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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 392875 matches for " Ana Luisa P. de;Alves "
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Screening of the odour-activity and bioactivity of the essential oils of leaves and flowers of Hyptis Passerina Mart. from the Brazilian Cerrado
Zellner, Barbara D.;Amorim, Ana Carolina L.;Miranda, Ana Luisa P. de;Alves, Ruy J. V.;Barbosa, Jussara P.;Costa, Gisela L. da;Rezende, Claudia M.;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532009000200018
Abstract: the chemical profile of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and flowers of hyptis passerina mart., a rare species of the brazilian cerrado, has been determined for the first time. analyses by gc-ms showed sesquiterpenes as major compounds. β-epi-acorenol (35.7% and 32.8%, respectively from leaf and flower essential oils), was isolated and identified by 1d and 2d nmr. the flower-derived oil presented a higher concentration of hydrocarbon and oxygenated monoterpenes, while the leaf-oil was richer in diterpenes. the global odour impressions of both oils were given by direct analysis and gc-ms-o and were characterized as herbaceous with tea notes, and green, cooked and woody impressions for leaf-oil; herbaceous, with spicy, woody and minty notes for flower-oil. β-epi-acorenol, spathulenol, β-caryophyllene, and caryophyllene oxide were relevant for the odour-activity of both oils, as well as minor constituents, such as linalool. the antimicrobial activity was investigated by means of agar diffusion disc method and contact bioautography, against gram-positive and negative bacteria and yeast. both oils presented to be bioactive against the tested microorganisms with significant inhibition level.
Tratamento cirúrgico da ginecomastia: uma análise criteriosa
Dornelas, Marilho Tadeu;Machado, Dequitier Carvalho;Gon?alves, Ana Luisa Carneiro Pereira;Dornelas, Marcília de Cássia;Correa, Marilia de Pádua Dornelas;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-51752010000300012
Abstract: introduction: the gynecomastia is an increase in male breast and an important impact on quality of life. however, it is a condition likely to be modified. objective: to analyze the surgical treatment of gynecomastia pointing the major complications. methods: two hundred and eighty-four patients underwent surgery to correct gynecomastia from january 1998 to september 2008, 94.37% of patients were grade i and ii and 5.63%, grade iii. results: 3.87% patients had seromas and 2.11%, hematoma (p<0.001). patients grade i and ii had keloids in incision of liposuction (0.74%) and patients grade iii presented are olar enlargement. conclusion: the techniques used for treatment of gynecomastia were considered safe and effective with low complication rate.
A single nucleotide polymorphism, rs129679860, in the IL28B locus is associated with the viral kinetics and a sustained virological response in a chronic, monoinfected hepatitis C virus genotype-1 Brazilian population treated with pegylated interferon-ribavirin
Ramos, Juliene Antonio;Ramos, Ana Lúcia de Araújo;Hoffmann, Luisa;Perez, Renata de Mello;Coelho, Henrique Sérgio Moraes;ürményi, Turán Péter;Silva, Rosane;Rondinelli, Edson;Villela-Nogueira, Cristiane Alves;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762012000700008
Abstract: single nucleotide polymorphisms (snps) in the interleukin (il)28b locus have been associated with a sustained virological response (svr) in interferon-ribavirin (ifn-rbv)-treated chronic hepatitis c virus (hcv)-infected patients in european and african populations. in this study, the genotype frequency of two il28b snps (rs129679860 and rs8099917) in a cohort of chronic hcv-monoinfected patients in brazil was evaluated and the snp sufficient to predict the treatment response outcome was determined. a total of 66 na?ve genotype-1 chronic hcv-infected patients were genotyped and the associated viral kinetics and svr were assessed. the overall svr was 38%. both the viral kinetics and svr were associated with rs129679860 genotypes (cc = 62% vs. ct = 33% vs. tt = 18%, p = 0.016). however, rs8099917 genotypes were only associated with svr (tt = 53% vs. tg = 33% vs. gg = 18%; p = 0.032). in this population, the analysis of a single snp, rs12979860, successfully predicts svr in the ifn-rbv treatment of hcv.
CURRíCULO E EDUCA O INFANTIL: UMA ANáLISE DOS DOCUMENTOS CURRICULARES NACIONAIS
Ana Luisa Nogueira de Amorim,Adelaide Alves Dias
Revista Espa?o do Currículo , 2012,
Abstract: Este texto é parte dos estudos empreendidos em tese de Doutorado, emandamento, cujo objetivo é discutir a elabora o de um currículo para as crian as de 0 a 3 anos de idade. Através de análise documental, o recorte deste texto objetivou analisar o lugar do currículo nas políticas nacionais para a Educa o Infantil (EI) através da análise de documentos nacionais produzidos pelo MEC a partir dos anos de 1990. Partindo de uma concep o ampla de currículo, defendemos a necessidade de que as institui es de EI realizem a es sistemáticas de educa o e cuidado, capazes de garantir o pleno desenvolvimento das crian as. Daí a nossa defesa de que a elabora o da proposta curricular das institui es de EI se realize no contexto local para que possa considerar as contradi es e as especificidades do trabalho com as crian as. Os resultados das análises apontam desvios e corre o das rotas pensadas pela área no que diz respeito à elabora o de propostas curriculares para a EI. Como exemplo do desvio da rota, citamos a elabora o de um currículo nacional para a EI (o RCNEI). E a corre o da rota se deu com as políticas mais recentes, em especial as DCNEI (2009), que afirmam a necessidade de que as institui es de EI elaborem localmente suas propostas. Os resultados da análise documental refor am a necessidade das institui es e seus profissionais conhecerem os documentos oficiais (nacionais e locais), bem como as produ es teóricas sobre a área no sentido de elaborarem propostas curriculares para a EI capazes de orientar a es intencionais que reconhe am as crian as como sujeitos de direito e lhes garantam um desenvolvimento pleno e integral.
Endoftalmites bacterianas com culturas positivas: uma revis?o de 6 anos
Bispo, Paulo José Martins;Melo, Gustavo Barreto de;d'Azevedo, Pedro Alves;H?fling-Lima, Ana Luisa;Yu, Maria Cecília Zorat;Pignatari, Antonio Carlos Campos;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492008000500002
Abstract: purpose: to assess the distribution of microorganisms isolated from patients with bacterial endophthalmitis and their antimicrobial susceptibility. methods: retrospective analysis of medical and microbiological records of patients with suspected diagnosis of endophthalmitis and bacterial culture-proven at the department of ophthalmology, unifesp, between january 1 2000 and december 31 2005. results: 153 (33.9%) of 451 patients showed positive bacterial culture. a total of 155 microorganisms were isolated, 79.35% were gram-positive and 20.65% gram-negative. staphylococcus (cons) (41.94%) were the most frequently isolated. the antimicrobial susceptibility for gram-negative microorganisms was as follows: amikacin 87.10%, tobramycin 80.65%, ciprofloxacin 96.67%, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin 100%, ceftazidime 85.0%, and gentamicin 80.65%. vancomycin sensitivity among gram-positive microorganisms was 100%. s. aureus and cons showed 83.33% of susceptibility to oxacillin, 89.61% to ciprofloxacin and 100% to gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin. the main acquisition mechanism was postoperative (60.65%). conclusion: we detected a low sensitivity of vitreous/aqueous culture for the etiologic diagnosis of endophthalmitis. the empiric antimicrobial therapy or prophylaxis should be active against gram-positive bacteria, particularly staphylococci. surveillance studies of bacterial resistance are important for a better utilization of antimicrobials in this clinical setting.
Suscetibilidade antimicrobiana in vitro dos Staphylococcus coagulase negativa oculares
Gayoso, Maria de Fátima Azevedo;Oliveira, Adália Dias Dourado;d'Azevedo, Pedro Alves;Yu, Maria Cecília Zorat;H?fling-Lima, Ana Luisa;Francisco, Waldemar;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492007000600007
Abstract: purpose: to assess the in vitro susceptibility of conjunctival and corneal coagulase negative staphylococcus (cons) to methicillin, fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. methods: a total of 707 conjunctival and corneal cons disk diffusion test results were retrospectively analyzed, from january 2000 through december 2003. results: from 2000 to 2003, there was an increase in number of cons isolated from conjunctiva (n=57 to n=153) and cornea (n=28 to n=78). the frequency of conjunctival and corneal methicillin-resistant cons also increased (1.8 to 19.6% and 14.3 to 29.3%, respectively). there was no statistically significant difference between fluoroquinolones-resistant cons percentages in conjunctiva (ofloxacin: 1.8 to 7.8% and ciprofloxacin: 3.5 to 9.2%) and cornea (ofloxacin: 14.3 to 9.0% and ciprofloxacin: 14.3 to 10.3%). evaluating the results of the conjunctival samples, there was increased resistance to tobramycin (15.8 to 34.0%) and to gentamycin (10.5 to 25.5%). there was no change in resistance of corneal isolates to tobramycin (28.6 to 26.9%) and to gentamycin (21.4 to 23.1%). conclusions: there was a decrease in in vitro cons susceptibility to methicillin, tobramycin and gentamycin. fuoroquinolones represented by ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin demonstrated stable in vitro susceptibility.
Padr?es alimentares de mulheres adultas residentes em área urbana no sul do Brasil
Alves,Ana Luisa Sant'Anna; Olinto,Maria Teresa Anselmo; Costa,Juvenal Soares Dias da; Bairros,Fernanda Souza de; Balbinotti,Marcos Alencar Abaide;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102006000600017
Abstract: objective: to explore the dietary patterns of adult women and to provide information for validating the instrument used. methods: a population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a representative sampling of 1,026 women aged 20 to 60 years living in southeastern brazil, in 2003. a 70-item food frequency questionnaire was used to measure food intake. dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis. results: the reliability of factor analysis was assessed through the kaiser-meyer-olkin statistic, that was equal to 0.823, the bartlett test of sphericity, which reached statistical significance (c2(1225)=7406.39; p<0.001), and the determinant of the correlation matrix (6,28-4). five dietary patterns were identified, each one consisting of 10 items (foods), which were grouped as healthy food pattern cost 1, healthy food pattern cost 2, healthy food pattern cost 3, risk food pattern cost 1 and risk food pattern cost 3. conclusions: there were identified five dietary patterns among adult women. there was a clear difference in terms of the cost of these patterns. these findings suggest that cost may be one of the determinants of food choice and food intake in this population.
Description of the tadpole of Scinax auratus (Wied-Neuwied) (Anura, Hylidae)
Alves, Ana C. R.;Gomes, Márcia dos Reis;Silva, Sergio P. de Carvalho e;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752004000200026
Abstract: scinax auratus occurs in the atlantic rain forest of northeastern brazil. it is found inside the forest on outcrop rocks and in open areas along the forest border. the tadpoles are found in temporary ponds. herein we describe the tadpole of s. auratus and compare it with those of other related species of the genus scinax. the diagnostic characteristics of the tadpole of s. auratus include aspects of the general colour and forms of the body, tail, third posterior tooth row, and jaw sheaths.
Public Knowledge about and Detection of Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis in Urban Divinópolis, Brazil
Carina Margonari,Júlia Alves Menezes,Marcele Neves Rocha,Kamila Nunes Maia,Michael éder de Oliveira,Amanda Luisa Fonseca,Fabrizio Furtado de Sousa,Eduardo de Castro Ferreira,Ana Paula Madureira,Maria Norma Melo,Rodrigo Pedro Soares
Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/429586
Abstract: Background. Leishmaniases are diseases with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations including cutaneous (CL) and visceral (VL) forms. Many factors may affect their occurrence and expansion including environmental, geographic, and social conditions. In the past two decades, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, has exhibited the potential for a disease outbreak, with the appearance of CL, and VL cases (human and canine). Hence, this study was initiated to monitor public knowledge of the disease. Questionnaires were administered in four neighborhoods (Jardim Belvedere, Esplanada, Danilo Passos I and II) where most of the human and canine cases have been reported. The analyses demonstrated that public knowledge of the disease is sparse and fragmented. A strong perception of the dog as the main reservoir was observed. Five veterinary clinics were evaluated for the presence of canine VL using serological (RIFI and ELISA) and molecular (PCR-RFLP) techniques. This is the first study demonstrating the occurrence of Leishmania infantum in Divinópolis, suggesting a possible urbanization of VL. 1. Introduction Leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by the protozoan Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) affecting 12 million people in 88 countries. The disease exhibits a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from benign cutaneous lesions (CL) to the fatal visceral form (VL) [1]. In Latin America, especially Brazil, both forms are widely distributed and are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) [2]. Wild and domestic reservoirs including foxes, marsupials, rodents, dogs, and cats are the main sources of sand fly infection [3–8]. Many factors may have contributed to VL and CL expansion and urbanization [9], including deforestation [10], human migration [11], vector adaptation [12, 13], drug resistance [14], poverty [15], and social conflicts [16]. As a result of anthropic modifications, VL has been increasingly reported in urban areas of major Brazilian cities including Natal, Teresina, Sobral, and Belo Horizonte [5, 17–20]. The city of Divinópolis, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, has a population of approximately 210,000. It has grown dramatically, with 90.5% of its territory completely urbanized in 2000 [21]. During the 1990s, 135 CL cases were detected by health authorities. Most of those cases were reported in the neighborhoods of Jardim Belvedere, Esplanada, S?o José, Catal?o, and Candelária, all in the vicinity of Mata do Noé forest, where a large area was deforested. More recently, another forest
Sistematiza??o da assistência de enfermagem a pacientes oncológicos: uma revis?o integrativa da literatura
Nascimento, Luzia Kelly Alves da Silva;Medeiros, Angélica Teresa Nascimento de;Saldanha, Elisandra de Araújo;Tourinho, Francis Solange Vieira;Santos, Viviane Euzébia Pereira;Lira, Ana Luisa Brand?o de Carvalho;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472012000100023
Abstract: this is an integrative review that aimed to present the knowledge produced on the process standards of nursing care (sae) through the nursing process (np) for cancer patients. data was collected from september to october, 2010 in the electronic databases scopus, nursing and allied health literature (cinahl) and scientific and technical literature of latin america and the caribbean (lilacs). five articles were found. the results show that the majority of studies are descriptive and exploratory. routinely, np phases are not being applied as a tool and when they are, it is in an incomplete way. the conclusion of this review shows that the sae through the np for patients with oncologic conditions is not a common practice; however, its implementation is suggested as a way to provide holistic care with quality to individuals and their families.
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