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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 46101 matches for " Ana Rita Conde;Machado "
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Género e violência conjugal: Uma rela??o cultural
Dias,Ana Rita Conde; Machado,Carla;
Análise Psicológica , 2008,
Abstract: this work emphasizes the need to pay attention to gender in the analysis of violence against women. it is considered that gender is a social construction closely implicated in the way marital violence is culturally experienced. through a brief revision about how differences between men and women have been construed, and the analysis of “gender” conceptualization, a social constructionist perspective on the social and cultural nature of gender is defended. it is further analysed the way how the scientific community and the different theoretical approaches to violence look at the relation between marital violence and gender. in face of the existent controversies and lack of consensus, a cultural approach to the gender/ violence relation is proposed. it is stressed that marital violence and gender can’t be analysed separately: they are interconnected, gender being a part of the cultural context of violence.
Amor e violência na intimidade: da essência à constru??o social
Dias, Ana Rita Conde;Machado, Carla;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822011000300007
Abstract: in this article we intend to describe and analyze theoretical approaches on love formulated by social sciences, namely psychology. our goal is to present a general understanding about how the phenomenon has been conceptualized and analyzing how love and violence have been articulated. considering the main contributions and limitations of each theory, we sustain that love is a culturally constructed phenomenon and that the adoption of a constructionist approach is needed to understand how violence and love are related and to deconstruct discourses that may contribute to violent behaviors.
Las pruebas epicutáneas de contacto en medicina laboral Patch testing in occupational medicine
Carolina Granados Rincón,Nelly Machado Benavides,Ana Rita Rodrigues-Barata,Luis Conde-Salazar Gómez
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2013,
Abstract: Dentro de la Medicina Laboral las dermatosis ocupacionales suponen entre el 30-60% del total de enfermedades profesionales y, dentro de ellas el 80-90% son dermatitis de contacto. Este alto número no se ve reflejado en datos oficiales debido a que en muchas ocasiones, al ser condiciones de rápida resolución o de escasa repercusión sistémica, no son declaradas. En relación a las dermatitis de contacto, la forma más frecuente en el entorno laboral es la forma alérgica y la que preferentemente se declara, al ser un proceso que en muchas ocasiones constituye motivo de incapacidad. Para el abordaje diagnóstico y correspondiente asociación con el entorno de trabajo es imprescindible realizar una historia clínica laboral completa junto con la descripción de las lesiones, y la utilización de métodos diagnósticos distintos a los de otros procesos no cutáneos, como son las pruebas de parche (patch test) o pruebas epicutáneas. Constituyen un método simple, accesible y seguro para llegar al diagnóstico de las dermatitis alérgicas de contacto. Incluyen una batería estándar, propia de un país donde se trabaja, ampliada de baterías específicas en relación con el perfil, las tareas y los productos manipulados por el trabajador. La prevención en el trabajo es el único tratamiento etiológico para la sustitución y control de los riesgos laborales relacionados con las dermatosis profesionales. In occupational medicine, occupational dermatoses account for 30 to 60% of the total amount of occupational diseases and, within 80 to 90% of them correspond to contact dermatitis. This high number is not reflected in official data because in most cases, as conditions of rapid resolution or low systemic impact, they are not declared. Regarding contact dermatitis, the most common type in the workplace is the allergic type, which preferably is declared, because often results in disability. For the correct diagnosis and association with the work environment is essential to make a full history of the patient' occupational background, correct description of the skin lesions, and the use of diagnostic methods other than those of non-cutaneous processes, such as patch testing. They provide a simple, accessible and safe method for the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis. They include a standard national baseline series, proper of the country where the patient works, and additional extended series, specific to the occupation performed by the worker. Prevention at work is the only etiological treatment for replacement and control of occupational hazards associated with occupational skin d
Put Yourself in My Shoes: Perspectives of Adolescents about What Makes an Obesity Intervention Effective  [PDF]
Ana Prioste, Helena Fonseca, Pedro Sousa, Pedro Gaspar, Rita Francisco, Maria do Céu Machado
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.714201
Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to investigate the adolescents’ perspectives about 1) the changing process promoted by a weight management program; 2) the factors which may act as facilitators and barriers to obesity management; 3) the strategies that should be included in order to design a successful weight management program. Methods: Data were collected by in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with 16 overweight adolescents, aged 12 - 18 years. Thematic analysis was used for analysing the data. Results: Findings suggest that attributions (internal and external), functions (barriers and facilitators) and perceptual changes (lifestyle and body and mind changes) play distinct roles in the changing process. Interactions recognized as high quality ones, acquisition of new knowledge and competencies and encouragement throughout the process, were identified as facilitators. Negative patterns of interaction, collection of anthropometric data and internal resistances, were identified as barriers. The relevance of developing systemic interventions including family and peers, and the use of Information and Communication Technologies were highlighted. Conclusion: This study aims to contribute for a deeper understanding of the factors and processes behind adherence to weight management. Implications for the design of future more effective strategies and implementation of appropriate interventions are discussed.
O lugar da m?e na prática da amamenta??o de sua filha nutriz: o estar junto
Machado, Ana Rita Marinho;Nakano, Ana Márcia Spanó;Almeida, Ana Maria de;Mamede, Marli Villela;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672004000200010
Abstract: the authors' disquietudes are related to the structure for supporting women to breastfeed within their family environment. it is a qualitative study aiming at understanding the significance of breastfeeding among mothers and primiparous daughters, as well as identifying how the mother perceive herself as a means of support for her primiparous daughter and vice versa. the historic social construction of women for maternity has been used as a theoretical referential. the sample was made up of 10 women - five primiparous daughters and their mothers. the participation of the mother in her daughter's maternity was "to be along with her", sharing knowledge and life experiences.
Kathon CG y Dermatología Laboral: Actualización
Rodrigues Barata,Ana Rita; Rodríguez Espinosa,Jesús; Heras Mendaza,Felipe; Conde-Salazar Gomèz,Luis;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2012000300008
Abstract: kathon cg is the tradename for a mixture of isothiazolines: methylchloroisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone. it is a widely used preservative, especially in the cosmetic industry, although in recent years is presence have also been imposed in cleaning products for household use and, at higher concentrations in industrial preparations such as cutting oils, latex emulsions, paints, oils for diesel engines, etc. because of its high sensitizing power and widespread use, is currently one of the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis, both in our private lives, as in the occupational field. objectives: to study the sensitizing capacity of kathon cg and its relation to the development of allergic contact dermatitis of occupational origin. methods: we performed a retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of patients seen at the department of occupationsal dermatology at the instituto nacional de medicina y seguridad en el trabajo, during the years 2008-2012. in that period, 1520 patients were evaluated and studied by patch testing, to rule out an occupational skin condition. we recorded cases of sensitization to kathon cg and analyzed the following data: gender, age, occupational group, location of skin lesions, relevance and occupational origin. statistical analysis was performed using spss 15.0. results: we observed sensitization to kathon cg in 88 patients (5.8%), and 42% were of occupational origin. conclusions: occupational contact allergy to kathon cg is currently a problem of high prevalence. in patients with sensitization to this allergen, we should always ask about their occupation.
Afectación ungueal de origen ocupacional Nail involvement of occupational origin
Carmen Karina Guzmán Vera,Margaret Karen Baldeon Santos,Ana Rita Rodrigues Barata,Luis Conde-Salazar Gómez
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2012,
Abstract: Desde el siglo V a.C. Hipócrates ya describía las afectaciones ungueales, las cuales luego se relacionaban con enfermedades sistémicas o adquiridas. Los médicos de medicina del trabajo se deben preparar para detectar las afectaciones por factores externos. Sin embargo son pocos los casos publicados sobre patología ungueal de origen ocupacional. Nuestra revisión consiste en brindar conocimientos básicos sobre esta asignatura. Desde su definición, función y la descripción de su anatomía. La patología ungueal la clasificaremos según: a) anomalías de: la forma, de la adhesión, de la coloración, superficie, infección; b) según el mecanismo de acción que se producen o c) según el tipo de ocupación. Al adquirir estos conocimientos podremos establecer posteriores pautas de prevención eficaces. From the V century B.C. Hippocrates described the damages in the nails, which then were related to systemic diseases or acquired. As physicians we must prepare work to detect the effects caused by external factors. However, few published cases of occupational origin nail pathology. Our review is to provide basic knowledge on this subject. From its definition, function and description of the anatomy. The nail pathology classify as: a) anomalies: the way of accession, coloration, surface, infection, b) according to the mechanism of action that occur oc) by type of occupation. By acquiring this knowledge we can establish effective prevention guidelines later.
Kathon CG y Dermatología Laboral: Actualización Kathon CG and Occupational Dermatology: An update
Ana Rita Rodrigues Barata,Jesús Rodríguez Espinosa,Felipe Heras Mendaza,Luis Conde-Salazar Gomèz
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2012,
Abstract: El Kathon CG constituye el nombre comercial de una mezcla de isotiazolinas: Metilcloroisotiazolinona y Metilisotiazolinona. Es un conservante muy utilizado, sobre todo en la industria cosmética, aunque en los últimos a os también se ha impuesto su presencia en productos de limpieza de uso doméstico y actualmente a concentraciones más altas en preparados de uso industrial como aceites de corte, emulsiones de látex, pinturas al temple, aceites para motores Diesel, etc. Por su alto poder sensibilizante y amplia utilización, constituye actualmente una de las causas más frecuentes de alergia de contacto por preservativos, tanto en nuestra vida privada, como en el ámbito profesional. Objetivos: Estudiar la capacidad sensibilizante del Kathon CG y su relación con el desarrollo de eczema de contacto alérgico de origen profesional. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo, a través de la revisión de las historias clínicas de los pacientes vistos en el Servicio de Dermatología Laboral del Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad en el Trabajo durante los a os 2008-2012; 1520 pacientes fueron evaluados y estudiados mediante pruebas epicutáneas para descartar una posible dermatosis profesional. Se registraron los casos de sensibilización al Kathon CG y se analizaron las siguientes variables: genero, edad, grupo profesional, localización de las lesiones cutáneas, relevancia y relación profesional. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa SPSS 15.0. Resultados: Se observó sensibilización al Kathon CG en 88 pacientes (5,8%), correspondiendo un 42% a sensibilizaciones de origen profesional. Conclusiones: La alergia de contacto profesional por Kathon CG constituye actualmente es un problema de alta prevalencia. Ante un paciente con positividad a este alérgeno hay que interrogar siempre por su profesión. Kathon CG is the tradename for a mixture of isothiazolines: methylchloroisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone. It is a widely used preservative, especially in the cosmetic industry, although in recent years is presence have also been imposed in cleaning products for household use and, at higher concentrations in industrial preparations such as cutting oils, latex emulsions, paints, oils for diesel engines, etc. Because of its high sensitizing power and widespread use, is currently one of the most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis, both in our private lives, as in the occupational field. Objectives: To study the sensitizing capacity of Kathon CG and its relation to the development of allergic contact dermatitis of occupational origin. Methods:
A abordagem cognitivo-comportamental no tratamento das perturba??es do comportamento alimentar
Vaz,Ana Rita; Concei??o,Eva M.; Machado,Paulo P.P.;
Análise Psicológica , 2009,
Abstract: eating disorders are rare disorders associated with a great psychological comorbility and often with serious medical complications. although treatment is difficult and complex, several studies have showed that cognitive-behavioral treatment is effective and the first choice treatment for these disorders. research has been focusing on the study of the psychopathological processes that maintain the problem, and in the treatment components that contribute to enhance treatment efficacy. this paper intends to describe the characteristics of the cognitive-behavioral treatment for eating disorders, in a transdiagnostic perspective. finally, a stepped care approach for eating disorders’ treatment is presented as a strategy for adjusting treatment intensity to each patient's particular needs.
Auto-exame de mama: significado para pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico
Nascimento, Talita Garcia do;Silva, Sueli Riul da;Machado, Ana Rita Marinho;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000400011
Abstract: to verify the practice and to identify the meaning of the breast self examination among women with cancer and were submitted to the chemotherapy were objectives of this work. it was a qualitative research, using the speech of the women who are breast cancer carriers in the hospital das clínicas of the universidade federal do triangulo mineiro, uberaba, mg, brazil through semi-structured interviews. the collected material was submitted to the analysis of the simplified content proposed by thiollent. the interviewees owned knowledge on the existence and importance of breast self examination, however, many did not practice it correctly or ignored the periodicity and technic indicated, there being, this way, need to develop effective interventions to promote the understanding of the feminine population concerning the importance in adopting practices aimed at the precocious diagnosis of the mammary cancer.
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