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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 476324 matches for " Andréa;Ledo "
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Galicia: el tránsito hacia una sociedad urbana en el contexto de la unión europea
Andrés Precedo Ledo,Alberto Míguez Iglesias,María Isabel Fernández Justo
Revista Galega de Economía , 2008,
Abstract: Bajo este título se aborda el reciente tránsito de una Galicia rural a la región urbana actual, con una evolución de la tasa de urbanización más elevada que la media europea, pudiendo por ello hablar de una convergencia urbana de Galicia con Europa. Para demostrar este hecho se ha confeccionado una base de datos de las siete áreas urbanas desarrolladas en torno a las principales ciudades gallegas, utilizando como criterios de delimitación de esas áreas los que se consideran mayoritariamente en los diferentes países europeos. Esta delimitación permite estudiar la distribución del crecimiento de la población en cada una de las siete ciudades gallegas, la distribución de la producción y el proceso de terciarización de su economía urbana, resaltando su apertura hacia el exterior, principalmente en los ámbitos empresarial, turístico y cultural, e incorporándose a las regiones más desarrolladas siguiendo el modelo urbano postindustrial. También se analiza el crecimiento de las ciudades gallegas en el contexto de las ciudades medias europeas, advirtiéndose un déficit de tama o en relación con su competitividad, cuya causa radica en la estructura policéntrica de la red urbana regional y en el proceso histórico de alternancia del liderazgo urbano. Para alcanzar dimensiones más competitivas, se proponen varias estrategias de agrupación territorial, como la creación de eurociudades en torno a ciudades-puerto entre las que existen complementariedades funcionales.
Rese a de "Planificación estratégica de ciudades. Nuevos instrumentos y procesos" de Fernández Güel, José Miguell
Andrés Precedo Ledo
Urban Public Economics Review , 2007,
Abstract:
Terapia intensiva neonatal e pediátrica no Rio de Janeiro: distribui o de leitos e análise de eqüidade
BARBOSA ARNALDO PRATA,CUNHA ANT?NIO JOSé LEDO ALVES DA,CARVALHO EDIMILSON RAMOS MIGOWSKI DE,PORTELLA ANDRéA FERREIRA
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2002,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: Identificar as UTIs pediátricas do Rio de Janeiro, número de leitos, distribui o geográfica, natureza pública ou privada, tipo de atendimento e de hospital, estudar a demanda da popula o e elaborar propostas de melhoria na eqüidade. MéTODOS: Foram visitadas todas as UTIs do Estado, de julho de 97 a junho de 98, levantado o número de leitos e tempo médio de permanência. Com essas informa es e dados do IBGE, estabeleceu-se a necessidade de leitos e a compara o entre oferta e demanda por regi es, formulando-se propostas de melhoria na eqüidade. RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas 80 UTIs (excluídas seis), totalizando 1.080 leitos; 60% intensivos e 40% semi-intensivos; 57% públicos e 43% privados; 52% em UTIs neonatais exclusivas, 14% em pediátricas e 34% em mistas (65% leitos neonatais), totalizando 791 leitos neonatais (73%). A maioria das UTIs (75%) situava-se em hospitais gerais, 20% em maternidades ou hospitais materno-infantis e somente 5% eram centros universitários; a maioria na regi o metropolitana (89%), com 93% dos leitos para 74% da popula o infantil, dos quais a maioria na cidade do Rio de Janeiro (76%), com 73% dos leitos para 37% da popula o, enquanto que no interior existem apenas oito unidades (11%) e 79 leitos (7%) para 26% da popula o. CONCLUS ES: N o há eqüidade na distribui o e no acesso aos leitos disponíveis, com carência no setor público e excesso no privado, grande concentra o na regi o metropolitana e somente 5% das UTIs em hospitais universitários, propondo-se medidas de redistribui o e aloca o de novos leitos em regi es mais carentes, associada à cria o de uma central de vagas e sistema eficiente de transporte e referência.
In vitro establishment of pepper-rosmarin nodal segments
Blank, Arie F;Costa, Andréa S da;Arrigoni-Blank, Maria de Fátima;Mendon?a, Aline B de;Ledo, Ana da S;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362008000200025
Abstract: pepper-rosmarin (lippia sidoides cham.) is a native medicinal plant from the brazilian biome caatinga. its high economical importance comes from the antimicrobial properties of thymol and carvacrol, both present in the pepper-rosmarin essential oil. nodal segments of pepper-rosmarin were established in vitro to evaluate different growth regulators. we tested four concentrations of iba (0.0; 0.01; 0.05; and 0.1 mg l-1) combined with six concentrations of bap (0.0; 0.1; 0.5; 1.0; 2.0; and 4.0 mg l-1) in assay 1; five concentrations of naa (0.0; 0.1; 0.25; 0.5; and 1.0 mg l-1) in assay 2; two concentrations of naa (0.0 and 0.01 mg l-1) combined with five concentrations of kinetin (0.0; 0.25; 0.5; 1.0; and 2.0 mg l-1) in assay 3; five concentrations of iaa (0.0; 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; and 2.0 mg l-1) in assay 4; and five concentrations of ga3 (0.0; 0.1; 0.5; 1.0; and 1.5 mg l-1) in assay 5. the use of bap, iba, naa and kin did not influence the number of shoots. the addition of 0.1 mg l-1 of naa at the culture medium resulted in larger shoot length per explant, while the concentration of 1.0 mg l-1 of kinetin promoted larger shoot length in general. ga3 did not affect the elongation of pepper-rosmarin shoots when cultivated in vitro.
Estabelecimento de alecrim-pimenta in vitro
Costa, Andréa S da;Arrigoni-Blank, Maria de Fátima;Blank, Arie F;Mendon?a, Aline B de;Amancio, Ver?nica F;Ledo, Ana da S;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362007000100013
Abstract: lippia sidoides cham. is a native shrub from the semi-arid region of northeast brazil. its essential oil has high commercial value, due to the major compounds thymol and carvacrol, which have strong antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. the effect of concentrations and immersion time in sodium hypochlorite, culture media, the use of antibiotic and antioxidants on in vitro establishment of l. sidoides were evaluated. the assays were conducted in a completely randomized design. we evaluated the concentrations 0.2; 0.4; 0.6 and 0.8% of sodium hypochlorite and 8; 12; 16 and 20 minutes of immersion, in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme; the concentrations 0; 50; 100; 150 and 200 mg l-1 of cefotaxime sodium; the medium cultures ms, b5 and wpm; and the effect of antioxidants (pvp: 0.5 and 2 g l-1; and activated charcoal: 3 and 12 g l-1). the concentration of 0.8% of sodium hypochlorite resulted in a significantly higher (p<0.01) number of leaves per shoot: 1.88. for the other characteristics we did not observe any significant effect of sodium hypochlorite concentrations: the contamination varied from 33.7 to 50.6%; the number of new shoots varied from 1.17 to 1.65, and the number of leaves per explant varied from 1.77 to 3.07. although we did not observe significant difference for immersion times, 12 and 16 minutes of immersion tend to result in minor contamination. increasing the immersion time from 16 to 20 minutes tends to induce a reduction of new shoots (form 1.52 to 1.22), number of leaves per explant (from 2.62 to 1.81) and number of leaves per shoot (from 1.70 to 1.24). the use of cefotaxime sodium reduced significatively the bacterial contamination (55.23% at the control treatment; 9.99% at the 200 mg l-1 concentration), increasing the survival of explants from 0 (control) to 37.32% (200 mg l-1). the medium cultures offered statistically identical results. all the evaluated antioxidants, even at the lowest concentrations, reduced the oxidation from 50% (control) to as l
Evaluación del dise?o curricular del perfil de Gestión de Información en Salud de la carrera de Tecnología de la Salud
Vidal Ledo,María;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to present the evaluation of the curriculum design of the health information management profile as part of the design and implementation process, starting from the carrying out of the research-action project that gave rise to it. development: the evaluative model was designed in a participative way by incorporating all the parts involved. the evaluation was conceived in such a way that it would be centred in the institution and in the user, and that the corresponding decisions for its improvement could be taken, directed to the achievement of the planned goals, the curriculum and the teaching-learning process by applying different techniques and tools. it had three stages: self-evaluation, adjustment and improvement and external assessment. it was recommended to maintain the current curriculum design, with light changes, without affecting its essence. it was proved the pertinence of the pedagogical model, which conserves the ruling ideas of the axes in the formation of values and linking in the social practice. it also preserves the continuity of the studies according to the spheres of competence and performance of the students. the strategy for the intensive use of the information and communications technologies in the teaching-learning process, and in the network work was defined. the early decentralization of the curriculum without guaranteeing the methodological assurance, the material conditions, and the accreditation of the teaching settings was considered a deficiency. conclusions: a lack of bibliography and equipment was observed, and the appropriate measures for the effective development of the teaching process and the adjustment of the educational model as a whole were taken. recommendations for the future work were made.
Modelo educativo para la formación de recursos humanos de la salud pública cubana en la gestión de información en salud
Vidal Ledo,María;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2007,
Abstract: objective: to present the grounds of the educative model for the training of human resources in health information management. development: it starts from the learning needs for the training of competences that allow an adequate performance in the cuban health systems and services. the training, design and architecture axes of the referred model are analyzed. conclusions: the model integrated a process that takes into consideration the habilitation, upgrading, training and improvement of the human resources in health information management. it helped to have a wide profile graduate specialized in the disciplines of informatics, health statistics and scientific information. its integration into the development strategies of the national health system, into the informatization sphere of the sector, and in the universalization of higher education in the health technology licentiate, was highlighted
Modelo educativo para la formación de recursos humanos de la salud pública cubana en la gestión de información en salud Educative model for the training of the Cuban public health human resources in health information management
María Vidal Ledo
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2007,
Abstract: Objetivo: presentar la fundamentación del modelo educativo para la formación de recursos humanos en la gestión de información en salud. Desarrollo: se parte de las necesidades de aprendizaje para la formación de competencias que permitan un desempe o adecuado en los sistemas y servicios de salud cubanos. Se analizan los ejes de formación, dise o y arquitectura del referido modelo. Conclusiones: el modelo integró un proceso que contempla la habilitación, capacitación, preparación y perfeccionamiento de recursos humanos en gestión de información en salud. Contribuyó a obtener un graduado de perfil amplio especializado en las disciplinas de Informática, Estadísticas Sanitarias e Información Científica. Se destacó su integración en las estrategias de desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Salud, en la esfera de la informatización del sector y en la universalización de la educación superior en la Licenciatura en Tecnología de la salud Objective: to present the grounds of the educative model for the training of human resources in health information management. Development: it starts from the learning needs for the training of competences that allow an adequate performance in the Cuban health systems and services. The training, design and architecture axes of the referred model are analyzed. Conclusions: the model integrated a process that takes into consideration the habilitation, upgrading, training and improvement of the human resources in health information management. It helped to have a wide profile graduate specialized in the disciplines of Informatics, Health Statistics and Scientific Information. Its integration into the development strategies of the National Health System, into the informatization sphere of the sector, and in the universalization of higher education in the Health Technology Licentiate, was highlighted
Dise o curricular por competencias
María Vidal Ledo
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2003,
Abstract:
Evaluación del dise o curricular del perfil de Gestión de Información en Salud de la carrera de Tecnología de la Salud Evaluation of the curriculum design of the Health Information Management profile of the Health Technology career
María Vidal Ledo
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2008,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: presentar la evaluación del currículo del perfil de Gestión de Información en Salud, como parte del proceso de dise o e implantación a partir de la ejecución del proyecto de investigación-acción que le dio origen. DESARROLLO: el modelo evaluativo fue concebido de manera participativa mediante la incorporación de todos los actores involucrados. Se consideró la evaluación de manera que estuviera centrada en la institución y el usuario, y se pudieran tomar las decisiones correspondientes para su perfeccionamiento, orientadas hacia el alcance de los objetivos planificados, el plan de estudios y el proceso de ense anza-aprendizaje, aplicando diversas técnicas e instrumentos. Fue aplicado en 3 fases: autoevaluación, ajuste y mejora y evaluación externa. Se plantea mantener el dise o curricular actual con ligeras modificaciones que no afectan su esencia, también se comprobó la pertinencia del modelo pedagógico el cual conserva las ideas rectoras de los ejes en la formación de valores y vinculación en la práctica social y preserva la continuidad de estudios según las esferas de competencia y desempe o de los educandos, así como fue definida la estrategia para el uso intensivo de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en el proceso de ense anza-aprendizaje y el trabajo en red. Se apreció como deficiencia la descentralización prematura del plan de estudios sin garantizar el aseguramiento metodológico, condiciones materiales y acreditación de escenarios docentes. CONCLUSIONES: se identificaron las insuficiencias de cobertura en equipamiento y bibliografía y se tomaron las medidas correspondientes para el desarrollo efectivo del proceso docente y ajustes al modelo educativo en su conjunto. Se realizaron recomendaciones para el trabajo futuro. OBJECTIVE: to present the evaluation of the curriculum design of the Health Information Management profile as part of the design and implementation process, starting from the carrying out of the research-action project that gave rise to it. DEVELOPMENT: the evaluative model was designed in a participative way by incorporating all the parts involved. The evaluation was conceived in such a way that it would be centred in the institution and in the user, and that the corresponding decisions for its improvement could be taken, directed to the achievement of the planned goals, the curriculum and the teaching-learning process by applying different techniques and tools. It had three stages: self-evaluation, adjustment and improvement and external assessment. It was recommended to maintain the current curricul
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