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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 42578 matches for " Ana Flávia Granville;Leal "
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Pediatric medicines and their relationship to dental caries
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Gabriela;Mora, Cristiana;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502010000100018
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate mothers' knowledge about the cariogenic potential of pediatric medicines. a total of 111 mothers were interviewed using a standardized form containing 15 questions relating to the association of pediatric drug use with dental caries and oral hygiene care. descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square test and fisher's exact) were used at a significance of 5%. most of the mothers were aged 40 years or under (77.4%), high school educated (30.6%) and not working (50.5%). the association between medication use and dental caries or defects in teeth structure was mentioned by 35 (43.2%) mothers, 33 of whom (40.7%) cited this was due to the presence of sugar in the formulations. only 32 mothers (28.8%) performed oral hygiene for the child after drugs ingestion, although 81.1% (n = 90) had never received guidance on the importance of this practice. the type of occupation and maternal education level were not significant in these issues (p> 0.05). pediatric medicines can create problems for the teeth and a high percentage of mothers are unable to establish a clear cause and effect relationship with this association. therefore, the pharmaceutical industry needs to be more aware of this and should prepare pediatric medicines without the presence of sucrose.
Influência de fatores socioecon?micos e demográficos no padr?o de respira??o: um estudo piloto
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;Moura, Marcela Motta;Granville-Garcia, Ana Flávia;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992007000600014
Abstract: breathing represents one of the vital functions of the organism, and its unbalance causes some series of alterations in several organs and systems. aim: verify the influence of socio-economic and demographic factors in determining breathing patterns. study design: cross-sectional. materials and methods: there were 143 students in the sample, with ages ranging from 9 and 10 years, from two schools, public and private, in the city of recife, pernambuco. breathing patterns were established through two tests: glatzel plate (steam) and water time in the mouth. socio-economic factors were evaluated through questionnaires with nine questions each. statistics were carried out by means of the chi-squared test or fisher?s exact test and the significance level used was of 5%. results: oral breathing prevalence was of 55.2%, higher among females (57.7%) and in public schools (67.2%).lack of medical care (62%), less use of medications (56.6%), parents with educational levels lower than high school, divorced parents (66%), students that do not live with their parents (68.7%) and homes with only one room (72%), in all of those situations, oral breathing signs were more prevalent. only school type had significant association with the breathing pattern. conclusion: high levels of oral breathing without differences concerning gender and age. with the exception of school type, there was no association between breathing pattern and socio-economic factors.
Respira??o bucal no contexto multidisciplinar: percep??o de ortodontistas da cidade do Recife
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Luiza Laranjeira;Albuquerque, Tamara Cavalcanti de;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512011000600014
Abstract: objectives: to assess the knowledge of a mouth breathing pattern among orthodontists in the city of recife, brazil, and to examine their treatment protocols. methods: in this cross-sectional study, members of the orthodontics and facial orthopedics association of pernambuco responded individual structured interviews. a form with 14 questions, validated using the face value method, was used to collect data. the level of significance was set at 5%. results: of the 90 participants, 55.6% were women; 78.9% were specialists (the highest educational level); 67.8% worked full-time in private practice, and 38.9% were also professors. the most frequent diagnostic criteria were: body posture (97.8%), lip competence (96.7%), and dark circles under the eyes (86.7%), with similar results among young and old orthodontists. the use of the glatzel mirror was infrequent (3.3%). the most frequently mentioned mouth breathing sequelae were craniofacial (94.4%) and body posture (37.8%) changes. according to interviewees, mouth breathing duration (84.4%) was the item most often associated with sequelae. there were no significant associations between time since graduation and any of the factors under analysis. most respondents, whether working in private clinics or in the public healthcare system, believed that mouth breathers should be treated by a multidisciplinary team. conclusions: most orthodontists, regardless of experience, have knowledge of the mouth breathing syndrome and understand the need of a multidisciplinary treatment.
Prevalência de mordida aberta anterior e protrus?o dentária em pré-escolares da cidade do Recife (PE, Brasil)
Granville-Garcia,Ana Flávia; Ferreira,Jainara Maria Soares; Menezes,Valdenice Aparecida de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000800032
Abstract: the objective of this work was to verify the prevalence of malocclusions (anterior open bite, overjet) and its association with age, gender and type of school with a sample of 2,651 preschool children in the city of recife, pe, brazil. the children were seated in school chairs in the room of the day care/school for the clinical exam, children aging two years or less were assisted in the system knee-knee, through natural and artificial illumination. the dental protrusion was verified when the overjet was larger than 3 mm through periodontal probe in millimeters. the presence of anterior open bite was detected when there was no contact with the anterior teeth and the posterior ones stayed in occlusion. t was also registered in clinical record a combination of the two malocclusions types, in other words, open bite and of dental protrusion. the data were analyzed at qui-square and the association among the events was the odds ratio. the prevalence of protrusion was 66.1% and previous open bite 19.8%. there was association among this malocclusions, age and type of school, however there was not significant statistical association between malocclusion and gender. it was concluded that the prevalence of malocclusion in preschoolers was high and it was associated to the age and school type.
Characterization of experimental dental research using animals
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti,Renaly Nunes de Lucena,Veruska Medeiros Martins,Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the profile of experimental dental research using animals. Methods: The research comprised all the 4141 abstracts existent in the books of annals from the 22nd and 23rd Annual meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dentistry Research and the sample was composed of 377 studies (9.1%). The variables analyzed were: area of knowledge, type of institution, State of the country, type of animal and body part used, occurrence of animal sacrifice, mention of the Research Ethics Committee, receipt of funding and type of financing agency. Results: The largest number of studies concentrated on the areas of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery (27.3%) and Basic Sciences (21.2%). The Public Universities were responsible for 74% of the researches, and the State Institutions were outstanding (82.4%). The State of S o Paulo was responsible for 74.1% of the studies. Rats (67.1%) and rabbits (11.1%) were the most frequently used animals, and 68.2% of the animals were sacrificed. The oral cavity was used in 50.1% of the researches and the mandible in 59%. Only 1.9% of the studies mentioned the Research Ethics Committee and 26.3% reported that they received funding. Conclusion: In Dentistry, studies involving animals are predominant in the areas of buccomaxillofacial surgery and basic sciences, with rats andrabbits being most frequently used. A significant number of guinea pigs are sacrificed during or at the end of the experiments.
Physical Education Teachers’ Knowledge Assessment on Reimplant-Avulsion
Ana Flávia GRANVILLE-GARCIA,Elianay Maria LIMA,Pryscila Gomes SANTOS,Valdenice Aparecida de MENEZES
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the knowledge on reimplant-avulsion of Physical Education Teachers’ in the city of Caruaru (PE). Methods: The study was carried on in the city of Caruaru, Pernambuco (BR), and the participants were 79 professionals who were interviewed through a standard questionnaire containing 11 questions related to dental avulsion as well as to the procedures to be followed in such cases. Results: Only 20.3% of teachers knew what dental traumas are, but none of them had studied the subject during their undergraduate course. It was explained to participants what a dental avulsion was and 44.3% of them answered that they had already seen this kind of trauma in their classes. All professionals said they would give children a handkerchief or a towel for them to bite in order to control bleeding. 19% of the participants would not know what to do and 81% would wash the tooth in water. Most of them (86.1%) recognized the importance of an immediate treatment; all of them said they would wrap the tooth in a paper napkin until the child was assisted; and 26.6% said they would suggest an analgesic for the pain. Conclusion: Teachers did not show any knowledge of the emergency procedures that should be taken in a case of dental avulsion. The inclusion of such procedures in the programs of physical education courses and the availability of preventive educational programs is needed in order to increase the chances of a successful dental reimplant.
Prevalência de perda precoce de molares decíduos: estudo retrospectivo = Prevalence of early loss of deciduous molars: a retrospective study
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti,Suyanne Amorim Menezes,Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia,Luciana Barros Correia Fontes
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Este estudo retrospectivo determinou a prevalência da perda precoce demolares decíduos em pacientes atendidos na clínica de Odontopediatria da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba. Foram examinados 515 prontuários, sendo os dados registrados em um formulário. Foram analisadas as variáveis: gênero, idade, tipo de molar decíduo perdido,arcada dentária (maxilar ou mandibular) e lado (direito e esquerdo). Observou-se que a prevalência de perda precoce foi de 15,1%, existindo uma distribui o similar entre os gêneros. Em rela o à idade da crian a, a maior freqüência de perda acometeu pacientescom sete anos (32,1%). Houve distribui o equitativa da perda dentária entre as arcadas superior e inferior, com 43,6% cada uma, sendo o lado esquerdo o mais acometido (41%). O segundo molar superior esquerdo foi o mais acometido (17,9%), seguido do primeiromolar decíduo superior direito (16,1%). Pode-se concluir que a prevalência de perda precoce foi baixa e que os molares decíduos superiores foram os dentes mais comumente perdidos. This retrospective study determined the prevalence of early loss of deciduous molars in patients enrolled at the Pediatric Dentistry clinic at the State University of Paraíba. A review of 515 patient records were analyzed, registered in a form. The following variables were analyzed: gender, age, type of deciduous molar loss, region (maxilla or mandible) and side (right and left). It was observed that the prevalence of early tooth loss was 15.1% and there was a similar distribution between the genders. In regard to age, the greatest frequency of tooth loss involved patients at 7 years old (32.1%). There was a similar distribution of tooth loss between the maxilla and mandible regions, at 43.6% each, with the left side being themost involved (41%). The second upper left deciduous molar was the most commonly missing tooth (17.9%), followed by the first upper right deciduous molar (16.1%). It can be concluded that the prevalence of early loss was lower and that the upper primary molarswere the most commonly missing teeth.
Conhecimentos e percep??o de professores sobre maus-tratos em crian?as e adolescentes
Granville-Garcia, Ana Flávia;Souza, Maria Gleice Carvalho de;Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Barbosa, Roberta Granville de;Cavalcanti, Alessandro Leite;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902009000100013
Abstract: violence against children and adolescents affects our society, being present in all social groups. education professionals play an important role in the identification and notification of child abuse in the school environment. therefore, this research study had the objective of verifying the knowledge and perception of the teachers of municipal schools of caruaru (state of pernambuco, brazil) concerning child abuse. the sample was non-probabilistic, in which 73 professionals were interviewed. the research technique used in the study was the extensive direct observation, and a specific structured form was employed. the studied variables were: frequency of child abuse, signs of violence, sex and age of the victim, adopted attitude, teachers' knowledge of protection institutions, information received on the subject and its importance. according to the teachers, the frequency of child abuse is low (16.4%), and hematoma (44.8%) and marks of objects and hands (20%) are the most frequent signs. the most mentioned age and sex were school-age (64.4%) and male (56.2%). in 87.3% of the cases the teachers mentioned the child guardianship council as the protection institution for the child. a high percentage of teachers did not have contact with the subject during their education (60.3%). most of them had some basic knowledge on the subject and all of them stated that it was important to have knowledge about it and would like to receive training.
Remo o químico-mecanica de tecido cariado: bases biológicas e materiais utilizados
Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia,Valdenice Aparecida de Menezes,Mayra Raphaela da Silva Rocha,Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
Stomatos , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to realize a literature review about the chemical-mechanical removal method, its biological basis and respective materials. A bibliographical research was done, in indexed papers from the Bireme and Pubmed bases using the following keywords: dental caries, carisolv and papain. Books and thesis were also consulted. The literature review comprehended the period from 1976 to 2007. Carisolv and the papain gel are chemical agents that ease the chemical removal of the decayed tissue. They are also biocompatible and antimicrobial, and can be an alternative to the traditional treatment, especially in cases of patients with phobia to the dentistry treatment. The results revealed that this method is conservative, it reduces the need for anesthesia, being an alternative for patients with fear and anxiety to the dentistry treatment.
Occurrence of Child and Adolescent Abuse in Caruaru-PE
Ana Flávia GRANVILLE-GARCIA,Valdenice Aparecida de MENEZES,Blancard TORRES FILHO,Jo?o Ricardo ARAúJO
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: Verify the occurrence of child and adolescent abuse referred to Caruaru Tutelary Council between 2002 and 2004. Method: To this end, data on the complaints lodged in the period concerned was requested from the Tutelary Council. Results: From a total of 798 cases reported the most common was neglect (49.24%) followed by psychological violence (28.94%). Physical and sexual abuse represented 17.6% and 4.66% of the total of the sample, respectively. As to sex, males represented 55.3% of the cases reported. Conclusion: According to literature, lesions are most frequent on the orofacial area. The awareness of such a piece of information makes a high demand for dental surgeons′ ethical and legal responsibility. Besides reporting suspect child abuse to authorities, there is now a call for creating protective mechanisms for the abused in addition to preventive educational campaigns with focus on the need for denouncing and avoiding all kinds of maltreatment.
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