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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 932 matches for " Arafat Ullah "
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Handwritten Numeric and Alphabetic Character Recognition and Signature Verification Using Neural Network  [PDF]
Md. Hasan Hasnain Nashif, Md. Badrul Alam Miah, Ahsan Habib, Autish Chandra Moulik, Md. Shariful Islam, Mohammad Zakareya, Arafat Ullah, Md. Atiqur Rahman, Md. Al Hasan
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2018.93015
Abstract: Handwritten signature and character recognition has become challenging research topic due to its numerous applications. In this paper, we proposed a system that has three sub-systems. The three subsystems focus on offline recognition of handwritten English alphabetic characters (uppercase and lowercase), numeric characters (0 - 9) and individual signatures respectively. The system includes several stages like image preprocessing, the post-processing, the segmentation, the detection of the required amount of the character and signature, feature extraction and finally Neural Network recognition. At first, the scanned image is filtered after conversion of the scanned image into a gray image. Then image cropping method is applied to detect the signature. Then an accurate recognition is ensured by post-processing the cropped images. MATLAB has been used to design the system. The subsystems are then tested for several samples and the results are found satisfactory at about 97% success rate. The quality of the image plays a vital role as the images of poor or mediocre quality may lead to unsuccessful recognition and verification.
Study of the Structural and Electrical Properties of Cr-Doped BiFeO3 Ceramic  [PDF]
S. S. Arafat, S. Ibrahim
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2017.810051
Abstract: Multiferroic BiFe1-xCrxO3 (x = 0.2 and 0.4) ceramics were synthesized in a single phase. The effects of Cr3+ substitution on the crystal structure, dielectric permittivity and leakage current were investigated. Preliminary X-ray structural studies revealed that the samples had a rhombohedral perovskite crystal structure. The dielectric constant ε' significantly increased while the dielectric loss tanδ was substantially decreased with the increase in Cr3+ substitution. The temperature effect on the dielectric properties exhibited an anomaly corresponding to magneto-electric coupling in the samples and was shifted to lower temperatures with the increase in Cr3+ substitution. The leakage current density also reduced in magnitude with the increase in the Cr3+ substitution.
A Study of Students and Teachers' Preferences and Attitudes towards Correction of Classroom Written Errors in Saudi EFL Context
Arafat Hamouda
English Language Teaching , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v4n3p128
Abstract: It is no doubt that teacher written feedback plays an essential role in teaching writing skill. The present study, by use of questionnaire, investigates Saudi EFL students' and teachers' preferences and attitudes towards written error corrections. The study also aims at identifying the difficulties encountered by teachers and students during the feedback process. The questionnaire findings reveal that both teachers and students have positive attitudes towards written error correction. The study also shows that while teachers and students share such common preferences as the importance of error correction and the types of errors, there are considerable discrepancies as to the techniques of error correction. For instance, students favor the overall correction, whereas most teachers do not. However, the results show that students prefer teacher correction to peer and self-correction. Moreover, both the teachers and students have encountered a number of difficulties, so suggestions have been investigated so as to deal with the problems.
Sex Steroids and Breast Cancer: An Overview  [PDF]
Zeina Nahleh, Juan E. Arenas, Arafat Tfayli
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.44097

Sex steroids, also known as sex hormones are synthesized naturally by the gonads (ovaries or testes). The two main classes of sex steroids, androgens and estrogens, are crucial hormones for the proper development and function of the body; they regulate sexual differentiation, the secondary sex characteristics, and sexual habits. They are also well known to influence many common cancers, especially hormonally driven cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. In this report, we review the association of sex steroids with cancer and the potential use of endocrine manipulation in cancer therapy as well as the limitations and challenges faced in this field.

A Fast Pattern Matching Algorithm Using Changing Consecutive Characters  [PDF]
Amjad Hudaib, Dima Suleiman, Arafat Awajan
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2016.98026
Abstract: Pattern matching is a very important algorithm used in many applications such as search engine and DNA analysis. They are aiming to find a pattern in a text. This paper proposes a Pattern Matching Algorithm Using Changing Consecutive Characters (PMCCC) to make the searching pro- cess of the algorithm faster. PMCCC enhances the shift process that determines how the pattern moves in case of the occurrence of the mismatch between the pattern and the text. It enhances the Berry Ravindran (BR) shift function by using m consecutive characters where m is the pattern length. The formal basis and the algorithms are presented. The experimental results show that PMCCC made enhancements in searching process by reducing the number of comparisons and the number of attempts. Comparing the results of PMCCC with other related algorithms has shown significant enhancements in average number of comparisons and average number of attempts.
Charmonium spectroscopy at BABAR
Arafat Gabareen Mokhtar
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: The charmonium-like states, Y(4260), Y(4350), produced via initial state radiation, as well as the X(3872), and Y(3940), produced in B meson decays from the BABAR B-factory are reviewed. These mesons do not seem consistent with conventional charmonium models, and several alternate hypotheses have been proposed to explain these new discoveries.
Searches for exotic X,Y, and Z- states with BABAR
Arafat Gabareen Mokhtar
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Recently, several charmonium-like states above $D\bar{D}$ threshold have been discovered at the BELLE and BABAR $B$-factories. Some of these states are produced via Initial State Radiation ({\it e.g.} Y(4260) and Y(4350)) and some are observed in $B$ meson decays ({\it{e.g.}} X(3872), Y(3940)). The BELLE observation of the enhancement in the $\psi(2S)\pi^-$, {\it {i.e.}} the $Z(4430)^-$ state, has generated a great deal of interest, because such a state must have minimum quark content ($c\bar{c}d\bar{u}$), so that it would represent the unequivocal manifestation of a four-quark meson state. Here we report recent BABAR results on the Y(4260), X(3872), Y(3940), and a search for the $Z(4430)^-$.
Recent Electroweak Measurements from the H1 and ZEUS Experiments
Arafat Gabareen Mokhtar
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: Neutral-current ({NC}) and charged-current ({CC}) deep inelastic scattering ({DIS}) reactions have been studied in $e^+p$ and $e^-p$ collisions using the {H1} and {ZEUS} detectors at {HERA I}. Following the upgrade of the {HERA} accelerator, the {HERA II} program recently started with the first data in $e^+p$ scattering with longitudinally polarised positrons. In this paper, a summary of the electroweak results from {HERA I} and the first measurement of the cross section for $e^+p$ CC {DIS} at a longitudinal polarisation value of 33% from the {ZEUS} collaboration are presented.
Search for a low-mass Higgs boson ($A^0$) at BABAR
Arafat Gabareen Mokhtar
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The BABAR Collaboration has performed three searches for a light Higgs boson, $A^0$, in radiative Upsilon ($\Upsilon$) decays: $\Upsilon(3S)\to\gamma A^0$, $A^0\to\tau^+\tau^-$; $\Upsilon(nS)\to\gamma A^0$, $A^0\to\mu^+\mu^-$ ($n=2,3$); and $\Upsilon(3S)\to\gamma A^0$, $A^0\to$ invisible. Such a Higgs boson ($A^0$) appears in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, where a light CP-odd Higgs boson couples strongly to $b$-quarks. The searches are based on data samples that consist of $122\times 10^6$ $\Upsilon(3S)$ and $99\times 10^6$ $\Upsilon(2S)$ decays, collected by the BABAR detector at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The searches reveal no evidence for an $A^0$, and product of branching fractions upper limits, at 90% C.L., of $(1.5-16)\times 10^{-5}$, $(0.44-44)\times 10^{-6}$, and $(0.7-31)\times 10^{-6}$ were obtained for these searches, respectively. Also, we set the upper limits ${\mathcal {B}}(\eta_b\to\tau^+\tau^-)<8%$ and ${\mathcal {B}}(\eta_b\to\mu^+\mu^-)<0.9%$.
Studies of charmonium-like states at BABAR
Arafat Gabareen Mokhtar
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Several charmonium-like states above $D\bar{D}$ threshold have been discovered at the Belle and BABAR B-factories. Some of these states are produced via Initial State Radiation (e.g. Y(4260) and Y(4350)), and some are observed in B-meson decays (e.g. X(3872), and Y(3940)). The Belle observations of the enhancements in the $\psi(2S)\pi^-$ and $\chi_{c1}\pi^-$, i.e. the Z(4430)-, Z_1(4050)-, and Z_2(4250)-, have generated a great deal of interest, because such states must have minimum quark content $(c\bar{c}d\bar{u})$, i.e. these are candidate four-quark state. The BABAR Collaboration does not confirm the existinence of the $Z(4430)^-$.
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