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O cuidado à saúde da mulher com tuberculose na perspectiva do enfoque familiar
Lenilde Duarte de Sá,Ana Rita Bizerra do Nascimento Santos,Annelissa Andrade Virgínio de Oliveira,Jordana de Almeida Nogueira
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: El objetivo fue analizar la relación entre el desempe o del profesional de la salud de la familia y la mujer con tuberculosis, según la dimensión de enfoque familiar. Investigación cualitativa que involucró ocho profesionales de los equipos de salud familiar del municipio de la región metropolitana de Jo o Pessoa-PB. La información se obtuvo a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas y fue analizada según la técnica de análisis de contenido, modalidad temática. Los profesionales reconocen la fragilidad social y los prejuicios que sufren las mujeres con tuberculosis, lo que sugiere la necesidad de atención basada en el concepto de salud integral. Son resaltadas la importancia del Tratamiento Breve Bajo Observación Directa, la existencia de incentivos y la falta de compromiso de las mujeres a las actividades educativas y grupos de formación. Pocos profesionales reconocen la inclusión de familiares en el cuidado de las mujeres con tuberculosis, lo que indica la necesidad de un debate de este hecho para mejorar el éxito del tratamiento de esta enfermedad.
O cuidado à saúde da mulher com tuberculose na perspectiva do enfoque familiar
, Lenilde Duarte de;Santos, Ana Rita Bizerra do Nascimento;Oliveira, Annelissa Andrade Virgínio de;Nogueira, Jordana de Almeida;Tavares, Lucídia de Medeiros;Villa, Tereza Cristina Scatena;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000200020
Abstract: to analyze the relationship between the practice of family health team workers and women with tuberculosis, according to the family focus dimension. the participants were eight family health team workers from a city in the jo?o pessoa metropolitan area (paraiba -pb). data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and then subjected to thematic content analysis. the workers recognize the critical social condition that women with tuberculosis live in, as well as the prejudice they face. they suggest that these women require care based on the concept of comprehensiveness in health. they also highlight the importance of directly observed therapy - short course, the existence of incentives, and the women's poor adherence to educational activities and groups. few workers recognize the inclusion of relatives in the care of women with tuberculosis, which implies the need for discussion regarding this fact with the purpose of improving tuberculosis treatment effectiveness.
Retrato da realidade socioecon?mica e sexual de mulheres presidiárias
Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Monte, Alana Santos;Ferreira, Rita de Cássia do Nascimento;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002012000300011
Abstract: objective: to investigate the socioeconomic and sexual profile of prisoners. methods: a study using a quantitative approach, transversal and descriptive, involving 155 prisoners. data collection was performed from january to march, 2010, in the female penitentiary in the state of ceará (brazil), and included data on socioeconomic and sexual characteristics. results: most of the young brazilian women were single with low educational levels and family income, imprisoned for drug trafficking. there was early first sexual intercourse, with stability and little variety of sexual partners. being a prisoner, using drugs and possessing tattoos/piercings represented common aspects of the participants and their partners. the homo/bisexuality, and prostitution were strongly present. stds before or after the arrest showed little expression. the guarantee of achievement of conjugal visits and the obtaining of preventive screening still faces major obstacles. conclusion: despite the vulnerabilities encountered, it was concluded that strategies to promote sexual health in the prison environment should encompass the complexity of the peculiarities experienced by prisoners.
Clinical and laboratory findings in patients with dengue associated with hepatopathy
Nascimento, Delso do;Castro, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta de;Froes, íris Bucker;Bigaton, Gláucia;Oliveira, éveny Cristine Luna de;Dal Fabbro, Márcia Ferrario Janine;Cunha, Rivaldo Venancio da;Costa, Izaias Pereira da;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011005000061
Abstract: introduction: hepatic disorders caused by dengue infection may progress to severe manifestations, including mortality and morbidity. cytokines are involved in it, such as the migration inhibitory factor of macrophages (mif), tumor necrosis factor (tnf), natural killer cells (nk), b lymphocytes, and macrophages. methods: this study was carried out from january to april 2007 at a public hospital from the federal university of mato grosso do sul, campo grande, brazil. sixty-eight patients were studied concerning hepatic alterations, with 56 reported having classic dengue, 6 with hemorrhagic dengue grade i, and 6 with hemorrhagic dengue grade ii. results: among the 56 with classic dengue, 83.3% had aspartate aminotransferase (ast) alterations, and 69.6% had altered alanine aminotransferase (alt). for those with hemorrhagic dengue grade i, 100% had ast alterations, and 83.3% had altered alt. all the patients with hemorrhagic dengue grade ii had ast and alt alterations. ast variations reached 22.0 and 907.0, with an average value of 164.6. for alt, we found variations between 25.0 and 867.0, with an average value of 166.07. there had been statistical significance between dengue clinical shapes and hepatic function markers. conclusions: we conclude that the infection was predominant in adults, females, and in those with low income and education. the liver enzymes were of larger amount in hemorrhagic dengue, but there was weak statistical evidence of the clinical manifestations and transaminases. major signs and clinical symptoms were fever, headache, myalgia, arthralgia, weakness, severe pain behind the eyes, and rashes.
Canine Parvovirus infection in puppies with gastroenteritis in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 1995 to 1997
CUBEL GARCIA, Rita de Cássia Nasser;PINTO, Ana Maria Vianna;COSTA, Alexandre de Pina;MACIEL, Bianca Mendes;OLIVEIRA, Ledy do Horto dos Santos;NASCIMENTO, Jussara Pereira do;SANTOS, Ad?o Onofre dos;CASTRO, Maria Cristina Nobre e;WILLI, Liliane Maria Valentim;LABARTHE, Norma Vollmer;
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-95962000000200008
Abstract: fecal samples from puppies with gastroenteritis less than 7 months old were examined for canine parvovirus infection (cpv-2) by hemagglutination (ha) and subsequent hemagglutination-inhibition (hi) tests. forty of the 79 samples collected from april 1995 to june 1997 were found to be positive. about 70% of these samples were from 2 to 4 months old puppies, age in which they are at increased risk of developing cpv-2 infection, despite of vaccination. no seasonal distribution of canine parvovirus cases was found and it was supported by the results of a retrospective study realized at polvet-uff, which showed that gastroenteritis cases occurred throughout the year, for a six-year period (1991-97) in niterói, rio de janeiro.
Roteiro para uma história da educa??o escolar indígena: notas sobre a rela??o entre política indigenista e educacional
Oliveira, Luiz Antonio de;Nascimento, Rita Gomes do;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302012000300007
Abstract: this work aims to present a guide to the history of educational policies geared towards indigenous peoples based on their interaction with indigenous policies. the relationship between indigenous issues and education suggests considering how matters of cultural differences serve as a basis for different projects of indigenous education. in the proposed guide, the starting point is the "prevailing assimilationist approach" and "civilizing" period of the early 20th century, marked by the idea of a necessary unity of the nation. this period was then followed by this policy's reform wich acknowledged the importance of bilingual education in the educational process. finally, the current moment is characterized by the pursuit of recognition of cultural diversity as a fundamental right, posing new challenges for educational policies.
Auto-exame de mama: significado para pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico
Nascimento, Talita Garcia do;Silva, Sueli Riul da;Machado, Ana Rita Marinho;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000400011
Abstract: to verify the practice and to identify the meaning of the breast self examination among women with cancer and were submitted to the chemotherapy were objectives of this work. it was a qualitative research, using the speech of the women who are breast cancer carriers in the hospital das clínicas of the universidade federal do triangulo mineiro, uberaba, mg, brazil through semi-structured interviews. the collected material was submitted to the analysis of the simplified content proposed by thiollent. the interviewees owned knowledge on the existence and importance of breast self examination, however, many did not practice it correctly or ignored the periodicity and technic indicated, there being, this way, need to develop effective interventions to promote the understanding of the feminine population concerning the importance in adopting practices aimed at the precocious diagnosis of the mammary cancer.
Tolerancia de Genótipos de Citros ao Estresse Hídrico na Fase de Porta-Enxerto
Ana Kelliane Silva do Nascimento,Pedro Dantas Fernandes,Janivan Fernandes Suassuna,Ana Cristina Macedo de Oliveira
Revista Brasileira de Agricultura Irrigada , 2012, DOI: 10.7127/rbai.v6n100075
Abstract: Estudou-se a tolerancia ao estresse hídrico de 8 genótipos de citros na fase de porta enxertos, em experimento desenvolvido em casa de vegeta o da UAEAg/CTRN da UFCG com delineamento experimental em blocos casualizados com três repeti es, num esquema fatorial de dois tratamentos (EH1: testemunhas irrigadas a 100% da Capacidade Campo (CC) durante todo o experimento e EH2:irriga o limitada a 50% da CC durante 51 dias e em seguida, a 25% da CC) e três genótipos. Cada unidade experimental constou de 10 plantas úteis. Observando os efeitos do estresse hídrico nos genótipos de citros com potencialidades a porta enxertos nas variáveis de crescimento, destaca-se o genótipo 15 (TSKC x CTARG - 019), com as maiores médias. O Limoeiro Cravo foi o que teve maior sensibilidade ao estresse em todas as variáveis, denotando sensibilidade ao estresse hídrico.
Identidade e propriedades de isolados de potyvírus provenientes de Capsicum spp.
Truta Adriana A.C.,Souza Ana R. R. e,Nascimento Ana V. S. do,Pereira Rita de Cássia
Fitopatologia Brasileira , 2004,
Abstract: Vinte isolados virais provenientes de Capsicum spp. foram coletados em Minas Gerais, S o Paulo, Espírito Santo e Rio de Janeiro visando definir a etiologia dos mosaicos. Para a caracteriza o biológica realizou-se teste de gama de hospedeiros e inocula o em cultivares diferenciadoras de piment o (Capsicum annuum). Dois isolados provenientes de batata (Solanum tuberosum) (PVY N-BR e PVY O-BR) foram utilizados como controles. Os resultados indicaram considerável grau de variabilidade biológica entre os isolados, embora todos tenham sido identificados preliminarmente como Potato virus Y (PVY). A rea o das cultivares diferenciadoras classificou os isolados como patótipo 1 ou 1.2 de PVY. Anti-soros foram produzidos a partir de partículas virais purificadas de um isolado fraco e um forte. O uso desses anti-soros em ELISA indireto levou a resultados positivos contra os isolados testados. Os anti-soros reagiram também contra PVY N-BR e PVY O-BR, embora este último tenha apresentado rea o mais fraca. Para caracteriza o molecular, seqüenciaram-se os genes da polimerase (NIb) e da proteína capsidial (cp), e da regi o 3' n o-traduzida (3'NTR) de isolados biologicamente distintos. A análise filogenética confirmou a identidade de seis isolados como Pepper yellow mosaic virus (PepYMV), um potyvírus descrito recentemente infetando piment o no Brasil. Esse resultado sugere que o PepYMV pode ser a espécie de potyvírus predominante em Capsicum spp. no Brasil. O fato de isolados de PepYMV apresentarem gama de hospedeiros semelhante à do PVY, e de os dois vírus apresentarem relacionamento sorológico, ressalta a utilidade da análise molecular para a classifica o de potyvírus provenientes de Capsicum spp.
Ocorrência de neutropenia em mulheres com cancer de mama durante tratamento quimioterápico
Gozzo, Thaís de Oliveira;Nascimento, Talita Garcia do;Panobianco, Marislei Sanches;Almeida, Ana Maria de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002011000600014
Abstract: objective: to analyze the occurrence of neutropenia induced by drugs used in chemotherapy treatment for women with breast cancer. methods: retrospective study, with assessment of 72 records, between 2003-2006. results: of the 558 cycles of chemotherapy performed, there were 152 adverse events registered in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy periods, totaling 43 cases of haematological toxicity. regarding the occurrence of neutropenia, 43% had at least one episode during treatment. hypothesis tests to compare the mean values of white blood cells from women who did or did not present with neutropenia pointed to statistically significant values in cycles two and three of neoadjuvant therapy and in cycles two, three and four in the adjuvant therapy. conclusion: neutropenia in both the adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy occurred beginning with the second cycle and was maintained during treatment, and was statistically significant when compared women who had to those who did not have this occurrence.
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