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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2188 matches for " Arif Rashid "
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Modeling of Orientation-Dependent Photoelastic Constants in Cubic Crystal System  [PDF]
Lubna Jahan Rashid Pinky, Shakila Islam, Md. Nur Kutubul Alam, Mohammad Arif Hossain, Md. Rafiqul Islam
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.54027

Euler’s rotation theorem and tensor rotation technique are applied to develop a generalized mathematical model for determining photoelastic constants in arbitrary orientation of cubic crystal system. Two times rotations are utilized in the model relating to crystallographic coordinates with Cartesian coordinates. The symmetry of photoelastic constants is found to have strong dependence with rotation angle. Using the model, one can determine photoelastic constants in any orientation by selecting appropriate rotation angle. The outcome of this study helps to characterize spatial variation of residual strain in crystalline as well as polycrystalline materials having cubic structure using the experimental technique known as scanning infrared polariscope.

Evaluation of Wheat Varietal Performance under Different Nitrogen Sources  [PDF]
Aaqil Khan, Ahmad Khan, Jincai Li, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Alam Sher, Arif Rashid, Waqar Ali
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.83039
Abstract: Nitrogen fertilization plays a very important role for crop productivity. New developed wheat varieties need proper fertilization for improved crop productivity. The present study was carried out to quantify, the effects of nitrogen derived from urea and FYM on the four newly developed wheat varieties i.e. Siran-2009, Ata Habib, Janbaz-2009 and Pirsabak-2008 for yield improvement, quality and soil fertility status. The N treatments were control, 100% of the recommended nitrogen from urea as well as FYM, and 50% from each source. The experiment was carried out at New Developmental Farm, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan, during Rabi 2011-2012. Results of the data showed that Janbaz-2009 was more responsive to biological yield (11,011 kg·ha-1), grain yield (4339 kg·ha-1), and nitrogen use efficiency (14.8%), whereas Siran-2010 performed better for grain N contents (2.31%). Plots having both urea and FYM had improved biological yield (11,958 kg·ha-1), and grain yield (4901 kg·ha-1). Urea application had improved straw N contents (0.92%) in addition to Mix application of urea and FYM (0.93%). Mix application of both sources and sole FYM had higher grains N content (2.25%), whereas control plots in addition to mix application had improved nitrogen use efficiency (14.8%). Siran-2010 and Janbaz-2009 performed better in FYM and mix FYM and urea plots for most of the parameters. It was concluded from the experiment that Janbaz-2009 had improved yield and yield components, whereas Siran-2010 had improved the grain N content. Similarly, Mix application of FYM and urea had improved crop productivity, soil fertility and grains as well as straw N content. Thus wheat varieties Janbaz-2009 sown in mix FYM and urea is recommended for general cultivation in agro-climatic condition of Peshawar.
OILCROP-SUN Model for Nitrogen Management of Diverse Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Hybrids Production under Agro-Climatic Conditions of Sargodha, Pakistan  [PDF]
Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Amjed Ali, Aaqil Khan, Sikandar Ali Jamro, Alam Sher, Shafeeq-ur Rahman, Arif Rashid
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.83028
Abstract: Decision support system for agro-technology transfer (DSSAT), OIL CROP-SUN Model was used to stimulate the phenology, growth, yield of different two sunflower hybrids. i.e. Hysun-33 and S-78 by applying different nitrogen levels. The effect of nitrogen (N) on growth and yield components of different sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids were evaluated under agro-climatic conditions of Sargodha, Pakistan during spring 2013. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement having three replications, keeping cultivars in the main plots and nitrogen levels (0, 45, 90,135 and 180 kg/ha) in sub plots. OIL CROP-SUN Model showed that the model was able to simulate the growth and yield of sunflower with an average of 10.44 error% between observed and simulate achene yield (AY). The result of simulation indicates that nitrogen rate of 180 kg/ha produced highest achene yield in S-78 hybrid as compared to other treatments and Hysun-33 cultivar.
Significance of Chemical Priming on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat under Drought Stress  [PDF]
Alam Sher, Aaqil khan, Sajid Hussain, Li Jin Cai, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Sikandar Ali Jamro, Arif Rashid
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.86090
Abstract: Drought is the most important factor limiting plant production in the majority of agricultural crops of the world. Wheat is generally grown on arid-agricultural fields. An experiment was conducted at the Plant physiology research area, Agronomic Research Institute Faisalabad, during winter 2010-11 to evaluate the effect of drought on wheat variety Lasani 2008. The experiment was comprised of following treatments. T1 Normal moisture (3 IR at CRS, Booting and grain filling), T2 No irrigation (only rainfed) control, T3 water spray (100 ppm), T4 ascorbic acid (100 ppm), T5 salicylic acid (100 ppm), T6 calcium chloride (100 ppm), T7 glycinbetain (100 ppm). According to the resulting data the treatment in which three irrigation were applied produced more no. of tillers (52%), spikelet per spike (41%), spike length (30%), grain per spike (58%), grain yield (54%), biological yield (35%) as compared to control. The treatment in which no irrigation was applied produced less no. of tillers, spikelet per spike, spike length, grain per spike, grain yield, biological yield. Thousand grain weight and harvest index were non significant among all treatments.
Nitrogen Management of Diverse Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Hybrids Production under Agro-Climatic Conditions of Sargodha, Pakistan  [PDF]
Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Amjed Ali, Aaqil Khan, Alam Sher, Arif Rashid, Sikandar Ali Jamro, Shafeeq ur-Rahman, Saboor Ahmad
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.86092
Abstract: A field study was carried out with the objective to determine the effect of various levels of nitrogen on growth, development, yield and yield components of different sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids i.e. Hysun-33 and S-78 were evaluated under agro-climatic conditions of Sargodha, Pakistan during spring 2013. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement having three replications, keeping cultivars in the main plots and N levels in the subplots. The net plot size was 4.2 m × 6 m. The growth parameters such are leaf area, leaf area duration and yield parameters were observed are Days to a thesis, Days to maturity, head diameter (cm), No. of achene’s per head, Achene yield (kg·ha-
Observation of Esterase-Like-Albumin Activity during N’-Nitrosodimethyl amine Induced Hepatic Fibrosis in a Mammalian Model
Areeba Ahmad,Veena Maheshwari,Arif Ahmad,Rashid Saleem
Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: Hepatic fibrosis (HF) is characterized by irregular growth and amassing of fibrous scar tissues in the liver causing weakened hepatocytes metabolism and protein level alterations, including albumin. Albumin with Mr ~68-70 kDa is unglycosylated soluble plasma protein with various biological roles. In this study, we demonstrate ‘esterase-like activity’ of albumin during NDMA-induced HF in rats.Material and Methods: In rats, HF was induced by weekly i.p. injections of NDMA in doses of 10 mg/kg b.wt. Sera of controls (untreated) and treated rats were processed for biochemical tests, electrophoretic profiling and in-gel esterase activity localization using a, b-naphthyl acetates. H&E staining of liver sections (~ 5 mcm) was done to confirm induction of HF. Results: NDMA satisfactorily induces hepatic fibrosis within 21 days which is also evident by significant increase in SALP, SGOT, SGPT and bilirubin levels in rats. ‘Esterase-like activity’ of albumin detected in animal sera remains stable throughout the course of treatment irrespective of other biochemical changes. Conclusion: During pathogenesis of HF, formation of stable esterase-albumin complex may have some important role and hence, prior recommending the use of albumin as diagnostic marker we propose further investigations to elucidate the mechanism of its formation.
Advancement of CMOS Schmitt Trigger Circuits
Wassan M. Kader,Haroon Rashid,Md. Mamun,Mohammad Arif Sobhan Bhuiyan
Modern Applied Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v6n12p51
Abstract: Schmitt triggers are electronic comparators that are widely used to enhance the immunity of circuits to noise and disturbances and are inherent components of various emerging applications. Conventional Schmitt triggers, composed of operational amplifiers, suffer from some inevitable drawbacks which are not prominent in CMOS Schmitt triggers. In this paper, a review on the advancement of Schmitt trigger circuits are illustrated in different literatures is discussed with their merits and demerits.
Security Approaches in IEEE 802.11 MANET—Performance Evaluation of USM and RAS  [PDF]
Arif Sari
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.79038
Abstract: Evaluation of IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) security issues becomes significant concern for researchers since Denial of Service (DoS) attacks are recognized as one of the most harmful threats. A variety of security mechanisms are proposed to solve security dilemma in MANETs against different layers of DoS attacks. Physical Layer jamming attacks exhaust the victim’s network resources such as bandwidth, computing power, battery, etc. Unified Security Mechanism (USM) and Rate Adaptation Scheme (RAS) are two of the proposed methods by researchers against DoS attacks. USM and RAS mechanisms are simulated through OPNET simulator and Jamming Attack is generated on the network for each security mechanisms to compare specific performance metrics on the network.
Lightweight Robust Forwarding Scheme for Multi-Hop Wireless Networks  [PDF]
Arif Sari
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2015.83003
Abstract: The Gossip-Based Relay Protocol (GRP) is developed based on Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector Protocol (AODV) and proposed to increase the efficiency of package routing functionality in ad hoc networks through specific flooding scheme. This lightweight protocol reduced the collisions on the network through specific mechanisms. Request to Send/Clear to Send (RTS/CTS) mechanism is widely used in ad hoc environment with Temporarily Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA) in order to eliminate collisions and allow access to the shared medium through proposed authentication methods. Since GRP contains specific mechanism of directed acyclic Graph (DAG) mechanism to mitigate overhead problem, RTS/CTS modified TORA might result in similar performance metrics. In this paper, TORA protocol has a modification of new RTS/CTS mechanism and has been simulated in order to be compared with proposed lightweight robust forwarding GRP scheme in terms of specific performance metrics such as network throughput, end-to-end delay and message flooding rate over the network through OPNET simulation package in order to expose the optimal solution to increase overall network throughput in ad hoc environment.
A Review of Anomaly Detection Systems in Cloud Networks and Survey of Cloud Security Measures in Cloud Storage Applications  [PDF]
Arif Sari
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2015.62015
Abstract: Cloud computing has become one of the most projecting words in the IT world due to its design for providing computing service as a utility. The typical use of cloud computing as a resource has changed the scenery of computing. Due to the increased flexibility, better reliability, great scalability, and decreased costs have captivated businesses and individuals alike because of the pay-per-use form of the cloud environment. Cloud computing is a completely internet dependent technology where client data are stored and maintained in the data center of a cloud provider like Google, Amazon, Apple Inc., Microsoft etc. The Anomaly Detection System is one of the Intrusion Detection techniques. It’s an area in the cloud environment that is been developed in the detection of unusual activities in the cloud networks. Although, there are a variety of Intrusion Detection techniques available in the cloud environment, this review paper exposes and focuses on different IDS in cloud networks through different categorizations and conducts comparative study on the security measures of Dropbox, Google Drive and iCloud, to illuminate their strength and weakness in terms of security.
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