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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 223909 matches for " Ariano José Freitas de;Jer?nimo "
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Bacterial translocation in rats nonfunctioning diverted distal colon
Pinto Júnior, Francisco Edilson Leite;Brandt, Carlos Teixeira;Medeiros, Aldo da Cunha;Oliveira, Ariano José Freitas de;Jernimo, Selma Maria;Brito, Helena Marques Fonseca de;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502007000300007
Abstract: purpose: to investigate whether the alterations of the diverted colon segment mucosa, evidenced in fecal colitis, would be able to alter bacterial translocation (bt). methods: sixty-two wistar male rats ranging from 220 to 320 grams of weight, were divided in two groups: a (colostomy) and b (control), with 31 animals each one. in group a, all animals underwent end colostomy, one stoma, in ascending colon; and in the 70th pod was injected in five rats, by rectal route diverted segment - 2ml of a 0.9% saline solution in animals (a1 subgroup); in eight it was inoculated, by rectal route, 2ml of a solution containing escherichia coli atcc 25922 (american type culture collection), in a concentration of 108 colony forming unit for milliliters (cfu/ml) - a2 subgroup; in ten animals the same solution of e. coli was inoculated, in a concentration of 1011 cfu/ml (a3 subgroup); and in eight it was collected part of the mucus found in the diverted distal colonic segment for neutral sugars and total proteins dosage (a4 subgroup). the animals from the group b underwent the same procedures of group a, but with differences in the colostomy confection. in rats from subgroups a1, a2, a3, b1, b2, and b3 2ml of blood were aspirated from the heart, and fragments from mesenteric lymphatic nodule, liver, spleen, lung and kidney taken for microbiological analysis, after their death. this analysis consisted of evidencing the presence of e. coli atcc 25922 cfu. mann-whitney and anova tests were applied as analytic techniques for association of variables. results: the occurrence of bt was evidenced only in those animals in which inoculated concentration of e. coli atcc 25922, reached levels of 1011cfu/ml, i.e. in subgroups a3 and b3, although, being significantly greater (80%) in those animals without colostomy (subgroup b3) when compared to the ones with colostomy (20%) from the subgroup a3 (p <0.05). lung, liver and mesenteric lymphatic nodules were the tissues with larger percentile of bac
Avalia??o da concordancia entre a classifica??o dos tipos de Classe II, subdivis?o, em fotografias e em radiografias póstero-anteriores
Lima, Karina Jernimo Rodrigues Santiago de;Janson, Guilherme;Henriques, José Fernando Castanha;Freitas, Marcos Roberto de;Pinzan, Arnaldo;
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-54192005000300006
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the photographic and radiographic classification agreement of the two main types of class ii subdivision malocclusions. the sample consisted of 44 untreated class ii subdivision malocclusion subjects with a mean age of 15.3 years. all possessed a full complement of permanent teeth up to the first molars and had not been submitted to orthodontic treatment. frontal photographic evaluation was performed by means of a subjective evaluation by two examiners. type i class ii subdivision malocclusion presents a coincidence of the maxillary dental midline with the facial midline and a deviation of the mandibular midline. type ii presents the opposite characteristics. evaluation of the posteroanterior radiographs was performed by one examiner and the dental midline deviation was evaluated in relation to the x line. agreement between the two classification methods was evaluated by the kappa coefficient.although results demonstrated a tendency of similar distribution for both types of class ii subdivision malocclusion in photographic and radiographic evaluation, agreement between these two methods of evaluation was not statistically significant.
Uso de microminerais sob a forma de complexo organico em ra??es para frangas de reposi??o no período de 7 a 12 semanas de idade
Brito, Jernimo ávito Gon?alves de;Bertechini, Ant?nio Gilberto;Fassani, édison José;Rodrigues, Paulo Borges;Freitas, Rilke Tadeu Fonseca de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982006000500013
Abstract: this experiment was carried out to study the effects of feeding trace minerals as organic complex on the performance and bone characteristics for pullets in the period from 7-12 weeks old. the treatments consisted of the supplementation of trace minerals in the inorganic form (control) and organic form with inclusion of 0.4% in the diet, that corresponds to the supplement levels of 60, 80, 70, 10, 1, and 0.3 ppm of zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine and selenium, respectively, and the decreasing dietary levels of organic source (0.35, 0.3, 0.25, and 0.2%). a total of 648 lohmann - lsl pullets from the 7th week old were allotted to a completely randomized design with six treatments and six replicates of 18 birds. no significant treatment effect on performance characteristics and uniformity up to the 12th week was observed. there was a linear reduction of ash porcentage in the tibia of pullets in the 12th week as the dietary organic supplement decreased. however there were no significant differences among the inorganic source (control) and the other treatments (organic source). the zinc content in the tibia as well as the weight, length and thickness of tibia and femur and metatarsus length were not affected by the treatments, in the 12th week. the trace mineral organic source showed relative comparative advantage and resulted in 0.2% reduction of the dietary supplement level of organic source with no effect on the performance and bone characteristics of pullets from 7 to12 weeks old.
Concentra??o de nitrogênio na solu??o nutritiva, na produtividade e na qualidade de frutos de mel?o cultivado em substrato
Foga?a, Marco Aurélio de Freitas;Andriolo, Jernimo Luiz;Godoi, Rodrigo dos Santos;Gieh, Ricardo Fabiano Hettwer;Madaloz, José Carlos Cazarotto;Barros, Gisele Teixeira;
Ciência Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782007000100012
Abstract: the experiment was carried out inside a greenhouse at ufsm, from august to january 2005, using the hybrid magelan. planting was made in polyethylene bags with 4.5dm3 of the commercial substrate plantmax pxt?, in a plant density of 3.3 plants m-2. plants were vertically trained with two fruits per plant and the main stem was cut at 2m height. treatments were n concentrations of 8 (t1), 11 (t2), 14 (t3), 17 (t4) and 20 (t5) mmol l-1 in the nutrient solution. the other nutrients were supplied at standard concentrations of, in mmol l-1, 0.9 h2po4-; 2.25 so4--; 10.0 ca++; 6.0 k+ and 5.0 mg++, and, in mg l-1, 0.42 mn; 0.26 zn; 0.05 cu; 0.50 b; 0.04 mo, and 4.82 of quelated fe. the nutrient solution was delivered to plants several times a day, in order to replace volumes lost by transpiration, with a daily drainage coefficient higher than 30%. a randomized experimental design was used, with five treatments and four replications. linear effect of treatments was observed for vegetative and fruit dry mass, leaf area, number and fruit yield. fruit titratable acidity decreased by effect of treatments and no significant effects were observed for other fruit quality variables. the nitrogen concentration till 20mmol l-1 in the nutrient solution could be used in the fertigation of this crop grown in substrate.
A natureza e a cultura no compasso de um naturalista do século XIX: Wallace e a Amaz?nia
Alves, José Jernimo de Alencar;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702011000300010
Abstract: alfred russel wallace traveled through the amazon from 1848 to 1852. his perceptions of the region were informed by his systematized knowledge but also influenced by judgments of an ethical and aesthetic nature, as was common among naturalists. he saw the region's 'natives' as peaceful and friendly but likewise susceptible to the vices of civilization. nature afforded a privileged setting both for the activities of natural history and for aesthetic pleasures. these features helped keep the naturalist in the region, where he could thus engage in his scientific activities.
Adaptability, Entrepreneurship and Stakeholder Integration: Scenarios and Strategies for Environment and Vulnerability  [PDF]
Jerónimo De-Burgos-Jiménez, Diego A. Vazquez-Brust, José A. Plaza-úbeda
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.210160
Abstract: The “vicious circle” between poverty and environmental deterioration is a major challenge for those developmental approaches which look to improve the welfare of vulnerable communities. Environmental deterioration increases poverty while, at the same time, poverty causes further environmental deterioration as the business activities which communities depend upon for survival aggravate environmental deterioration by causing pollution and waste. It is therefore necessary that firms and communities collaborate in order to develop innovative solutions to break this vicious circle. This paper argues that such collaboration should be based on genuine stakeholders’ integration and entrepreneurship, proposes a holistic framework to guide business intervention strategies, and further explores collaboration scenarios between firms and communities.
Influência da densidade de estocagem no cultivo de juvenis de robalo-flecha mantidos em laboratório
Souza-Filho, José Jernimo de;Cerqueira, Vinicius Ronzani;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2003001100010
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of stocking density on growth, feed conversion ratio and survival of juvenile common snook (centropomus undecimalis). fish were collected from the wild and trained to accept artificial diets. individuals (13±0.4 cm and 23±0.3 g) were stocked into nine 5-m3 circular fiberglass tanks at three different densities: 3, 6 and 9 fish/m3 during a period of 180 days. tanks were supplied with seawater and continuous aeration. total ammonia-nitrogen (0 to 0.5 mg/l), water temperature (23.3 to 30.6oc), salinity (17 to 34 g/l), ph (7.8 to 8.4) and dissolved oxygen concentration (4.8 to 6.9 mg/l) were similar in all tanks. feed conversion rate (1.88, 2.06 and 2.31) and survival (100%, 98.9% and 96.3%) were significantly improved for fish stocked at the lower densities (3 and 6/m3). there were significant differences in average weight (110, 87 and 80 g) and length (20, 18.5 and 18 cm) among treatments. fish stocked at the lowest density (3/m3) showed the highest growth rate, and there was no difference between the others. however, final biomass (332, 511 and 703 g/m3) was directly correlated with density. a low density influences positively growth, survival and feed conversion in common snook rearing.
Influência da densidade de estocagem no cultivo de juvenis de robalo-flecha mantidos em laboratório
Souza-Filho José Jernimo de,Cerqueira Vinicius Ronzani
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2003,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a influência da densidade de estocagem no crescimento, convers o alimentar e sobrevivência de juvenis de robalo-flecha (Centropomus undecimalis). Os peixes foram coletados em ambiente natural e treinados a aceitar dietas artificiais. Os indivíduos, com comprimento total de 13±0,4 cm e peso de 23±0,3 g foram estocados em tanques circulares de fibra de vidro de 5 m3, com água do mar e aera o contínua, nas densidades de 3, 6 e 9 peixes/m3, por 180 dias. Os valores de am nia total (0 a 0,5 mg/L), temperatura da água (23,3 a 30,6oC), salinidade (17 a 34 g/L), pH (7,8 a 8,4) e oxigênio dissolvido (4,8 a 6,9 mg/L) apresentaram padr o similar entre os tratamentos. A convers o alimentar (1,88, 2,06 e 2,31) e a sobrevivência (100%, 98,9% e 96,3%) foram significativamente melhores nos tratamentos com 3 e 6 peixes/m3. As médias finais de peso (110, 87 e 80 g) e comprimento total (20, 18,5 e 18 cm) apresentaram diferen a significativa. A maior taxa de crescimento foi observada com 3 peixes/m3; entre as demais n o houve diferen a. Entretanto, a biomassa final (332, 511 e 703 g/m3) foi diretamente proporcional à densidade. A baixa densidade favorece o cultivo do robalo em rela o ao crescimento, sobrevivência e convers o alimentar.
Caracteriza o operacional de pra as de pedágio do estado de S o Paulo
Juliana Jernimo de Araújo,José Reynaldo Setti
Transportes , 2009,
Abstract: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar a opera o de pra as de arrecada o de pedágio, a fim de fornecer subsídios para o seu projeto e para o estabelecimento de parametros e procedimentos para avalia o do nível de servi o. Os dados foram coletados em cinco pra as de pedágio do estado de S o Paulo. Os aspectos operacionais estudados foram: o processo de chegadas dos veículos às pra as; o perfil da velocidade durante a desacelera o dos veículos na entrada da pra a; o processo de escolha da cabine pelos motoristas; o processo de atendimento dos veículos nas cabines; o perfil da velocidade durante a acelera o dos veículos na saída da pra a; e as velocidades desenvolvidas nas cabines com tecnologia AVI. Através de um modelo de simula o, também se apresenta um método que exemplifica como o nível de servi o das pra as poderia ser estimado a partir desses dados.
Grupos de interés, gestión ambiental y resultado empresarial: una propuesta integradora
José Antonio Plaza úbeda,Jerónimo de Burgos Jiménez,Luis Jesús Belmonte Ure?a
Cuadernos de Economía y Dirección de la Empresa , 2011,
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