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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 59473 matches for " Anglya Samara Silva Leite;Reis "
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Infection of the lymphatic system by Aureobasidium pullulans in a patient with erythema nodosum leprosum
Morais, Orlando Oliveira de;Porto, Cláudia;Coutinho, Anglya Samara Silva Leite;Reis, Carmélia Matos Santiago;Teixeira, Marcus de Melo;Gomes, Ciro Martins;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702011000300019
Abstract: aureobasidium pullulans is a causal agent of phaeohyphomycosis, occasionally found in men and animals. as an agent of different opportunistic fungal processes, it may cause fungemia, systemic infections and abscesses in different viscera. this paper aims to report a case of a patient with infection of the lymphatic system by a. pullulans. a 23-year-old patient being treated for erythema nodosum leprosum presented a 60-day complaint of daily fever, hoarseness, odynophagia and weight loss. laboratory tests showed pancytopenia with severe neutropenia, cervical adenomegaly and solid contrast uptake lesion in the oropharyngeal region. due to neutropenia and sepsis the patient was initially treated with cefepime and vancomycin, but there was no clinical improvement. lymph node puncture-aspiration showed yeast-form fungus identified as a. pullulans by sequencing its region. the patient was treated with amphotericin b deoxycholate, leading to complete recovery of bone marrow function and regression of adenomegaly and the oropharyngeal lesion.
Periungual leishmaniasis
Gomes, Ciro Martins;Morais, Orlando Oliveira de;Leite, Anglya Samara Silva;Soares, Killarney Ataíde;Motta, Jorgeth de Oliveira Carneiro da;Sampaio, Raimunda Nonata Ribeiro;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962012000100024
Abstract: the vast majority of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis are represented by limb injuries. a female patient, white, presented an ulcer with infiltrated borders located on the fourth finger of the left hand following occupational exposure in an area of native forest. diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by leishmania of the subgenus viannia was confirmed. the patient failed to respond to treatment with antimony, but achieved clinical cure after this was associated with pentoxifylline. the case highlights the rarity of the periungual location of the leishmanial lesion and the difficulties encountered in therapy.
Composi o químico-bromatológica do capim-elefante submetido à aduba o química e organica Productive characteristics and chemical-bromatological composition of elephant grass submitted to chemical and organic fertilization
Tadeu Silva de Oliveira,José Carlos Pereira,Claúdio Samara dos Reis,Augusto Cesar de Queiroz
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produ??o Animal , 2011,
Abstract: Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da aduba o química e organica sobre a composi o químico-bromatológica do capim elefante, além de estimar a energia líquida do volumoso e os nutrientes digestíveis totais desta forrageira. Foram formadas duas áreas de capineiras e utilizados dois sistemas de aduba o. Utilizou-se delineamento em blocos (seis períodos), casualizados completos e três repeti es por volumoso (aduba o química e aduba o organica) por bloco. Os dados de proteína bruta, fibra em detergente neutro, cinzas, cálcio, magnésio, potássio e fósforo foram avaliados pelo teste F, a 5% de probabilidade. Com base na fibra em detergente neutro, estimou-se a energia líquida do volumoso e os nutrientes digestíveis totais do capim-elefante nos dois sistemas de aduba o. Com base nos resultados, observa-se que o capim-elefante submetido à aduba o organica apresenta maiores valores em sua composi o químico-bromatológica. Foram observados nesta forragem submetida à aduba o organica, maiores teores de proteína bruta (17,26%), cinzas (26%) e fósforo (36,88%) e menores teores de fibra em detergente neutro (3,96%) em rela o ao capim-elefante submetido à aduba o química. A aplica o de esterco de curral na capineira de capim-elefante melhorou o teor de matéria organica no solo, o que propiciou melhoria na composi o químico-bromatológica, além de proporcionar maior flexibiliza o na frequência de utiliza o da capineira em rela o à adubada químicamente. The objectives of this work were to study the effect of chemical and organic fertilization on the forage dry matter chemical composition characteristics of elephant grass and to estimate the total net energy of forage and the total digestible nutrients. Two elephant grass stocking piles were formed and two fertilization systems were used. Soil and plant evaluations (chemical and physical analysis) were performed at field. Was carried out in a completely block (six periods) randomized design and three replicates per forage (chemical and organic fertilization) per block. Data of crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, and ashes, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium were evaluated by F test, at 5% of probability. Based on the total digestible nutrients contents, the total net energy and total digestible nutrients of the elephant grass from the two fertilization systems were estimated. The elephant grass submitted to fertilization organic showed higher chemical composition values. In this forage, higher contents of crude protein (17.26%), ashes (26%) and phosphorus (36.88%) and smaller of neutral detergent
Production of ethanol from mesquite (Prosopis juliflora (SW) D.C.) pods mash by Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
da Silva,Celiane Gomes Maia; Stamford,Tania Lúcia Montenegro; de Andrade,Samara Alvachian Cardoso; de Souza,Evandro Leite; de Araújo,Janete Magali;
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: this study aimed to assess the use of mesquite pods hydrated mash as biomass for the growth of saccharomyces cerevisiae ufepeda-1012 and zymomonas mobilis ufepeda-205 and for ethanol production using a submerged fermentation. a 23 factorial design was used to analyze the effects of the type of microorganism, time of fermentation and condition of cultivation on the ethanol production in mesquite pods mash (30 g 100 ml-1). from the obtained results the hydrated mesquite pods mash presented as a good substrate for the growth of s. cerevisiae and z. mobilis in comparison to the standard media. the effect that most affected the ethanol production was the type of microorganism. the highest ethanol concentration (141.1 gl-1) was found when z. mobilis was cultivated in mesquite pods mash under static condition for 36 hrs. ethanol production by s. cerevisiae was higher (44.32 gl-1) after 18 hrs of fermentation under static condition. according to these results, the mesquite pods could be known as an alternative substrate to be used for biotechnological purposes, mainly for ethanol production.
Production of ethanol from mesquite [Prosopis juliflora (SW) D.C.] pods mash by Zymomonas mobilis in submerged fermentation
Silva, Celiane Gomes Maia da;Andrade, Samara Alvachian Cardoso;Schuler, Alexandre Ricardo Pereira;Souza, Evandro Leite de;Stamford, Tania Lúcia Montenegro;
Scientia Agricola , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162011000100019
Abstract: mesquite [prosopis juliflora (sw) d.c.], a perennial tropical plant commonly found in brazilian semi-arid region, is a viable raw material for fermentative processes because of its low cost and production of pods with high content of hydrolysable sugars which generate many compounds, including ethanol. this study aimed to evaluate the use of mesquite pods as substrate for ethanol production by z. mobilis ufpeda205 in a submerged fermentation. the fermentation was assessed for rate of substrate yield to ethanol, rate of ethanol production and efficiency of fermentation. the very close theoretical (170 g l-1) and experimental (165 g l-1) maximum ethanol yields were achieved at 36 h of fermentation. the highest counts of z. mobilis ufepeda-205 (both close to 6 log cfu ml-1) were also noted at 36 h. highest rates of substrate yield to ethanol (0.44 g ethanol g glucose-1), of ethanol production (4.69 g l-1 h-1) and of efficiency of fermentation (86.81%) were found after 30 h. these findings suggest mesquite pods as an interesting substrate for ethanol production using submerged fermentation by z. mobilis.
Estilos de vida na adolescência: comportamento sexual dos adolescentes portugueses
Ferreira, Maria Margarida da Silva Reis dos Santos;Torgal, Maria Constan?a Leite de Freitas Paúl Reis;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000300006
Abstract: recent studies have shown that adolescents have initiated their sex lives earlier and earlier, without, however, receiving consistent sex education. the objectives of this study were to analyze the sexual behavior of adolescent high school students and identify the habits of sexual health in sexually active adolescent high school students. an exploratory study was conducted with 680 adolescents, whose age ranged between 15 and 19 years. results showed that most participants had not initiated their sex life; boys are those who most report having had sexual relations; not all the interviewed adolescents used condoms during sex; most adolescents do not practice sexual health surveillance. it is important for sexually active adolescents to receive health care and counseling. health institutions and their workers must be proactive in trying to approach adolescents.
Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents
Ferreira, Maria Margarida da Silva Reis dos Santos;Torgal, Maria Constan?a Leite de Freitas Paúl Reis;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692010000200017
Abstract: this study analyzes the consumption of alcohol and tobacco among high-school adolescents in the district of porto, portugal. the results reveal the following: the majority of respondents do not smoke; smoking starts earlier in the case of girls; smoking increases with age; peer pressure is an important factor influencing smoking; about half of adolescents consume alcohol; boys drink more than girls; the number of those who consume alcohol increases with age; distilled drinks are the choice for both genders; 44.1% of the respondents became intoxicated at least once and the majority has no intention to quit drinking.
Integralidade, uma diretriz do SUS para a vigilancia sanitária
O'Dwyer,Gisele; Reis,Daniela Carla de Souza; Silva,Luciana Leite Gon?alves da;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000900010
Abstract: the sanitary surveillance (visa) performs several practices, on different objects and its actions are guided by principles and guidelines of the sus. it was done a critical reflection on the interaction conditions of practice in visa, with a constitutional proposition of the sus: integral care. the analysis was based on the theory of structuration (giddens) that considers mobilization of structural resources as dimensions of social interaction, which would justify the legitimacy exercised since the standards. have been analyzed the following categories: visa and its insertion within the sus; the integral care and the visa; and political impediments. the visa has been organized by national health surveillance agency. nowadays it has as sanitary responsibilities, communication with society and health promotion. the proposal of the literature concerning integral care is based on the assistance issue. the organization of the services in the different federative entities is the sense of integral care most adopted by visa. political impediments focus on the institutional renewal, on the conflicts of interest arena, on the distance between formulated policies and established practices and gaps concerning work management and the insufficiency of financial support.
Press o arterial e concentra o plasmática do peptídeo atrial natriurético e do peptídeo natriurético tipo B, em gesta es complicadas pela pré-eclampsia
Reis Zilma Silveira Nogueira,Cabral Ant?nio Carlos Vieira,Barra Juliana Silva,Leite Henrique Vitor
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: o estudo busca determinar a existência de associa o entre a eleva o da press o arterial e os níveis plasmáticos dos peptídeos natriuréticos ANP e BNP, na gesta o complicada pela pré-eclampsia. MéTODOS: em estudo transversal caso-controle, pareado por idade gestacional, 25 grávidas normotensas e 61 portadoras de pré-eclampsia foram avaliadas quanto ao nível da press o arterial e às concentra es plasmáticas dos peptídeos natriuréticos ANP e BNP. Exames clínico e laboratoriais foram realizados para o diagnóstico de pré-eclampsia, sendo a press o arterial medida de forma n o invasiva. As dosagens hormonais foram obtidas por radioimunoensaio, após extra o em colunas Sep-pak C18. Os valores médios das concentra es plasmáticas do ANP e BNP foram comparados entre grupos com press o arterial progressivamente maiores. A correla o entre os valores da press o arterial e os níveis plasmáticos do ANP e BNP no sangue materno foi também investigada pela de análise de regress o no grupo completo de gestantes e em grupos específicos excluindo-se a hipertens o anterior à gesta o e, em seguida, excluindo-se aquelas sem hipertens o prévia. RESULTADOS: os valores plasmáticos de ANP foram 41.5±7.3, 78.4±13.1 e 89.2±13.4 pg/mL (p<0,00001) e os de BNP plasmático foram 79.5±15.8, 176.7±42.2 e 208.3±63.5 pg/mL (p=0,005), respectivamente, para os grupos de press o arterial média =107 mmHg, 107-139 mmHg e =140 mmHg. Verificou-se correla o positiva entre as concentra es plasmáticas do ANP e os níveis pressóricos na pré-eclampsia, independente da existência de estado hipertensivo prévio à gesta o (p<0,0001 para pré-eclampsia e p<0,01 para pré-eclampsia sobreposta à hipertens o arterial cr nica), ao passo que as dosagens de BNP n o se mostraram associadas à press o arterial no grupo com hipertens o arterial prévia à gesta o (p=0,004 para pré-eclampsia e p=0,18 para pré-eclampsia sobreposta à hipertens o arterial cr nica). CONCLUS O: o agravamento da hipertens o na pré-eclampsia correlacionou-se com as concentra es séricas do ANP e BNP, embora os valores do BNP possam ser influenciados pela existência de estado hipertensivo prévio.
Assessment of implementation of quality management system in laboratory research and food analysis
Daniel Mariano Leite,Arlene Gaspar,Vanessa Regina Silva Chagas,Stella Regina Reis da Costa
Sistemas & Gest?o , 2009,
Abstract: The reliability of the results generated in analytical laboratory either for the development of new methods or for the appropriate use of methodologies already regulated, is essential to ensure that consumers are receiving a nutritionally adequate and safe food. In this context, traceability has been one of the main requirements required in the analysis, once this allows comparability between results of measurements carried out in different situations, usingvalues of metrological references, clearly defined, within internationally accepted criteria. The objective of this research was to assess the activities developed in a laboratory for research and analysis of food, about the accordance of item 4, which is established requirements of Direction, and the item 5, technical requirements of ISO/IEC 17025:2005, to guide correction of non conformities and internal organization. Initially there was a check list for verification of compliance for the activities developed in the laboratory. When the non-conformities were found, the staff was trained and was applied the 5S System. In applying the first check list in accordance with the item 4, the laboratory was classified in Group 3 of the Standard, with 57.14% of non-conformities, after training and implementation of corrective measures. In a new application of check list, the laboratory was classified in Group 2, and was occurred reduction of 37.5% of non-conformities. As to item 5, the laboratory was classified in Group 2, with 44.44% of non-conformities. After the training and corrective measures, there was reduction of 54% of non-conformities. It can be concluded that for elimination of nonconformance is required to train staff and implement tools such as 5S System and especially encourage the involvement of employees
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