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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3051 matches for " Anders Bremer "
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Suspicion and treatment of severe sepsis. An overview of the prehospital chain of care
Johan Herlitz, Angela B?ng, Birgitta Wireklint Sundstrom, Christer Axelsson, Anders Bremer, Magnus Hagiwara, Anders Jonsson, Lars Lundberg, Bj?rn-Ove Suserud, Lars Ljungstr?m
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1757-7241-20-42
Abstract: To describe what has been published in the literature a/ with regard to the association between delay until start of treatment and outcome in sepsis with the emphasis on the pre-hospital phase and b/ to present published data and the opportunity to improve various links in the pre-hospital chain of care in sepsis.A literature search was performed on the PubMed, Embase (Ovid SP) and Cochrane Library databases.In overall terms, we found a small number of articles (n?=?12 of 1,162 unique hits) which addressed the prehospital phase. For each hour of delay until the start of antibiotics, the prognosis appeared to become worse. However, there was no evidence that prehospital treatment improved the prognosis.Studies indicated that about half of the patients with severe sepsis used the emergency medical service (EMS) for transport to hospital. Patients who used the EMS experienced a shorter delay to treatment with antibiotics and the start of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT). Among EMS-transported patients, those in whom the EMS staff already suspected sepsis at the scene had a shorter delay to treatment with antibiotics and the start of EGDT.There are insufficient data on other links in the prehospital chain of care, i.e. patients, bystanders and dispatchers.Severe sepsis is a life-threatening condition. Previous studies suggest that, with every hour of delay until the start of antibiotics, the prognosis deteriorates. About half of the patients use the EMS. We need to know more about the present situation with regard to the different links in the prehospital chain of care in sepsis.
Long-term trends in the ionospheric E and F1 regions
J. Bremer
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2008,
Abstract: Ground based ionosonde measurements are the most essential source of information about long-term variations in the ionospheric E and F1 regions. Data of such observations have been derived at many different ionospheric stations all over the world some for more than 50 years. The standard parameters foE, h'E, and foF1 are used for trend analyses in this paper. Two main problems have to be considered in these analyses. Firstly, the data series have to be homogeneous, i.e. the observations should not be disturbed by artificial steps due to technical reasons or changes in the evaluation algorithm. Secondly, the strong solar and geomagnetic influences upon the ionospheric data have carefully to be removed by an appropriate regression analysis. Otherwise the small trends in the different ionospheric parameters cannot be detected. The trends derived at individual stations differ markedly, however their dependence on geographic or geomagnetic latitude is only small. Nevertheless, the mean global trends estimated from the trends at the different stations show some general behaviour (positive trends in foE and foF1, negative trend in h'E) which can at least qualitatively be explained by an increasing atmospheric greenhouse effect (increase of CO2 content and other greenhouse gases) and decreasing ozone values. The positive foE trend is also in qualitative agreement with rocket mass spectrometer observations of ion densities in the E region. First indications could be found that the changing ozone trend at mid-latitudes (before about 1979, between 1979 until 1995, and after about 1995) modifies the estimated mean foE trend.
Review: Anja Wei (2001). Rassismus wider Willen. Ein anderer Blick auf eine Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit Review: Anja Wei (2001). Rassismus wider Willen. Ein anderer Blick auf eine Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit [Racism against Intention. A Different View on a Structure of Social Inequality] Rese a: Anja Wei (2001). Rassismus wider Willen. Ein anderer Blick auf eine Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit [Racismo a contra voluntad. Otra mirada sobre una estructura de desigualdad social]
Helmut Bremer
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2002,
Abstract: Die Arbeit liefert einen Beitrag zur Debatte um Rassismus und Interkulturalit t sowie zur Anwendung qualitativer Forschungsverfahren im Rahmen der Theorie BOURDIEUs. Rassismus und Anti-Rassismus werden nicht isoliert betrachtet, sondern als eine Dimension sozialer Ungleichheit, die in eine umfassende Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit eingebunden werden muss. Vorgeschlagen wird BOURDIEUs Konzept von Habitus, Feld und Kapital. Das erm glicht einen anderen Blick auf das Ph nomen. Rassismus reproduziert sich nach diesem Ansatz nicht nur auf der Ebene inhaltlich-ideologischer und normativer Diskurse, sondern über die allt glichen Praktiken, die im Habitus angelegt sind. Untersucht wird das am Beispiel von anti-rassistisch engagierten Gruppen, wobei gefragt wird, inwiefern diese rassistische Effekte ausl sen k nnen, ohne das intendiert zu haben. Als Untersuchungsinstrumente werden das Gruppendiskussionsverfahren und das "Improvisierende Rollenspiel" eingesetzt, die in neuartiger Weise miteinander verknüpft werden. Dadurch gelingt es, Habitusmuster umfassender aufzudecken und der empirischen Analyse zug nglich zu machen. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0204400 The book contributes to the debate about racism and inter-culturalism as well as to the use of qualitative research methods within the scope of the theory of BOURDIEU. Racism and anti-racism are considered as a specific dimension of social inequality and, therefore, must be connected with a more comprehensive theory of social inequality such as BOURDIEUs concepts of habitus, field and capital. This allows for a different view on the phenomenon. According to this perspective, racism is not only reproduced by ideological and normative discourses, but also by the practices of every day life, which are parts of the habitus. As an example for this approach, the author examines groups that are engaged in anti-racism. The question is whether they may release racist effects without having intended to do so. The instruments of analysis are group discussions and "improvised role-plays," which are combined in an innovative way. This offers a comprehensive access to the empirical analysis of habitus. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0204400 El trabajo brinda una contribución acerca del debate sobre racismo e intercultura como también sobre la aplicación del proceso de investigación cualitativa en el marco de la teoría de BOURDIEU. El racismo y el antiracismo no se consideran en forma separada sino como una dimensión de desigualdad social, que debe ser comprendida en una abarcativa teoría de desigualdad social. Se propone el concepto de
Why and how to be a Dialetheist
Manuel Bremer
Studia Philosophica Estonica , 2008,
Abstract: In the first part the paper rehearses the main arguments why to be a dialetheist (i.e. why to assume that some contradictions are true). Dialetheism, however, has been criticised as irrational or self-refutating. Therefore the second part of the paper outlines one way to make dialetheism rational assertable. True contradictions turn out to be both believable and assertable. The argument proceeds by setting out basic principles of assertion and denial, and employing bivalent truth value operators.
The Logic of Truth in Paraconsistent Internal Realism
Manuel Bremer
Studia Philosophica Estonica , 2008,
Abstract: The paper discusses which modal principles should hold for a truth operator answering to the truth theory of internal realism. It turns out that the logic of truth in internal realism is isomorphic to the modal system S4.
Investigations of long-term trends in the ionosphere with world-wide ionosonde observations*
J. Bremer
Advances in Radio Science : Kleinheubacher Berichte , 2004,
Abstract: Basing on model calculations by Roble and Dickinson (1989) for an increasing content of atmospheric greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere Rishbeth (1990) predicted a lowering of the ionospheric F2- and E-regions. Later Rishbeth and Roble (1992) also predicted characteristic longterm changes of the maximum electron density values of the ionospheric E-, F1-, and F2-layers. Long-term observations at more than 100 ionosonde stations have been analyzed to test these model predictions. In the E- and F1-layers the derived experimental results agree reasonably with the model trends (lowering of h'E and increase of oE and oF1, in the E-layer the experimental values are however markedly stronger than the model data). In the ionospheric F2-region the variability of the trends derived at the different individual stations for hmF2 as well as oF2 values is too large to estimate reasonable global mean trends. The reason of the large differences between the individual trends is not quite clear. Strong dynamical effects may play an important role in the F2-region. But also inhomogeneous data series due to technical changes as well as changes in the evaluation algorithms used during the long observation periods may influence the trend analyses.
Trends in the ionospheric E and F regions over Europe
J. Bremer
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2003,
Abstract: Continuous observations in the ionospheric E and F regions have been regularly carried out since the fifties of this century at many ionosonde stations. Using these data from 31 European stations long-term trends have been derived for different parameters of the ionospheric E layer (h' E, foE), F1 layer (foF1) and F2 layer (hmF2, foF2). The detected trends in the E and F1 layers (lowering of the E region height h'E; increase of the peak electron densities of the E and F1 layers, foE and foF1) are in qualitative agreement with model predictions of an increasing atmospheric greenhouse effect. In the F2 region, however, the results are more complex. Whereas in the European region west of 30° E negative trends in hmF2 (peak height of the F2 layer) and in the peak electron density (foF2) have been found, in the eastern part of Europe (east of 30° E) positive trends dominate in both parameters. These marked longitudinal differences cannot be explained by an increasing greenhouse effect only, here probably dynamical effects in the F2 layer seem to play an essential role. Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (Pressure · density and temperature) · Ionosphere (Mid-latitude ionosphere) · Radio science (Ionospheric propagation).
Conversus, confirma fratres tuos. Zum 'Ich' in Konversionsberichten in den ersten Jahrzehnten nach der Reformation
Bremer, Kai
Zeitenblicke , 2002,
Abstract: Schriften von Konvertiten über Konversionen sind in der Reformationszeit durch einen besonders intensiven Bekenntnisdrang gekennzeichnet - unabh ngig von der Konfession, zu der der Konvertit übertritt. Rechtfertigung für den einschneidenden Schritt ist ein weiteres Anliegen der Konvertiten. Einige Konvertiten betonen gar die Kontinuit t ihrer theologischen Position, um den Konversionsakt abzuschw chen. Trotzdem oder gerade deswegen thematisieren die meisten Konvertiten ihre Konversion nur sehr zaghaft. Denn vornehmstes Anliegen der Konvertiten war nicht die Darstellung der eigenen Konversion, sondern der Appell an ehemalige Mitgl ubige, den Schritt der Konversion nachzuvollziehen. Vor diesem Hintergrund überrascht es nicht, dass sich in den untersuchten Texten nur sp rliche autobiographische Spuren finden, obwohl einige dieser Schriften explizit in der ersten Person Singular verfasst sind.
The mean solar magnetic field as an indicator of the interplanetary magnetic field
J. Bremer
Annals of Geophysics , 1996, DOI: 10.4401/ag-4003
Abstract: The Mean Solar Magnetic Field (MSMF) measured daily by ground based observations at the Standford Observatory shows similar structures like the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) near the Earth about 5 to 7 days later. The ionospheric effect in the mid-latitude F2-region due to such MSMF changes is most marked for strong MSMF changes from anti to pro sectors. The mean ionospheric response is very similar to the results obtained earlier with IMF sector structure data derived from Svalgaard (1976) and Wilcox (1982, private communication). Therefore, the MSMF data can successfully be used to predict the mean IMF sector structure and the mean ionospheric response 5 to 7 days in advance.
Common Factors between Swedish and Chinese Entrepreneurial Leadership Styles
Ingmar Bremer
Business Intelligence Journal , 2009,
Abstract: This paper includes a comparative study of the entrepreneurial leadership of both Sweden and China, taking into consideration such factors as their political and economic history, leadership styles, and regulatory changes. It will conclude with an analysis of the factors that both entrepreneur leadership styles have in common, as well as substantial differences between fundamental approaches to business development.
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