oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 47 )

2018 ( 316 )

2017 ( 338 )

2016 ( 355 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 182048 matches for " Ant?nio de Azevedo; "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /182048
Display every page Item
Concep es sobre criminalidade e modelos de policiamento Concepts on criminality and policing models
Marco Antnio de Azevedo
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932003000300004
Abstract: Podem-se conceber duas perspectivas teóricas básicas para explicar a criminalidade: a culturalista e a racionalista. Da primeira derivam políticas públicas destinadas a reduzir a criminalidade através de uma atua o sobre a desorganiza o social. Na segunda privilegia-se uma estratégia segundo a qual o principal papel do Estado é dissuadir o criminoso da prática delituosa. Este trabalho revisa a literatura, evidenciando mitos sobre o crime e a atividade policial. S o discutidos dois modelos de policiamento: um mais tradicional e reativo e outro mais preventivo, procurando-se mostrar que o racionalismo dá maior suporte teórico a políticas de seguran a pública que valorizam a promo o da cidadania. We can conceive two basic theoretical perspectives to explain criminality: the culturalist and the rationalist. From the first one derives public policies aimed to decrease criminality through actions on the social disorganization. The second one emphasizes a strategy in which the main role of the state is to dissuade the offender of the criminal practice. This paper reviews the literature, making evident several myths concerning the crime and the activity of the police. Two models of police action, one more traditional and reactive and the other more preventive, will be discussed, in an attempt to show that the rationalism gives more theoretical support to public safety policies that value the promotion of a sense of citizenship.
Lei de responsabilidade fiscal: condi??o insuficiente para o ajuste fiscal
Sodré, Antnio Carlos de Azevedo;
RAE eletr?nica , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-56482002000200010
Abstract: the study displayed here has as objective to discuss beyond fiscal responsibility law (frl) from the point of view of its relevance for the brazilian fiscal adjustment. for this, the main devices of this law are presented exploring their possible impacts in the brazilian public accounts in the next years. the analysis has been made based upon a theoretical reference that although simple it is extremely useful for the study of fiscal questions, therefore emphasizes the interrelation of the variables which influence directly in the evolution of the public debt. based on this reference and on the brief examination of the fiscal results presented by the country during the plano real it argues that the frl does not guarantee the brazilian fiscal balance therefore it does not exercise a significant control in the financial expenses of the public sector.
Rights as entitlements and rights as claims
Azevedo, Marco Antnio Oliveira de
Veritas , 2010,
Abstract: Há pelo menos dois registros diferentes sobre o significado de “direitos”. Segundo um deles, os direitos s o rela es entre dois termos: uma pessoa e um bem; para o outro, os direitos s o rela es entre três termos: um indivíduo, uma pessoa e uma a o ou algo. Os registros s o diferentes, mas n o s o totalmente incompatíveis. De acordo com a interpreta o de direitos como entitlements, trata-se de direitos morais ou legais, ou seja, as rela es de ordem moral ou jurídica das pessoas com bens (de benefícios concedidos a pessoas por uma lei humana, moral ou legal). Como uma espécie de direitos, os direitos humanos s o vistos como direitos (entitlements) das pessoas ou dos indivíduos a bens essenciais, dos quais podem-se inferir reivindica es (claims) contra outras pessoas ou contra governos e representantes. Falamos sobre direitos humanos geralmente desta forma. Mas de acordo com o outro registro, os direitos em sentido próprio têm que ser interpretados como claims. Neste artigo, pretendo apresentar alguns argumentos em favor da vantagem de expor todos os enunciados significativos dos direitos como entitlements em termos explícitos de claims.
A justi a das vítimas: fundamento raz es para agir (ou como Lewis Carroll nos ajudou a entender também os raciocínios práticos)
Azevedo, Marco Antnio Oliveira de
Veritas , 2007,
Abstract: Neste artigo, procuro extrair algumas conseqüências da li o de Lewis Carroll sobre a diferen a entre premissas e regras de inferência no tocante aos raciocínios práticos. Meu questionamento dirige-se à clássica suposi o formalista contida na famosa “Lei de Hume”, a saber, a regra formulada, dentre outros, por Richard Hare, de que é logicamente impossível derivar-se uma conclus o moral prática apenas de premissas fatuais. Na primeira parte deste artigo, proponho que o leitor imagine-se numa situa o hipotética, na qual adota uma postura evasiva mesmo diante de raz es prima facie suficientes para tomar uma certa decis o. A situa o apresentada é uma vers o do “análogo prático”, engenhosamente construído por G. F. Schueler, ao clássico paradoxo de Lewis Carroll, contido em sua conhecida e genial estória da disputa entre Aquiles e a Tartaruga, publicada originalmente na revista Mind, em 1895. Na segunda parte, relembro e brevemente analiso a fábula carrolliniana, comparando- a com a vers o prática de Schueler, discutindo suas analogias e dessemelhan as. Na terceira parte, mostro como as duas estórias s o capazes de nos ajudar a desvendar alguns malentendidos sobre o raciocínio prático e sobre suas imbrica es com a ética, em especial, com a conhecida tese de que de fatos n o derivamos normas. Pretendo mostrar como essa famosa tese é vítima do mesmo vício formalista denunciado por Lewis Carroll, a saber, que é fruto de entendimentos equívocos acerca dos papéis que podem ser desempenhados por uma norma em um raciocínio prático, isto é, que, primariamente, normas, na condi o de regras práticas, n o figuram propriamente como premissas, e sim como regras especiais ou materiais de inferência. Se minha tese for verdadeira, ent o a alega o de que n o podemos derivar “normas” de “fatos” resulta, na verdade, de um mal-entendido. Na última parte do artigo, destaco algumas outras confus es acerca do significado do termo ‘dever’ tal como esse termo é empregado usualmente em conclus es de raciocínios práticos. Numa referência a Stanley Cavell, sustentarei que o termo ‘dever’ serve-nos, nessa condi o, de modo de apresenta o do conteúdo das premissas que temos ou das raz es que oferecemos para agir de uma certa maneira. Sendo assim, o termo ‘dever’, que usamos para apresentar a conclus o de um raciocínio prático, n o pode ser interpretado, de maneira simplista (tal como fazem os defensores de vis es kantianas sobre a ética), como tendo o mesmo sentido que o termo ‘obriga o’, cujo significado é mais estrito. In this article, I look for some consequences of the lesson
A Review of Risk Management in Construction: Opportunities for Improvement  [PDF]
Rogério Cabral de Azevedo, Leonardo Ensslin, Antnio Edésio Jungles
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.54036
Abstract:

To expand knowledge of a search on a particular topic or to gather a significant sample of information that allows the researcher to identify and analyze the current state of knowledge on a topic, this paper presents a structured process for the selection of academic papers, evidence of papers’ relevance through bibliometric analysis, and analysis of the papers’ contents to identify gaps in the knowledge related to the theme under consideration and the objectives of the researcher. Starting from an interest in identifying and analyzing valuation models and risk management applied to the construction industry and using the Knowledge Development Process-Constructivist (ProKnow-C), this research identified 12,032 articles in thirteen academic databases. In its subsequent steps, the ProKnow-C allowed, in a process of continuous selection, the choice of the 23 articles that presented quantitative or qualitative risk management models developed for the construction industry. The relevance of this set of papers was demonstrated by bibliometric analysis. The content of the articles was systematically analyzed from ten research lenses based on the concepts of risk, risk management, and performance measurement adopted by the researchers, representing their research vision. The results of the systematic analysis demonstrated that risk management is a broad and complex subject, especially when its management aims to both avoid/minimize risk and guide the organization to a level where the risks can be transformed into competitive advantages. The analysis revealed the unique character of risk perception, indicating that models developed in one context are suitable only for that context. Thus, the use of ProKnow-C facilitated the acquisition of knowledge and enabled the researcher to identify numerous research opportunities, which, if included in the development of a new model, would allow this model to be used as an instrument that is legitimate and valid for the measurement, assessment, and management of risk, enabling the company to achieve competitive advantages in the market.

Constru??o de um espectrógrafo de proje??o e sua utiliza??o em demonstra??es de espectroscopia óptica
Azevedo, Eduardo Ribeiro de;Nunes, Luiz Antnio de Oliveira;
Química Nova , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422008000800049
Abstract: this article describes a projection spectrograph for use in optical spectroscopy classrooms demonstrations. the apparatus is based on an overhead projector and permits the visualization of several phenomena such as, light dispersion by diffraction gratings, diffraction order, optical fluorescence, continuous and discrete optical emission spectra, and light absorption by liquids and solids. a historical survey about the optical spectroscopy development is also presented.
Alimentos utilizados ao longo da história para nutrir lactentes
Castilho, Silvia Diez;Barros Filho, Antnio de Azevedo;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572010000300004
Abstract: objective: to retrace the history of infant nutrition with the objective of better understanding breastfeeding. sources: bibliographic searches were run on medline, lilacs, scielo, and the internet. encyclopedias, scientific textbooks and books for the general public, in addition to literature, art and history, were also used. texts on child care from several different periods were consulted, in addition to the history of medicine and recent scientific articles on infant nutrition. summary of the findings: during the preindustrial period, customs varied little and the likelihood of survival was linked to breastfeeding or its substitution by a wetnurse's milk. where this was not possible, infants were given animal milk, pre-chewed foods or paps that were poor in nutrients and contaminated, which caused high mortality rates. there was nothing that could successfully substitute breastfeeding and the survival of the species was dependent on breastfeeding. once the industrial revolution had started, women who had been accustomed to breastfeeding went to work in factories, stimulating the search for alternative infant nutrition. consumption of animal milk and formulae (diluted, flour-based, powdered milk) and premature introduction of complementary foods compromised children's health. the feminist movement and the contraceptive pill caused a fall in birth rates. manufacturers in search of profits developed modified formulae and invested in advertising. society reacted with breastfeeding support movements. conclusions: nowadays, the advantages of breastmilk are recognized and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months, to be supplemented with other foods from this age on and continued until at least 2 years of age. infant nutrition, whether natural or artificial, has always been determined and conditioned by the social value attributed to breastfeeding.
A gravidez na adolescência é fator de risco para o baixo peso ao nascer? (Brasil)
Gripp Bicalho Mariotoni,Gladys; de Azevedo Barros Filho,Antnio;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062000000500016
Abstract: objective: this paper was designed to study the pregnancy in adolescence as a risk factor for low birth weight. methodology: a case-control study was designed, including 354 mothers whose babies?weight was less than 2.5 kg and another group of the same size, with babies of 3.0 kg or more. all deliveries took place at maternidade de campinas, and all mothers were interviewed and compared. besides mother?s age, other variables that could offer risk of low birth weight were also evaluated. a multiple logistic regression analysis was applied, to control possible influences of these variables. results: adolescents accounted for 22.9% of the mothers whose babies had low birth weight. the risk of low birth weight among this group (or = 0.72; 95% ic = 0.45-1.14; p = 0.16) was not considered greater when compared with that of mothers between 20 and 34 years old (before and after correction for income, marital status, educational level, race, previous pregnancies, prenatal assistance, exposure to smoking and caffeine, arterial hypertension, weight prior to pregnancy and employment). complementary analysis showed that pregnancy in adolescence is a protection factor against intrauterine growth retardation (or = 0.24; 95% ic = 0.10-0.56; p = 0.001). conclusion: in this population, pregnancy in adolescence did not represent a greater risk for occurrence of low birth weight, when others factors like psychosocial, pre-gestational risks, smoking and poor prenatal care were controlled for
Peso ao nascer e influência do consumo de cafeína
Bicalho,Gladys Gripp; Barros Filho,Antnio de Azevedo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102002000200010
Abstract: objectives: to assess the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and low birth weight, prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation. methods: a case-control was carried out and 354 newborns of single labor with birthweight <2,500 g (cases) and 354 with birthweight >3,000 g (controls) were analyzed. caffeine consumption was calculated based on daily consumption of coffee, soft drinks and tea. results were adjusted using multiple logistic regression for the following confounders: mother's age, schooling, income, marital status, skin color, parity, smoking, previous low birthweight children, mother's pre-pregnancy weight, employment status, interval between pregnancies, prenatal care and high blood pressure. results: for caffeine consumption <300 mg/day and >300 mg/day, the adjusted odds ratios for low birthweight were: 0.72 (95%ic=0.45-1.25) and 0.47 (95%ic=0.24-0.92); prematurity: 0.59 (95%ic=0.32-1.09) and 0.32 (95%ic=0.15-0.72); and intrauterine growth retardation: 1.16 (95%ic=0.45-3.01) and 0.64 (95%ic=0.20-1.98), respectively. conclusion: there was no association between caffeine consumption during pregnancy and low birthweight, prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation.
A gravidez na adolescência é fator de risco para o baixo peso ao nascer? (Brasil) Is adolescent pregnancy a risk factor for low birth eight? (Brasil)
Gladys Gripp Bicalho Mariotoni,Antnio de Azevedo Barros Filho
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2000,
Abstract: Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a gesta o na adolescência como possível fator de risco para o baixo peso ao nascer. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo caso-controle. Foram entrevistadas e comparadas 354 m es de recém-nascidos de peso ao nascer inferior à 2.500 g e outras 354 que tiveram filhos de 3.000 g ou mais, cujos partos aconteceram na Maternidade de Campinas. As informa es incluíram além da idade materna, outras variáveis tidas como de risco para o baixo peso ao nascer. Foi usada Análise de Regress o Logística Múltipla para controlar possíveis influências dessas variáveis. Resultados: As adolescentes representaram 22,9% das m es dos recém-nascidos de baixo peso. N o se observou risco aumentado para o baixo peso ao nascer entre essas m es (OR = 0,72; 95% IC = 0,45-1,14; p = 0,16) quando comparadas com aquelas de idade variando de 20 a 34 anos (resultado ajustado para renda, estado civil, escolaridade, cor, antecedentes gestacionais, assistência no período pré-natal, exposi o ao fumo e cafeína, hipertens o arterial, peso prévio à gesta o e o trabalho fora de casa). Ao se realizarem análises complementares, observou-se que a gravidez na adolescência se apresentou como possível fator de prote o contra o retardo de crescimento intrauterino (OR = 0,24; 95% IC = 0,10-0,56; p = 0,001). Conclus o: Neste estudo, a gravidez na adolêscencia n o representou maior risco para a ocorrência de baixo peso ao nascer na popula o estudada, quando a influência de outros fatores psicossociais desfavoráveis, antecedentes gestacionais de risco, exposi o ao fumo e cuidados inadequados de pré-natal foi afastada Objective: This paper was designed to study the pregnancy in adolescence as a risk factor for low birth weight. Methodology: A case-control study was designed, including 354 mothers whose babies’weight was less than 2.5 kg and another group of the same size, with babies of 3.0 kg or more. All deliveries took place at Maternidade de Campinas, and all mothers were interviewed and compared. Besides mother’s age, other variables that could offer risk of low birth weight were also evaluated. A multiple logistic regression analysis was applied, to control possible influences of these variables. Results: Adolescents accounted for 22.9% of the mothers whose babies had low birth weight. The risk of low birth weight among this group (OR = 0.72; 95% IC = 0.45-1.14; p = 0.16) was not considered greater when compared with that of mothers between 20 and 34 years old (before and after correction for income, marital status, educational level, race, previous preg
Page 1 /182048
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.