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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 79295 matches for " Aparecida Maria;Duarte "
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O envelhecimento e o idoso no ensino de gradua??o em enfermagem no Brasil: do panorama atual à uma proposta de conteúdo programático
Diogo, Maria José Delboux;Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62341999000400008
Abstract: the teaching nursing undergraduate was verified in 77 courses in brazil about elderly's attention, hourly load and time of insert of this content in the curriculum. the authors suggest fundamental themes to the nurses' formation to act with elderly in the different contexts in their health's attention.
Abaixo Euclides e acima quem? Uma análise do ensino de Geometria nas teses e disserta es sobre o Movimento da Matemática Moderna no Brasil
Aparecida Rodrigues Silva Duarte,Maria Célia Leme da Silva
Práxis Educativa , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss proposal related to the teaching of Geometry defended by the Modern Mathematics Movement (MMM) on the basis of an analysis of the theses and dissertations with these movement as a central theme. These analyses indicate that Geometry, in the elementary school, was neglected in these curriculum innovations, despite the fact that proposals for change had not been conceived in this way. The text raised questions related to the teaching of Geometry, which merit further investigation in order that the role of Geometry in the MMM be better understood. We believe that research based in the notion of school culture will bring answers to many of these questions, contributing significantly to a better understanding of the MMM.
Repensando o cuidado frente uma sociedade que envelhece
Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte,Maria Lúcia Lebr?o
Saúde Coletiva , 2008,
Abstract: El envejecimiento provoca cambios en el perfil epidemiológico de la población haciendo que prevalezcan las condiciones crónicas que apuntan a la reformulación de la asisténcia en torno a la llamada gestión del cuidado gerontológico.
Desafios de um estudo longitudinal: o Projeto SABE
Maria Lúcia Lebr?o,Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
Saúde Coletiva , 2008,
Abstract:
Fatores associados ao uso de psicotrópicos por idosos residentes no Município de S o Paulo Factores asociados al uso de psicotrópicos entre ancianos residentes en la ciudad de S o Paulo Factors associated to the use of psychotropic drugs by community-dwelling elderly in S o Paulo city
Aparecida Santos Noia,Silvia Regina Secoli,Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte,Maria Lúcia Lebr?o
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0080-62342012000700006
Abstract: Os objetivos do estudo foram identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de psicotrópicos entre os idosos do Município de S o Paulo. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de base populacional, cujos dados foram obtidos do Estudo Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento. A amostra foi constituída de 1.115 idosos de 65 anos ou mais, os quais foram entrevistados por meio de instrumento padronizado. Na análise dos dados utilizou-se regress o logística univariada e múltipla stepwise forward e nível de significancia de 5%. A prevalência de uso de psicotrópicos foi 12,2% e os fatores associados foram sexo feminino (OR=3,04 IC95%=1,76-5,23) e polifarmácia (OR=4,91 IC95%=2,74-8,79). O uso de psicotrópicos por idosos deve ter sua avalia o risco-benefício muito bem estabelecida. Mulheres idosas, especialmente as submetidas à polifarmácia merecem aten o diferenciada, no ajuste posológico e tempo de tratamento, visando à minimiza o dos desfechos adversos a que est o sujeitas. Los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar la prevalencia y los factores relacionados al uso de psicotrópicos entre ancianos del S o Paulo. Es un estudio trasversal, poblacional, cuyos datos fueron obtenidos del Estudio de Salud, Bien-estar y Envejecimiento. La muestra constituye de 1.115 ancianos de 65 a os o más, los cuales fueron encuestados, por medio de instrumentos padronizados. El análisis de los datos fue utilizada una regresión logística univariado y múltiple, stepwise forward y nivel de significancia del 5%. La prevalencia de uso de psicotrópicos fue 12,2% y los factores asociados fueron sexo femenino (OR= 3,04 IC95%=1,76-5,23) y polifarmacia (OR = 4,91 IC95%=2,74-8,79). El uso de psicotrópicos por ancianos debe tener su evaluación riesgo-beneficio muy bien establecida. Mujeres ancianas, especialmente las que están sometidas a la polifarmacia merecen atención diferenciada, en el ajuste posológico y tiempo de tratamiento, con el fin de minimizar los resultados adversos que están sujetas. The objectives of study were to identify the prevalence and factors associated to the use of psychotropic drugs among elderly people in S o Paulo city. It is a cross-sectional study. Data were used from the SABE survey (for Health, Well-being and Ageing). The sample was constituted of 1.115 elderly people, aging 65 and over, which were interviewed by standard method. In the data analysis, it was used univariate and multiple logistic regression, stepwise forward and level of significance of 5%. The prevalence of the use of psychotropic drugs of 12,2% and the factors associated were female gender
A matemática da escola primária nas revistas pedagógicas do Brasil e de Portugal
Rosimeire Aparecida Soares Borges,Aparecida Rodrigues Silva Duarte,Tania Maria Mendon?a Campos
Reflex?o & A??o , 2012,
Abstract: O presente artigo tem por objetivo apresentar os estudos realizados no ambito da investiga o que intentou analisar a dinamica de circula o e apropria o do Movimento da Matemática Moderna (MMM) no Ensino Primário no Brasil e em Portugal. Considerando-se a imprensa pedagógica de relevancia para a História da Educa o, elegeram-se para análise os artigos publicados nos periódicos pedagógicos desses dois países, no período de vigência do referido Movimento (1955 - 1985). Para fundamenta o teórica, adotaram-se as ideias de Nóvoa (1993), Carvalho (2006), Vi ao (2000) e Chartier (1991). As análises e compara es efetuadas permitem dizer que a matemática para o Ensino Primário deveria estar baseada na Teoria dos Conjuntos e na Lógica Matemática, com ênfase na linguagem simbólica e nos aspectos metodológicos com prescri o de materiais concretos para esse ensino. Os discursos veiculados nas revistas pedagógicas, em ambos os países, levaram aos professores primários informa es sobre a “nova matemática”, priorizando um ensino fundamentado na teoria psicogenética de Jean Piaget. Assim, os periódicos pedagógicos analisados contribuíram para a difus o de concep es e apropria es de ideias sintonizadas com as propostas reformistas do ensino da Matemática. Abstract This article aims to present a study that analyzed the dynamic of the circulation and the appropriation of the Modern Mathematics Movement (MMM) during the elementary School in Brazil and Portugal. Considering the relevance of pedagogical press for the History of Education, the material chosen for analysis are the articles published in journals from both countries during this Movement (1955 - 1985). This work is based on theoretical ideas of Nóvoa (1993), Carvalho (2006), Vi ao (2000) and Chartier (1991). From the analyzes and comparisons presented it is possible to say that the published discourses preceded the mathematics for Primary School based on Set Theory and Mathematical Logic, with an emphasis on symbolic language and methodological aspects of the concrete materials suggested for this teaching. The speechs of the pedagocical journals, in both countrys, brought the elementary school teachers the informations on the “new math”, prioritizing the teaching based on Jean Piaget psychogenetic theory. In short, the educational journals studied contributed to the diffusion of ideas and appropriating ideas related to the proposed reform of mathematics teaching.
Fatores relacionados à autopercep o da audi o entre idosos do município de S o Paulo - Projeto SABE
Marina Morettin,Maria Regina Alves Cardoso,Maria Lúcia Lebr?o,Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
Saúde Coletiva , 2008,
Abstract: Este artículo divulga la influencia de los factores socio-demográficos y de salud en la auto percepción de la audición entre los ancianos del proyecto salud, bienestar y el envejecer (Proyecto SABE) en la ciudad de Sao Paulo. El estudio incluyo 2.143 individuos con 60 a os o mas≥60. Un modelo de regresión logística ordinal, considerando el dise o de la muestra fue utilizado en análisis variados. Aumento de la edad; sexo masculino; vivir con otros; relatar vértigos y la memoria media/mala y de la salud promedia o mala aumentó la oportunidad de auto percepción de mala audición. El conocimiento del auto percepción de la audición y de sus factores relacionados es importante para evaluar la calidad de vida del adulto mayor y la necesidad de la rehabilitación auditiva
Alcohol Use among Older Adults: SABE Cohort Study, S?o Paulo, Brazil
Gabriela Arantes Wagner, Maria Lucia Lebr?o, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Dirce Maria Trevisan Zanetta
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085548
Abstract: In recent years, Brazil has demonstrated a new demographic pattern characterized by a reduction in both birth and mortality rates and a significant increase in the number of older adults. The purpose of the present study was to describe the frequency of alcohol intake in a representative sample community of older adults in the city of S?o Paulo, Brazil, followed over a six-year period. A prospective Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE [Health, Wellbeing and Aging]) cohort study conducted in 2000 and 2006 in City of S?o Paulo, Brazil. 2,143 individuals aged 60 years or older selected through multi-stage sampling in the year 2000 (41.4% male and 58.6% women) and 1,115 individuals belonging to the follow-up cohort evaluated in 2006. The frequency of alcohol intake in the previous three months was obtained through self-reports of interviewees. The results demonstrate that in 2000, alcohol consumption was less than one day a week among 79.7% of the sample, one to three days a week among 13.0% and four or more days a week among 7.3%. In agreement with findings on other populations, consumption four or more days a week was more frequent among the male gender as well as those with greater schooling and income and good self-rated health (p<0.05). The longitudinal analysis demonstrated an increase in the frequency of alcohol consumption one to three times a week among the individuals in the 2006 follow-up study. In the present population-based sample, alcohol intake was low and the frequency of moderate alcohol consumption increased over the years. The present study can assist understanding the changes in alcohol intake among older adults throughout time and the ageing process.
Demanda referida e auxílio recebido por idosos com declínio cognitivo no município de S?o Paulo
Oliveira, Simone de Freitas Duarte;Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira;Lebr?o, Maria Lúcia;Laurenti, Ruy;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902007000100008
Abstract: the aging of the brazilian population is concomitant along with increases in chronic non-transmittable diseases. among these diseases are dementias, which have a great impact on individuals affected by cognitive decline and their families. this study forms part of the "sabe study" (health, wellbeing and aging in latin america and the caribbean). the sample was composed of elderly people who presented scores of 12 or less in the mini mental state examination (mmse) and 6 or more in the pfeffer functional activity questionnaire (pfaq. the combination of these two instruments showed higher specificity for measuring more severe cognitive decline that suggested the presence of dementia and other associated disturbances. the objectives of this study were to present the results from sabe relating to performance in activities of daily living and domestic arrangements among elderly people with cognitive decline in the municipality of s?o paulo, and to investigate how these arrangements contributed towards meeting the care needs of these dependent elderly people. the functional limitation was mainly related to instrumental activities of daily living (iadl). a majority of these elderly people were living within living arrangements involving the presence of their children; however, a considerable proportion were living alone. the help made available through the living arrangements often reached 100% of the iadl. however, among the basic activities of daily living (adl), 100% was only reached in arrangements in which only the couple were living together. this showed that the demand for care was met in most cases, thus allowing the conclusion that, among elderly people with cognitive decline, the strongest evidence of the limitations presented is the factor that triggers greater offer of help.
Speech evaluation in children with temporomandibular disorders
Pizolato, Raquel Aparecida;Fernandes, Frederico Silva de Freitas;Gavi?o, Maria Beatriz Duarte;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572011000500010
Abstract: objective: the aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of temporomandibular disorders (tmd) on speech in children, and to verify the influence of occlusal characteristics. material and methods: speech and dental occlusal characteristics were assessed in 152 brazilian children (78 boys and 74 girls), aged 8 to 12 (mean age 10.05 ± 1.39 years) with or without tmd signs and symptoms. the clinical signs were evaluated using the research diagnostic criteria for tmd (rdc/tmd) (axis i) and the symptoms were evaluated using a questionnaire. the following groups were formed: group tmd (n=40), tmd signs and symptoms (group s and s, n=68), tmd signs or symptoms (group s or s, n=33), and without signs and symptoms (group n, n=11). articulatory speech disorders were diagnosed during spontaneous speech and repetition of the words using the "phonological assessment of child speech" for the portuguese language. it was also applied a list of 40 phonological balanced words, read by the speech pathologist and repeated by the children. data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, fisher's exact or chi-square tests (α=0.05). results: a slight prevalence of articulatory disturbances, such as substitutions, omissions and distortions of the sibilants /s/ and /z/, and no deviations in jaw lateral movements were observed. reduction of vertical amplitude was found in 10 children, the prevalence being greater in tmd signs and symptoms children than in the normal children. the tongue protrusion in phonemes /t/, /d/, /n/, /l/ and frontal lips in phonemes /s/ and /z/ were the most prevalent visual alterations. there was a high percentage of dental occlusal alterations. conclusions: there was no association between tmd and speech disorders. occlusal alterations may be factors of influence, allowing distortions and frontal lisp in phonemes /s/ and /z/ and inadequate tongue position in phonemes /t/; /d/; /n/; /l/.
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