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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10180 matches for " Anne Grace; "
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Gera??o de renda: enfoque nas mulheres pobres e divis?o sexual do trabalho
Carloto, Cássia Maria;Gomes, Anne Grace;
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-66282011000100008
Abstract: this paper presents a discussion of income-generating projects aimed at poor women. aims to reflect on what opportunities they offer, while public policy, financial autonomy and the breaking of patterns based on the traditional sexual division of labor rooted in the false dichotomy between public and private. it also brings a debate on poverty among women since the prospect of these projects is to increase earnings from the family focus on women.
Male partner antenatal attendance and HIV testing in eastern Uganda: a randomized facility-based intervention trial
Byamugisha Robert,?str?m Anne N,Ndeezi Grace,Karamagi Charles AS
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-14-43
Abstract: Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a written invitation letter to the spouses of new antenatal clinic attendees on attendance by couples and on male partner acceptance of HIV testing at subsequent antenatal clinic visits. Methods The trial was conducted with 1060 new attendees from October 2009 to February 2010 in an antenatal clinic at Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Mbale District, eastern Uganda. The intervention comprised an invitation letter delivered to the spouses of new antenatal attendees, while the control group received an information letter, a leaflet, concerning antenatal care. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of pregnant women who attended antenatal care with their male partners during a follow-up period of four weeks. Eligible pregnant women were randomly assigned to the intervention or non-intervention groups using a randomization sequence, which was computer generated utilizing a random sequence generator (RANDOM ORG) that employed a simple randomization procedure. Respondents, health workers and research assistants were masked to group assignments. Results The trial was completed with 530 women enrolled in each group. Participants were analyzed as originally assigned (intention to treat). For the primary outcome, the percentage of trial participants who attended the antenatal clinic with their partners were 16.2% (86/530) and 14.2% (75/530) in the intervention and non-intervention groups, respectively (OR = 1.2; 95% CI: 0.8, 1.6). For the secondary outcome, most of the 161 male partners attended the antenatal clinic; 82 of 86 (95%) in the intervention group and 68 of 75 (91%) in the non-intervention group were tested for HIV (OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 0.6 to 7.5). Conclusions The effect of the intervention and the control on couple antenatal attendance was similar. In addition, the trial demonstrated that a simple intervention, such as a letter to the spouse, could increase couple antenatal clinic attendance by 10%. Significantly, the majority of male partners who attended the antenatal clinic accepted HIV testing. Therefore, to further evaluate this simple and cost-effective intervention method, adequately powered studies are required to assess its effectiveness in increasing partner participation in antenatal clinics and the programme for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01144234.
Synthesis and Characterization of LaNixCo1-xO3 Perovskites via Complex Precursor Methods  [PDF]
Grace Rafaela Oliveira Silva, José Carlos Santos, Danielle M. H. Martinelli, Anne Michelle Garrido Pedrosa, Marcelo José Barros de Souza, Dulce Maria Araujo Melo
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2010.12008
Abstract: This work presents a study on the synthesis of LaNixCo1-xO3 perovskites via complex precursor methods. Perovskite oxides with the composition LaNixCo1-xO3 were synthesized by chelating precursor and polymeric precursor methods using nickel and/or cobalt nitrates, lanthanum nitrate, ethylene glycol, citric acid, and EDTA as starting source. The obtained perovskite were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and the morphology of the samples were investigated by N2 adsorption experiments and average medium particle size. TG curves and FTIR spectra were particularly useful in establishing of the optimal calcination temperature of the precursor powders. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed the formation of the perovskite structure in all samples prepared by both synthesis method and after calcinations at 700℃. The results showed that the preparation method resulted in oxides with the intended structure. The specific surface area values were influenced by preparation method.
A hazardous substance exposure prevention rating method for intervention needs assessment and effectiveness evaluation: the Small Business Exposure Index
Anthony D LaMontagne, Anne M Stoddard, Cora Roelofs, Grace Sembajwe, Amy L Sapp, Glorian Sorensen
Environmental Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1476-069x-8-10
Abstract: We developed a checklist containing six unique sets of yes/no variables organized in a 2 × 3 matrix of exposure potential versus exposure protection at three levels corresponding to a simplified hierarchy of controls: materials, processes, and human interface. Each of the six sets of indicator variables was reduced to a high/moderate/low rating. Ratings from the matrix were then combined to generate an exposure prevention 'Small Business Exposure Index' (SBEI) Summary score for each area. Reflecting the hierarchy of controls, material factors were weighted highest, followed by process, and then human interface. The checklist administered by an industrial hygienist during walk-through inspection (N = 149 manufacturing processes/areas in 25 small to medium-sized manufacturing worksites). One area or process per manufacturing department was assessed and rated. A second hygienist independently assessed 36 areas to evaluate inter-rater reliability.The SBEI Summary scores indicated that exposures were well controlled in the majority of areas assessed (58% with rating of 1 or 2 on a 6-point scale), that there was some room for improvement in roughly one-third of areas (31% of areas rated 3 or 4), and that roughly 10% of the areas assessed were urgently in need of intervention (rated as 5 or 6). Inter-rater reliability of EP ratings was good to excellent (e.g., for SBEI Summary scores, weighted kappa = 0.73, 95% CI 0.52–0.93).The SBEI exposure prevention rating method is suitable for use in small/medium enterprises, has good discriminatory power and reliability, offers an inexpensive method for intervention needs assessment and effectiveness evaluation, and complements quantitative exposure assessment with an upstream prevention focus.In the first National Occupational Research Agenda developed by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) and stakeholders in 1996, 'intervention effectiveness research' was identified as a priority area, signifying th
Risk of Early-Onset Neonatal Infection with Maternal Infection or Colonization: A Global Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Grace J. Chan ,Anne CC Lee,Abdullah H. Baqui,Jingwen Tan,Robert E. Black
PLOS Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001502
Abstract: Background Neonatal infections cause a significant proportion of deaths in the first week of life, yet little is known about risk factors and pathways of transmission for early-onset neonatal sepsis globally. We aimed to estimate the risk of neonatal infection (excluding sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] or congenital infections) in the first seven days of life among newborns of mothers with bacterial infection or colonization during the intrapartum period. Methods and Findings We searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and the World Health Organization Regional Databases for studies of maternal infection, vertical transmission, and neonatal infection published from January 1, 1960 to March 30, 2013. Studies were included that reported effect measures on the risk of neonatal infection among newborns exposed to maternal infection. Random effects meta-analyses were used to pool data and calculate the odds ratio estimates of risk of infection. Eighty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. Seven studies (8.4%) were from high neonatal mortality settings. Considerable heterogeneity existed between studies given the various definitions of laboratory-confirmed and clinical signs of infection, as well as for colonization and risk factors. The odds ratio for neonatal lab-confirmed infection among newborns of mothers with lab-confirmed infection was 6.6 (95% CI 3.9–11.2). Newborns of mothers with colonization had a 9.4 (95% CI 3.1–28.5) times higher odds of lab-confirmed infection than newborns of non-colonized mothers. Newborns of mothers with risk factors for infection (defined as prelabour rupture of membranes [PROM], preterm <37 weeks PROM, and prolonged ROM) had a 2.3 (95% CI 1.0–5.4) times higher odds of infection than newborns of mothers without risk factors. Conclusions Neonatal infection in the first week of life is associated with maternal infection and colonization. High-quality studies, particularly from settings with high neonatal mortality, are needed to determine whether targeting treatment of maternal infections or colonization, and/or prophylactic antibiotic treatment of newborns of high risk mothers, may prevent a significant proportion of early-onset neonatal sepsis. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary
ESTUDO CLíNICO-LABORATORIAL DA TOXEMIA DA PRENHEZ EM OVELHAS: ANáLISE RETROSPECTIVA
Anne Grace Campos,José Augusto Bastos Afonso,Rogério Adriano Santos,C arla Lopes Mendon?a
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2010,
Abstract: The present work aimed to do a retrospective data analysis in 33 ewes with pregnancy toxaemia, focusing on the clinical and laboratorial aspects of the disturbance. The majority of the animals were raised intensively with free access to concentrate food and they were, at the final trimester of pregnancy, carrying two or more fetus. The laboratorial exams revealed hyperglycemia and ketonuria in most of the ewes. The clinical evolution varied from five to 17 days in the animals that died (42.4%) or received clinical discharge (57.6%), respectively. Thus, this work confirms that pregnancy toxaemia is a metabolic disorder leading to important economic losses in Pernambuco State, Brazil, due to the mortality of ewes and lambs.
Impact of Therapeutic Education on the Viral Load of HIV Infected Children and Adolescents on Antiretroviral Therapy at the Douala Laquintinie Hospital, Cameroon  [PDF]
Calixte Ida Penda, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Serge Clotaire Bilong, Loic-Ardin Boupda, Cécile Okala, Francis Atéba Ndongo, Grace Dallé Ngondi, Else C. Moukoko Eboumbou, Louis Richard Njock, Olivier Koki Ndombo
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2019.103011
Abstract: Introduction: One of the biggest challenges for HIV-infected adolescents on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the long-term maintenance of viral suppression, which is the third 90% goal of UNAIDS. Therapeutic Education (TE), process of acquiring abilities and skills that help the patient to live optimally with his illness is one of the strategies that contribute to the achievement of viral suppression through the therapeutic adhesion contract and the follow-up of the patient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of TE on the virologic response of children and adolescents aged 8 - 19 under ART and followed up at the Laquintinie Hospital of Douala (LHD). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Pediatric Unit of the HIV/AIDS Accredited Treatment Center (ATC) at LHD from February to May 2016. Children and adolescents aged 8 to 19 years on ART, followed in ATC/LHD whose parents had agreed to participate in the study, and who had achieved at least one viral load before and after initiation of TE, were recruited consecutively during routine medical follow-up. Data were collected from patients’ medical records and questionnaires administered to study participants. Results: A total of 198 children and adolescents were included in this study with an average age of 14 years (±3). In this study population, 86.1% of children aged 8 - 10 years had acquired knowledge of the importance of taking medications, 95.4% and 97.3% of adolescents aged 11 - 14 years and 15 - 19 years had knowledge of medication schedules respectively. Among children and adolescents with undetectable viral load prior to initiation of TE, 76.5% maintained an undetectable viral load after initiation of TE. In addition, 72.3% of those whose viral load was detectable before initiation of TE had acquired an undetectable or decreasing viral load after initiation of TE. The only exposure factor significantly associated with maintaining undetectable viral load after initiation of TE was having less than 10 TE sessions (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The virologic response appears to be better in subjects who acquire skills faster through TE and therefore require fewer learning sessions to adapt. In addition, TE effectively contributes to achieving the third 90% goal of UNAIDS.
Does Reactive Adaptation Exist? Using the Ecosystem Service Governance Approach to Evaluate Post-Drought Rural Food Security in Kenya  [PDF]
Grace W. Ngaruiya
Natural Resources (NR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2014.58037
Abstract:
Controversial climate change studies purport that predicted food insecurity and resource scarcity will intensify resource conflicts in developing nations. This belief is based on a prevalent assumption that African agricultural production systems are rigid and that their respective governments lack comprehensive adaptation ability. Therefore, I investigate whether and how effective post- drought adaptation activity is sustaining food production and livelihoods at Loitoktok district in Kenya. This study uses the theoretical three-step ecosystem service governance approach that analyzes both natural resources attributes and relational data. Results confirm a substantial decline in productivity and huge monetary losses in the agricultural sector of Loitoktok following the 2009 drought. Post-drought analysis reveals high diversification in crops and livestock that are drought-tolerant, fast maturing and high income generating such as camels, rabbits and dairy goats, horticultural and fruit production that sustain food security, income and local livelihoods. These reactive adaptation activities originate from an active public-private cooperation that promotes knowledge exchange among Loitoktok stakeholders. This cooperation is also seen in the efficient resource conflict resolution network. In conclusion, rural communities seem to be efficiently adapting to changing environmental conditions but require more financial and technical support from the government. Unfortunately, appraisal of national planned adaptation reveals effort-duplication that may divert much needed adaptation funds from being invested in research projects with multiple benefits to Kenyan food producers.
Testing the Effect of Soil Heterogeneity on Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AMF) Contribution to Plant Productivity  [PDF]
Samuel Ayesu, Grace Gyabaah
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.46028
Abstract:

Most natural soils are heterogeneous and nutrient availability and soil structure change greatly over small distances. It is still unclear whether AMF are advantageous for plants under such heterogeneous soil conditions. The objective of this study was to determine whether diverse AMF community support host plant community productivity in heterogeneous soil. It was also tested whether soil heterogeneity affects plant productivity. This was carried out in a greenhouse experiment made up of two factors: soil heterogeneity and AMF richness. Soil heterogeneity was simulated by mixing three soil types (sand, field soil and organic soil) together (homogenous soil (HM)), mixing them partly (semi homogenous (SH)) or keeping the three soil types separate in three compartments within one pot (heterogeneous (HT)). AMF richness was simulated by adding no AMF, one of four different AMF species separately, or all four different AMF together. The pots were planted with a mixture of Trifolium pratense and Lolium multiflorum. There was no effect of soil heterogeneity on total plant biomass. However, the biomass of the individual plant species was greatly affected by soil heterogeneity with Lolium being the most abundant in the heterogeneous soil and Trifolium being the most abundant in the homogenous soil. Total plant biomass did not increase with AMF richness. Moreover, opposite to the hypothesis, AMF richness was not beneficial for plant productivity in a heterogenous soil environment. However, there were significant differences in plant biomass with different AMF treatments in the SH and HT treatment indicating that effects of AMF on plant productivity are influenced by soil type. These effects on yield and AMF reflect a combination of local responses to growing conditions. The results show that AMF influence on plant yield may not always be positive but is strongly dependent on ecological elasticity and environmental condition.

The Universality of the Portrayal of Gender in Television Advertisements: An East-West Comparison  [PDF]
Grace Lim, Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.713154
Abstract: This study compared portrayals of gender in Malaysian and British television advertisements regarding the portrayal of men and women across these two countries. A total of 236 advertisements were content analyzed for nine variables relating to the primary character of the advertisement. The findings provide evidence of gender stereotyping in both countries for types of products advertised, credibility and role of the primary characters. The results suggest that portrayals in British advertisements are similar to those in Malaysian advertisements despite the cultural gap. These findings are discussed in relation to implications and the limitations of the study are noted.
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