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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 253620 matches for " Ana Maria de;Santos "
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Pró-Saúde and PET-Saúde in the Context of Reorientation Policy of Health Professions Training  [PDF]
Ana Maria Gomes dos Santos, Maria José Medeiros da Fonseca, Fernanda Fayane C. Belarmino, Adriana Vitória dos Santos, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.713197
Abstract: The health education has been a topic discussed throughout Brazil, as the country is experiencing a period of expansion of higher education and it needs to give quality. So they were implanted two federal programs to allow that health students to approach their professional reality to make them capable of full mode. The paper aims to discuss the experience of the participating members of these programs for professional reorientation. The study is exploratory and descriptive conducted with participants of the programs in the city of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, in the year 2014. This study aims to present an experience report from the experience of the mentors in Reorientation National Program for Health Professional Training (Pró-Saúde), associated with the Labor Education Program for Health (PET-Saúde) at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)/Sciences College of Trairi (FACISA), with emphasis on the reorientation of professional practice, provided by integrating teaching-service and community as well as exchange of knowledge between tutors, mentors and students participating in the project, from the development of interdisciplinary activities, giving the opportunity to reflect on these actions and services offered based on the epidemiological analysis provided by research, intervening in this reality.
Six-Minute Walk Test in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  [PDF]
Sandor Balsamo, Ana Paula Monteiro Gomides, Licia Maria Henrique da Mota, Frederico Santos de Santana, Raphaela Franco Miranda, Talita Yokoy, Luciana Muniz, Leopoldo Luiz Santos-Neto
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2019.91002
Abstract: Background: The 6-minute walk test (6TC) was initially used as an instrument for assessing physical and cardiorespiratory capacity, but is currently being used to monitor treatments, and compare physical interventions and prognostic evaluation. Although already recognized as a research method in several specialties, 6TC has not been used in rheumatology. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may have impaired functional capacity as well as increased cardiovascular mortality. An adequate functional evaluation of these patients is necessary and the 6TC may be useful in this sense. Objective: The aim of this study was to perform the 6-minute walk test in RA patients and to compare the performance with a control group. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in which the sample consisted of 85 women, 46 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 39 healthy controls. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed. One-Way ANOVA methodology was used to compare the patient and control groups followed by the graphic analysis. Results: The distance walked on the 6TC by RA patients was on average 522.2 meters. In the distance control group found in the 6TC was on average 628.8 meters, the difference being statistically significant. Conclusion: In this study the distance covered in 6TC by women with RA was lower than that of healthy women of the same age.
Clinical use of estimating glomerular filtration rate equ-ations during pregnancy  [PDF]
Luiz Paulo José Marques, Regina Rocco, Maria Helena Victor, Benedita Calheiros de Novaes, Ana Luiza Batista de Carvalho, Omar da Rosa Santos
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.31006
Abstract: Background: Kidney disease, even when mild, was once considered so major an impediment to successful pregnancy and so dangerous to the mother’s wellbeing. High-risk pregnancy mainly associated to renal impairment may occur in 10-20% of gestations and it is very important that renal function is closely monitored to prevent or minimize maternal and fetal complications. This study was designed to investigate the performance of Cockcroft-Gault CGeq and the simplified MDRDeq equations in healthy pregnant women to assess renal function. Methods: We studied 167 normal ambulatory pregnant women and kidney function was contemporaneously estimated through the CGeq and the simplified MDRDeq and calculated through the creatinine clearance (Ccr). Serum and urinary creatinine were assayed using Jaffé reaction method in the same AutoAnalyser. Results: When we compared calculated and estimated clearences for measurement of kidney function we observed that CGeq overestimated renal function (CGeq = 168.41 ± 38.80 ml/ min/1.73 m2, Ccr = 146.27 ± 30.49 ml/min / 1.73 m2, p < 0.001), MDRDeq underestimated renal function (Ccr = 146.27 ± 30.49 ml/min / 1.73 m2, MDRDeq = 129.15 ± 29.28 ml/min / 1.73m2, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that CGeq overestimated, MDRDeq underestimated significantly kidney function during gestation in healthy women and cannot be recommended to assess renal function in obstetric practice. Ccr remains a useful clinical tool in pregnant women until the development of a specific equation that considers the several important maternal renal physiological alterations and provides the measure of GFR the most unbiased and precise as possible.
Obten??o de microesferas de (U,Th)O2 para o combustível do reator nuclear de alta temperatura
Lameiras, Fernando Soares;Santos, Armindo;Assis, Gino de;Santos, Ana Maria Matildes dos;Ferraz, Wilmar Barbosa;
Rem: Revista Escola de Minas , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0370-44672004000300009
Abstract: sol-gel processes were successfully used to obtain (th,u)o2 microspheres with the properties required for its use in htgr reactors. the hydrolysis process was used to obtain uo2 microspheres, and the external gelation process was used to obtain (th,0-25%u)o2 microspheres. optimization of synthesis conditions is still required for the hydrolysis process.
The sylvatic cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi: a still unsolved puzzle
Jansen Ana Maria,Pinho Ana Paula Santos de,Lisboa Cristiane Varella,Cupolillo Elisa
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1999,
Effects of Copaiba Oil on Cyclophosphamide-Induced Teratogenesis in Mice  [PDF]
Ana Carolina dos Santos Louren?o, José Eduardo Baroneza, Solange de Paula Ramos, Liliane Kelen Miguel, Luiz Carlos Juliani, Aline Pic-Taylor, Maria José Spar?a Salles
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.523362
Cyclophosphamide is an anti-neoplastic chemotherapy drug which, when administered to animals during the gestational period, provokes visceral, skeletal and external malformations. Copaiba oil obtained from Copaifera L. genus is traditionally used in popular medicine for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. However, the effect of copaiba oil onteratogenesis remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the possible protector effects of copaiba oil on the model of teratogenesis induced by cyclophosphamide in mice. Pregnant female Swiss mice were divided into 8 groups (n = 15). Three groups received copaiba oil, via gavage, in the following doses: 0.3 mL·Kg-1, 0.6 mL·Kg-1 and 0.9 mL·Kg-1 (b.w.), associated to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), intraperitoneal (i.p.). The negative control group received medium chain triglyceride (MCT) and PBS. The positive control group received cyclophosphamide (30 mg·Kg-1 (b.w.)) and MCT. The three treatment groups called associated groups (A) received one of the doses of copaiba oil, via gavage and an associated dose of cyclophosphamide intraperitoneally. Copaiba oil presented a protective effect against teratogenesis induced by cyclophosphamide in the following skeletal structures: metacarpals, forepaws proximal phalanges, and tail vertebras. It also reduced the hydrocephalus frequency. These data suggest that copaiba oil could be a potential candidate for an anti-teratogenic agent.
The Application of Scales in the Diagnosis of Perceived Needs in the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment  [PDF]
Josélia Braz dos Santos Ferreira, Selma Petra Chaves Sa, Luciana Krauss Rezende, Rosana Moreira de Sant’Anna, Ana Maria Domingos, Rosimere Ferreira Santana
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.68061
Abstract: The study evaluated the use of the Mini-Mental State Examination scale (MMSE), Tinettiscale, and Motor Scale for the Elderly (EMTI) toassist in the diagnosis of potential needs observed in elderlies with Mild Cognitive Impairment. This was aquasi-experimental research, conducted in a Basic Health Unit in thecityof Rio de Janeiro in 2014. The sample population consisted of 22 elderlies aged 64 to 88 years and 86.36% females. The SAS statistical software (version 9.3.1) and Kruskal-Wallis test were used at a 95% confidence interval and a significance level of 0.05 and demonstrated significant differences in the evaluations performed before and after the intervention. The detected diagnoses were: impaired memory, the risk of falls, and willingness to improved relationships, among others. The evaluations showed MMSE results that were suggestive of cognitive impairment in 22.73% of the elderlies; the Tinetti scale showed a high risk of falls in 31.82% of theelderlies; and EMTI with 88.36 points, which was equivalent to the normal low classification. The intervention took place through ten weekly activity sessions after the initial evaluations. In the second evaluation, the Tinetti showed 59.09% of the elderlies with a moderate risk of falls and the EMTI as the normal average classification with 90.32 points. It was concluded that the scales offered diagnostic possibilities, which allowed for the implementation of necessary interventions according to the detected problems.
Risk factors for maternal death in patients with severe preeclampsia and eclampsia
Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos de;Santos, Luiz Carlos;Porto, Ana Maria Feitosa;Martins, Leila Katz Dias;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292001000300004
Abstract: objectives: to determine the principal death causes in patients with severe preeclampsia/eclampsia and identify related risk factors. methods: a case-control study was performed comprising all cases of maternal death (n = 20) in patients with severe preeclampsia or eclampsia (n = 2.541). 80 controls (survivors) were randomly selected. the odds ratio and an estimate of maternal death relative risk were determined, and a multiple logistic regression analysis performed to determine the adjusted odds ratio. results: the basic causes for death were: acute pulmonary edema, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, hemorrhagic shock, pulmonary embolism, acute renal failure, sepsis and three cases of undetermined causes of death. the principal risk factors were: age > 25 years old, multiparity, gestational age < 32 weeks, lack of prenatal care, diastolic pressure > 110mmhg, convulsions, chronic systemic arterial hypertension, hellp syndrome, pulmonary edema, normally inserted abruptio placenta, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure. variables persistently related to maternal death were: hellp syndrome, eclampsia, acute pulmonary edema, eclampsia, chronic hypertension and lack of prenatal care. conclusions: the principal risk factors for death in women with preeclampsia/eclampsia are the lack of prenatal care, associated to chronic hypertension, hellp syndrome, eclampsia and acute pulmonary edema.
Perfil sorológico para toxoplasmose em gestantes atendidas em maternidade
Porto, Ana Maria Feitosa;Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos de;Coelho, Isabela Coutinho Neiva;Santos, Luiz Carlos;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302008000300018
Abstract: objectives: to determine the serologic profile of toxoplasmosis and the main factors associated with susceptibility (patients without igm and igg antibodies) in pregnant women attended at a teaching-hospital in recife, brasil. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out, enrolling 503 pregnant women submitted to serology for toxoplasmosis at imip (recife) from october 2004 to april 2005. anti-toxoplasma igg and igm antibodies were studied by ifa. a short questionnaire was administered to patients to provide identification, demographic and obstetrical characteristics, past history of morbidity, habits and dwelling conditions. the chi-square and fisher-exact tests were used at a 5% level of significance. results: immunity for toxoplasmosis was present in 74.7%, susceptibility in 22.5% and "possible" active infection in 2.8% of patients. no significant associations were observed between toxoplasmosis susceptibility and age, location, conditions of morbidity, habits, dwelling conditions and sewage system, living with animals, pregnancy and gestational age. a significant association between toxoplasmosis susceptibility and schooling was found, with a higher frequency of susceptibility among women with eight or more years of schooling. conclusion: susceptibility for toxoplasmosis was relatively low in these prenatal patients and schooling was the only identifiable predictive factor.
Significado de ter incontinência urinária e ser incontinente na vis?o das mulheres
Borba, Alessandra Maria Cotrim de;Lelis, Maria Alice dos Santos;Brêtas, Ana Cristina Passarella;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072008000300014
Abstract: the objective of this qualitative research was to better understand the repercussions of urinary incontinence in women's lives and to learn the meaning of the beliefs, values, and attitudes of having incontinence and being an incontinent person. the method utilized was the thematic oral history and data was collected from august to october of 2005 in two different periods. first, we applied specific instruments for urinary incontinence. afterwards, subjective data was collected using interviews with semi-structured questions. through thematic analysis, four thematic fields were found - realizing that loss is not normal, having feelings in facing the loss, having to accept urinary incontinence, and having to have control not to lose or smell urine. we concluded, using unitary analysis, the apprehension of the phenomenon of being incontinent, understanding that women have individual strategies for dealing with the dialectic relationship between having urinary incontinence and being an incontinent.
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