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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3305 matches for " Angel Kalmogho "
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Lipodystrophy among Children Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and on Antiretroviral Treatment in Ouagadougou  [PDF]
Caroline Yonaba, A?ssata Ouedraogo, Sylvie Armelle Pingwende Ouédraogo, Bourama Ouattara, Angel Kalmogho, Fla Koueta, Diarra Yé, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53030
Abstract: Management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection remains a major challenge in many sub-Saharan African countries. Antiretroviral drugs which have reduced significantly the mortality rate of this pandemic disease are a source of side effects. Among these side effects, adult lipodystrophy has already been described by several authors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of lipodystrophy and associate factors in children on antiretroviral therapy, managed at Charles De Gaulle Children University Hospital and Yalgado Ouedrago University Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. This is a cross-sectional study conducted from June 2013 to January 2014. We included children aged 2 to 15 years who had been on antiretroviral treatment for at least six months with no severe acute malnutrition (wasting). Lipodystrophy was diagnosed clinically after assessment of morphological changes. Overall, 323 children complying with the inclusion criteria were examined. The average duration of antiretroviral therapy was 5.3 years. Forty five children had lipodystrophy, i.e. 13.9% prevalence rate. One hundred and twenty seven different lipodystrophic lesions were noted, hence 82.7% lipoatrophy and 17.3% lipohypertrophy. The most common presentations were: face (32%), lower limbs (26%) and upper limbs (15.7%). Factors associated with lipoatrophy were: age above 10 years (P = 0.004); male gender (P = 0.0004); antiretroviral treatment duration of more than 60 months (P < 0.001) and treatment with stavudine (P = 0.01). Our study showed that lipodystrophy is not exceptional in children on antiretroviral therapy in Ouagadougou. However, more researches on lipid profiles of these children are necessary to prevent other common complications related to fat accumulation.
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Revealed by Ophthalmologic Complications: A Report of One Case in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Caroline Yonaba, Aichatou Djibo, Chantal Zoungrana, Angèle Kalmogho, Ousseine Diallo, Patrice Tapsoba, Noufounikoun Méda, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.54044
Abstract: Type 1 neurofibromatosis is an inherited multisystem neurocutaneous disease predisposing to tumors development. Serious skin and ophthalmologic complications, although rare, can occur throughout life. Furthermore in children, unawareness of early symptoms may delay diagnosis. We report the case of A.T. 8 years old, admitted for exophthalmosis and facial deformity dating back to the age of 2 years. The diagnosis of neurofibromatosis was suspected in the presence of light brown skin spots scattered all over the body and subcutaneous nodules. Ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral exophthalmosis, eyelids neurofibromas, blepharoptosis, Lisch nodules, corneal edema, and optic atrophy. Head CT scan clarified the nature and the extent of ophthalmologic lesions. Treatment was symptomatic. Neurofibromatosis is rarely reported in children in our setting; it is probably under diagnosed. Clinicians should think of this diagnosis in presence of certain specific symptoms and make a clinical assessment.
Ulcerative Colitis in Infant: A Case Report at the University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Angèle Kalmogho, Abdoulaye Ouattara, Chantal Zoungrana, Caroline Yonaba, Flore Ouédraogo, Léonce Ilboudo, Laure Toguyeni, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.63035
Abstract: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), characterized by acute exacerbations and remissions. We report the clinical case of an infant, an 8 months female baby. The time between disease onset and diagnosis of the disease was 6 months. It was from an unknown etiology. The main clinical picture was weight stagnation, mucoid bloody diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. The macroscopic aspect in anorectoscopy was an erythematous mucosa with healthy beaches intervals. The mucosa was bleeding easily on contact. Pathological examination realized within the various lesions of the association was highly suggestive. The suggested treatment was made of symptomatic, corticosteroids and immunosuppressant’s therapy. Conclusion: Ulcerative colitis is rare in infants and difficult to manage in our tropical context.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Revealed by Haemoptysis on a 10-Year-Old Girl at Paediatrics Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital  [PDF]
Chantal Zoungrana Ouattara, Caroline Yonaba, Angèle Kalmogho, Flore Ouédraogo, Chantal Bouda, Ousseini Diallo, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.71002
Abstract: Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rather rare disorder in children and difficult to diagnose. It is generally linked to congenital heart defects or connective-tissue diseases. Our case is a 10-year-old girl admitted in the pediatric emergency care unit on January 19th, 2015 for massive haemoptysis and severe anaemia. Examination revealed severe anemia and a silent left lung. The Chest X-Ray revealed an abnormal mass on the upper left side of the mediastinum, and left lower lobe consolidation. The thoracic CT scan highlighted a 64 mm aneurysm of the subisthmic aorta with a thin 5 mm hole. It also showed pseudocoarctation of the aorta. Treatment in intensive care consisted of blood transfusion and iron supplement. She was due to travel abroad for cardio vascular surgery, but died on November 2016. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm in our setting was discovered incidentally. In spite the fact that it is an extreme surgical emergency, in Burkina Faso, treatment can only be possible abroad upon medical evacuation.
Deadly Envenomation by Massive Bee Stings in a 7-Year Old Child in Ouagadougou  [PDF]
F. Ouédraogo, C. Yonaba, A. Kalmogho, C. Zoungrana, C. Bouda, O. Sawadogo, M. Delma, F. Koueta, L. Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.74033
Abstract: Introduction: We are reporting a deadly case of massive bee stings observed in a 7-year-old child in Ouagadougou. Observation: The first symptoms, which appeared two hours after the stings of about 200 bees, motivated a consultation in a nearby dispensary in which the child received intravenous betamethasone before being referred to the University Hospital Center Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHUYO). Seven hours after the accident, a rapid deterioration in the general condition was noted with hemorrhage, respiratory distress, coma, and shock. A grade 3 anaphylaxis was diagnosed. The patient didn’t survive despite of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation using adrenaline in intensive care. Conclusion: The massive bee stings have caused a severe biphasic anaphylactic reaction which could not be reversed by the adrenaline administered in the second phase. The development of a protocol would contribute to a better management of the cases.
In No-Man’s Land. Community, Identities and Moral Lives in Depopulated Settings in the North of Spain  [PDF]
Angel Paniagua
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11002
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to study the different ways depopulation is reflected from moral or ethical perspectives of geographical thinking. The objective here is to determine how moral lives (that reflect different opinions about the situational justice, spatial-environmental identity, affective morality and individual trajectory) are maintained in depopulated regions. It has been acknowledged that socio-cultural traditions in each space orientate the moral construction of depopulation, both in relation to socio-ecological repercussions, and also to construction of the community, or in processes of intra or extra-area socio-political negotiation. Some case studies are presented which have been analysed from a qualitative methodological approach, which considers residence in the area, systematic observations and semi-structured interviews.
Ocular Manifestations among HIV Infected Children in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Caroline Yonaba, Angèle Kalmogho, Kongnimissom Apoline Sondo, Madi Nacoulma, Kigocha Okengo, Flore Ouédraogo, Chantal Zoungrana, Aissata Kabore, Fla Koueta, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.62027
Abstract: Ocular manifestations among HIV infected children are diverse and global incidence varies from 7% to 75%. At this age, eye lesions are often unnoticed because of the incapacity to express eye discomfort. The purpose of this study is to describe ocular manifestations among HIV-infected children and hence associated factors in the Department of Paediatrics at the Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital. This was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted between July 2014 and December 2014. A complete ophthalmic examination was systematically done to all HIV-positive children attending the clinic, as part of their routine medical visit. The most recent socio-demographic, clinical, biological and treatment data were registered. Seventy-nine children had an ocular examination and among them 92.4% were on ARV treatment. The incidence of ocular manifestations was 46.7%. Median age was 8 years old (interquartile 6 - 12 years old). Sex ratio was 1.3. The risk of ocular manifestations involvement among boys was twice than that of girls. More than half (59.5%) of children who had ocular problems had not expressed ocular discomfort. Ocular adnexal lesions were more common (35.4%) compared to eye segments (8.9%) lesions. Anterior segment and posterior segment lesions were statistically associated with immune system depression (p = 0.003 and 0.001). However, this relationship was not statistically significant (p = 0.15). Five out of seven children who had eye fundus lesions had CD4 count <350 cells/mm3. Ocular manifestations were very common among HIV infected children in our context. Ophthalmic examination should be systematic at admission and regularly repeated during follow-up.
The Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman Disease or Sinus Histiocytosis with Massive Lymphadenopathy: A Rare Case Described in the Paediatrics Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital  [PDF]
Chantal Zoungrana-Ouattara, Flore Ouédraogo, Laure Toguyéni, Angèle Kalmogho, Caroline Yonaba, Chantal Gabrielle Bouda, Rolande Kaboré, Fla Kouéta
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.74039
Abstract: Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman’ disease (DRD) is an inflammatory non-langerhansian histiocytosis with adenomegaly. It is a rare histiocytic disorder worldwide, less than 1000 reported cases. It is of unknown etiology and is characterized in its classical form by multiple adenomegalia, especially localized at cervical area, but also at mediastinal, axillary and inguinal areas. It is a benign condition, even if it is deforming, with spontaneously resolving evolution. We report a case of DRD disease in a 13-year-old girl, hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou, in March 2015. She was admitted for a voluminous bilateral painless cervical swelling, with no sign of local compression, having been operating for about a year. Biological tests showed signs of chronic inflammation; the imagery specified the benign character of these formations: adenomegalia. Confirmation of the diagnosis was made by pathological examination, describing the aspect of emperipolesis to histology and, immunohistochemistry, polytypic plasmacytosis and PS100 positive/CD1a histiocytosis negative. The treatment could not be properly carried out, in view of the early discharge, against medical advice from the patient. The evolution would have been marked, according to the parents, by a slight involution of swelling.
Endoscopic Staging and Treatment of Early Gastric Cancer  [PDF]
Angel Ferrández, Sonia Mostacero, Angel Lanas
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.41A013

Gastric cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and it is often diagnosed in an advanced stage. In countries where screening endoscopy is performed widely, early detection is possible. In fact, early gastric cancer incidence is increasing during the last years worldwide and screening could be a major factor in such increase. In the past, the standard treatment of gastric cancer was surgical resection; however, the endoscopic treatment has increased due to advances in the instruments available and clinician experience. In fact, endoscopic resection has become one of the greatest advances in EGC treatment. It is the standard treatment in most of the cases because early gastric cancer is associated with a low rate of lymph node metastasis and a high survival rate. Endoscopic Mucosal Resection and more recently Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection are the two main developed procedures. Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection achieves a higher rate of en-bloc resection, complete resection, curative resection and lower local recurrence compared with Endoscopic Mucosal Resection group. The disadvantages associated with Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection, such as higher perforation rates and longer procedure time, will probably improve as the endoscopists experience increases and new endoscopic tools are developed. The aim of this paper is to review the management of EGC with a special focus on endoscopic detection, staging, therapy, surveillance, and prevention.

Senning operation for correction of the transposition of the great arteries, results, long-term outcome and quality of life  [PDF]
Miguel Angel Maluf
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23036
Abstract: Objective: Long-term results after the Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries are little known. Sinus node dysfunction and systemic ventricular dysfunction are crucial in patient survival. We evaluated the results, long term outcome and quality of life in a group of 39 patients. Methods: The study was a retrospective analysis, of 39 (39/40 = 97.5%) surgical surviving patients, submitted to Senning operation, with a mean follow-up time of 14.7 +/– 3.1 years. Electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and chest radiograph series were performed every 6 months. Thirty six patients of this series underwent Holter study and ergometric test, to evaluate the physical capacity. Three patients living overseas were excluded. Results: There was only one late death (1/39) (late mortality = 2.5%): a 16 year-old patient had a no cardiac death. The actuarial survival was 95.0% (38/40) (simple or with little VSD, TGA). The probability of staying in sinus rhythm, in 39 surviving patients was 77.1% (30) or normal right ventricular function was 76.5% (29), 10 to 20 years after operation. The incidence of sinus node and right ventricular dysfunction increased gradually over time. No re-operations and pacemaker implantation, was performed. Functional class: I = 30 (85.7%) cases and functional class II = 5 (14.3%) cases. Conclusions: Patients with simple TGA submitted to Senning procedure in our experience, presented during late follow-up: 1—Low incidence of right ventricular dysfunction and active arrhythmias; 2—Low mortality and no sudden death recorded; 3—Good quality of life and 4—Satisfactory surgical results (free of re-operation or definitive pacemaker implantation).
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