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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 241544 matches for " Ana Lúcia;Padovani "
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Hiperinsufla??o manual combinada com compress?o torácica expiratória para redu??o do período de interna??o em UTI em pacientes críticos sob ventila??o mecanica
Berti, Juliana Savini Wey;Tonon, Elisiane;Ronchi, Carlos Fernando;Berti, Heloisa Wey;Stefano, Laércio Martins de;Gut, Ana Lúcia;Padovani, Carlos Roberto;Ferreira, Ana Lucia Anjos;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132012000400010
Abstract: objective: although manual hyperinflation (mh) is widely used for pulmonary secretion clearance, there is no evidence to support its routine use in clinical practice. our objective was to evaluate the effect that mh combined with expiratory rib cage compression (ercc) has on the length of icu stay and duration of mechanical ventilation (mv). methods: this was a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial involving icu patients on mv at a tertiary care teaching hospital between january of 2004 and january of 2005. among the 49 patients who met the study criteria, 24 and 25 were randomly assigned to the respiratory physiotherapy (rp) and control groups, respectively. of those same patients, 6 and 8, respectively, were later withdrawn from the study. during the 5-day observation period, the rp patients received mh combined with ercc, whereas the control patients received standard nursing care. results: the two groups were similar in terms of the baseline characteristics. the intervention had a positive effect on the duration of mv, as well as on the icu discharge rate and murray score. there were significant differences between the control and rp groups regarding the weaning success rate on days 2 (0.0% vs. 37.5%), 3 (0.0% vs. 37.5%), 4 (5.3% vs. 37.5%), and 5 (15.9% vs. 37.5%), as well as regarding the icu discharge rate on days 3 (0% vs. 25%), 4 (0% vs. 31%), and 5 (0% vs. 31%). in the rp group, there was a significant improvement in the murray score on day 5. conclusions: our results show that the use of mh combined with ercc for 5 days accelerated the weaning process and icu discharge.
The role of salt abuse on risk for hypercalciuria
Patrícia CG Damasio, Carmen RPR Amaro, Natália B Cunha, Ana C Pichutte, José Goldberg, Carlos R Padovani, Jo?o L Amaro
Nutrition Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-3
Abstract: Between August 2007 and June 2008, 105 lithiasic patients were distributed into 2 groups: Group 1 (n = 55): patients with IH (urinary calcium excretion > 250 mg in women and 300 mg in men with normal serum calcium); Group 2 (n = 50): normocalciuric patients (NC). Inclusion criteria were: age over 18 years, normal renal function (creatinine clearance ≥ 60 ml/min), absent proteinuria and negative urinary culture. Pregnant women, patients with intestinal pathologies, chronic diarrhea or using corticoids were excluded. The protocol of metabolic investigation was based on non-consecutive collection of two 24-hour samples for dosages of: calcium, sodium, uric acid, citrate, oxalate, magnesium and urinary volume. Food intake was evaluated by the three-day dietary record quantitative method, and the Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated and classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Sodium intake was evaluated based on 24-hour urinary sodium excretion.The distribution in both groups as regards mean age (42.11 ± 10.61 vs. 46.14 ± 11.52), weight (77.14 ± 16.03 vs. 75.99 ± 15.80), height (1.64 ± 0.10 vs. 1.64 ± plusorminus 0.08) and BMI (28.78 ± 5.81 vs. 28.07 ± 5.27) was homogeneous. Urinary excretion of calcium (433.33 ± 141.92 vs. 188.93 ± 53.09), sodium (280.08 ± 100.94 vs. 200.44.93 ± 65.81), uric acid (880.63 ± 281.50 vs. 646.74 ± 182.76) and magnesium (88.78 ± 37.53 vs. 64.34 ± 31.84) was significantly higher in the IH group (p < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in calcium intake between the groups, and there was significantly higher salt intake in patients with IH than in NC.This study showed that salt intake was higher in patients with IH as compared to NC.Renal lithiasis is a common disease affecting nearly 20% of the world population, and in approximately 95% of cases, it is associated with a metabolic disorder [1].Elevated sodium excretion in urine resulting from excessive sodium intake can lead to hypercalciuria and contribute to the for
A Comparative Genotoxicity Study of a Supraphysiological Dose of Triiodothyronine (T3) in Obese Rats Subjected to Either Calorie-Restricted Diet or Hyperthyroidism
Maria Teresa De Sibio, Renata Azevedo Melo Luvizotto, Regiane Marques Castro Olimpio, Camila Renata Corrêa, Juliana Marino, Miriane de Oliveira, Sandro José Conde, Ana Lúcia dos Anjos Ferreira, Carlos Roberto Padovani, Célia Regina Nogueira
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056913
Abstract: This study was designed to determine the genotoxicity of a supraphysiological dose of triiodothyronine (T3) in both obese and calorie-restricted obese animals. Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of the two following groups: control (C; n = 10) and obese (OB; n = 40). The C group received standard food, whereas the OB group was fed a hypercaloric diet for 20 weeks. After this period, half of the OB animals (n = 20) were subjected to a 25%-calorie restriction of standard diet for 8 weeks forming thus a new group (OR), whereas the remaining OB animals were kept on the initial hypercaloric diet. During the following two weeks, 10 OR animals continued on the calorie restriction diet, whereas the remaining 10 rats of this group formed a new group (ORS) given a supraphysiological dose of T3 (25 μg/100 g body weight) along with the calorie restriction diet. Similarly, the remaining OB animals were divided into two groups, one that continued on the hypercaloric diet (OB, n = 10), and one that received the supraphysiological dose of T3 (25 μg/100 g body weight) along with the hypercaloric diet (OS, n = 10) for two weeks. The OB group showed weight gain, increased adiposity, insulin resistance, increased leptin levels and genotoxicity; T3 administration in OS animals led to an increase in genotoxicity and oxidative stress when compared with the OB group. The OR group showed weight loss and normalized levels of adiposity, insulin resistance, serum leptin and genotoxicity, thus having features similar to those of the C group. On the other hand, the ORS group, compared to OR animals, showed higher genotoxicity. Our results indicate that regardless of diet, a supraphysiological dose of T3 causes genotoxicity and potentiates oxidative stress.
Perceptions of Teachers in the First Years of Primary Education Regarding Socio-Emotional Education and Problem Solving  [PDF]
Alexandra Amadio Belli, Ana Lúcia Manrique
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.813144
Abstract: In the school context, the development and education of children and adolescents involve inter-relations between emotion, cognition and socialization; in other words, emotional and social skills management cannot be disconnected from student learning. The aim of this study is to analyze teacher training in the early years of Primary Teaching through the reading, analysis and reflection of texts on Socio-emotional Competencies and Problem Solving. Audio recordings were used, along with their transcriptions, with a view to supplying the teachers’ words in their entirety, although for the article only extracts that were relevant to the understanding of the problem studied in this research were used. The conclusions indicate that Socio-emotional Education can contribute to the practice of teaching and teacher training. In addition to this, as reported by the teachers participating in the research, with the use of Problem Solving methodology in the teaching of mathematics in the classroom, space and opportunity have been gained for the development of Socio-emotional Competencies with students, improving the management of stress and conflicts in the school environment.
Estilo parental de origem e ansiedade em homens com histórico de agress?o à parceira
Padovani, Ricardo da Costa;Williams, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2011000300008
Abstract: the present study was aimed at investigating male batterers' family of origin's parental style, and its relationship with anxiety symptoms in such men, by comparing these variables with men without a history of domestic violence with similar age, socio-economic status, education and marital status. a sample of 20 batterers and 20 men without a violence history was utilized. the instruments in portuguese included: a batterer's family of origin semi-structured interview, the parental style inventory, and the beck anxiety inventory (bai). both groups did not differ statistically in regards to age, socio-economic status, education and marital status. however, the groups were statistically different in terms of the variables family of origin's parental style and anxiety. it is suggested that anxiety, combined with family of origin's inappropriate parenting, may contribute to intimate partner violence. future studies could further investigate this possibility using larger samples.
Histórico de violência intrafamiliar em pacientes psiquiátricos
Padovani, Ricardo da Costa;Williams, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932008000300007
Abstract: the goal of this study was to characterize the family violence history among psychiatric patients in a mental health outpatient clinic. more specifically, identification of the modality of violence experienced by the patients was intended. twenty three psychiatric patients who attended the clinic took part of the study. the instrument used to collect data was a semi-structured interview, with questions related to patient’s mental health and family violence history, as well as childhood description, among other topics. only one out of 23 patients reported an absence of family violence history. twenty participants indicated a history of physical or emotional abuse during childhood. in their adult phase, of the 13 participants who reported having lived with an intimate partner, eight female participants reported aggressive behavior by partners, and two male participants reported perpetrating aggressive episodes to their wives, in the past. in terms of sexual violence, five participants reported having experienced forced intercourse by partners, and one male participant reported having sexually abused his wife. the results call attention to the high frequency and severity of family violence episodes. this phenomenon should be investigated using wider samples, and questions on family violence history should routinely be asked in the clinical practice, as its avoidance during treatment may contribute to poor prognosis.
Interven??o psicoterapêutica com agressor conjugal: um estudo de caso
Padovani, Ricardo da Costa;Williams, Lúcia Calvacanti de Albuquerque;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722002000200003
Abstract: domestic violence is a complex phenomenon which indistinctly affects families. the goal of this work consisted in eliminating the violent behavior of a male batterer . the client was an upper-middle class man who had a university education. the intervention took place at the psychology office of the woman?s police station. fifteen sessions were held over a period of six months. assessment instruments involved: interviews with batterer, questionnaire about domestic violence believes, self- esteem scales, beck depression inventory and the conflict tactics scale. intervention techniques involved: homework, self-recording of violent behavior and thoughts that triggered aggression, self-control techniques, time-out, anger management, analysis of dysfunctional thoughts, assertiveness training, relaxation, role-play and readings followed by discussion. throughout the psychological intervention there was only one episode of aggression which was of minor proportion compared to previous ones. the client did not present any violent behaviors in a two months follow-up.
Interven o psicoterapêutica com agressor conjugal: um estudo de caso
Padovani Ricardo da Costa,Williams Lúcia Calvacanti de Albuquerque
Psicologia em Estudo , 2002,
Abstract: A violência doméstica é um fen meno complexo, afetando famílias indistintamente. O objetivo deste trabalho consistiu em oferecer um atendimento psicológico de forma a reduzir o comportamento violento do marido à esposa. O cliente tinha o terceiro grau completo, pertencendo à classe média alta. O trabalho foi desenvolvido na sala de Psicologia da Delegacia da Mulher. Foram realizadas 15 sess es durante 6 meses. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados envolveram as técnicas Entrevistas com agressor, Questionário sobre cren as, Escala de auto-estima, Inventário de depress o, Escala de tática de conflito. As técnicas consistiram de: tarefa de casa, registro de comportamentos violentos/pensamentos que desencadeavam agress es, técnicas de autocontrole, auto-aplica o de time-out, manejo de raiva, análise de pensamentos disfuncionais, treino de assertividade, relaxamento, role-play, leitura/discuss o de textos. Durante o atendimento houve um episódio de agress o à esposa, de propor o menor, se comparado a anteriores. O cliente n o apresentou episódios de violência à esposa nos dois meses subseqüentes ao término da interven o.
O que conhecemos sobre o trabalho infantil?
Kassouf, Ana Lúcia;
Nova Economia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-63512007000200005
Abstract: interest in research and economic analysis related to child labor reappears in the literature around 1995, mainly due to a growing emphasis on the reduction of poverty and the accumulation of human capital to obtain economic development, which means that child labor is seen as an impediment to economic progress. empirical analysis to find the causes, consequences and solutions for child labor are now being facilitated by the increase in the availability of high quality microdata and ease of obtaining computational data. poverty, parents' education, family composition, gender of the head of the household, age parents started working and the household location are the most analyzed and important determinants to explain the allocation of the child's time to work. the most important social-economic consequences of child labor are related to the reduction in years of education, school performance, wages and health status. the objective of this study is to present a summary of what is known in the economic literature related to child labor and to indicate directions for future research.
Condi??es de trabalho do professor de Sociologia
Lennert, Ana Lúcia;
Cadernos CEDES , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622011000300005
Abstract: this paper aims to present the working conditions of sociology professors, in the current period, and also describe and analyze the changes resulting from a series of laws approved in semester of 2009, in s?o paulo state. the text is structured as follows: (1) brief history of sociology as a discipline in schools. this topic presents the history of the discipline through educational policies, emphasizing on their effects in the most recent period in s?o paulo state. (2) working conditions. the purpose of this topic is to analyze four points related to working conditions, according to the legislation discussed. the points are as follows: (2.1) salary; (2.2) journeywork; (2.3) career and (2.4) labor relations. this paper is justified by the understanding of the consequences of new laws in academic labor and in the history and institutionalization of sociology as a discipline in schools.
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