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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 314833 matches for " Angela Maria Oliveira de;Paix?o "
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Indícios de Rotavirus na etiologia de um surto de infec??o de origem alimentar
Rodrigues, Maura Menezes;Bertin, Brigitte Marie Angele;Assis, Luana de;Duarte, Edelmiro Balado;Avelar, Angela Maria Oliveira de;Paixo, Joana Terra Seca da;Mattos, Mariana da Costa;Souza, Miliane Moreira Soares de;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612004000100017
Abstract: foodborne diseases have been deserving special attention by researchers of the whole world. viral etiology outbreaks of foodborne diseases have been improperly treated as less important than bacterial ones. rotavirus is the most reported cause of gastroenteritis and accounts for thousands of deaths annually. the present work reports a rotavirus-induced disease outbreak in a commercial establishment, where 51 employees related symptoms like diarrhea, vomits, nausea. water, food and beverages were analyzed microbiologically. no pathogenical bacterial contamination were detected, neither any modification on sensorial characteristics. according to the "attributable risk" of each food involved, bread and butter was considered suspicious food, and epidemiological approach pointed to the fact that the employee responsible for preparing this food was rotaviruses sicked just before the outbreak spreading.
Temporal trend for respiratory diseases in the city of Salvador
Jefferson Paixo Cardoso,Maria Nice Dutra de Oliveira
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the distribution and temporal trend of major respiratory diseases in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, between 1998 and 2007. Methods: Ecological study of aggregate time series that used the database DATASUS as source of information for hospital admission due to respiratory causes. Then, we constructed standardized rates of hospital admissions for pneumonia, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) by genderand age group for the years studied. Results: The asthma and pneumonia showed a higher morbidity among individuals below 15 years and COPD among individuals over 59 years. The hospitalization rate for asthma decreased from 109.89 per 100,000 in 1998 to 19.67 per100,000 in 2006. Regarding gender, men had higher rates of hospitalization for the three diseases studied. Other respiratory diseases ranged between 18.0% and 37.3% between theyears studied. Conclusions: The results demonstrated trend of reduction on rates of hospital admissions for pneumonia, asthma and COPD in the years 1998 to 2007. Prevention and control measures constituted allies to reduce morbidity of these diseases.
Prevalence of congenital malformation in newborns of the public hospital
Aritana Pereira Ramos,Maria Nice Dutra de Oliveira,Jefferson Paixo Cardoso
Revista Saúde.Com , 2008,
Abstract: The study aimmed to estimate the predominance of congenital malformations in newborns of the Public Hospital in the Jequié city, Brazil. It was utilized spring of secondary facts, from the fact-gathering of available manuals in the Service of Medical Files of the hospital, in the period of January of 2005 to December of 2006. It was utilized instrument of collection standardized where information about characteristics they were collected of the mother, general characteristics of the newborn and bad-congenital formation. The results show predominance of 3.1% of born infants been with evil-congenital formation. Among these, it prevailed the of the male sex (64,0%), premature (56,7%) of normal birth (56,7%), with adequate weight (70,0%), classified in the majority of isolated form (76,7%), of smaller clinical importance (63,0%) and evolving for high hospital with 60.0% of the cases; 71.0% of the deaths occurred between the newborns were due to specific malformations of the nervous system, however this pathology next to of the osteomuscular system. The majority of the mothers had between 17 and 24 years (46,7%), carried out more of seven consults prenatal (30,0%) and live in the urban zone of the town (60,0%); 71.0% of the deaths occurred between the newborns were due to specific malformations of the nervous system. Those finds are compatible with others finds described in the Brazilian scientific literature, what is going to reflect about the implementation of public politics with infrastructure qualified service implementation in the perspective of prevention, detection and cares of those individuals in all of the levels of the net of health.
Possível impacto da "Lei Seca" nos atendimentos a vítimas de acidentes de transito em uma unidade de emergência
Oliveira, Ana Paula Pereira de;Abreu, ?ngela Maria Mendes;Paixo, Louise Anne Reis da;Faria, Vanessa Silveira;
Escola Anna Nery , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452013000100008
Abstract: it's a quantitative and descriptive study. the goals were designated to determine the number of subjects, victims of traffic accidents attended at an emergency department of a municipal hospital in rio de janeiro, before and after implementation of the "prohibition"(lei seca), and identify the profile of this population and the characteristics of traffic accidents, estimating its prevalence before and after the term of "prohibition" (lei seca). there were analyzed 1531 records relating to traffic accidents occurred in 2007 and 2009. there was a prevalence of young adult male, mostly victims of hit-and-accidents involving motorcycles in both periods of study mentioned above. concerning the impact of "prohibition" (lei seca) was not observed a significant reduction in the number of victims on traffic accidents during the study period. however, there's no question about the importance of the law on a permanent basis, as this is a strong tool for the prevention of traffic accidents in the country.
Qualidade protéica da carne de novilho precoce alimentado com lipídios protegidos
Pires, Ivy Scorzi Cazelli;Costa, Neuza Maria Brunoro;Rosado, Gilberto Paixo;Oliveira, Rosana Sousa de;Monteiro, Josefina Bressan Resende;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612006000400014
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the protein quality of calves in four genetic groups (gg) fed on a basal diet (d1) or a diet with protected lipids (d2). per (coefficient of protein efficacy), npr (liquid protein ratio) and in vivo digestibility were analyzed for protein quality. the experiment was carried out according to a factorial scheme (four genetic groups x two diets) in a completely randomized design. the per, npr and digestibility and values did not differ (p > 0.05) and the average values ranged from 3.89 to 4.74 (98.06 a 119.34% in relation to casein); 4.80 to 5.65 (101.07 to 118.94% in relation to casein) and from 92.49 to 95.48 (97.24 a 100.39% in relation to casein), respectively. the protein quality of the experimental groups presented high protein quality and were compared with the casein one, except for the group of genetic aberdeen angus x nelore, fed on the protected diet, which presented a npr value better than this.
Possível impacto da "Lei Seca" nos atendimentos a vítimas de acidentes de transito em uma unidade de emergência Posible impacto de la "ley seca" en la asistencia a las víctimas de los accidentes de tránsito en una unidad de emergencia Possible impact by the "dry law" (prohibition law) in attendance to victims of traffic accidents in an emergency unit
Ana Paula Pereira de Oliveira,?ngela Maria Mendes Abreu,Louise Anne Reis da Paixo,Vanessa Silveira Faria
Escola Anna Nery , 2013,
Abstract: Estudo quantitativo descritivo, cujos objetivos foram: determinar o número de indivíduos vítimas de acidentes de transito atendidos em um setor de emergência de um hospital municipal do Rio de Janeiro antes e depois da implementa o da "Lei Seca" e identificar o perfil dessa popula o e as características dos acidentes de transito, estimando sua prevalência antes e após a vigência da "Lei Seca". Foram analisados 1.531 prontuários relativos aos acidentes de transito ocorridos no ano de 2007 e 2009. Houve prevalência de adultos jovens do sexo masculino, vítimas em sua maioria de atropelamento e acidentes envolvendo motos nos dois períodos estudados. Sobre o impacto da "Lei Seca" n o foi observada grande redu o no número de vítimas de acidentes de transito no período de estudo. Contudo, salienta-se sobre a importancia da Lei em caráter permanente, pois esta é uma forte ferramenta para a preven o de acidentes de transito no país. Estudio cuantitativo descriptivo. Los objetivos fueron determinar el número de individuos víctimas de accidentes de tránsito atendidos en un sector de urgencias de un Hospital Municipal de Rio de Janeiro antes y después de la implementación de la "Ley Seca" e identificar el perfil de esa población y las características de esos accidentes, estimando su prevalencia anterior y posterior a la vigencia de la "Ley Seca". Fueron analizados 1.531 prontuarios relativos a los accidentes de tránsito ocurridos entre los a os 2007 y 2009. Hubo prevalencia de adultos jóvenes del sexo masculino, en su mayoría víctimas de atropellamiento y accidentes envolviendo motocicletas en los dos periodos analizados. Sobre el impacto de la "Ley Seca" no fue observada una significativa reducción en el número de víctimas de accidentes de tránsito en el referido periodo de estudio. Sin embargo, se sobresale la importancia de esta ley en carácter permanente, puesto que esta es una fuerte herramienta para la prevención de accidentes de tránsito en el país. It's a quantitative and descriptive study. The goals were designated to determine the number of subjects, victims of traffic accidents attended at an emergency department of a Municipal Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, before and after implementation of the "Prohibition"(Lei Seca), and identify the profile of this population and the characteristics of traffic accidents, estimating its prevalence before and after the term of "Prohibition" (Lei Seca). There were analyzed 1531 records relating to traffic accidents occurred in 2007 and 2009. There was a prevalence of young adult male, mostly victims of hit-and-acciden
"T sentindo nada": percep es de pacientes idosos sobre o tratamento da hipertens o arterial sistêmica "I feel nothing": perceptions of elderly patients on the treatment of hypertension
Leonardo Oliveira Le?o e Silva,Marina Mendes Soares,Mericley Angela de Oliveira,Suely Maria Rodrigues
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2013,
Abstract: Este artigo objetivou identificar as percep es de pacientes idosos hipertensos em torno da terapêutica, relacionadas à ades o ou n o ao tratamento medicamentoso. A amostra qualitativa foi constituída de 16 idosos, de ambos os sexos, com 60 anos ou mais, residentes em dois distritos rurais do município de Governador Valadares, que utilizavam algum medicamento para controle da press o arterial e que tinham estado funcional independente e fun o cognitiva preservada. O método de coleta de dados utilizado foi a entrevista aberta em profundidade, com auxílio de um gravador de voz digital, realizada entre os meses de junho e setembro de 2010. A apura o das informa es obtidas foi realizada segundo a técnica da análise de conteúdo, de Bardin. Contemplaram-se as categorias: Prática e conhecimento, Medidas Higienodietéticas (Alimenta o, Exercícios físicos, Estresse e nervosismo) e Tratamento medicamentoso. Os resultados mostraram que os idosos possuem conhecimentos adequados sobre hipertens o e tratamento, mas s o impulsionados, durante a terapêutica, a agirem segundo suas opini es e experiências socialmente compartilhadas. Ademais, os idosos hipertensos n o-aderentes ao tratamento tendem a considerar a hipertens o como uma doen a aguda, sintomática e ligada a estados emocionais. Conclui-se que, devido a essa percep o equivocada, torna-se necessário reavaliar as orienta es fornecidas aos hipertensos pela equipe de saúde, devendo-se criar alternativas viáveis de promo o da saúde, para que ocorram mudan as de atitudes e práticas quanto à doen a. This paper aims to identify the perceptions of elderly hypertensive patients about therapy, related or not to adherence to medication. The qualitative sample consisted of 16 elderly of both sexes, aged 60 and older living in two rural districts of the municipality of Governador Valadares, Brazil, who used some medication to control blood pressure and had independent functional status and cognitive function preserved. Data was collected through open interview at depth, with the aid of a digital voice recorder, conducted between June and September 2010. The assessment of information obtained was performed according to the technique of content analysis of Bardin, which found these categories: Practice and knowledge, Hygienic and dietetic Measures (Food, Exercise, Stress and nervousness) and drug treatment. The results showed that older people have adequate knowledge about hypertension and treatment, but are driven, during therapy, to act according to their socially shared opinions and experiences. Moreover, elderly hype
Aspectos psicossociais do trabalho e dor musculoesquelética em professores
Cardoso, Jefferson Paixo;Araújo, Tania Maria de;Carvalho, Fernando Martins;Oliveira, Nelson Fernandes de;Reis, Eduardo José Farias Borges dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800005
Abstract: this study aimed to investigate the association between work-related psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal pain (mp) among primary schoolteachers in the public school system in salvador, bahia state, brazil. a cross-sectional epidemiological study included all 4,496 teachers from the system. a self-applied mail questionnaire was used to collect information on complaints of musculoskeletal pain in the upper limbs, lower limbs, and back (dependent variables), demand-control model quadrants (independent variables), and covariables. multivariate logistic regression showed that teachers in high-stress jobs presented the highest mp rates, and that those with low-stress jobs had the lowest rates in all three body segments. teachers in active jobs presented higher mp rates than those in low-stress jobs, particularly in the upper limbs and back. higher mp prevalence rates were associated with heavier psychological demand in all three body segments and with limited job control in the upper limbs only.
Atividade antiinflamatória do extrato aquoso de Arrabidaea chica (Humb. & Bonpl.) B. Verl. sobre o edema induzido por venenos de serpentes amaz?nicas
Oliveira, Denys Paixo Costa de;Borrás, Maria Rosa Lozano;Ferreira, Luis Carlos de Lima;López-Lozano, Jorge Luis;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2009000400024
Abstract: the study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of the aqueous extract (eaq), the arrabidaea chica (humb. & bonpl.) b. verl., bignoniaceae, known as the "crajiru", tested on the paw oedema induced in inflammatory process by venoms amazon snakes from the bothrops and crotalus species, on albino mice. this process was done by an oral, intraperitoneal and subcutaneous way. the cushions thickness was measured at time breaks of 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours, bothrops genus and 1, 3 and 6 hours, crotalus genus, and a histopathologic analysis was made. the bothrops genus, was used as an inhibitory effect for the subcutaneous and intraperitoneal way (12 hours), and it had an inhibition of 55.87% and 65.70%, respectively. for the crotalus genus, the inhibitory effect for the subcutaneous way after 3 hours was the 33.55% and 79.81%, after 6 hours. the intraperitoneal way affect after 3 hours had an inhibition of 48.02% and 92.52% after 6 hours. for the histopathological analysis, the leucocytes infiltration and the miocitolisis were the most expressive parameters and thus inhibited. the results suggest the presence of active principles with anti-inflammatory effects.
Impaired Lymphocyte Profile in Schistosomiasis Patients with Periportal Fibrosis
Luciana Santos Cardoso,Andréia de Souza Rocha Barreto,Jamille Souza Fernandes,Ricardo Riccio Oliveira,Robson da Paixo de Souza,Edgar M. Carvalho,Maria Ilma Araujo
Journal of Immunology Research , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/710647
Abstract: The Th2 immune response in chronic schistosomiasis is associated with the development of periportal fibrosis. However, little is known about the phenotype and activation status of T cells in the process. Objective. To evaluate the profile of T cells in schistosomiasis patients with periportal fibrosis. Methods. It was a cross-sectional study, conducted in the village of Agua Preta, Bahia, Brazil, which included 37 subjects with periportal fibrosis determined by ultrasound. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained by the Ficcol-hypaque gradient and the frequency of T cells expressing the surface markers CD28, CD69, CD25, and CTLA-4 was determined by flow cytometry. Results. The frequency of CD4+CD28+ T lymphocytes was higher in individuals with moderate to severe fibrosis compared to patients with incipient fibrosis. We did not observe any significant difference in the frequency of CD4+ T cells expressing CD69 among groups of individuals. There was also no significant difference in the frequency of CD8+ T cells expressing CD28 or CD69 among the studied groups. Individuals with moderate to severe fibrosis presented a lower frequency of CD8+ T cells, CD4+CD25high T cells, and CD4+CTLA-4+ T cells when compared to patients without fibrosis or incipient fibrosis. The frequency of CD4+CD25low cells did not differ between groups. Conclusion. The high frequency of activated T cells coinciding with a low frequency of putative Treg cells may account for the development of periportal fibrosis in human schistosomiasis. 1. Introduction Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease which accounts for the second place in terms of socioeconomic and public health burden in tropical and subtropical areas. It is a chronic and debilitating disease caused by parasites of the genus Schistosoma. About 200 million people are affected worldwide, and close to 800 million are at the risk of infection [1]. Liver pathology results from the host immune response to antigens from the eggs that become trapped in the portal venous system. The granulomas formed around the eggs act as barriers which prevent the dispersion of egg antigens of S. mansoni. However, about 5% of infected individuals evolve to periportal fibrosis which is associated with the morbidity and mortality described in chronic schistosomiasis [2–4]. Studies have evaluated the cytokine response associated with granuloma formation and development of periportal fibrosis due to schistosomiasis, both in experimental models and in vitro models of granuloma or tissue biopsies [5–7]. There are, however, few studies evaluating
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