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O abandono do tratamento da tuberculose sob a perspectiva dos gerentes de diferentes centros de saúde de Belo Horizonte-MG, Brasil
Wendling, Ana Paula Barbosa;Modena, Celina Maria;Schall, Virgínia Torres;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000100009
Abstract: the brazilian national tuberculosis control program requires the organization and proper functioning of health services to meet the principle of intregality, one of the pillars of the brazilian unified health system and the most important orientation for tuberculosis control. this study aims to investigate, in the perspective of nine managers of health centers in belo horizonte, mg, brazil, aspects concerning the functioning of the services they coordinated, associated to noncompliance with tuberculosis treatment and the feasibility of meeting program guidelines. data were collected through semi-structured interviews and interpreted by means of thematic content analysis. reports indicate that health services did not comply with the integrality orientation, requiring better organization and continuing education processes of health professionals to deal with abandonment and to develop new alternatives to improve treatment adherence and compliance.
O abandono do tratamento da tuberculose sob a perspectiva dos gerentes de diferentes centros de saúde de Belo Horizonte-MG, Brasil
Ana Paula Barbosa Wendling,Celina Maria Modena,Virgínia Torres Schall
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: El Programa Nacional de Control de la Tuberculosis en Brasil requiere la organización y funcionamiento de los servicios de salud para cumplir con el principio de la integralidad del Sistema único de Salud, uno de los pilares para el control de la enfermedad. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar desde la perspectiva de nueve administradores de centros de salud en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil los aspectos relativos al funcionamiento de los servicios que coordinan asociados con el abandono del tratamiento de la tuberculosis y la viabilidad para cumplir con las directrices del Programa. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas e interpretados por análisis de contenido temático. Los informes indican que los servicios no cumplen con la perspectiva de la integralidad y requieren una mejor organización así como de procesos de formación permanente de profesionales de la salud para hacer frente al abandono y desarrollar nuevas alternativas para aumentar la adherencia y la finalización del tratamiento.
MERCOSUL E DIREITOS HUMANOS NO QUADRO DO CONFLITO ENTRE A CONSTITUI??O BRASILEIRA E OS TRATADOS INTERNACIONAIS
Barbosa-Fohrmann,Ana Paula;
Estudios constitucionales , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-52002010000100012
Abstract: i - introdu??o; ii - um panorama do conflito de fontes; 1. lei interna e tratado internacional; 1.1. a posi??o da doutrina; 1.2. a posi??o do supremo tribunal federal; 2. constitui??o e tratado internacional; 2.1. vis?o normativa e predominante; 2.2. vis?o moral e alternativa; iii - o direito constitucional e a sua rela??o com o direito da integra??o e os direitos humanos; 1 - direito da integra??o: o mercosul; 2 - a quest?o do conflito de fontes no mercosul; 3 - os direitos humanos; iv - conclus?o; v - bibliografia.
A legitima o moral dos direitos humanos: uma análise dos princípios de justi a de John Rawls / The moral legitimation of human rights: an analysis on John Rawls’ principles of justice
Ana Paula Barbosa-Fohrmann
Revista Direito e Práxis , 2011,
Abstract: Resumo Este artigo analisará, em primeiro lugar, o significado kantiano de legitima o e a sua distin o em rela o à legitimidade. Num segundo momento, tratará de aspectos centrais da teoria de John Rawls, o qual influenciado por Kant, Locke e Rousseau, construiu uma teoria universalista e procedimental baseada em princípios morais de justi a. Por fim, ser o ainda apresentadas algumas críticas à teoria rawlsiana. Palavras-chave: legitima o; teoria da justi a; elementos estruturadores; princípios morais de justi a; críticas à teoria rawlsiana. Abstract This paper will examine, first, the Kantian notion of legitimation, and the distinction between legitimation and legitimacy. Secondly, it will address some key aspects of John Rawls’ theory, who influenced by Kant, Locke and Rousseau, built a universal and proceduralist theory grounded on the moral principles of justice. Finally, some critics on Rawlsian theory will be also presented. Keywords: legitimacy; a theory of justice; structuring elements; the moral principles of justice; critics on Rawlsian theory.
MERCOSUL E DIREITOS HUMANOS NO QUADRO DO CONFLITO ENTRE A CONSTITUI O BRASILEIRA E OS TRATADOS INTERNACIONAIS
Ana Paula Barbosa-Fohrmann
Estudios Constitucionales , 2010,
Abstract: I - Introdu o; II - Um Panorama do Conflito de Fontes; 1. Lei Interna e Tratado Internacional; 1.1. A Posi o da Doutrina; 1.2. A Posi o do Supremo Tribunal Federal; 2. Constitui o e Tratado Internacional; 2.1. Vis o Normativa e Predominante; 2.2. Vis o Moral e Alternativa; III - O Direito Constitucional e a sua Rela o com o Direito da Integra o e os Direitos Humanos; 1 - Direito da Integra o: O MERCOSUL; 2 - A Quest o do Conflito de Fontes no MERCOSUL; 3 - Os Direitos Humanos; IV - Conclus o; V - Bibliografia.
R?mulo Almeida e o Brasil desenvolvimentista (1946-1964): ensaio de reinterpreta??o
Barbosa, Alexandre de Freitas;Koury, Ana Paula;
Economia e Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182012000400014
Abstract: this paper presents a different approach toward the understanding of developmentalism in brazil. the intention is to shed light on this process through its three distinct aspects: an ideological consensus on national potential, a methodological apparatus for interpreting the social and economic structures of the country, and a belief on a decentralized and democratic style of state planning. in this regard, economic policy is seen rather as a means than as an end in itself. to accomplish this task, r?mulo almeida's career within state bureaucracy was studied, which makes it possible to interpret the debate around development in brazil between 1946 and 1964 from a different perspective. the article is the result of a research effort that revealed new documents produced by the author, especially in the 1970's, in which he not only reconsiders his rich trajectory, but also offers a critical approach toward the economic policies put into place by military governments. at the end of this paper, some possibilities for awakening new perspectives on development in present-day brazil are taken into account.
R mulo Almeida e o Brasil desenvolvimentista (1946-1964): ensaio de reinterpreta o R mulo Almeida and developmentalist Brazil (1946-1964): a reinterpretarion
Alexandre de Freitas Barbosa,Ana Paula Koury
Economia e Sociedade , 2012,
Abstract: Este artigo empreende um esfor o de reintrepreta o sobre o desenvolvimentismo no Brasil. Procura repensá-lo a partir da tríade estruturante que lhe confere sentido: um consenso ideológico sobre as potencialidades nacionais, um estilo de reflex o sobre o país e uma aposta no planejamento democrático e descentralizado. A política econ mica é encarada mais como ferramenta do que um fim em si mesmo. Para tanto, acompanhou-se a trajetória R mulo Almeida, de modo a tra ar o pano de fundo do Brasil desenvolvimentista entre 1946 e 1964. Um esfor o de coleta de material inédito produzido pelo economista baiano ao longo dos anos 1970 permitiu mostrar como ele revê sua rica trajetória de servidor público e oferece uma crítica à política econ mica da ditadura militar, partindo de um pensamento sistêmico e de uma dialética planejadora. Ao final, s o tecidas algumas considera es acerca das possibilidades de emergência de uma nova perspectiva desenvolvimentista para o país no contexto atual. This paper presents a different approach toward the understanding of developmentalism in Brazil. The intention is to shed light on this process through its three distinct aspects: an ideological consensus on national potential, a methodological apparatus for interpreting the social and economic structures of the country, and a belief on a decentralized and democratic style of State planning. In this regard, economic policy is seen rather as a means than as an end in itself. To accomplish this task, R mulo Almeida's career within state bureaucracy was studied, which makes it possible to interpret the debate around development in Brazil between 1946 and 1964 from a different perspective. The article is the result of a research effort that revealed new documents produced by the author, especially in the 1970's, in which he not only reconsiders his rich trajectory, but also offers a critical approach toward the economic policies put into place by military governments. At the end of this paper, some possibilities for awakening new perspectives on development in present-day Brazil are taken into account.
Características definidoras de trauma vascular periférico em urgência e emergência: ocorrência e tipos
Krempser, Paula;Arreguy-Sena, Cristina;Barbosa, Ana Paula Sobral;
Escola Anna Nery , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452013000100004
Abstract: convergent assistance research. the objective was to estimate the occurrence and document the clinical evidence of peripheral vascular trauma in punctures of adults and elderly in an urgency and emergency department in minas gerais, brazil. we considered the following inclusion criteria: the first side punctured and the clinical assessments at intervals of less than 24 hours. the evidences of trauma were recorded by photographs. sample with a full selection. from the 200 sites evaluated, there were 110 cases of vascular trauma with 288 events of: 1) pain, skin discoloration, local functional capacity decreased, edema, induration, cuts, postulation and local hypo or hyperthermia. the photographs documented every type of event capable of visual record. this investigation led us to reaffirm the defining characteristics for nursing diagnosis of "pheripheral vascular trauma" in the urgency/emergency department.
Características definidoras de trauma vascular periférico em urgência e emergência: ocorrência e tipos Definición de las características del trauma vascular periférico en urgencia y emergencia: la aparición y los tipos Defining characteristics of peripheral vascular trauma in urgent and emergency: occurrence and types
Paula Krempser,Cristina Arreguy-Sena,Ana Paula Sobral Barbosa
Escola Anna Nery , 2013,
Abstract: Pesquisa tipo convergente assistencial. Objetivou-se calcular a ocorrência e documentar as evidências clínicas de trauma vascular em pun es periféricas de adultos e idosos em um servi o de urgência e emergência de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram considerados como critérios de inclus o: o primeiro demítrio puncionado e a realiza o de avalia es clínicas em intervalos inferiores a 24 horas. As evidências de trauma foram registradas por fotografias. Amostra de sele o completa. Dos 200 sítios avaliados, houve 110 casos de trauma vascular com 288 manifesta es de: dor, altera o da colora o da pele, diminui o da capacidade funcional local, edema, endura o, solu o de continuidade, pustula o e hipo ou hipertermia local. As fotografias documentaram cada tipo de manifesta o passível de registro visual. Tal investiga o possibilitou reafirmar características definidoras para o diagnóstico de enfermagem "Trauma vascular periférico" em um servi o de Urgência/Emergência. Investigación de tipo convergente asistencial. El objetivo fue calcular la aparición y documentar la evidencia clínica del trauma vascular periférico en las punciones de adultos y ancianos en el departamento de urgencia y emergencia de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se consideraron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: el primer lado perforado y la evaluación clínica a intervalos de menos de 24 horas. Las evidencias de trauma fueron registrados en fotografías. Muestra con selección completa. De los 200 sitios estudiados, había 110 casos de trauma vascular con 288 de los acontecimientos de: dolor, decoloración de la piel, disminución de la capacidad funcional local, edema, endurecimiento, cortes, postulación e hipo o hipertermia local. Las fotografías documentan todo tipo de eventos capaces de registro visual. Esta investigación nos ha permitido reafirmar las características definitorias de los diagnósticos de enfermería de "traumatismo vascular periférico" en el servicio de Urgencias/Emergencias. Convergent assistance research. The objective was to estimate the occurrence and document the clinical evidence of peripheral vascular trauma in punctures of adults and elderly in an urgency and emergency department in Minas Gerais, Brazil. We considered the following inclusion criteria: the first side punctured and the clinical assessments at intervals of less than 24 hours. The evidences of trauma were recorded by photographs. Sample with a full selection. From the 200 sites evaluated, there were 110 cases of vascular trauma with 288 events of: 1) pain, skin discoloration, local functional capacity decreased
A pessoa com deficiência e a crise das identidades na contemporaneidade
Magalh?es, Rita de Cássia Barbosa Paiva;Cardoso, Ana Paula Lima Barbosa;
Cadernos de Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742010000100003
Abstract: the objective of this essay is to discuss identity crisis and its repercussions as far as concerns socially stigmatized identities, above all those of handicapped people. this crisis is taking place in the midst of profound social and economic changes in the context of post-modernity. identity, understood as being an historical and cultural construct, is influenced by relationships of power and is not an immutable and arduously constructed "entity" but something fluid and metamorphic. by examining the relationships between difference and identity, we maintain that such concepts overlap within the context of this crisis. the discussion about identity and difference refers us to the work of erving goffman and the concept of stigma in the perspective of the understanding of the manipulation of the identity of those individuals who differ from what is socially expected. the identity of the handicapped person tends, because of the stigma, to undergo processes of social control, in which important opportunities for metamorphosis are denied. discussing identity seems to be, therefore, the connecting thread for understanding social and scholastic inclusion of the handicapped person
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