oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 4 )

2018 ( 9 )

2017 ( 15 )

2016 ( 19 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5211 matches for " Angela Terumi Fushita "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /5211
Display every page Item
Land Use Change Trajectories for Wetland Management (Mogi-Gua?u Floodplan River, Southern Brazil)  [PDF]
Angela Terumi Fushita, José Eduardo dos Santos
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.510006
Abstract: Natural and anthropogenic factors are responsible for changes in wetland function and structure. This research deals with the complexity of interactions among flood attributes, climatic data and land use trajectories to track the impact of land use changes for wetland management, over 30 years (1984- 2014). This paper presents a multi-temporal analysis of a floodplain to know the inter-annual ecohydrological variability, including extraordinary events of floods and droughts, using indicators of hydrological regime. It also presents a quantitative description of the geospatial variability in the Mogi Guaçu wetland components to assess the changes in the conversion, replacement, of wetland landscapes by anthropic growth activities. Flood attributes and anthropogenic pressures have altered temporal habitat variability in changes on the river course, in sandbars extent, and oxbow lake genesis and extinction, with a decline in the biota dependent on these habitats. These results have significant implications of the quick expansion of anthropogenic activities and provide key information about the impact of land use changes on the wetland function and structure. It is an objective tool to help the environmental management of wetland areas.
An Approach to Environmental Planning and Sustainable Management of Watersheds and Municipalities in Southeastern Brazil  [PDF]
Eduarda Romanini, Angela Terumi Fushita, José Eduardo dos Santos
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2016.611062
Abstract: Diagnosis of fragmentation and landscape sustainability conditions are essential to environmental planning and sustainable management of natural resources. Land use spatial patterns and landscape structural indexes (landscape metrics, Urbanity Index— UI, and Landscape Vulnerability Index—LVI) have been proposed to assess biodiversity conservation and ecological sustainability, provided by impact of land use at Middle Mogi Guaçu watershed and its seventeen municipalities, in 2009. Land use typologies and structural indexes values were obtained based on screen digitizing of LandSat-5 imagery, for 2009. Cluster analysis and Permutational Multivariate Analysis of Variance were used to test the null hypothesis of equal degrees of fragmentation and sustainability conditions among municipalities in 2009, respectively. Land use spatial pattern showed a predominantly human occupation for watershed and its municipalities, with agricultural use as the main pressure factor. Municipalities were aggregated into three clusters related to forest fragmentation: one categorized by fifteen municipalities; the second cluster (municipality of Luiz Antônio) showing the best condition, and the third group (municipality of Araraquara) with extreme fragmentation condition. Landscape metrics related with shape, size, and core areas fragments intensify edge effects, and increase habitat isolation. The watershed showed a low naturalness and an intermediate degree of vulnerability. Ecological sustainability was different among municipalities (α = 0.05, F = 32.65 and p = 0.002), with two municipalities (Analandia and Luiz Antônio) presenting the best conditions. The most committed condition was observed, in municipalities of Rincão and Guatapará. For conservation policies to be effective must focus on the creation of ecological corridors around legally protected areas, besides creation of new legal reserves, with purpose to improve biodiversity conservation and ecological sustainability of Middle Mogi Guaçu watershed
Historical Land Use/Cover Changes and the Hemeroby Levels of a Bio-Cultural Landscape: Past, Present and Future  [PDF]
Angela Terumi Fushita, José Eduardo dos Santos, Yuri Tavares Rocha, Elisabete Maria Zanin
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2017.95036
Abstract: The urbanization of a campus landscape has required much space for this expansion, reinforcing the status of geographical space as a limited resource. We analyzed the effects of land cover change assessed over temporal dataset on composition and configuration dynamics of UFSCar (Federal University of São Carlos) campus landscape, based on a descriptive view of the hemeroby levels, over a 54-year period (1962-2016), in order to understand the impacts of past anthropogenic induced landscape change and inform decision making with regard to biodiversity management. The classification of land use/cover dynamics, over time, was obtained based on screen digitizing of aerial photos and LandSat imagery. An ordinal scale ranging from ahemerob to metahemerob was applied to assess the hemerobiotic state of each land use type. Currently, The UFSCar landscape campus configures a biocultural mosaic in different stages of hemeroby. Thus a campus landscape dynamics model, which can be denoted as “forestry-conservation-urban model”, anthropogenic landscape is replaced by natural one, later by land cover reflecting the spatial anthropization process. Through time, two hemerobiotic trajectories were identified, in which 1) an euhemerob landscape matrix is substituted by an ahemerob one, resulting in increased naturalness of the campus landscape, and then 2) metahemerob patch types will later on increasing as a consequence of ongoing urbanization. Expressive amount of ahemerob patches in campus landscape fulfills one of the conditions for maintenance of the capacity for self-regulation and sustainability of a biocultural landscape. This framework provides an essential tool supporting with essential information about current and historical landscape sustainability for campus landscape management and support decision making process. The main institutional challenge for campus landscape sustainable management lies in the balance between the competitors of the campus landscape matrix: conservation x urbanization.
Land Use/Cover and Naturalness Changes for Watershed Environmental Management (Southeastern Brazil)  [PDF]
R?mulo Theodoro Costa, Camila Francisco Gon?alves, Angela Terumi Fushita, José Eduardo dos Santos
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.511001
Abstract: Driving forces on the landscape require regional management and/or local actions, together with other external factors. To operationalize this approach, this paper carried out a comparative analysis of the naturalness dynamics of the Jacaré-Guaçu and Jacaré-Pepira watershed, based on land use/cover changes and a structural indicator of the landscape, over the 10-year (2004-2014), as support opportunities for improving its environmental planning and management. Land use/cover dynamics were obtained based on screen digitizing of LandSat imagery, using polygon manual digitalization. Naturalness scenarios of the watersheds, over the 10-year (2004-2014), were obtained based on Urbanity Indicator, which evaluates how much the natural landscapes are dominated by altered systems. The total area of watersheds showed a predominantly scenario, induced by anthropogenic agricultural and non-agricultural expansion areas, mainly by conversion of other land use/cover types in sugarcane cultivation. Despite the increase in natural vegetation areas, over the 10-year (2004-2014), Jacaré-Guaçu and Jacaré-Pepira watersheds are far from a sustainable condition. However Jacaré-Guaçu watershed presents a scenario of more committed naturalness due to the increase in Urbanity Index values ≥ 0.7. The historical process of land use occupation for agricultural production remains the main driving force of naturalness changes, occupying more than 70% of the total area of watersheds. These results have significant implications for fast urbanizing municipalities in providing key information about long term land use impact on the watershed structure and function, making it possible for policy makers, scientists and stakeholders to identify land uses which are hindered or enhanced under various scenarios of land use change over the time, and making it possible to explore the trade-offs between them to improve watershed management.
Landscape Structural Indicators as a Tool to Assess Land Use Changes in Planning for Sub-Basin Sustainability (Southeastern Brazil)  [PDF]
Angela Terumi Fushita, José Eduardo dos Santos, Imyra Maíra Martins de Souza, Eduarda Romanini, R?mulo Theodoro Costa
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.84041
Abstract: Land use is shaped by the interactions between nature and society, and these interactions can inhibit environmental sustainability and deplete the natural capital that provides the ecosystem services upon which humans depend. Urbanity Index and Landscape Vulnerability Indicator have been proposed to improve the impact interpretability of land use changes on sub-basin sustainability for local scenarios of biodiversity conservation. A time series of LandSat 5 Thematic Mapper remote sensing data from São Carlos municipality, Southeastern Brazil, for the years 1989, 2004 and 2014 revealed that land use changes in the sub-basins do not take place in a progressive and gradual way. Over the 25-year period, the main trends showed the loss and increase of forest cover so that it has remained quantitatively similar over time due to reduced agricultural land use. The aggregation of both indicators enabled the identification of greater naturalness and lower vulnerability, as well as lower naturalness and higher vulnerability under local sub-basin conditions, pointing the need for different strategies for sub-basin biodiversity conservation and sustainability. These preliminary scenarios provide a way to communicate problems of environmental sustainability at different landscape scales to the scientific community as well as to planners, policy makers and the broader public.
Agriculture and Forest Transition: Understanding of Land Use Change in a Cultural Landscape  [PDF]
José Eduardo dos Santos, Angela Terumi Fushita, Imyra Maíra Martins de Souza, Lia Martucci Amorim, Valéria Aparecida David Andrade
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.512076
Abstract: Land use trajectory analysis provides both the time and kind of land cover changes to monitor land use dynamics. Land cover change trajectories for three different dates (1965, 1989 and 2014) extracted from satellite images by vectorization of the thematic information were studied This study was carried out on a cultural landscape (S?o Carlos municipality, SP, Brazil) with three major land use-cover classes (forest, agriculture and other uses). The results showed the spatio temporal variability of landscape pattern and forest and agriculture change trajectories. Analysis based on these landscape trajectories demonstrates that agriculture and forest cover changes have been caused by human activities. The results reflect the conflicting interactions between environmental and human systems in the study area. A key question is that the pressure exerted on forest land use-cover depends on the incentives that move society from a conflicting relation with a municipal territory. A more sustainable landscape transition and trajectory for S?o Carlos municipality are extremely dependent on the regulatory role of the government through strategies related to the implementation of specific categories of legally protected areas (Legal Reserves and Areas of Permanent Preservation).
Riqueza e estratifica??o vertical de epífitas vasculares na Esta??o Ecológica de Jataí: área de Cerrado no Sudeste do Brasil
Bataghin, Fernando Antonio;Muller, Adelcio;Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues;Barros, Fábio de;Fushita, Angela Terumi;Scariot, Eliziane Carla;
Hoehnea , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2236-89062012000400008
Abstract: the richness and vertical stratification of vascular epiphytes was studied in jataí ecological station (eej), s?o paulo state, brazil. a total of 1,574 epiphytes were recorded, corresponding to 29 species, 20 genera, and seven families. angiosperms were represented by 23 species and pteridophytes by six species. the characteristic form, holoepiphytes, was dominant in the area (93.1%). epiphytes specialists were most common in the area, contributing with about 55% of species (17% trunk epiphytes and 38% canopy epiphytes); generalist species contributed 42%, and hemiepiphytes, with 3%. the intermediate zones had the highest number of species and more number of records. there was a significant difference among species that comprise the lower zones and the upper zones in the host trees. the richness and distribution of epiphytes are determined by some climatic factors, but the moisture and light intensity are the most important regulatory factors in the cerrado area researched.
Caracteriza??o de onze linhagens puras de guandu selecionadas em S?o Carlos, SP
Godoy, Rodolfo;Fushita, ?ngela Terumi;Souza, Francisco H. Dübbern de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982004000900005
Abstract: the purpose of this work was to morphologically characterize and describe the vegetative cycle of eleven previously selected pigeon-pea lines submitted to self pollination, selection and multiplication, to obtain pure lines. all descriptions were accomplished through the use of internationally accepted descriptors for the species and it was concluded that all eleven lines can be easily distinguished by means of their morphological traits.
Treatment of Autoimmune Pancreatitis with the Anecdotes of the First Report
Terumi Kamisawa,Tadashi Takeuchi
International Journal of Rheumatology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/597643
Abstract: The first case that led researchers to put forward a new concept of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was treated with steroids by gastroenterologists in Tokyo Women’s Medical University. It is important to differentiate AIP from pancreatic cancer before treatment with steroids is started. Today, steroids are standard therapy for AIP worldwide. In the Japanese consensus guidelines, steroid therapy is indicated for symptomatic AIP. After management of glucose levels and obstructive jaundice, oral prednisolone is initiated at 0.6?mg/kg/day for 2–4 weeks and is gradually tapered to a maintenance dose of 2.5–5?mg/day over 2-3 months. To prevent relapse, maintenance therapy with low-dose prednisolone is used. For relapsed AIP, readministration or increased doses of steroids are effective. The presence of proximal bile duct stenosis and elevated serum IgG4 levels may be predictive of relapse of AIP. It is necessary to verify the validity of the Japanese regimen of steroid therapy for AIP. The necessity, drugs, and duration of maintenance therapy for AIP need to be clarified by prospective studies. 1. Introduction The first case that led researchers to put forward a new concept of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was treated with steroids by gastroenterologists (Professor Tadashi Takeuchi) in Tokyo Women’s Medical University, and the concept was proposed by Yoshida, a member of the group, in 1995 [1]. This paper describes the anecdotes of treatment of the first case that led researchers to put forward a new concept of AIP and reviews current strategies for treatment of this disorder. 2. Anecdotes of Treatment of the First AIP Case In 1993, a 68-year-old woman who had undergone exploratory laparotomy for jaundice and an abdominal tumor at another hospital, but she was found to have advanced pancreatic cancer that was inoperable, and one month after being discharged she came to Tokyo Women’s Medical University Hospital to be treated for pancreatic cancer. Her general condition was good, and during that 1-month period her jaundice had spontaneously improved without any treatment. Based on the physical examination, the laboratory results, and the findings obtained by diagnostic imaging, AIP would come to mind today, but there was no concept of AIP in those days. As far as steroid therapy is concerned, we have to pay attention to side effects or complications such as steroid-induced pancreatitis. However, it was fortunate that steroid therapy was dramatically effective without any side effects in this patient; her physical findings, laboratory data, and diagnostic imaging
IgG4-related sclerosing disease
Terumi Kamisawa, Atsutake Okamoto
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2008,
Abstract: Based on histological and immunohistochemical examination of various organs of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), a novel clinicopathological entity of IgG4-related sclerosing disease has been proposed. This is a systemic disease that is characterized by extensive IgG4-positive plasma cells and T-lymphocyte infiltration of various organs. Clinical manifestations are apparent in the pancreas, bile duct, gallbladder, salivary gland, retroperitoneum, kidney, lung, and prostate, in which tissue fibrosis with obliterative phlebitis is pathologically induced. AIP is not simply pancreatitis but, in fact, is a pancreatic disease indicative of IgG4-related sclerosing diseases. This disease includes AIP, sclerosing cholangitis, cholecystitis, sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis, interstitial pneumonia, prostatitis, inflammatory pseudotumor and lymphadenopathy, all IgG4-related. Most IgG4-related sclerosing diseases have been found to be associated with AIP, but also those without pancreatic involvement have been reported. In some cases, only one or two organs are clinically involved, while in others, three or four organs are affected. The disease occurs predominantly in older men and responds well to steroid therapy. Serum IgG4 levels and immunostaining with anti-IgG4 antibody are useful in making the diagnosis. Since malignant tumors are frequently suspected on initial presentation, IgG4-related sclerosing disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgery.
Page 1 /5211
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.