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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2459 matches for " Andre Koudougou Samadoulougou "
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Cardiologic Medical Evacuations in Burkina Faso: Contribution of Three Philanthropic Sponsors over a 10-Year Period  [PDF]
Koudougou Jonas Kologo, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Georges Kinda, Jean Baptiste Tougma, Nobila Valentin Yaméogo, Anna Thiam Tall, Larissa Kagambéga, Caleb Tindano, Eulalie Lingani, Mireille Simo-Moyo, Relwendé Aristide Yaméogo, Andre Koudougou Samadoulougou, Patrice Zabsonré
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103380
Introduction: This study aimed at describing the socio-economic, diagnostic, and progressive features of patients evacuated thanks to philanthropic sponsors. Patients and methods: all evacuated patients, contacted through the phone and interviewed, were included in the study. A questionnaire helped in collecting data which were analyzed through the software Epi-Info (version 7). Outcomes: A total of 63 patients out of 134 were included in the study among which there are 22 adults and 41 children. The sex-ratio was 1.30. Patients living in Ouagadougou accounted for 79% of cases. The children’s average age at evacuation was 3.58 ± 3.86 years against 27.52 ± 12.54 years for adults. Ventricular septal defects among children (58.53%) and mitral valve diseases among adults (72.72%) were the main diagnoses at the time of evacuation. The average fall was 47 months for children, and 54 months for adults in the post-operative period. 68% of adults had an income below 50,000 FCFA per month. The evacuation average cost was estimated at 21,083,000 FCFA per patient, corresponding to 2,825,122,000 FCA over 10 years. Each adult patient spent an average of 15,000 FCFA per month for the follow up, against 8725 FCFA for children. 16% of patients were lost of sight in the post-operative. Conclusion: Philanthropic sponsors significantly contribute to the management of cardiac patients, and their efforts should be supported by a better monitoring. Setting-up cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology in Burkina Faso are required to address these health shortcomings.
Valvular Heart Diseases and Pregnancy in Delivery Room at University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo  [PDF]
Koudougou Jonas Kologo, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Georges Kinda, Hermann Adoko, Yibar Kambiré, Anna Thiam/Tall, Relwendé Aristide Yaméogo, André K. Samadoulougou, Patrice Zabsonré
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103201
Valvular heart diseases during pregnancy are complex with symptoms likely to affect patient’s life quality, and endanger both mother’s and child’s life. Our survey aims at studying the combination of valvular heart diseases with pregnancy at University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted from January 1st, 2015 to March 31st, 2016 in the delivery room of gynecology and obstetrics department. Inclusion criteria were: the presence of acquired and known valvular heart diseases followed-up or not; suspected valvular heart disease confirmed by a Doppler echocardiography and patient’s consent to take part to the study. Twelve patients were involved in the study. The average age was 27.5 ± 3.9 years (extremes of 21 and 34 years). The average gestational age at the delivery time was 35 ± 4.7 weeks of amenorrhea with extremes reaching 25 and 39 weeks. None of the study patients were previously followed-up and treated for valvular heart diseases before pregnancy. Mitral disease was found among four patients. Seven cases had vaginal delivery. Two cases of spontaneous abortion were observed. We had seven hypotrophy newborns with an average weight of 2360 g at birth. Two patients suffering from congestive heart failure with a full type arrhythmia by atrial fibrillation were hospitalized in cardiology department. No death was reported during our study. Rheumatic valvular diseases are common among pregnant women. The cardiologist should plan pregnancies of patients suffering from valvular heart diseases. Treatment of those patients goes through the prevention of acute rheumatoid arthritis including a joint collaboration between cardiologists and gynecologists.
Assessment of Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure in Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Koudougou Jonas Kologo, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Anna Thiam Tall, Théodore Boro, Georges Kinda, Yibar Kambiré, Yaya Barro, Laurent Sia, Hermann E. Adoko, Robert Natama, Jean Baptiste Tougma, André K. Samadoulougou, Patrice Zabsonré
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104252
Objective: Our study aimed at assessing the quality of life (QoL) of patients treated for chronic heart failure (HF), and analyzing the impact of certain factors on that QoL, in the cardiology department of Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou. Means and Method: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study, performed over a six-month period from May to October 2016. In the study, patients with age over 18 years were included, followed up for chronic HF for at least six months in the outpatient unit, from January 1st to December 31st 2015. The questionnaire “Minnesota Living with Heart Failure” was used to assess the QoL. Results: Two hundred and four patients were enrolled. Most of them were living in Ouagadougou (82.8%). Sex ratio was 0.98, and mean age was 56.06 16.37 years. The mean overall QoL score was 17.8 16.5. QoL was considered good in its three dimensions, in more than 70% of patients. Looking at the mean scores, the male patients, the patients living in rural and semi-urban areas, the patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction and those with severe or end-stage renal failure had significant QoL impairment. Multiple linear regression reported significant correlation between QoL impairment and the following factors (p value < 0.05 for all variables): marital life, number of hospitalizations for acute HF, and NYHA functional stage. Conclusion: Marital life, number of hospitalizations for acute decompensation, and NYHA functional stage were predictive factors of QoL impairment. MLHF questionnaire should be commonly used to assess the efficiency of HF management. Self administration instead of assistance in filling the questionnaire, could insure a more objective valuation of QoL.
Tax Incentives, Competition and Welfare  [PDF]
Claudio Andre Gondim Nogueira
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.35080
Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to analyze the impacts of the concession of tax incentives as a tool for entry promotion in a developing region. The simple model and the numerical example presented indicate that the adoption of tax incentives can cause very important effects. The productive structure could be heavily changed and production could increase improving conditions to consumers that benefit from the larger output and lower prices. Furthermore, the need for strategic action by the government in order to increase the chance of success of their development strategies is also emphasized, especially if one considers that firms often behave strategically.
Estimate of an Hypoelliptic Heat-Kernel outside the Cut-Locus in Semi-Group Theory  [PDF]
Rémi Léandre
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.312A285

We give a proof in semi-group theory based on the Malliavin Calculus of Bismut type in semi-group theory and Wentzel-Freidlin estimates in semi-group of our result giving an expansion of an hypoelliptic heat-kernel outside the cut-locus where Bismut’s non-degeneray condition plays a preominent role.

Experimental Study in Out-Door Tanks of N and P Uptake by the Aquatic Communities of Lake Kinneret  [PDF]
Moshe Gophen, Andre Janurik
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2015.510043
Abstract: Two trials (1st Trial-46 and 2nd Trial-64 hrs duration) experiment in 8 out-door tanks (5 m3) were carried out with similar design: 4 fish densities (0, 1, 5, and 10), 2 densities of zooplankton (high and low) and 4 increasing levels of P and N concentrations of nutrient enrichments. The consecutive changes of N and P concentrations were measured at 3 (Trial 1) and 4 (Trial 2) time intervals. It was found that nutrient uptake of the entire community, which is the differences between initial and final concentrations, was mostly affected by the initial enrichment. The ecological implications are discussed.
Neisseria meningitis serogroup X outbreak in Burkina Faso, 2009-2010  [PDF]
Seydou Yaro, Aly Drabo, Soumeya Ouangraoua, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Judith Mueller, Oumar Sanou, Haoua Tall, Phillip Jaillard, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Jean Macq, Annie Robert, Jean Bosco Ouedraogo
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.22010
Abstract: Background: Centre MURAZ of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) organized in 2009 and 2010 a system of Cerobro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) collection in eight pilot Districts as an initial step for the future Ministry of Health’s led strategy of individual surveillance in a context of meningococcal conjugate A vaccine introduction. Methods: CSF samples were analyzed with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). This allowed for meningitis etiologies dynamics studies in the pilot Districts. Results: Because of geographical difficulties and lack of means, less than 40% of suspected cases had their CSF analyzed at PCR reference laboratory. In 2009, among confirmed cases at reference laboratory, Sp (Streptococcus pneumonia), NmA (Neisseria meningitis A) and Hib (Hemophilus influenzae b) were responsible respectively for 90%, 6.6% and 4.4% of cases. In 2010, serogroup distribution among confirmed cases was: Sp 62.7%, NmX 32.2% and NmA 5.1%. Sp which was continuously present in Burkina Faso takes more significant proportions, just as serogroup X which until there was sporadically encountered. The attack rates of NmX were tree to twelve times higher than for NmA in the two Districts where NmX has been notified. Conclusion: As a consequence of such results, efforts must be maintained in epidemiologic surveillance field and in reinforcement of laboratory capacities. Fast care should be guaranteed to patients with adequate antibiotics according to country national guideline and chemoprophylaxis measures should be undertaken among contacts of patients to prevent secondary cases. A plea must be made on one hand for pneumococcal vaccine introduction in Burkina Faso and on other hand towards manufacturers for taking into account serogroup X into meningococcal polyvalent vaccine composition. With this polyvalent vaccine including serougruop X, we suggested to conduct periodically mass campaign vaccination of people before the beginning of meningitis epidemiological season.
Intra-Articular Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma Hip Injection May Result in Osteogenesis Depicted as an Increase in Femoral Neck Bone Density  [PDF]
Marwa A. Ahmed, Andre Panagos
Open Journal of Regenerative Medicine (OJRM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojrm.2014.32005

Osteoporosis has become one of the most prevalent bone diseases in developed countries. As the world’s population ages, this complex skeletal disorder is predicted to become an even more widespread and serious health condition, posing greater societal economic burden. Current therapeutic agents are limited by clinically significant side effects. In this report, we present a case that suggests intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injectate may improve bone mineral density (BMD). This observation raises a question with exciting implications—can PRP serve as a viable and relatively safe, targeted treatment option to improve bone density?

A difícil arte de "deslizar sobre o mundo" ou Montaigne, um político discreto ("De poupar a própria vontade" - III, 10)
Scoralick, Andre;
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-512X2012000200012
Abstract: from 1581 to 1585 montaigne was the mayor of bordeaux. he was accused by detractors of not having been sufficiently dedicated to his functions and of having done nothing remarkable during his two terms. in answering to such charges in the essay "of managing the will" (iii, 10), the author finds the occasion for criticising passions in general and, in particular, those concerning the political context. the reason for it is that he sought, with his apparent lack of commitment to the mayor's duties, to avoid the passions which usually hide behind such an engagement: ambition, desire for honours, glory, renown. above all he hoped to avoid a double danger, both ethical and political: to compromise his freedom in a servile pursuit of glory and to subordinate the common good to his personal advantage. in the present study we will seek to rebuild the argumentative plot of the essay, following closely the reasoning which supports the montaignean critique of passions and also the very particular therapy to which the essayist submits them, which allows him to turn the mairie de bordeaux episode into a conciliation model between the care of the self and the fulfillment of political duties.
A ordem do discurso: da participa??o à política
Corten, Andre;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451996000100010
Abstract: on the basis of discourse analysis and with regard to the brazilian case it is argued that political participation should be seen in its discourse dimension, as secularization of the "piety effect" which is distinctive of the theological discourse.
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