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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10582 matches for " Andreas Chandrinos "
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Study the Critical Role of Admixtures in Cement Production: The Optimum State of Cassiterite (SnO2) Addition as a Natural Mineralizer-Oxide Influencing the Cement Properties  [PDF]
Ioannis Baziotis, Andreas Chandrinos
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2011.14031
Abstract: In this work we evaluate the role of a natural mineralizer-oxide like cassiterite (SnO2) on the cement properties. In particular, we study the effect of different quantities of SnO2 with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 wt% on burnability of industrial raw mix by free lime evaluation. We obtain four datasets, with successive increase of temperature at 1250℃, 1350℃, 1400℃ and 1450℃. We study the produced cassiterite-added clinker with X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (DTA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Though, we characterize the new phases formed and whether, adding excess SnO2 is promote forms of C3S, C2S influencing the final quality of cement.
An Experimental Comparison of Naive Bayesian and Keyword-Based Anti-Spam Filtering with Personal E-mail Messages
Ion Androutsopoulos,John Koutsias,Konstantinos V. Chandrinos,Constantine D. Spyropoulos
Computer Science , 2000,
Abstract: The growing problem of unsolicited bulk e-mail, also known as "spam", has generated a need for reliable anti-spam e-mail filters. Filters of this type have so far been based mostly on manually constructed keyword patterns. An alternative approach has recently been proposed, whereby a Naive Bayesian classifier is trained automatically to detect spam messages. We test this approach on a large collection of personal e-mail messages, which we make publicly available in "encrypted" form contributing towards standard benchmarks. We introduce appropriate cost-sensitive measures, investigating at the same time the effect of attribute-set size, training-corpus size, lemmatization, and stop lists, issues that have not been explored in previous experiments. Finally, the Naive Bayesian filter is compared, in terms of performance, to a filter that uses keyword patterns, and which is part of a widely used e-mail reader.
An evaluation of Naive Bayesian anti-spam filtering
Ion Androutsopoulos,John Koutsias,Konstantinos V. Chandrinos,George Paliouras,Constantine D. Spyropoulos
Computer Science , 2000,
Abstract: It has recently been argued that a Naive Bayesian classifier can be used to filter unsolicited bulk e-mail ("spam"). We conduct a thorough evaluation of this proposal on a corpus that we make publicly available, contributing towards standard benchmarks. At the same time we investigate the effect of attribute-set size, training-corpus size, lemmatization, and stop-lists on the filter's performance, issues that had not been previously explored. After introducing appropriate cost-sensitive evaluation measures, we reach the conclusion that additional safety nets are needed for the Naive Bayesian anti-spam filter to be viable in practice.
Economic Growth and a Low Carbon Economy―Does the Earth Suffer from an “Easter Island Syndrome”?  [PDF]
Andreas Oberheitmann
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24024
Abstract: The history of the Eastern Islands in the Pacific with an increasing over-utilization of natural resources reminds us of the mistakes modern societies are making and the question is obvious whether the Earth is suffering from an Eastern Islands Syndrome, in other words whether the egoism inherent in humans long-term might have fatal consequences for our species homo sapiens. Climate research identified two important phenomena, which should remind us of the Easter Islands: feedbacks and tipping points, i.e. self-accelerating phenomena of global warming and reaching irreversible points of climate change. Only a quick worldwide return to a low carbon economy is able to stabilize global warming on a bearable level. Both, Annex-I countries and Non-Annex-I countries have to contribute to reaching this goal taking their historical, current and future responsibilities into account. A post Kyoto regime based on cumulative per-capita CO2-emission rights and a international emission trading could provide for incentives to achieve a low carbon economy, especially for newly industrialized countries.
Development of a Low Carbon Economy in Wuxi City  [PDF]
Andreas Oberheitmann
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2012.12007
Abstract: The development of a Low Carbon Economy is a vital instrument to encounter climate change and take into account the growing challenges of an increasing urbanization in China. Wuxi City in East China’s Jiangsu Province is starting to implement a Low Carbon City Plan for safeguarding a sustainable development of the city until 2020 and beyond. This paper aims at estimating the impact of the Low Carbon City plan for Wuxi’s energy demand and CO2-emissions until 2050. Using an econometric energy supply and demand model to estimate and forecast the Wuxi energy and CO2-balance aggregates until 2050, it compares a scenario without specific Low Carbon City measures to reduce sectoral CO2-intensities to a Low Carbon scenario implementing these measures according to the Low Carbon City Plan until 2020 and beyond. The decomposition of the Kaya-identity reveals that the increase of per capita income has the largest impact on the growth of CO2-emissions and the decrease of energy intensity of Gross Value Added the largest impact on the reduction of CO2-emissions in Wuxi. A decrease of population and CO2-intensity of Primary energy supply only have average contributions. The decrease of energy intensity of Gross Value Added is due to energy efficiency gains in the single economic sectors, but to a large extent due to structural changes of the economy away from energy intensive sectors such as iron and steel, chemical industry or cement industry towards the energy extensive service sectors. A growing residential sector also reduces the industrial share of energy demand. Only following the assumed national trend with a shift from CO2-intensive industries to a CO2-extensive service economy, the Low Carbon goal of a 50% reduction of CO2-intensity of Gross Value Added compared to 2005 cannot be reached in Wuxi. Specific sectoral CO2 -intensity goals have to be successfully observed by the economic sectors in Wuxi, especially by the industry. The promotion of combined heat and power generation also has to contribute to the specific activities in Wuxi.
A Global Solution of the Einstein-Maxwell Field Equations for Rotating Charged Matter  [PDF]
Andreas Georgiou
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329168
Abstract: A stationary axially symmetric exterior electrovacuum solution of the Einstein-Maxwell field equations was obtained. An interior solution for rotating charged dust with vanishing Lorentz force was also obtained. The two spacetimes are separated by a boundary which is a surface layer with surface stress-energy tensor and surface electric 4-current. The layer is the spherical surface bounding the charged matter. It was further shown, that all the exterior physical quantities vanished at the asymptotic spatial infinity where spacetime was shown to be flat. There are two different sets of junction conditions: the electromagnetic junction conditions, which were expressed in the traditional 3-dimensional form of classical electromagnetic theory; and the considerably more complicated gravitational junction conditions. It was shown that both—the electromagnetic and gravitational junction conditions—were satisfied. The mass, charge and angular momentum were determined from the metric. Exact analytical formulae for the dipole moment and gyromagnetic ratio were also derived. The conditions, under which the latter formulae gave Blackett’s empirical result for rotating stars, were investigated.
The Breakdown of the Traditional Mechanistic Worldview, the Development of Complexity Sciences and the Pretence of Knowledge in Economics  [PDF]
Andreas Liening
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.44034

This article is an introduction to complexity theory, which will be discussed using the example of economic science. In this context, a short historical overview is intended to demonstrate why the traditional mechanistic worldview persistently remains a part of economic science and how it led to the development of the theory of complex systems, which, for example, can be subsumed under chaos theory. Furthermore, a simple supply and demand model is employed as an example to discuss this new theory and to describe the characteristics of complexity in comparison with the general mechanistic principle. For this purpose, specially designed software is used for the simulation and analysis of selected complex systems.

Growth Theory and Endogenous Human Capital Development: A Contribution to the Theory of Complex Systems  [PDF]
Andreas Liening
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.32016

As economic phenomena become increasingly complex, the demands on models to reflect this complexity also increase. Economic growth, for example, which depends on a variety of factors, is such a complex phenomenon. Especially the relevance of human capital development for modern service societies is a significant growth factor. This is, however, considered only in few discussions. In order to represent such complex phenomena, adequate models are needed that go beyond linear approaches. This paper points out that models from the dynamic system theories are well suited to illustrate human capital as a factor of economic growth.

Some Remarks on the Individual Contribution to Climate Change  [PDF]
Andreas Oberheitmann
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.23020

Climate change is one of the most important challenges of the 21st Century. As greenhouse gas concentration of the atmosphere has reached the 400ppm threshold of a 2°C global warming on 9 May 2013 and irreversible tipping points of the climatic system at some point of time have got even more likely, the question of the individual contribution to climate change becomes more and more virulent. For a long time, the absorption capacity of the environment has been regarded as limitless, and based on this perception, the economic entities used the environment for hundreds of years without constraints. Today, with progress of scientific knowledge, we are now aware of the possible negative impacts of climate change to environmental, economic and social systems on Earth. This awareness, however, did not lead to a significant change of individual behavior, because the perceived individual contribution to both the anthropogenic cause of climate change and its mitigation is still regarded as marginal. To encounter this misperception or diffusion of environmental responsibility, this article presents an alternative calculation of the individual contribution to climate change taking the incremental approach to a tipping point or a 2°C global warming threshold into account.

Synergetics—Fundamental Attributes of the Theory of Self-Organization and Its Meaning for Economics  [PDF]
Andreas Liening
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.58077

The current article will focus on the fundamental idea of synergetics. It addresses the question of how to explain self-organization in a complex system. For this purpose synergetic will be explained with the use of the classic physical example, the laser light. Although the synergetic theory was developed in the field of physics, it is an interdisciplinary approach enabling the general examination of self-organization of complex systems, especially in economic contexts. The so-called swarm intelligence contributes as a bright example from another context. Furthermore, exemplifying for economic application a simple national economy will be interpreted from the synergetic perspective. From an economic perspective, finally the conclusion includes a critical reflection of the approach.

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