers and students of master’s and doctor’s degree.
Um candomblé na Bélgica: tra?os etnográficos de tentativa de instala??o e suas dificuldades
Halloy, Arnaud;
Revista de Antropologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-77012004000200004
Abstract: in this article, i propose to go through some difficulties encountered in a setting up attempt of a candomblé (afro-brasilian cult) in belgium. my analysis will propose three main categories of problems: situations undermining the legitimation of the cult's chief and the respect of some ritual constraints; various "adaptation" attempts to human and material resources available; difficulties of learning some categories of knowledge that are not based on a linguistic formulation. to focus in this study on problematic situations does not aim to drow a chaotic picture of a "disrooted" cult but to account ethnographicaly for the dynamic and the multi-facial and builded characteristics of religious experience.
Les réseaux négociants de trois maisons huguenotes de Cadix, à la fin du xviiie siècle : des réseaux languedociens, protestants ou fran ais ?
Arnaud Bartolomei
Liame : Histoire et Histoire de l’Art des époques Moderne et Contemporaine de l’Europe Méditerranéenne et de ses Périphéries , 2012,
Abstract: Dans le dernier tiers du xviiie siècle, pour faire leur commerce, les négociants fran ais de Cadix – le port qui servait de tête de pont au commerce colonial espagnol – s’appuyaient sur deux types de réseaux marchands : d’une part, des correspondants résidant en Europe, qui leur fournissaient les biens manufacturés recherchés sur les marchés américains et qui recevaient, en échange, les piastres et autres denrées coloniales que les cargadores leur rapportaient en retour ; d’autre part, de...
Le multilinguisme, un atout pour le fran ais au Danemark
Arnaud Sgambato
Synergies Pays Scandinaves , 2011,
Abstract:
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