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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 83212 matches for " Anna Maria; "
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ABC: Evolution, Problems of Implementation and Organizational Variables  [PDF]
Anna Maria Moisello
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2012.22008
Abstract: This paper will reflect on the evolution of the functionality of ABC model, focusing attention on the variables that determine success or failure in its implementation. To this end the paper, through the empirical and theoretical literature review, will: trace the evolution of the ABC model, while highlighting the implications of the implementation process, analyze the concept of success in its implementation and discuss the determinants that influence the outcome, focusing on the organizational variables that firm have to control in order to succeed with ABC.
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a 4-Months Continuous Injection of a Gas Mixture (CO2 and Inert Gases) on Legionella Contamination of a Hot Water Distribution System  [PDF]
Maria Anna Coniglio
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.77096
Abstract: Within the biofilm and scales Legionella is less far susceptible to the effects of the most frequently used biocides. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 4-months continuous injection of a gas mixture (CO2 and inert gas) in the hot water distribution system of a large hotel colonized by L. pneumophila sg3 on limiting biofilm formation and scales and in turn Legionella growth. Before the continuous injection of the gas mixture, out of the 15 sampling points examined every month 60% were colonized by Legionella (mean concentrations of 102 cfu/L in the boilers and the return loop, and 104 cfu/L in taps and showers). One week after the injection of the gas mixture and daily fluxing of the distal outlets, the level of colonization decreased (<103 cfu/L). When it was decided to flux all the distal outlets only 1 day per week the mean concentration of Legionella increased again (>104 cfu/L) in all the sampling points. Thus, cleaning of the boilers was performed and distal outlets were again fluxed daily. One week after the level of contamination decreased again (<102 cfu/L). Nonetheless, the colonization was not eliminated and when fluxing of the distal outlets was not performed every day the mean concentrations of Legionella raised up to >104 cfu/L. Results indicate that the gas mixture was able to reduce the level of colonization by Legionella only because associated to the fluxing of the distal outlets.
Sustainability of the Greek Government Net Borrowing: An Analytical and Comprehensive Exposition  [PDF]
Anna Maria Mouza
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.64081
Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the sustainability of the general Greek government net borrowing, applying novel techniques for both to determine the order of integration of a difference stationary series and to specify the final form of the co-integration equation. Co-integration analysis was applied, and robust rules of thumb are suggested taking into account the individuality of the case under consideration. The empirical application revealed that the Greek debt is not sustainable. Further, we introduce consistent planning methods to obtain optimal time paths for both government revenue and spending, so as sustainability of the debt to become a feasible task under certain assumptions. Finally, we suggest a policy making approach on macrolevel combining co-integration with optimal control.
The Fragmentation of Entrepreneurial Functionand the Role of External Control on Management Behavior  [PDF]
Pietro Gottardo, Anna Maria Moisello
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.34045
Abstract: Starting from the interpretation of corporate governance as the outcome of the fragmentation of entrepreneurial power and the related agency problem, the paper stresses the strict relationship between management control and risk management. This issue implies the need of effective internal and external controls, i.e. board implementation and supervision of a consistent control function and auditing, but the market and public regulatory authorities give the most important external control system. The paper focuses next on the role of the Codes of Conduct, the critical aspects of their effectiveness and other key issues in the governance of corporations highlighted by the last financial and economic crisis.
Monitoring of Pesticides Residues in Italian Mineral Waters by Solid Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry  [PDF]
Anna Maria Tarola, Raffaella Preti
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.410097
Abstract: Twenty-two pesticides and metabolites, selected on the basis of regional priority lists, were surveyed in thirty Italian mineral waters springs for three years by a procedure based on solid phase extraction in combination with gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection. The procedure proved to be simple, sensitive and reliable, the limits of detection and relative standard deviations were respectively in the range of 0.002 - 0.04 μg/L and 3% - 7%, recoveries ranged from 86% to 105% at the European Union Maximum Acceptable Concentration (MAC). Pesticide residues were detected in just one of the ninety water samples analyzed but no one exceeding the MAC. These results demonstrate the good quality of Italian mineral waters, not forgetting the need of constant revision and update of the priority list of pollutants.
Tourism as an Exit Strategy at Crisis Times  [PDF]
Angela Besana, Anna Maria Bagnasco
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.53009
Abstract: The contemporary crisis is giving evidence of failing macroeconomic theories and policies, after decades of focusing on the aggregate domestic demand and the role of the public expenditure. The contemporary crisis has shown the weakness of fiscal policy. With very low interest rates, the monetary policy does not seem to provide an alternative exit strategy out of the crisis, too. In this paper we discuss the hypothesis that GDP can still be a reliable estimate of growth. Nevertheless, at crisis times, only if the focus is on the foreign demand like International Tourism Receipts and Exports, and Exports can be an exit strategy. One component of Exports and International Tourism Receipts are worthy of attention. Thanks to a cluster analysis of per year variations of International Tourism Receipts (ITRs), GDP and Exports (World Bank Database) from 2007 to 2011, average positive variations of GDPs are matching with positive ITRs and Exports for “clusters” of countries. Performances of Europe and USA are worse than China, Brazil, India and South Africa and these continents and countries are separated in two different clusters. This result can be related to an increase of trade in emerging economies more than in mature ones, whose exit out of the crisis is much more demanding. The research confirms that Tourism and Exports are having an impact on the growth at different intensities (Europe and America vs. Asia) at crisis times.
International Fragmentation of Production and Trade Volatility: An Analysis for the European Countries  [PDF]
Anna Maria Falzoni, Lucia Tajoli
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.63032
Abstract: In the last years, world exports have displayed very strong fluctuations, much higher than GDP fluctuations. Some recent works tried to understand the causes of these fluctuations, and in particular if these strong swings in world trade flows are related to the growing weight of intermediates in trade and to the phenomenon of international fragmentation of production (IFP) or international outsourcing. This is the issue addressed in this paper. We analyze the influence of international fragmentation of production and trade in intermediate goods on the fluctuations of trade flows for the EU countries. After assessing the relevance of international trade in intermediate goods at the sector level using indices computed from the input-output tables of the EU countries, we test whether a significant relation exists between the extent of international fragmentation of production measured by this proxy and the volatility of trade flows, and the possible implications of these results.
Monochloramine for Remediation of Legionella Only in Domestic Hot Water Systems: An Iron Fist in a Velvet Glove  [PDF]
Stefano Melada, Maria Anna Coniglio
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.53017
Abstract: Monochloramine is a well-known disinfectant for drinking water with several advantages over chlorine and chlorine dioxide. With these two biocides, monochloramine is included in the US-EPA list of disinfectants for drinking water. At the beginning of XXI century, epidemiological studies demonstrated its superior ability to control Legionella in hot water health-care premises. In 2005 a research program started to set up a reliable and effective method to produce monochloramine directly in domestic hot water systems, at the safest concentration and without accumulation of by-products. Results of these researches, which has been carried out with the collaboration of Italian and American Institutions showed that monochloramine can be safely and reliably prepared and that it is the best approach to Legionella remediation in health-care facilities.
High and Low Leverage Choices: Some Evidence from Private Firms  [PDF]
Pietro Gottardo, Anna Maria Moisello
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.73030
Abstract: This paper studies the determinants of low and high leveraged financial structures analyzing a sample of 831 medium-large private firms, in the first and last quartile of the leverage distribution, using panel data and simultaneous equations procedures in the period 2001-2010. The empirical findings show that group membership and management factors influence financing decisions, and that internal capital markets, net working capital choices and product market position influence private firms’ capital structure choices, consistently with a pecking order perspective. This study provides evidence on medium large private firms, which are quite unexplored compared to small businesses and to the public counterpart, relying on the theoretical framework of the Pecking Order Theory integrated by product market competition and internal capital market theories.
Stakeholders’ Pressure and CSR Engagement. A Case in the Apparel Sector  [PDF]
Andrea Lucchini, Anna Maria Moisello
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.91012
Abstract: This paper, drawing on stakeholder and legitimacy theory, addresses the issue of stakeholders’ pressure effect on a firm’s CSR behavior. It focuses on the apparel sector as these companies, characterized by consumer proximity, are under the lens of stakeholders for their direct social performance as well as for their suppliers’ actions. We analyze the Nike case in order to study how stakeholders’ pressure shapes a firm’s engagement in CSR issues. Our study points out the dynamic nature of stakeholders and legitimacy, and it underlines the influence of two actors which are rarely considered as primary and most important stakeholders, namely media and social activist groups.
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