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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22468 matches for " Andréia Luciane; "
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Fermentative and microbiological profile of marandu-grass ensiled with citrus pulp pellets
Bernardes, Thiago Fernandes;Reis, Ricardo Andrade;Moreira, Andréia Luciane;
Scientia Agricola , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162005000300003
Abstract: high-wet roughages with low content of soluble carbohydrates, such as tropical grasses, should be inappropriate for producing silages of adequate quality. this study aimed to evaluate the fermentative and microbiological profiles of marandu-grass ensilaged with pelleted citric pulp (pcp). brachiaria brizantha (hochst ex. a. rich) stapf cv. marandu with 58 days of vegetative growth was harvested for producing experimental silages in pvc silos provided with bünsen valves and density capacity of 900 kg m-3. treatments were three pcp levels (0, 50 and 100 g kg-1 of fresh forage) and seven times (1, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 56 days) after sealing. pcp inclusion increased soluble carbohydrate concentrations by 15 to 20% and reduced ph (5.3 to 4.2) and n-nh3 levels of experimental silages. an increase of the population size of the enterobacterium (mean of 3 cfu g-1) was observed only at the first day of fermentation, small growth (mean 0.5 of cfu g-1) of clostridium and the dominance of homo in relation to hetero-fermentative bacteria. citric pulp addition during marandu-grass ensilage was benefic, its utilization being recommended, especially when associated with economical advantages.
Fermentative and microbiological profile of marandu-grass ensiled with citrus pulp pellets
Bernardes Thiago Fernandes,Reis Ricardo Andrade,Moreira Andréia Luciane
Scientia Agricola , 2005,
Abstract: High-wet roughages with low content of soluble carbohydrates, such as tropical grasses, should be inappropriate for producing silages of adequate quality. This study aimed to evaluate the fermentative and microbiological profiles of Marandu-grass ensilaged with pelleted citric pulp (PCP). Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex. A. Rich) Stapf cv. Marandu with 58 days of vegetative growth was harvested for producing experimental silages in PVC silos provided with Bünsen valves and density capacity of 900 kg m-3. Treatments were three PCP levels (0, 50 and 100 g kg-1 of fresh forage) and seven times (1, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 56 days) after sealing. PCP inclusion increased soluble carbohydrate concentrations by 15 to 20% and reduced pH (5.3 to 4.2) and N-NH3 levels of experimental silages. An increase of the population size of the enterobacterium (mean of 3 CFU g-1) was observed only at the first day of fermentation, small growth (mean 0.5 of CFU g-1) of clostridium and the dominance of homo in relation to hetero-fermentative bacteria. Citric pulp addition during Marandu-grass ensilage was benefic, its utilization being recommended, especially when associated with economical advantages.
Avalia??o do usuário sobre o atendimento oftalmológico oferecido pelo SUS em um centro urbano no sul do Brasil
Benazzi,Luciane Eloisa Brandt; Figueiredo,Andréia Cristina Leal; Bassani,Diego Garcia;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300029
Abstract: the user's evaluation is an important component of the quality of the health services. the goal of the present study was to evaluate the user's satisfaction with the ophthalmologic service provided by an accredited service of the brazilian unified health system (sus) in an urban center of the south of brazil. it is a transversal study in which a questionnaire was applied about the user's socioeconomic and demographic profile, questions related to the quality of the service and suggestions and/or complaints regarding to the attendance and the service. the sample was calculated in the program epinfo version 6.0, it had as its base 1200 monthly services, in a total of 355 users. the results showed that 77.1% of the users were satisfied with the medical service. however, 75.4% pointed deficiencies related to the time they had to wait in the place, to the duration of the consultation and at the interpersonal relationship with doctor and other attendants. it was verified that 36.3% considered the ophthalmologic service offered by sus as terrible and regular. this way, it is fundamental to rethink the professional practices and to intervene on the form of organization of this service, seeking its improvement and the user's satisfaction.
Avalia??o de forrageiras de inverno irrigadas sob pastejo
Moreira, Andréia Luciane;Reis, Ricardo Andrade;Ruggieri, Ana Cláudia;Saran Junior, Arlindo José;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000600035
Abstract: the research was carried out at unesp - jaboticabal to evaluate the dry matter yield (ymp), chemical composition of the cool season forage species: oat (avena strigosa schreb) and triticale (x triticosecale wittmack) no-till seeding in annual summer species cultivated area with pearl millet (pennisetum americanum (l.) k. schum.) or sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (sorghum bicolor (l.) moench x sorghum sudanense (piper) stapf). the forage was grazed by holstein cows in rotational stocking system. it was used the completely randomized outline in split plot scheme with four replications. in the first experiment the following treatments were evaluated: as - oat no-till seeding in sorghum-sudangrass hybrid stubble, am - oat no-till seeding in pearl millet stubble, ts - triticale no-till seeding in sorghum-sudangrass hybrid stubble, and tm - triticale no-till seeding in pearl millet stubble. the forages presented similar dry matter evaluation, however the ymp decreased on the second evaluation. it was observed highest crude protein, adf on the first yield and hemicellulose on the second evaluation. the harvest time did not affect the forage ndf content. triticale showed lower cp and higher cell wall content compared to the oat forage.
Atributos estruturais e produtivos de capim-marandu em resposta à suplementa??o alimentar de bovinos e a ciclos de pastejo
Gomide, Carlos Augusto de Miranda;Reis, Ricardo Andrade;Simili, Flávia Fernanda;Moreira, Andréia Luciane;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2009000500013
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the productive and structural traits of marandu grass (brachiaria brizantha cv. marandu) pasture in responseto supplemental bovine feeding levelsand to grazingcycles. the evaluated levels of concentrate feeding based on citric pulp, corn, soybean meal and urea were: 0.2, 0.6, and 1 % body live weight. a completely randomized block design was used, with split plots in time, in which supplementation levels were the plots and grazing periods were the subplots. supplemental feeding levels affected the grass canopy traits. changes were detected in leaf area index, light interception, and leaf/stem ratio under pre-grazed pasture conditions. the lowest figures were observed for the supplementation level of 0.2% live weight. under the post-grazing conditions, leaf biomass and the leaf/stem ratio traits were also least under the 0.2% supplemental feeding level. the structural and productive pasture traits, as well as the pasture morphogenetic indices exhibited effects of the grazing cycles. while dead material increased, tiller number and mass did not vary with the grazing cycles. the supplemental feeding of animals affected the marandu grass pasture traits. as the grazing season progressed from summer to autumn, pasture growth decreased and pasture structure was affected.
Características agron micas e composi o química de oito híbridos de sorgo [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]
Pedreira Márcio dos Santos,Reis Ricardo Andrade,Berchielli Telma Teresinha,Moreira Andréia Luciane
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2003,
Abstract: O experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar as características agron micas, composi o química das fra es e da planta inteira de oito híbridos de sorgo, semeados em mar o de 2000, no sentido de contribuir para os programas de sele o de germoplamas resistentes aos efeitos das estiagens prolongadas e, ao mesmo tempo, apropriados ao processo de ensilagem. Utilizou-se o delineamento em blocos ao acaso com oito tratamentos e três repeti es, para avaliar os híbridos AG-2005, BR-700, MASSA-03, 498111, 65E3, 698005, 698007 e 699005. N o houve diferen as significativas entre produ o de matéria seca (PMS) e propor o de folhas dos híbridos avaliados. A maior propor o de colmo (41,3%) foi observada no 498111 e a menor no MASSA-03 (28,9%). O híbrido 65E3 apresentou a maior propor o de panícula (43,2%) e o 498111 a menor (28,9%). Quanto à composi o química da planta inteira, n o foram observadas diferen as significativas entre os híbridos quanto aos teores de matéria seca, matéria mineral, hemicelulose, nitrogênio insolúvel em detergente neutro, nitrogênio insolúvel em detergente ácido e nutrientes digestíveis totais (NDT). Os teores de proteína bruta variaram de 6,5 a 8,8%, fibra em detergente neutro de 57,0 a 70,3%, fibra em detergente ácido de 29,8 a 36,2%, celulose de 25,3 a 31,2% e lignina de 3,6 a 5,5%, sendo estatisticamente diferentes entre os híbridos. O 699005 apresentou o maior teor de carboidratos solúveis (14,5%), diferindo estatisticamente apenas do híbrido 698007 (9,6%). Os híbridos também mostraram diferen as na composi o química das fra es folhas, colmo e panícula. De forma geral, todos os híbridos apresentaram teores de matéria seca e carboidratos solúveis adequados ao processo de ensilagem. As produ es médias de matéria seca dos híbridos (6,2 t/ha), foram altas considerando-se a baixa precipita o ocorrida durante o período experimental. A análise de Cluster sugeriu o agrupamento dos híbridos de maior PMS e menores porcentagens de panícula e NDT e híbridos de menor PMS, porém com maiores porcentagens de panícula e NDT.
Produ o de leite, consumo e digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes, pH e concentra o de am nia ruminal em vacas lactantes recebendo ra es contendo silagem de milho e fenos de alfafa e de capim-coastcross
Moreira Andréia Luciane,Pereira Odilon Gomes,Garcia Rasmo,Valadares Filho Sebasti?o de Campos
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2001,
Abstract: Utilizaram-se 10 vacas lactantes HPC e mesti as H*Z, com 55 dias de pari o, peso médio de 540 kg, distribuídas em um delineamento em switch-back com o objetivo de avaliar a produ o e a composi o do leite, o consumo e a digestibilidade aparente de matéria seca (MS), matéria organica (MO), fibra em detergente neutro (FDN), proteína bruta (PB), carboidratos totais (CT) e extrato etéreo (EE), e o pH e a concentra o de am nia ruminal. Os animais foram alimentados ad libitum com cinco dietas contendo silagem de milho (SM), feno de alfafa (FA), feno de capim-coastcross (FCC), FA+ SM, FCC+1/2 SM, na propor o de 60%, da ra o total (base de matéria seca). Os consumos dos nutrientes n o foram influenciados pelas dietas. As digestibilidades aparentes de MS, PB e FDN foram maiores para as dietas contendo silagem de milho. O pH e a concentra o de am nia do líquido ruminal n o foram influenciados pelas dietas, porém observou-se resposta quadrática para o tempo de coletas. Registrou-se maior produ o de leite para os animais que receberam silagem de milho. Os teores de proteína bruta e gordura do leite n o foram influenciados pelas dietas.
Consumo e digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes da silagem de milho e dos fenos de alfafa e de capim-coastcross, em ovinos
Moreira Andréia Luciane,Pereira Odilon Gomes,Garcia Rasmo,Valadares Filho Sebasti?o de Campos
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2001,
Abstract: Avaliaram-se o consumo e a digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes, e o balan o de nitrogênio da silagem de milho e dos fenos de alfafa e de capim- coastcross, em ensaio com ovinos. Foram utilizados 15 animais, sem ra a definida, castrados, com peso médio de 47,5 kg, distribuídos em um delineamento em blocos casualizados com cinco repeti es. O consumo de matéria seca, em g/Kg0,75, foi influenciado pelos alimentos, registrando-se maior valor (68,06), para os animais que receberam feno de alfafa. Os consumos de fibra em detergente neutro e extrato etéreo foram menores para os animais que receberam silagem de milho. Já os consumos de proteína bruta e nutrientes digestíveis totais, de 201,97 e 643,42 g/dia, respectivamente, foram maiores para os animais alimentados com feno de alfafa. Este resultado deve-se ao fato de o feno de alfafa possuir melhor valor nutritivo e estar associado ao teor mais elevado de matéria seca. As digestibilidades aparentes da matéria seca e proteína bruta, de 56,47 e 73,92%, respectivamente, também foram maiores para os animais que receberam feno de alfafa. O balan o de nitrogênio foi positivo apenas para os animais alimentados com fenos, os quais apresentaram ganhos de peso de 100,79 e 147,62 g/dia para feno de capim-coastcross e feno de alfafa, respectivamente, enquanto que os animais alimentados com silagem de milho apresentaram perda de peso (-34,92 g/dia). Este fato pode ser atribuído a superioridade da composi o química dos fenos em rela o à da silagem de milho.
Caracteriza o agron mica e composi o química de híbridos de milho = Agronomic evaluation and chemical composition of corn hybrid
Ulysses Cecato,Andréia Luciane Moreira,Júlio Cesar Damasceno,Geraldo Tadeu dos Santos
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: O trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar a produ o de matéria seca total (MST), de colmo (MSc), de folhas (MSf), de espigas (MSe), teores de proteína bruta (PB), fibra em detergente ácido (FDA), altura de planta (AP) e rela o colmo/folha (C/F) de híbridos (Zea mays L.) AG 122, AG 519, C 525, C 805, D 170, D 771, G 600, G 1328, P 3041, P 3069, XL 520, XL 530, OC 705, FO 01. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com 10 repeti es. O híbrido FO 01 apresentou maior produ o de matéria seca, maior altura de planta e maior produ o de colmo, porém com menor percentagemde espigas e folhas, prejudicando a qualidade do material original. A maior produtividade apresentada pelos híbridos está associada a maior altura da planta e maior propor o de colmos na matéria seca total. Em geral, uma boa produ o de matéria seca, com equilíbrio na rela o folhas/colmo/espigas, foi apresentado pelo híbrido G 1328. The objective of this work was to evaluate the total dry matter production (TDMP) of stem (DMs), leaves (DMl), ear (DMe), crude protein content (CPC), acid detergent fiber (ADF), plant height (PH) and stem/leaves relation (S/L) of the hybrids (Zea mays L.) AG 122, AG 519, C 525, C 805, D 170, D 771, G 600, G 1328, P 3041, P 3069, XL 520, XL 530, OC 705, FO 01. The results indicated that the hybrid FO 01 showed the highest dry matter production, the highest plant and stem production, but the smallest ear and leaves percentage, decreasing the quality of the original material. The higher productivity of hybrids was associated with a higher plant height and stem production on total dry matter. The hybrid G 1328 showed a good dry matter production with equilibrium in the relation leaves/stem/corn cob.
Presen a e qualidade de sementes esverdeadas de soja na regi o sul do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul = Levels of green soybean seeds and their quality in southern Mato Grosso do Sul State
Marco Ant?nio Sedrez Rangel,Andréia Minuzzi,Luciane Pìerezan,Tiara Kesli Conticelli Teodósio
Acta Scientiarum : Agronomy , 2011,
Abstract: Sementes de soja produzidas em algumas regi es do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul têm apresentado sérios problemas de qualidade pela ocorrência de elevados percentuais de sementes esverdeadas. Objetivando averiguar o problema, foi conduzido um experimento em que foram avaliados potencial de germina o, comprimento de raiz, teor deóleo e porcentagem de acidez do ácido oleico das sementes de soja das cultivares BRS 133, BRS 181, BRS 206, BRS 239, BRS 240, BRS 241, CD 202 e Embrapa 48, produzidas em seis locais do Estado (Dourados – Barreir o, Dourados – CPAO, Maracaju, Naviraí, Ponta Por e Sidrolandia). O delineamento experimental de campo foi em blocos ao acaso com três repeti es, em cada local. Os genótipos de Ponta Por e Barreir o, cujos lotes continham menores percentuais de sementes verdes, apresentaram os mais elevados níveis de germina o e comprimento de raiz. O teor e a acidez do óleo n o foram significativamente influenciados pela quantidade de sementes verdes. Conclui-se que, à medida que ocorrem acréscimos dos percentuais de sementes verdes, observa-se redu o acentuada da germina o e do comprimento da raiz primária. Soybean seeds have shown serious quality problems, due to high levels of greening seeds in lots produced in Mato Grosso do Sul State. With the aim of investigating the problem, an experiment was conducted in which an evaluation was performed regarding germination potential, root length, oil content and oleic acid acidity percentage, of soybean seed from genotypes BRS 133, BRS 181, BRS 239, BRS 206,Embrapa 48, BRS 240, BRS 241 and CD 202 grown under six environments in the state (Dourados – CPAO, Dourados – Barreir o, Ponta Por , Maracaju, Sidrolandia and Naviraí). The field experimental design was randomized blocks with three replications, in each site. The genotypes from Ponta Por and Barreir o, whose seed lots contained lower green seeds percentages, showed the highest germination levels and root length as well. The oil content and acidity were not significantly influenced by green seed levels. It was concluded that, as the level of green seeds increases, a great decrease on germinationpotential and primary root length was observed.
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