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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16625 matches for " Anab Adam Ahmed "
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Prevalence of Rifampicin Resistance and Associated Risk Factors among Suspected Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Cases in TB Centers Mogadishu-Somalia: Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ahmed Y. Guled, Ayub Hassan Elmi, Bashir Mohamud Abdi, Abdihamid Mohamed Ali Rage, Fartun Mohamed Ali, Abdullahi Hassan Abdinur, Abdullahi Abdulle Ali, Anab Adam Ahmed, Khadra Abdullahi Ibrahim, Salah Osman Mohamed, Fos Ali Mire, Omar Abdi Adem, Ali Dirie Osman
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2016.62003
Abstract: Introduction and Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a significant global health concern. Patients who had failed previous TB treatment, relapsed after treatment, contacted known MDRTB patients or defaulted during previous treatment, and HIV patients are considered to be suspected and at high risk for developing drug resistant TB specially MDR-TB. However, there is little data available on the prevalence and trends of MDR tuberculosis in national level but luck of it in Mogadishu is our main concern. Methodology: This was a crosssectional, descriptive study involving all suspected MDR TB patients attended at the Mogadishu three Tb centers. Results: A total of 138 cases of suspected MDRTB patients were included in the study. Of these, 70 patients (51%) had rifampicin resistant-TB. Of the 138 study participants, 94 (68.62%) were between 21 - 40 years old that indicates the dominance of productive age group (21 - 40 years). Previous Tuberculosis treatment has been noted to be a major risk factor for development of multidrug resistance tuberculosis. MDR-TB prevalence is significantly higher in male than female patients. Conclusion and Interpretation: The prevalence of Rifampicin resistance among these high risk groups was significant. The high association of previous TB treatment to MDR-TB might be explained due to inappropriate anti-tubercular regimens, sub-optimal drugs, inadequate or irregular drug supply, unsatisfactory patient or clinician compliance, lack of supervision of treatment and absence of infection control measures in healthcare facilities. As the prevalence of MDRTB is high and yet the cases remain un-isolated in the community we recommend the MOH/NTP and funding agencies to facilitate establishment of MDRTB management centers earlier in Mogadishu in order to treat the MDRTB case otherwise it might Amplify of the incidence of this Emerging Disease.
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2007,
Abstract: Textile manufacturing consumes a considerable amount of water in its manufacturing processes. The water is primarily utilized in the dyeing and finishing operations of the textile establishments. Considering both the volume generated and the effluent composition, the textile industry wastewater is rated as the most polluting among all industrial sectors. In this study a combined anaerobic-aerobic reactor was operated continuously for treatment of textile wastewater. Cosmo balls were used to function as growth media for microorganisms in anaerobic reactor. Effect of pH, dissolved oxygen, and organic changes in nitrification and denatrification process were investigated. The results indicated that over 84.62% ammonia nitrogen and about 98.9% volatile suspended solid (VSS) removal efficiency could be obtained. Dissolved oxygen (DO), pH were shown to have only slight influences on the nitrification process; and for each 10% removal of nitrogen, only 3% of pH changes were achieved.
National Security, Good Governance and Integration in Nigeria since 1999: A Discourse
Ahmed Adam Okene
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n10p166
Abstract: At its 50th Independence Anniversary in October 2010, Nigeria still grapple with serious national insecurity, ethno-communal conflicts and lacking socio- cultural integration and appreciable material development. Though Nigeria’s current malaise can be traced to, among many other factors, the despotic nature of colonial rule, misrule of autocratic military regimes of the past and the general bad political leadership that entrenched unpopular policies, Nigeria need to invest massively on education and institute good governance that uphold the rule of law, accountability, protection of human rights, free and independent electoral systems and forbid evils in order to join the global comity of nations. In addition, the country can come out of the present predicament in which kidnapping and drug trafficking have become norms by waging an unselective war on corruption, establishing effective Agency for social mobilization and character reorientation, and entrenching principles of “Multiple Identities’ and ‘Unity in Diversity”. Above all, the country needs to modernize its security bodies to meet global challenges and benchmarks just as Nigerians must accept the country as theirs and therefore abide by public rules, be patriotic, uphold good neighbourliness and always preferring the national interests to selfish ambitions and personal greed. However, the onus to implement these palliatives is not only with the scholars whose tasks undoubtedly, have become more demanding than hitherto but particularly with the politicians, advisors, policy makers and administrators of the Nigeria polity.
Changes in weight and metabolic parameters following long-term iloperidone use: A meta-analysis of data from 9 Phase II and III trials of iloperidone  [PDF]
Marla Hochfeld, Saeeduddin Ahmed, Xiangyi Meng, Adam Winseck
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.224058
Abstract: Objective: To determine the impact of iloperidone treatment on metabolic parameters. Methods: Data were analyzed from 3210 patients who received iloperidone and 587 patients who received placebo for up to 2 years during 9 Phase II and Phase III studies (integrated safety database). Patients were pooled by most frequent iloperidone dose into 3 groups: 4 - 8 mg/d, 10 - 16 mg/d, and 20 - 24 mg/d. Laboratory data from 8 studies were random (fasting and nonfasting) while patients from 1 study (n = 447) were all sampled at fasting. Results: Mean (standard deviation [SD]) weight gain from baseline to endpoint was 2.1 (6.8) kg for all patients on iloperidone. Fasting mean (SD) total cholesterol changes from baseline to end of study were 8.2 (31.6) for iloperidone and -2.2 (35.2) mg/dL for placebo. Fasting mean (SD) triglyceride changes during this period were iloperidone: -0.83 (82.3); placebo: 16.5 (113.1) mg/dL. Fasting mean (SD) glucose changes were iloperidone: 6.6 (24.0); placebo: -0.05 (17.0) mg/dL from baseline to end of study. Glycosylated hemoglobin levels were unchanged following iloperidone treatment. Conclusion: These data suggest a metabolic profile for iloperidone of modest weight gain accompanied by small changes in lipids and glucose that are unlikely to be of clinical concern.
Shari’ah Implementation in a Democratic Nigeria: Historical Background and the Quest for Developmental Legality
Juwayriya Badamasiuy,Ahmed Adam Okene
Journal of Politics and Law , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v4n2p144
Abstract: The return of democracy in Nigeria’s political landscape in 1999 after decades of either brutal military dictatorship or truncated democracy brought several opportunities to citizens. Democracy to Northern Nigeria Muslims meant an avenue to return to the full application of Shari’ah Islamic law through the purview of operational 1999 constitution. However, the manners of the implementation of sharia’h in an environment of pervasive official sleazebag, infrastructural decay and lack of transparency created inertia, despondency and mistrust. If sharia’h is to have fruitful meanings, it has to be developmental. This work discusses all these, the history and the controversies that surrounds the application of shari’ah and insisted that sharia’h states of Nigeria should concentrate on the aspects that foster prosperity, good governance, equity in ownership and distribution of wealth while also exploring developmental micro- takaful and awkaf so as to improve the well beings of the poor.
Effects of Site Burning on Multiple Leader Formation and Growth Performance of Selected Acacia Genotypes  [PDF]
Ahmed Mohamed Adam Eldoma, Sures M. Kumar, Nor Aini Ab Shukor
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.65083
Abstract: Loss of apical dominance, resulting in seedlings with more than one leader, generally referred to as multiple leaders (ML), has been a major problem in forest tree plantation in the tropics. A study to examine the effects of site preparation by burning on growth performance and multiple leaders (ML) formation, and its variation in eight-genotypes of Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis was conducted. The design used for this field trial is a randomized complete block design with four replications at two sites (burnt and unburned) and eight genotypes (four from each species), and the effects were monitored for 24 months. There were significant differences at P < 0.05 between sites and genotypes for the number of ML trees/plot, basal diameter and survival. Differences among the genotypes, in terms of height, were also significant, but not between sites. The site × genotype interaction was significant only for ML trees per plot. Generally, the number and the size of ML trees per plot in the burnt site were higher and bigger than those in the unburned site. The number of ML trees per plot formed increased exponentially with time, reaching a peak in about four months after their first occurrence and then leveled off to an almost steady state thereafter at both sites. The average number of multiples (leaders) per tree ranged from 2 to 5 at the burnt site whilst at the unburned site, all the ML trees were of two leaders. A. mangium provenances were more responsive to burning than A. auriculiformis, whereas at the unburned site, the variation between them was not significant. Based on the above variation, it can be concluded that burning causes ML formation and can affect the growth of these selected Acacia genotypes.
Stimulation of Multiple Leader Formation in Some Genotypes of Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis with 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP)  [PDF]
Ahmed Mohamed Adam Eldoma, Sures Kumar Muniandi, Nor Aini Ab Shukor
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2015.57056
Abstract: Acacia mangium Willd. and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex. Benth. are two of the fast-growing tropical acacias which have received priority for genetic assessment and improvement. They were therefore proposed for timber production in a short rotation in Malaysia but were impeded by the multiple leaders (ML) formation which limited their value as sawn timber. This work attempts to investigate the causes of ML formation in four genotypes of A. mangium and A. auriculiformis as related to apical dominance, nutrition and plant growth hormones and their correlations. The effects of 6-benzylaminopurine and decapitation on ML formation of these genotypes were also investigated. 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) as a foliar spray and also decapitation did not stimulate ML formation. However, they significantly increased the number of branches and reduced all other growth traits including height. However, basal diameter was not affected by decapitation. The effects of BAP increased consistently with increasing level of application. BAP at 1500 mg·L-1 resulted in mortality of A. mangium provenances while A. auriculiformis provenances survived and grew normally. Some of the BAP treated plants of both species developed juvenile pinnate leaves. Decapitation of the apical bud resulted in the activation of the lateral bud immediately below the point of decapitation.
Total Linkage of Quaternion Algebras in characteristic two
Adam Chapman,Andrew Dolphin,Ahmed Laghribi
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We study the subfields of quaternion algebras that are quadratic extensions of their center in characteristic $2$. We provide examples of the following: Two nonisomorphic quaternion algebras that share all their quadratic subfields, two quaternion algebras that share all the inseparable but not all the separable quadratic subfields, and two algebras that share all the separable but not all the inseparable quadratic subfields. We also discuss quaternion algebras over global fields and fields of Laurent series over a perfect field of characteristic $2$ and show that the quaternion algebras over these fields are determined by their separable quadratic subfields.
First-Line Drug Resistance Patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolates from Re-Treatment Patients from Sudan  [PDF]
Muatsim Ahmed Mohammed Adam, Hamdan Mustafa Hamdan Ali, Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2016.43012
Abstract: Drug susceptibility testing (DST) plays a pivotal role in TB patients’ management leading to the selection of most effective drugs. This study aimed to determine resistance patterns to first line anti-TB drugs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from re-treated patients from Sudan. A total of 239 sputum specimens were collected from smear positive re-treatment TB patients during the period from July 2009 to July 2010. Specimens were pre-treated according to Petroff method. The recovered isolates were tested for sensitivity to first line anti-TB drugs by the 1% proportion method. One hundred and forty three (143/239, 59.8%) mycobacterial isolates were successfully recovered. The majority (98.6%, 141/143) of the isolates were Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains. Two strains (2/143, 1.4%) were identified as RIF/INH-resistant MOTT, while fifty four isolates (38.3%, 54/141) were MDR. Multi- drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MDR-TB) among re-treatment patients from national referral centers for tuberculosis diagnosis and management was considerably high in the study isolates.
Study on Sesame Export for Sudan Based on Gravity Model  [PDF]
Mansour Yousif Ahmed Adam, Shiwei Xu, Wen Yu, Shengwei Wang, Siek Darith
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.52B004
This study aimed to investigate the effect of social and economic differences between importer and exporter countries on trade flows of Sesame seed product. The analysis was carried out by estimating the gravity model. The sample covered a total of 14 countries for the period from 1997 to 2009. The results showed that the social and economic differences between countries have a significant and positive or negative effect on Sesame seeds trade. Furthermore, we found that the same language, distance and sesame production in export country have positive effect for the sesame export from Sudan.
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