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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36767 matches for " Ani Zhao "
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Plato & Dukor on Philosophy of Sports, Physical Education and African Philosophy: The Role of Virtue and Value in Maintaining Body, Soul and Societal Development  [PDF]
Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A038

To the question,“what is sports”, or what is a good sports activity or event, I am sure Plato would know what to say, using references to his philosophical division of man into three parts, namely: the appetite soul; the emotional soul and the reasonable soul. Plato would have said that sports comes from the human person and being, and so, for any particular sports to be accorded the accolade of goodness it must have the correspondence of the three constituent parts of man’s true nature. The concept of the soul in Plato is what exploring just as that of Professor Maduabuchi Dukor’s expositions concerning the African philosophical concepts of soul, mind, spirit and body as they affect philosophy of sports and the discipline of physical education. The article will therefore analyze the link between Plato concept of the good sports, Professor Dukor’s ontological ideas about the African core values as they affect the balance, harmony and health both the mind and body of the human being. The central point here is the analytical framework of enquiry which Plato sustained in his Dialogues when he queries people:“what is this?”. By this he wants people to appreciate the fact that when they are in search of truth, they usually have the impression that they have all when, actually, they have only half-baked understanding of issues. It is important therefore to understand the issues involved in the disciplines of physical education, philosophy of sports, ethics and the ontological frame of African philosophy as profiled under Professor Dukor theistic humanism of African philosophy. Centrally, the dialectical link between Plato and Dukor will expose the ethical dimension to sports development since every thing is not wining and money or drugs should not be the ultimate motivation for sports and physical exercises. The exercise of sports should lead to the dual development and balance of both mind and body; the highest being the competition of the soul with itself and not with others in which laurels, gold or money is won or lost. The man who wins is the one, like in the communal spirit of the African ontology, who has conquered over his selfishness and sacrifices for the good of the community.

The Concept of Feminist Justice in African Philosophy: A Critical Exposition of Dukor’s Propositions on African Cultural Values  [PDF]
Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A030

Having taken note of, and critically analyzed, Professor Maduabuchi Dukor’s epochal work entitled“Theistic Humanism of African philosophy-the great debate on substance and method of philosophy”(2010), I am much encouraged and rationally convinced that he has succeeded in building the core critical and essential foundational pillars of what can safely pass for professional African philosophy, though much remains to be done by way of further research from other scholars. Based upon that conviction and the great prospects that the African philosophy project breakthrough holds for every African philosopher in the global village, I am also motivated to take a closer look at, and carry out a critical exposition of the concept of justice in the context of African cultural values, using the propositions of what he calls the canons of cultural values that are native to African philosophy. These cultural values define African identity and delineateAfrica’s contributions to the advancement of the global ideas of justice, axiology, gender and globalization. The essence and methodology of this article, therefore, will lift the relevant thematic thrusts and arguments made by the erudite Professor of African philosophy to“properly locate African philosophy in the context of globalism, cosmopolitanism, science and what it could contribute to emerging global culture”(Dukor,2010:p.ix). The central point of this critical exposition is that his theistic inspired cultural humanism has enhanced the global understanding of not only justice but feminist rights and the urgent needs for African philosophy to make its contributions towards the emancipation of and empowerment of women both in the continent and globally. The feminist search for justice, according to Dukor, is“the current global pool where the African is needed urgently to intervene”, since“feminism and women liberation has truncated the equilibrium and balance of relations between man and woman. African contribution to this class struggle between man and woman is a neutral one that absorbs the man and woman to their respective natural places in the nature’s womb”. Women’s search for global justice and the struggle to have their human rights recognized as a part of mankind’s gender balancing process would be philosophically enriched by Professor Dukor’s cultural value propositions and canons of justice.

Spectrophotometric Data in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-Antiretroviral Drug Coated Blood Interactions  [PDF]
Okwuchukwu Ani, Adaeze Ani, Jeremiah Chukwuneke
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.38005
Abstract: The spectrophotometric data in the interactions between the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and blood cells treated with antiretroviral drug were collected to be used to show the effects of antiretroviral drugs on the absorbance characteristics of HIV infected and uninfected blood. The methodology involved the serial dilution of the five different antiretroviral drugs (two HAART/FDC and three single drugs) and the subsequent incubation with the blood samples collected from ten HIV infected persons who had not yet commenced treatment with the antiretroviral drugs, ten HIV infected persons who had already commenced treatment with the antiretroviral drugs, and ten HIV negative persons, for the absorbance measurements using a digital Ultraviolet Visible MetaSpecAE1405031Pro Spectrophotometer. The peak absorbance data for various interacting systems were measured. These were used to show that the antiretroviral drug had the effect of increasing the peak absorbance values of both the uninfected and infected blood components, i.e., the drugs were made able to increase the light absorption capacity of the blood cells. The use of the findings of this work in drug design may be expected to yield good results.
Destruction of an advanced malignant tumour by direct electrical current-case report  [PDF]
Chima Oji, John Ani
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.29154
Abstract: We carried out a study on the effect of low-level direct current on cancer by using it to treat a woman who had a large malignant squamous cell carcinoma of the sinus cavity. We used a device that produced low-level direct current and passed the current through the tumour via a 4 × 4 cm flat aluminium foil and a needle electrode that was insulated along its entire length except for the portion actually inserted into the tumour. The treatment was eight hourly daily and lasted for eight weeks. The therapy resulted in the total remission of the tumour and a feeling of wellness by the patient. This finding implies promising therapeutic potential for the use of direct electrical current as a simple, effective, low cost alternative for the treatment of cancer.
Is the Fate of Africa a Question of Geography, Biogeography and History?  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24031
Abstract: This paper dwells on the debate on the question of what is/are responsible for African underdevelopment and, by extension, what will influence African development. The debate currently dwells on how much of development is human and how much is environmental, extraneous and beyond human control. Joseph Agbakoba thinks that development involves both nature and human agency, acknowledges the effect of nature, equally sees philosophy as a critique of worldview and ideology, and African philosophy as saddled with the critique of the African worldview and ideology, which he sees as malfunctioning in the context of the modern African civic society imported from Europe and needs certain adjustments. In other words, he sees development in Africa as not beyond human control. J. Obi Oguejiofor attempts to refute Agbakoba’s claim that worldview has anything to do with the African predicament, and concludes that the African predicament is as a result of geography, biogeography and history, but his advancement of these factors as being solely responsible for the African predicament completely ignores the human agency in development and lands him in determinism raising the question of the very relevance of African philosophy to African development. Conceptual analysis informs the dominant method of the paper.
Questioning Cloning with Genealogy  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.33057
Abstract: I evaluate a hypothetical society of human clones. Cloning implies the production of exact copies of an organism from a replication of one of the organism’s cells without any recourse to the genealogical protocol of male and female reproduction. I thus pose the question: Can we regard a cloned copy of Mr. James as a son of Mr. James or Mr. James once again? I consider certain implications of human cloning to the concepts of individual uniqueness, and thus of genealogical family tree and the future of the naming and identification of humanity?
The Philosophical Exposition of the Mind of the Social Worker: Issues and Questions on the African Environment  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.16012

The philosophical penetration of the social work practice in Africa comes full cycle when a critical exposition of the contending issues and questions is carried out. Social challenges and problems in Africa make human suffering in the continent to be one of the highest in the world. An attempt to know the mind of the social worker in Africa reflects the issues of social work that dominate the African society. The mind of the social worker is perturbed by the problems of human suffering, poverty, societal stratification and conflicts, increasing gap between the rich and the poor, old-age problems, educational destitution, street begging, youth drug abuse, increasing religious terrorism and psychological instability of the elites. Posing these critical questions will reveal a lot about the mind and the psychological dispositions of the social worker in the African environment. The article seeks to reveal and expose these new questions as the platform for the search for the new psycho-sociophilosophical and integrative methodology that will solve the social problems of Africa in the 21st century.

Enzyme Biosensor for Detection of Organophosphate Pesticide Residues Base on Screen Printed Carbon Electrode (SPCE)-Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA)  [PDF]
Ani Mulyasuryani, Mochammad Dofir
Engineering (ENG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2014.65027

The maximum level of organophosphate pesticide residues in rice is 0.1 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg in vegetables. The control of pesticide residues in agricultural products required a method of analysis quickly and accurately. The research developed a biosensor for the detection of organophosphate pesticide residues in agricultural products. The research studied immobilized organophosphate hydrolase (OPH) mass and characterization of biosensor. The solution conductivity measurement in the conductivity cell consists of a 1 × 5 mm2 pair of electrodes screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE). The instrument is a converted local conductometer. From the results of study concluded that the optimum performance of the biosensor was obtained from the 105 μg OPH, at pH 8.5 with a response time of 45 seconds. In that condition the sensitivity of biosensor is 28.04 μS/ppm and 0.18 ppm detection limit and the maximum concentration of pesticide which can be measured is 1 ppm. Biosensors have been applied to measure pesticide residues in some vegetable samples.

The Mutuality of Challenges Facing Human Rights and Human Security: A New Framework of Analysis  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ome, Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52007
Abstract: The interrelationship between Human Rights and “related fields” such as Human Security, Development, Democracy and Good Governance was emphasised at the United Nations Millennium Summit, which resulted in a declaration that affirmed global commitments to the protection of the vulnerable, the alleviation of poverty, and the rectification of corrupt structures and processes— particularly in those countries in which there is a lack of “rule of law” and good governance. The world’s leaders resolved to spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to Human Security. This paper intends to analytically discuss Human Rights and Human Security with a focus on the interrelationship between human rights and concepts such as the right to development, conflict prevention, peace-making and peace-building, poverty reduction and good govcernance.
Ethicalization of Social Work and Socialization of Ethics―An African Challenge  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52005
Abstract: Ethics in social work will be the extension of the philosophical work in the welfare discipline known as social work. The transformation of social work as a profession flows from the pleadings of social philosophy for a deeper humanitariannization and valuation of social work. It is the marriage of the wise ones with the kind ones. Philosophy being seen as a disciple that creates professionally wise ones while social work is seen as the discipline that creates human welfare workers that help to alleviate the personal and societal problems of man. Ethical education will lead to ethicalization of social work and the socialization of ethics. More people in social work will work in accordance with the values of ethical propriety while ethics will be socialized and popular. This article takes note of the fact that ethics education in social philosophy and social work practice has dramatically evolved over decades in response to cultural and technological changes affecting social work practice in Africa. This ethicalization will lead to the transformation of a profession in a continent filled poverty and social challenges in the 21st century. This is the conjunction of ethicalization and socialization as a social philosophy for achieving a paradigm change in Africa for social workers and practical philosophers of change.
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