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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2345 matches for " Anita Nordenson "
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A gender difference in circulating neutrophils in malnourished patients with COPD
Sven Larsson, Anita Nordenson, Pernilla Glader, et al
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S15351
Abstract: gender difference in circulating neutrophils in malnourished patients with COPD Original Research (3331) Total Article Views Authors: Sven Larsson, Anita Nordenson, Pernilla Glader, et al Published Date January 2011 Volume 2011:6 Pages 83 - 88 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S15351 Sven Larsson1, Anita Nordenson1, Pernilla Glader1, Shigemi Yoshihara2, Anders Lindén1, Frode Slinde3 1Department of Internal Medicine/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan; 3Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Background: Circulating markers of inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may correlate to disease progression and extrapulmonary complications such as malnourishment. However, surprisingly little is known about gender-related differences for circulating inflammatory markers in COPD. Purpose: To characterize differences in circulating markers of inflammation in malnourished female and male patients with COPD. Subjects: Thirty female and 11 male patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD and malnourishment were examined. A group of control subjects without evidence of COPD was recruited for comparison of some variables. Methods: Blood samples were drawn, and the following parameters were studied: leukocytes and differential counts, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8, myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil elastase (NE), intracellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular endothelial adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin. Results: The mean neutrophil concentration was significantly (P = 0.019) higher in female (4.5 × 109/L) than in male patients with COPD (3.5 × 109/L) and significantly higher than in female control subjects (3.1 × 109/L) (P , 0.01, n = 85). The mean CRP values were considerably higher in female (4.9 mg/mL) than in male patients with COPD (1.5 mg/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.20). The mean concentrations of IL-6 and IL-8 tended to be higher in female than in male patients with COPD, but these differences did not reach statistical significance either (P . 0.05). Confounding factors (smoking, medication) could not explain the gender differences noted. The concentrations of MPO and NE displayed a strong correlation (r = 0.89; P , 0.01, n = 41) but revealed no gender differences. The latter was true for concentrations of adhesion molecules as well. Conclusions: Our study puts forward evidence of a gender-related difference in systemic inflammation in malnourished patients with COPD in terms of circulating neutrophils being more abundant in female patients. Among these female patients, there was also a trend toward an increase in two neutrophil-mobilizing cytokines. New and better-powered studies are warranted to confirm and characterize this pote
A gender difference in circulating neutrophils in malnourished patients with COPD
Sven Larsson,Anita Nordenson,Pernilla Glader,et al
International Journal of COPD , 2011,
Abstract: Sven Larsson1, Anita Nordenson1, Pernilla Glader1, Shigemi Yoshihara2, Anders Lindén1, Frode Slinde31Department of Internal Medicine/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan; 3Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SwedenBackground: Circulating markers of inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may correlate to disease progression and extrapulmonary complications such as malnourishment. However, surprisingly little is known about gender-related differences for circulating inflammatory markers in COPD.Purpose: To characterize differences in circulating markers of inflammation in malnourished female and male patients with COPD.Subjects: Thirty female and 11 male patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD and malnourishment were examined. A group of control subjects without evidence of COPD was recruited for comparison of some variables.Methods: Blood samples were drawn, and the following parameters were studied: leukocytes and differential counts, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8, myeloperoxidase (MPO), neutrophil elastase (NE), intracellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular endothelial adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin.Results: The mean neutrophil concentration was significantly (P = 0.019) higher in female (4.5 × 109/L) than in male patients with COPD (3.5 × 109/L) and significantly higher than in female control subjects (3.1 × 109/L) (P , 0.01, n = 85). The mean CRP values were considerably higher in female (4.9 mg/mL) than in male patients with COPD (1.5 mg/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.20). The mean concentrations of IL-6 and IL-8 tended to be higher in female than in male patients with COPD, but these differences did not reach statistical significance either (P . 0.05). Confounding factors (smoking, medication) could not explain the gender differences noted. The concentrations of MPO and NE displayed a strong correlation (r = 0.89; P , 0.01, n = 41) but revealed no gender differences. The latter was true for concentrations of adhesion molecules as well.Conclusions: Our study puts forward evidence of a gender-related difference in systemic inflammation in malnourished patients with COPD in terms of circulating neutrophils being more abundant in female patients. Among these female patients, there was also a trend toward an increase in two neutroph
A validated disease specific prediction equation for resting metabolic rate in underweight patients with COPD
Anita Nordenson, Anne Marie Gr nberg, Lena Hulthén, et al.
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S12544
Abstract: validated disease specific prediction equation for resting metabolic rate in underweight patients with COPD Original Research (4170) Total Article Views Authors: Anita Nordenson, Anne Marie Gr nberg, Lena Hulthén, et al. Published Date September 2010 Volume 2010:5 Pages 271 - 276 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S12544 Anita Nordenson2, Anne Marie Gr nberg1,2, Lena Hulthén1, Sven Larsson2, Frode Slinde1 1Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, G teborg, Sweden; 2Department of Internal Medicine/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract: Malnutrition is a serious condition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Successful dietary intervention calls for calculations of resting metabolic rate (RMR). One disease-specific prediction equation for RMR exists based on mainly male patients. To construct a disease-specific equation for RMR based on measurements in underweight or weight-losing women and men with COPD, RMR was measured by indirect calorimetry in 30 women and 11 men with a diagnosis of COPD and body mass index <21 kg/m2. The following variables, possibly influencing RMR were measured: length, weight, middle upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold, body composition by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and bioelectrical impedance, lung function, and markers of inflammation. Relations between RMR and measured variables were studied using univariate analysis according to Pearson. Gender and variables that were associated with RMR with a P value <0.15 were included in a forward multiple regression analysis. The best-fit multiple regression equation included only fat-free mass (FFM): RMR (kJ/day) = 1856 + 76.0 FFM (kg). To conclude, FFM is the dominating factor influencing RMR. The developed equation can be used for prediction of RMR in underweight COPD patients.
A validated disease specific prediction equation for resting metabolic rate in underweight patients with COPD
Anita Nordenson,Anne Marie Grönberg,Lena Hulthén
International Journal of COPD , 2010,
Abstract: Anita Nordenson2, Anne Marie Gr nberg1,2, Lena Hulthén1, Sven Larsson2, Frode Slinde11Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, G teborg, Sweden; 2Department of Internal Medicine/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, SwedenAbstract: Malnutrition is a serious condition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Successful dietary intervention calls for calculations of resting metabolic rate (RMR). One disease-specific prediction equation for RMR exists based on mainly male patients. To construct a disease-specific equation for RMR based on measurements in underweight or weight-losing women and men with COPD, RMR was measured by indirect calorimetry in 30 women and 11 men with a diagnosis of COPD and body mass index <21 kg/m2. The following variables, possibly influencing RMR were measured: length, weight, middle upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold, body composition by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and bioelectrical impedance, lung function, and markers of inflammation. Relations between RMR and measured variables were studied using univariate analysis according to Pearson. Gender and variables that were associated with RMR with a P value <0.15 were included in a forward multiple regression analysis. The best-fit multiple regression equation included only fat-free mass (FFM): RMR (kJ/day) = 1856 + 76.0 FFM (kg). To conclude, FFM is the dominating factor influencing RMR. The developed equation can be used for prediction of RMR in underweight COPD patients.Keywords: pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive, basal metabolic rate, malnutrition, body composition
ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN KINERJA SAHAM SYARIAH SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH PENGUMUMAN KENAIKAN BBM
ANITA
MAQDIS : JURNAL KAJIAN EKONOMI ISLAM , 2016,
Abstract: This study aims to look at the differences of Islamic stocks on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) before and after the announcement of the price increase of fuel oil (BBM) on 15 May 2015. The method used is quantitative research with paired sample t-test. Research shows that there are significant differences abnormal return before and after the announcement of fuel price increases as well as demonstrate the dif-ference by delaying the trading activity in the stock transaction that makes the average transaction decreased from prior events (event).
History and Advancement of the Family of Log Periodic Toothed Planer Microstrip Antenna  [PDF]
Arti Vaish, Anita Dalal
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.36039
Abstract: This paper presents the family of logarithmically periodic toothed planer antennas. In this the dimensions of the succes-sive sections were increased in geometric progression for a wide bandwidth usage. A band width of 7% for trapezoid toothed, 26% for zigzag toothed and 50% for cross-toothed VSWR < 2 has been obtained from the proposed antennas. Investigations on the gain and radiation characteristics have been carried out. The investigations show that the pro-posed designs not only offers the enhanced bandwidth but also possesses the same characteristics over the desired fre-quency band at same probe feed position.
Increasing the Adaptive Capacity in Unembanked Neighborhoods? An Exploration into Stakeholder Support for Adaptive Measures in Rotterdam, The Netherlands  [PDF]
Anita Kokx, Tejo Spit
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2012.14015
Abstract:

Cities in deltas are vulnerable to climate change, especially their unembanked neighborhoods that are not protected by dikes. Rising sea levels and extreme water levels in the rivers can lead to the flooding of these urban areas. The Netherlands has a long history in water management. However, building dikes and the elevation of land are traditionally treated as rather stand-alone measures. Attention is rarely paid to the surrounding area, let alone to the complex context of cities and certainly not to disadvantaged neighborhoods. Yet, inner-city area redevelopment may provide opportunities to integrate flood management in these planning processes. In order to investigate the support of stakeholders for risk-reducing adaptive measures and more resilient measures, we did research in an unembanked inner-city area in the city of Rotterdam (The Netherlands), in which we conducted in-depth interviews with the central stakeholders. The main conclusion is that the most important barriers for integrating climate adaptation measures into that neighborhood are the fragmentation of water-safety policy (e.g. elevation of rebuilding locations) and the hierarchical governance arrangement in water management. This type of fragmentation led on its turn to fragmentation with other policy goals for the neighborhood. It also led to fragmentation between different areas in the same neighborhood that received political attention and those that are excluded from water-safety policy. This questions the approach in terms of social justice. An important side effect is that this governance arrangement also restricted innovation towards climate adaptation. Therefore, integrating water-safety policies in urban planning (in its capacity as a more integrative and comprehensive spatial approach) should be considered the best option to increase the adaptive capacity in delta cities. Not only can the negative effects in terms of policy fragmentation be dealt with effectively, but also spatial fragmentation can be tackled.

The Future of Public Sector HRM in Mauritius from an Accountability Perspective  [PDF]
Anita Ramgutty-Wong
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.23011
Abstract:

The collective vision of sustainable human development, as expressed by the international community in the UN Millennium Declaration, is a challenge for countries that are not adequately equipped to face the challenges of globalization. A key step in the right direction is the institutionalization of a transparent and accountable public sector that would be truly responsive to a country’s need. As in other parts of the world, Mauritius has embarked on reform programs in response to new opportunities brought about by globalization and the “rise” of Africa. Although public sector reform has appeared on the agenda of successive governments since early 1990s, many critics feel that the progress could have been faster and more substantial. In particular, the traditional omnipresent state has been much criticized for keeping bureaucratic red tape and inefficiency, and generally a poor level of accountability with respect to its obligations. Thus, in order to fully capitalize on the spreading trend of globalization and the immense opportunities offered by the “rise” of Africa, it becomes necessary to look into the reforms to the Public Services as far as human resource management is concerned. This paper lays down the state of affairs in this area and proposes an analysis of the pertinence and efficacy of such reforms from an accountability perspective. Many positive results are noted amongst those ministries that have implemented the Performance Management System, but many other findings are also problematic, such as: 1) Lack of clarity on how PLM is promoting organizational goals; 2) Many staffs unconvince that PMS will help improve their career prospects; 3) Few public sector organizations are able to use the PMS as a basis for staff training plans or for promotion decisions; 4) The appraisal forms are cumbersome and unrealistic; 5) PMS seems to be missing the point of addressing real management challenges; 6) Poor senior management “focus” and commitment to PMS. These findings echo what already exists in many case study reports and literature reviews, wherein we find that performance management systems seem to fall foul of their lofty ideals. Nevertheless, the Mauritian Public Sector has implemented a Performance-Based Budgeting (PBB) system, as a driving force behind the emphasis on identifying goals and measures. This complements the PMS in pushing public sector departments and ministries in the direction of aligning their activities, including HRM, toward achieving strategic goals and measuring progress

Association of Protein Energy Wasting with Income in CKD Stage 3 Patients  [PDF]
Anita Saxena, Amit Gupta
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33B008
Abstract:

Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a major challenge in CKD. Objective: To assess PEW in predialysis patients on their first visit to a nephrologist. Methods: Three day dietary intake of 484 CKD stage 3 patients was taken. Appetite was assessed with ADAT. Patients were divided into groups based on appetite and BMI. Results: Male and female parameters are serum albumin 3.7 ± 0.84/3.68.8 ± 0.81 g/dL, total protein 7.02 ± 1.27/6.94 ± 1.26 g/dL, creatinine 4.68 ± 4.19/3.74 ± 3.36 mg% creatinine clearance 33.22 ± 30.48/37.55 ± 33.87 ml/minute, BMI 22.60 ± 4.29/23.43 ± 4.77kg/m2 energy/kg 16.97 ± 0.65/16.8 ± 0.64, protein g/kg 0.65 ± 0.28/0.64 ± 0.30, carbohydrate g/kg 2.98 ± 1.54/2.98 ± 0.1.36, fat g/kg 2.98 ± 0.23/2.79 ± 0.22, respectively. As appetite decreased, dietary protein and energy intake decreased significantly. Appetite in males and females: Average 14.46%, 4.13%, poor 9.7%, 18.18%, anorexic 13.2%, 7.4%. Income had strong correlation with BMI (p 0.000), dietary protein (p 0.000), energy (p 0.000) and carbohydrate (p 0.000). Appetite correlated with creatinine (p 0.019), dietary energy, protein, carbohydrate and fat (p 0.000) intake. BMI correlated (p 0.000) with fat, carbohydrate, energy and creatinine clearance. ANOVA showed significant difference within and between appetite groups in energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, creatinine clearance (p 0.000) and serum albumin (p 0.025). There was significant difference in protein (p 0.026), energy intake (p 0.000) and creatinine clearance (p 0.038) within and between BMI groups. Based on income, there was significant difference among groups in BMI (p 0.000), energy (p 0.019), protein (p 0.031) and albumin (0.001).

Multi-Machine Power Stabilization Controller (MMPSC) for Power Quality Applications  [PDF]
D. Sabapathi, R. Anita
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.710250
Abstract: Power system stability control is a challenging task in power generation, transmission and distributions based applications and in many fields. Multi-machine power compensation control can achieve system stabilization within a prescribed time in conventional controller. However, limited time control cannot guarantee the system convergence within particular time independent on the initial condition, which makes illegal application into the practical system if the initial condition is unknown in advance. The proposed Multi-Machine Power System Compensation (MMPSC) control overcomes the issues in existing systems and limited time stability controller. Due to this attractive solution, multi-machine power compensation control stability has found applications in uniform exact differentiator design for the multi-agent system. The proposed multi-machine power compensation control reduces damping oscillation and improves the power system stability control. The main objective of proposed controller is to improve the stability of MMPSC limited time system stabilization independent of the initial state and ensure fast convergence both far away from and at a close range of the power monitoring system. This feature can reduce the loss caused by unwanted oscillation and avoid voltage collapse. To overcome the linearity problem of terminal mode control, saturation function is introduced to limit the amplitude of power input. In comparison with the existing results on stability control, the proposed MMPSC applies a simpler method to overcome stability problem and achieves higher efficiency.
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