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Aristotle’s Definition of Place and of Matter  [PDF]
Peter Drum
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11006
Abstract: The accuracy of Aristotle’s definition of place is defended in terms of his form-matter theory. This theory is in turn defended against the objectionable notion that it entails matter is ultimately characterless.
Nietzsche’s Best Life: The Ten Greatest Attributes of the Ubermensch, & a Comparison to Aristotle’s Virtuous Person  [PDF]
Randall Firestone
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2017.73020
Abstract: The paper first outlines the 10 primary attributes of the Ubermensch, Nie-tzsche’s ideal person, with numerous quotations. Those attributes are self-determination, creativity, becoming, overcoming, discontent, flexibility, self-mastery, self-confidence, cheerfulness, and courage. The paper then compares Nietzsche’s Ubermensch with Aristotle’s virtuous person. Nietzsche describes more of an attitude towards life and a process of living which are similar to a means as compared to Aristotle’s objective character traits which are goals or ends in themselves. The paper concludes that Nietzsche does a better job of describing the best human life—one that is dynamic, passionate, and unique; consisting of self-growth and creativity; and filled with new experiences, insights, and adventures.
La Retórica y la Poética de Aristóteles: sus puntos de confluencia
Chichi, Graciela Marta;Su?ol, Viviana;
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: rhetoric and poetics have a long cultural and conceptual history in common. although aristotle claims in these treatises the autonomy of their respective disciplines, he also recognizes that they share a common domain. this paper wants to show the external and internal confluence that closely links both works and both disciplines. in the first section, we do some research on the two positions that the ancient catalogues and presentations assign to the teachings of rhetoric and poetics. the analyses of the second section intend to establish that the conceptual interdependence of the two disciplines occurs in the joint field of siávoicc and finally, we argue that in thought and elocution -as we cautiously translate them- could be suggested the common history that rhetoric and poetic have had in their later development, as they were mutually and alternatively absorbed.
Aristotle on Teleology by Monte Ransome Johnson
William Wians
Aestimatio : Critical Reviews in the History of Science , 2007,
Sobre lo aparente y lo real: respuesta a Néstor L. Cordero y a Jorge Mittelmann
Boeri, Marcelo D.;
Diánoia , 2009,
Abstract: this is the reply to cordero's and mittelmann's objections to my book apariencia y realidad en el pensamiento griego. in my main reply to cordero i show that, even in the sophist, where the propositional aspect of knowledge is mostly emphasized, plato himself suggests the idea of knowledge in the dispositionsal sense. i reply to mittelmann's objections that (i), even though aristotle does not use the word "criterion", this does not mean that he lacks the concept. in my reply to objection (ii) i suggest that, as is pointed out by the aristotelian text on which my thesis is based (de insom-niis 460b3-4), aristotle is not considering the perception of proper sensibles, which is free of error or admits the least possible amount of error (de anima 428b18-19), but the perception in its transensorial sense.
La causalidad del Primer Motor en Metafísica XII
Ross Hernández, Alberto;
Diánoia , 2007,
Abstract: this paper aims to offer an answer to the main objections against the traditional interpretation of met. xii. the exposition runs as follows. firstly, the main ideas of lambda and the classic reconstruction of them will be set forth. then, the most important objections to this interpretation and thirdly it will be considered. finally, an answer to them, appealing to other parts of the corpus, will be introduced. i will try to prove that there is no problem in accepting that the first mover, being an object of love, of desire, is a final cause, and i will offer an explanation about the compatibility of the classical account of met. xii and those passages that seem to refer to an efficient cause.
Las Quaestiones III 2 y 3 de Alejandro de Afrodisia y el problema de la alteración sensitiva
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: as alexander examines aristotle's de anima ii 5, he is confronted with the problem of explaining what sort of alteration sensation is. his answer was very influential, especially after quaestio iii 3 had been translated into latin by gerard of cremona, based on an arabic version of it. in fact, it is still very influential, for it is generally considered by modern commentators of the de anima. but a close scrutiny of de anima ii 5 can raise doubts about some theories alexander ascribed to aristotle concerning the relationship between being affected or altered and sense-perception. in his paper zingano intends to show how alexander's reading of aristotle's de anima ii 5 contains a crucial element for the thesis according to which 'being affected' has little or no relevancy in the explanation of perception as a discriminating faculty.
La causa de la acción humana según Alejandro de Afrodisia, Mantissa 23 y De Fato 15
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: carlo natali's essay is concerned with closely examining alexander's debate with the determinists as well as his reasons to show the crucial role of deliberation in the account of action. alexander's starting point is chapter 9 of de interpretatione, text that indicates that aristotle clearly envisaged the consequences, absurd in his view, of determinism. in his discussion, natali examines the influence of alexander's arguments on boetius' commentary on de interpretatione; an aspect particularly remarkable of natali's essay is that he shows that alexander -and previously aspasius-, even taking for granted the assumed crucial relevance of deliberation in the account of action, modifies in part the aristotelian theory of deliberation, since he attempts to adapt it to the new cultural situation and the new philosophical debate of his time. natali notes that alexander's apparent incorporation of stoic terminology and notions (such as that of assent) is part of a clever strategy to fight against the stoic determinists in their own ground: the crucial point is the deliberation as a central ingredient in the explanation of action, as well as the fact that one is able to choose a thing or something different from it (de fato 178, 22), if that appears preferable.
Alejandro de Afrodisia como intérprete de la noética aristotélica
Boeri,Marcelo D;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: this essay intends to show that, despite the relevance of alexander's interpretation of aristotle's agent intellect (the intellect that alexander indentifies with god), such an interpretation cannot be right due to reasons of systematic order that go against some basic aristotelian premisses, both ontological in general and noetical and psychological in particular. in the development of his essay, boeri highlights some arguments and explanations provided by pseudo philoponus, who (rightly according to him) is concerned with encompassing the issue of the intellect on the psychological side, which presupposes that the intellect must have a bodily support. a consequence of this examination, boeri suggests (i) that not only alexander's interpretation of intellect does not constitute a correct exegesis of aristotle's de anima iii 5, but that (ii), when identifying the agent intellect with the intellect "coming from without", with god, and with the first cause, alexander introduces an important incoherence within his own psychological conception, which acknowledges aristotle's thesis that the psychological states "exist" through the body.
Cárdenas Mejía,Luz Gloria;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2006,
Abstract: contemporarily, , based on his theories of the acts of speech, established that persuasion is a "perlocutionary" act, it is an effect, among others, produced by a speaker on another by means of a speech. aristotle defined rethoric as the faculty of considering in each case what is useful to persuade. as the first part of our work points out, persuasion, for aristotle, is produced through discourse. if this is so, and if passions are also necessary for its production, they must be able to be expressed using language. with the intention of demonstrating this, we proceed in the following manner: first, the connection between persuasion and opinión, as well as the connection between the latter with words, will be dealt with. second, given this connection a precision is made that furthermore than the fact that man communicates, something that animals do as well, he also expresses himself through language. and we will finally make the following consideration: if by means of the passions changes take place not only in the body but are felt by the soul, man could also build enunciations that refer to them.
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