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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39903 matches for " Ana Carolina;Ventura "
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Doen?as oculares em neonatos
Endriss, Daniela;Ventura, Liana Maria V. O.;Diniz, José Ricardo;Celino, Ana Carolina;Toscano, Jana;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492002000500010
Abstract: purpose: to identify the main ocular diseases in a neonate population attended by the "sistema único de saúde" in reference maternities of pernambuco state, advising the follow-up and necessary treatment. methods: a transversal study was done among newborn infants in three public maternities, during the period of april to october 2000. an ophthalmological examination was performed during weekly visits, advising the follow-up and treatment of the cases with ocular alterations or risk factors. results: 3280 newborns were examined: 1403 (42.8%) in the encruzilhada maternity (cisam), 1232 (37.5%) in the maternity of the hospital bar?o de lucena (mhbl) and 645 (19.7%) in the maternity of the hospital agamenon magalh?es (mham). 387 were pre-term (11.8%). 701 neonates (21.4%) with ocular alterations or risk factors were referred to the specialized service. of these, 46.4% were pre-term and 37.9% received oxygen therapy, with a higher percentage in mhbl (45.4%). conjunctivitis was found in 3.0% of the eyes, leucocoria in 0.4% and subconjunctival hemorrhage in 2.0%. at fundoscopy, retinal hemorrhages were found in 7.8% of cases, with 4.3% affecting the macula. conclusions: the most frequent diseases were retinal hemorrhages and conjunctivitis. the main risk factors seen were prematurity and neonatal infectious diseases. the authors suggest that ocular examinations should be done routinely in neonates.
Doen as oculares em neonatos
Endriss Daniela,Ventura Liana Maria V. O.,Diniz José Ricardo,Celino Ana Carolina
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2002,
Abstract: Objetivo: Identificar as principais doen as oculares numa popula o de neonatos assistidos pelo Sistema único de Saúde em maternidades de referência no Estado de Pernambuco, orientando o seguimento e tratamento necessário. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo de corte transversal numa popula o de recém-nascidos em três maternidades públicas, no período de abril a outubro de 2000. Procedeu-se ao exame oftalmológico durante visitas semanais, orientando-se o seguimento e tratamento dos casos com altera es oculares ou fatores de risco. Resultados: Examinaram-se 3280 recém-nascidos: 1403 (42,8%) na Maternidade da Encruzilhada (CISAM), 1232 (37,5%) na Maternidade do Hospital Bar o de Lucena (MHBL) e 645 (19,7%) na Maternidade do Hospital Agamenon Magalh es (MHAM). 387 eram pré-termo (11,8% dos casos). Encaminharam-se ao servi o especializado 701 neonatos (21,4% do total examinado) com altera es oculares ou com fatores de risco. Destes, 46,4% eram pré-têrmo e 37,9% receberam oxigenoterapia, observando-se maior número porcentual na MHBL (45,4%). Observou-se conjuntivite em 3,0% dos olhos, leucocoria em 0,4% e hemorragia subconjuntival em 2,0%. à fundoscopia, encontraram-se hemorragias retinianas em 7,8% dos casos, com acometimento macular em 4,3%. Conclus es: As doen as oculares mais freqüentes foram: hemorragias retinianas e conjuntivites. Os principais fatores de risco observados foram: prematuridade e doen as infecciosas neonatais. Os autores enfatizam que o exame ocular deve ser realizado rotineiramente nos neonatos.
Achados oftalmológicos em 28 crian?as portadoras da seqüência de M?ebius
Santos, Laura Patrícia Ferreira;Ventura, Liana Maria V. de Oliveira;Almeida, Henderson Celestino de;Miller, Marilyn;Colier, Ana Carolina;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492004000400006
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the clinical ophthalmological findings in m?ebius sequence patients. methods: twenty-eight m?ebius sequence patients were studied at three ophthalmological centers in pernambuco state, brazil. results: bilateral epicanthus was found in 25 patients (89.3%), ptosis in 14 (50.0%), corneal opacities from exposure in 5 (17.8%) and diminished bell's reflex in 3 (10.7%). monocular visual acuity varied from 0.03 to 1. visual acuity deficiency was detected in 13 patients (46.4%). the most frequent refractive error was astigmatism. it was observed in 33 eyes (58.9%). at the primary position, 16 patients (57.2%) had esotropia, 2 (7.1%) had exotropia and 7 (25.0%) had orthotropia. fundoscopic examination was normal in 26 patients (92.8%). conclusions: it was observed that m?ebius sequence patients presented important ophthalmological disorders, like visual acuity deficiency, incomitant strabismus, exposure keratitis and refractive errors. it is suggested that these patients should be evaluated early by an ophthalmologist for the diagnosis and treatment of these problems.
Impacto da terapia cognitivo-comportamental nos fatores neurobiológicos relacionados à resiliência
Norte, Carlos Eduardo;Souza, Gabriela Guerra Leal;Pedrozo, Ana Lucia;Mendon?a-de-Souza, Ana Carolina Ferraz;Figueira, Ivan;Volchan, Eliane;Ventura, Paula Rui;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832011000100009
Abstract: resilience, as an outcome variable, has been largely neglected in the field of therapeutics. our aim was to investigate the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (cbt) on neurobiological markers of resilience in posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd) patients. in this single-case experimental research, we assessed physiological (heart rate, respiratory rate, cardiac vagal tone, sympathetic balance and skin conductance) and neuroendocrine (cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone - dhea) variables; and psychometric self-report measures (negative affect, resilience, ptsd symptoms, depression, anxiety and social support). physiological, neuroendocrine and psychometric responses at rest were measured before and after four months of cbt. the patient was a 45-year-old man who had suffered two armed robberies and failed to respond adequately to pharmacological treatment with paroxetine. cbt led to a reduction in heart rate, respiratory rate, sympathetic balance, skin conductance and cortisol. it also led to an increase in cardiac vagal tone and dhea. furthermore, cbt promoted reduction of ptsd symptoms, depression, anxiety and negative affect scores and enhancement of resilience and social support scores. cbt in this single case enhanced resilience-related factors such as dhea, vagal tone, self-reported resilience and social support suggesting that this therapeutic strategy not only contributed to 'anti' pathology effects but to 'pro' well-being. additionally, our results show the relevance of investigating the effects of psychological treatments in multiple neurobiological systems in the same ptsd patients to unveil the neurobiological underpinnings of resilience factors.
Marcadores neurobiológicos e psicométricos da eficácia da terapia cognitivo-comportamental no transtorno de estresse pós-traumático associado a sintomas dissociativos: relato de caso
Lages, Ana Cristina;Nórte, Carlos Eduardo;Pedrozo, Ana Lúcia;Gon?alves, Raquel Menezes;Marques-Portella, Carla;Souza, Gabriela Guerra Leal;Mendon?a-de-Souza, Ana Carolina;Ventura, Paula Rui;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082011000100011
Abstract: introduction: post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd) has been associated with dysregulation of many psychophysiological parameters and may present comorbidity with different psychopathologies, including dissociation, potentially affecting treatment outcome. the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy in a patient with ptsd and dissociative symptoms based on psychophysiological and psychometric measures at different time points throughout the course of treatment. case description: our patient is a 38-year old man diagnosed with ptsd, major depression, and dissociative symptoms, resistant to pharmacotherapy. psychological treatment lasted for 4 months and consisted of one weekly therapy session and three weekly coaching sessions. physiological (heart rate, vagal tone, sympathovagal balance, and cortisol) and psychometric measures (negative and positive affect, resilience, and post-traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and dissociative symptoms) were obtained before, during (once a month) and after treatment. comments: results showed a decrease in sympathovagal balance and an increase in heart rate, vagal tone and cortisol levels during the course of treatment. treatment also lead to a decrease in negative affect and in post-traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and dissociation symptoms, as well as to an increase in resilience, social support and positive affect scores. these results suggest that cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for ptsd patients with dissociative symptoms. moreover, the treatment seems to be able to normalize ptsd-related physiological parameters in the neuroendocrine and autonomic nervous systems.
Estilos de aprendizaje y prácticas de ense anza en la universidad. Un binomio que sustenta la calidad educativa
Ana Clara Ventura
Perfiles educativos , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo de este artículo es analizar los estilos de aprendizaje y prácticas de ense anza en la educación superior en el período 2000 a 2010, haciendo énfasis en los desarrollos de América Latina y el Caribe. Los estudios en las aulas universitarias confluyeron en la investigación de los mecanismos del proceso de aprendizaje. Esta problemática se abordó principalmente desde la teoría de los estilos de aprendizaje. En este contexto, se sitúan como corrientes teóricas predominantes en el escenario académico, la perspectiva de Felder y Silverman y el enfoque de Alonso, Gallego y Honey. Desde diferentes aristas, las investigaciones demostraron que el proceso de aprendizaje se facilita cuando el docente ense a en el estilo preferente del estudiante, hallando una relación significativa entre estilos docentes y de aprendizaje, ahí radica su importancia para la investigación psicológica y educativa destinada al conocimiento de la naturaleza procedimental del aprendizaje.
Zinc Status in Virological Controlled Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Patients  [PDF]
Carlos Tornero, Consuelo Lapuebla, Ana Ventura, Julian Diaz, Maricarmen Mafe
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2011.14026
Abstract: Zinc (Zn) is a key micronutrient for correct immune function and its deficiency correction has been shown to be useful in HIV-infected but most of the studies included a significant proportion of patients without adequate virological control. It would be interesting to establish the prevalence, associated factors and clinical repercussions of Zn deficiency in patients with good virological to assessing the usefulness of Zn monitoring in the routine follow-up of well controlled HIV-infected patients, based on the colorimetric techniques commonly used in daily clinical practice. We included the first 100 patients that met the requirements of HAART and viremia levels under 200 copies for at least 6 consecutive months, with no active illicit drug use, active infections or weight loss of any cause during the previous 6 months. Serum Zn concentration was measured using a colorimetric assay (Sentinel Diagnostics®) adapted to the Cobas 8000 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics). The Zn values showed a normal distribution with a mean concentration of 88.7 µg/dl (SD 23.3) and were found to be decreased in 13 patients and in 6 subjects were below 61 µg/dl. Both the simple statistical analysis and the multivariate regression model only identified a significant effect for age and alcohol consumption. In sum an important number of HIV-infected with effective and prolonged HAART and no evidence of active infections or other associated factor show diminished serum Zn concentrations. The inclusion of at least occasional Zn determinations should be considered in the regular follow-up evaluations of HIV-infected patients.
Correlation between the Degree of Liver Fibrosis and Driving Test Alterations as an Indicator of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy  [PDF]
Carlos Tornero, Simona Cioaia, Marina Llopis, Ana Ventura
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.54006
Abstract: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy is a subclinical disorder in patients with liver cirrhosis that may have an impact upon driving capacity. This study in highly selected patients without other confounding factors examines whether there is a relationship between the degree of liver fibrosis as determined by Fibroscan exploration and the driving test scores. Using the ASDE DRIVER-TEST N-845 system, validated for obtaining the driving license in Spain, we assessed the calculation of distances and time, bimanual visual-motor coordination, reaction time to different stimuli, concentrated attention, and resistance to monotony. The data were processed using the SPSS statistical package, with an analysis of the correlation between the degree of fibrosis and the test scores based on the Spearman statistic and the comparison of means (Mann-Whitney U-test). We found no alterations in driving capacity in patients diagnosed of hepatitis C with different degrees of early stage fibrosis or cirrhosis.
Os Compósitos e a sua aplica??o na Reabilita??o de Estruturas metálicas
Ventura,Ana Mafalda F.M.;
Ciência & Tecnologia dos Materiais , 2009,
Abstract: with technological advancement the properties required of conventional materials change leading to the appearing of materials able to meet the requisites expected of new technologies. combination of chemical and structural materials produced a new class of engineering products. firstly, this article provides a brief historical presentation of an innovative group of materials that are increasingly required by many applications in industry. along the same are set out the characteristics and properties of composite materials for a clearer view of the advantages that they have in relation to other materials needed for the same use. there is also an evolution of different applications over the time, in many areas of the industry in general. as the main objective this work presents an analysis of these materials when applied in maintenance, repair and rehabilitation of metallic marine and civil engineering infrastructures.
Saúde dos povos indígenas no Brasil: perspectivas atuais
Santos Ricardo Ventura,Escobar Ana Lúcia
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract:
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