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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8107 matches for " Anupama Sharma "
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An Approach to Human Adaptability towards its Built Environment: A Review  [PDF]
Richa Tiwari, Mukesh Pandey, Anupama Sharma
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2010.22013
Abstract: This paper deals with the human adaptability to its built environment. The built environment as we know it rarely finds itself adapting to its surrounding context, whether it be on the level of interaction with humans or the climate. Humans and nature both are in a constant state of flux; moving, changing, sensing, and reacting to their context and information they gather and perceive. A barrier is formed between the built environment and humans and nature due to the fact that their inherent characteristics are utterly contrasting. It is commonly estimated that persons in urban areas spend at least 80% of their time indoors. This suggests that the quality of the indoor environment can have a significant impact on comfort, health, and overall sense of well being. The indoor environment of buildings should thus be designed and controlled, as to provide a comfortable and healthy space for occupants. In order to maintain the quality of the indoor environment, we mechanically condition our buildings to achieve constant, uniform and comfortable environments. The maintenance of thermal equilibrium between the human body and its environment is one of the primary requirements. History of thermal comfort and climate design shows a definite relation between them and research is needed to know “What are comfort conditions?” and “How buildings could adapt themselves to these conditions”.
Nanoparticle Paclitaxel (Nanoxel) as a Safe and Cost-Effective Radio-Sensitizer in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Carcinoma  [PDF]
Akshay Nigam, Anupama Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar Singh
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.31006
Abstract: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is a common malignancy. It is the 7th most common malignancy. Approximately 45,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the USA. In present study 10 patients were selected of age group between 40 - 60 years from Gwalior-Chambal region, among them 3 were females and 7 were males. 3 patients were suffering from tonsilitis, 4 from Laryngeal carcinoma, 2 from carcinoma in maxillary antrum and 1 patient was suffering from carcinoma of whole tongue. The aim of present study is to evaluate the safety of nanoparticle paclitaxel (Nanoxel, a plant alkaloid) in combination with radiation in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck carcinoma. Further the patients were divided in 2 groups. The 1st group received nanoxel (plant alkaloid) administered concomitantly with radiation therapy. 2nd group received gemcitabine administered in combination with radiation therapy. 9 patients showed response for the therapy. The adverse effects in arm A, 2 patients showed anemia less than 8 gm of Hemoglobin, 2 patient showed leucopenia and 1 patient showed diarrhoea, Nausea/vomiting were shown by 4 patients, in arm B, 1 patient showed leucopenia, 1 patient showed anemia less than 9 gm hemoglobin and 5 patient showed sensory neuropathy. Nanoxel (plant alkaloid) showed best results in the case of head and neck carcinoma. The dose of 30 mg/kg b.w showed best safety with best clinical effect in term of less time of patient admission (hardly 30 mins) with less side effects with greater clinical effects in our study.
Quantifying Embodied Energy Using Green Building Technologies under Affordable Housing Construction  [PDF]
Nand Kishore Gupta, Anil Kumar Sharma, Anupama Sharma
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.24022
Abstract:

The building construction industry is a major contributor of environmental pollution, with high levels of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, all of which contribute to climate change. Housing is the single largest subsector of the construction industry. It is also a basic need associated with social and economic benefits, and its demand in most emerging economies is substantial. Hence it is a sector with significant potential not to mitigate just the negative impact of climate change on buildings and people, but also to reduce the impact of the construction industry on the natural environment. Green buildings technology has advanced greatly in recent years, but most “high performance” green buildings are capital intensive, often with high-tech applications that are not in easy reach of the mass housing market. In the developing country context, where huge segments of the population lack access to essential services or housing, the green buildings approach to addressing climate change is perceived to be largely unaffordable. For green technology to be adopted in poorer nations and have scalable impact, it will have to be low-cost and affordable. According to a 2010 report, buildings in the commercial, office and hospitality sectors are poised to grow at 8% annually over the next 10 years in India. While the retail sector has been growing rapidly at 8% per annum, the residential sector has seen growth of 5% per annum during this period. It is estimated that over 70 million New Urban Housing Units will be required over the next 20 Years.

Public health care in Afghanistan: An investigation in suboptimal utilization of facilities  [PDF]
Lakhwinder P. Singh, Anupama Sharma, Manish Kumar, Sidiq Shinwari
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.410123
Abstract: Afghanistan has made strides in increasing access to health care services since 2001 however it is still battling with poor utilization of services. In order to enhance demand for services a study was conducted to explore answers to the questions on knowledge, attitude and practices of communities in relation to healthcare services. The study design was cross-sectional qualitative spanning in six provinces representing geographical and ethno cultural regions of the country. In each of the six provinces, two districts were selected through mixed sampling technique representing urban-rural population. A total of 48 villages were selected in twelve districts. The study was conducted from September 2009 to March 2010. The study highlights poor heath seeking behavior associated with physical accessibility including high cost of transportation, socio-cultural barriers for women, awareness and trust for public health facilities. The system based issues adds to prevailing access related barriers such as privacy, efficiency and availability within health facilities; lack of female physicians and, aspects of behavior and attitude, and governance issues.
Management of Tuberculosis- The Need to Enforce Proper Treatment Guidelines among Private Practitioners in India.
Vishnu Sharma M,Anupama N
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Tuberculosis continues to be a daunting challenge for our healthcare system. Even after fifteen years of the much publicised Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme that envisages directly observed short course chemotherapy (DOTS), TB continues to spread and drug resistant strains, MDR and XDR, are also increasingly reported. More than 50% of TB patients seeking private health care, but the level of awareness regarding treatment of TB among private practitioners appears to be poor. All this call for an urgent revamp of TB control strategy in India.
Immunosuppressive therapy in inflammatory ocular surface disease post Steven Johnson syndrome
Balkrishnan C,Sharma Vishnu,Vyas Anupama
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2011,
Abstract:
STUDY OF PHYSIO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF MOLASSES-BASED DISTILLERY EFFLUENT
Anupama Chaudhary* AK Sharma and Birbal Singh
International Journal of Bioassays , 2013,
Abstract: Molasses based distilleries are recognized as of major polluting industries with a large amount of annual effluent production. Modi Distillery, located at Modi Nagar in western Uttar Pradesh, is a molasses-based distillery with a capacity of 26 KLPD. Being an alcohol-processing unit, we estimated capacity and efficiency of Modi distillery that discharges highly polluted effluent to small drainage with a very high biological oxygen demand (BOD) (42,000-51,000mg/ltr) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) (85,000-1,00,000mg/ltr) levels. Analysis of physio-chemical properties of distillery effluent showed higher temperature and proportion of dissolved organic and inorganic compounds. Presence of oxidized dissolved solids and acids lowered pH of effluent and increased toxicity. We measured quality of effluent as per standard recommendations. Investigation of water consumption in different processes of distillery and detailed evaluation of characteristics of effluent generated from above processes was analyzed. Towards management of polluted byproduct, we treated distillery effluent with bacterial consortium of Pseudomonas grimonti, Bacillus sp. MH-I6 and Staphylococcus sp. CSA strain. Treated effluent showed a significant decrease in BOD (76%) and COD (62%) levels. Present study represented an account of physio-chemical characteristics of discharges effluent from sugarcane molasses-based Modi distillery and its biological treatment towards optimization of effective management of distillery byproduct.
Aile Planlamasi Klinigine Basvuran Kadinlarin Kontrasepsiyon ve Medikal Abortusa Bakislari --- Survey of knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception and medical abortion in women attending family planning clinic
Jai Bhagwan Sharma,Anupama Bahadur,Suneeta Mittal
Journal of the Turkish-German Gynecological Association , 2008,
Abstract: Amac: All India Institute of Medical Sciences bunyesindeki aile planlamasi klinigine basvuran kadinlarda kontrasepsiyon ve medikal abortusa yaklasimlari, bilgileri ve uygulamalari degerlendirmek. Materyal ve Metot: Yeni Delhi All India Institute of Medical Sciences bunyesindeki aile planlamasi merkezlerine 1 Agustos 2005 ile 31 Ekim 2005 tarihleri arasinda 284 kadin basvurdu. Bunlardan gebeliklerinin sonlandirilmasini isteyen 158 kadin sorgulandi ve anket calismasina alindi. Kadinlarin yaslari 20-45 arasindaydi; 83 ¢ € u (%29.2) okuma yazma bilmiyordu, 63 ¢ € u (%22.2) ilkokul mezunu ve 138 ¢ € i (%48.6) de lise veya yuksekokul mezunuydu. Kadinlar modifiye Kuppuswamy Sosyo-Ekonomik Duzey Skalasina gore dusuk ve yuksek sosyoekonomik sinif olarak gruplandirildi: I. Ust sinif, II. Orta-ust sinif, III. Orta sinif, IV. Alt orta sinif, V. Alt sinif. Eslerin her ikisinden de onam alindi. Cesitli kontrasepsiyon yontemleri sunuldu ve memnun olduklari yontem secimi kendilerine birakildi. Sonuclar: Kadinlardan 111 ¢ € i (%39.8) korunma yontemi kullanmadi; 108 ¢ € i (%3.87) bariyer yontemi, 52 ¢ € si (%18.31) rahim ici arac, 11 ¢ € i (%3.87) dogum kontrol haplari ve 2 ¢ € si de (%0.7) diger yontemleri tercih etti. Gebelik sonlandirilmasini isteyenlerin %56.96 ¢ € sinda istenmeyen gebelik, %43.03 ¢ € unde basarisiz kontrasepsiyon sonucu gebelik olusmustu. Saglik problemi olan bir olgu haricinde kalitimsal bir endikasyon yoktu. Olgulardan 4 ¢ € u (%1.4) hic kullanmasalar da acil kontrasepsiyonu ve 22 ¢ € si medikal abortusu duymustu. Olgularin 15 ¢ € i ise (%5.28) daha onceden medikal abortus islemi gecirmisti. Abortus sonrasi kadinlarin 9 ¢ € u (%3.17) dogum kontrol haplari ile, 81 ¢ € i (%28.5) rahim ici arac ile ve 62 ¢ € si (%21.83) tup ligasyonu ile korunmayi tercih etti. Diger bir grupta 38 kadinda (%13.38) RIA cikarildi ve yeniden takildi, 35 ¢ € ine (%12.32) sterilizasyon operasyonu ve 6 ¢ € sina (%2.4) gebelik istemi nedeniyle spiral cikarma islemi uygulandi. Istatistiksel analiz SPSS (Chicago) ile c2 testi uygulanarak ve p degeri anlamliligi 0.05 alinarak yapildi. Tartisma: Calismaya katilan kadin populasyonunun acil kontrasepsiyon ve tibbi tahliye hakkindaki bilgileri yetersizdir.OBJECTIVE: Knowledge, attitude and practice of women attending family planning clinic at All India Institute of Medical Sciences. MATERIAL-METHODS: 284 women attending family planning clinic of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India between 1st August 2005 till 31st October 2005, of which 158 requested for medical termination of pregnancy (MTP),
EFFECT OF ABDOMINAL FAT ON DYNAMIC LUNG FUNCTION TESTS
Sonu Ajmani,Anupama V. Sharma,Nayanatara Arun Kumar,Vishnu Sharma
International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijbar.v3i8.694
Abstract: Obesity is an important health problem in developing countries particularly in India. Specifically, abdominal obesity is associated with greater health risk than lower body obesity. Obesity is measured using waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI). The association between body mass index, waist circumference and dynamic pulmonary function test(PFT) variables indifferent populations shows controversial results. Hence we undertook this study. 120 healthy sedentary employees were taken of 30-40 age groups, who worked in an air conditioned environment of a private motor vehicle showroom, Mangalore, for a minimum of six years. Their anthropometric measurements-height, weight, waist-hip circumference, chest expansion are measured to calculate body mass index, waist-hip ratio and total body fat%. Spirometry was performed after informed consent in all these subjects. FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC ratio, PEFR, FEF 25-75 was recorded. When PFT variables of low BMI and overweight BMI group is compared with that of normal BMI group, the result shows inverse relation between BMI, WC and FEV1/FVC which indicates an obstructive airway diseases would worsen the situation in genetically prone high BMI subjects. FEF25-75 varies proportionately with BMI indicates malnutrition unfavorably influences the lung functions.
Emergency contraception - knowledge in medical students
Sharma Jai,Bahadur Anupama,Chadha Sameer,Mehta Shikha
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract:
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