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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 211296 matches for " Ana Augusta de Andrade;Alves "
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Aquisi o dos fonemas fricativos coronais por crian as da regi o metropolitana do recife The acquisition of coronal fricatives by children of Recife's metropolitan region
Ana Augusta de Andrade Cordeiro,Jakelline Miranda Alves,Bianca Arruda Manchester de Queiroga,Ana Cristina Montenegro
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: investigar a aquisi o das fricativas coronais por crian as de creches/escolas públicas da Regi o Metropolitana do Recife. MéTODOS: 40 crian as frequentadoras de quatro creches/escolas, com idades entre 2 a 6 anos e 11 meses, sendo 20 do sexo masculino e 20 do sexo feminino. O instrumento utilizado foi constituído por figuras que visavam à nomea o de 83 palavras que possuíam os fonemas-alvos: /s/ (32), /z/ (11), /∫/ (21), / / (19), selecionadas a partir das variáveis linguísticas tonicidade e estrutura silábica. As crian as foram divididas em 10 grupos, de acordo com a faixa etária. Considerou-se o percentual de 80% de produ o como indicativo de aquisi o do fonema-alvo. RESULTADOS: o início da produ o das fricativas coronais deu-se na faixa etária de 2:0-2:5 anos. Observou-se que os fonemas /∫/, / / e /z/ foram adquiridos aos 3:0-3:5 anos e o fonema /s/ aos 2:6-2:11 anos. Os processos fonológicos mais comumente encontrados foram substitui o e omiss o. Também foi observado com bastante frequência a troca semantica. CONCLUS ES: a aquisi o das fricativas coronais das crian as frequentadoras de escolas e creches públicas da Regi o Metropolitana do Recife ocorre mais tardiamente quando comparada à literatura nacional e sofre influência de variáveis linguísticas. é importante salientar que há uma diversidade linguística e sócio-cultural no território brasileiro, de forma que os dados observados em algumas regi es n o s o necessariamente correspondentes em todas as regi es do Brasil. Esse aspecto deve ser considerado em estudos que pretendem fixar parametros de avalia o fonológica, sobretudo se houver fins de diagnóstico de desvios fonológicos. PURPOSE: to investigate the acquisition of coronal fricatives by public county schools' children of Recife's metropolitan region. METHODS: 40 children from four schools with ages between 2 and 6 year and eleven month old, whereas 20 were males and 20 females. The instrument applied for data collection was 83 images which could be referred to with 32 words carrying the phoneme target /s/, 11 which had the /z/ phoneme target, 21 with the /∫/ and 19 with the / /; these were selected from tonicity and syllabic structure. The children were divided, according to their age, into ten different groups of four children each. The cut-point for considering an indicative of stability of the aim-phoneme was 80% of production. RESULTS: the beginning of coronal fricatives' production took place at ages 2:0-2:5. It has been noticed that the phonemes /∫/, / / e /z/ were acquired at ages 3:0-3:5 and the phoneme /s/ at age
Aquisi??o dos encontros consonantais por crian?as falantes do português n?o padr?o da regi?o metropolitana do Recife
Queiroga, Bianca Arruda Manchester de;Alves, Jakelline Miranda;Cordeiro, Ana Augusta de Andrade;Montenegro, Ana Cristina de Albuquerque;Asfora, Rafaella;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462010005000139
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the acquisition of the consonantal meetings in children speakers of the non-standard portuguese in recife, considering linguistic and social variables. methods: 100 children of public schools and nurseries took part in the study, being 50 boys and 50 girls, with ages between 2:0 and 6: 11-year old, divided in 10 groups with intervals of six months. we applied a socioeconomic questionnaire and a phonological evaluation test. results: discrete differences at the beginning of production and domain of complex onset between the sexes were found, having a trend for an earlier acquisition from girls. about the ages of beginning for production and domain, we observed the beginning of production from 2:0 - 2:5-year old, and the domain from 4:0 - 4:5-year old, earlier than the described in most of the literature. we also observed that the meeting composed by obstruent + /r/ was acquired before the composed by obstruent + /l/. regarding to linguistics variables, we verified influence of the tonicity, the syllabic structure and the preceding and consequent linguistic context on the phonogical acquisition. regarding social variables we did not observe important correlations between the maternal education level or familiar income with the phonological acquisition. conclusion: regional differences were observed on the phonological acquisition of the brazilian portuguese and those differences should be considered during the phonological evaluation process, mainly if this evaluation is to have purposes of diagnosis as for the phonological disorders, under penalty to commit incorrect and biased diagnostic from the sociolinguistic point of view.
Aquisi o dos encontros consonantais por crian as falantes do português n o padr o da regi o metropolitana do Recife The onset of consonantal acquisition by children speakers of the non-standard Portuguese in the metropolitan area of Recife
Bianca Arruda Manchester de Queiroga,Jakelline Miranda Alves,Ana Augusta de Andrade Cordeiro,Ana Cristina de Albuquerque Montenegro
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: investigar a aquisi o dos encontros consonantais em crian as falantes do português n o padr o da Regi o Metropolitana do Recife, considerando variáveis linguísticas e sociais. MéTODOS: participaram do estudo 100 crian as de creches/escolas públicas, sendo 50 meninos e 50 meninas, na faixa etária de 2:0-6:11 anos, divididas em 10 grupos etários com intervalos de seis meses. Foi aplicado um questionário sócio-econ mico e uma prova de avalia o fonológica. RESULTADOS: foram encontradas diferen as discretas no início de produ o e domínio do onset complexo entre os sexos, havendo uma tendência a uma aquisi o mais precoce pelas meninas. Quanto às idades de início de produ o e domínio, observou-se o início de produ o aos 2:0-2:5 anos e o domínio aos 4:0-4:5 anos, faixa etária mais precoce que a descrita na maioria da literatura pesquisada. Também se observou que os encontros constituídos por obstruinte + /r/ foram adquiridos antes dos constituídos por obstruinte + /l/. Quanto às variáveis linguísticas, verificou-se a influência da tonicidade, da estrutura silábica e dos contextos linguísticos precedente e consequente na aquisi o fonológica. Quanto às variáveis sociais, n o foram observadas correla es importantes entre escolaridade materna ou renda familiar com a aquisi o fonológica. CONCLUS O: diferen as regionais s o observadas na aquisi o fonológica do português brasileiro e essas diferen as necessitam ser consideradas durante a avalia o fonológica, sobretudo se essa avalia o tiver fins de diagnóstico de desvios fonológicos, sob pena de se cometer diagnósticos incorretos e preconceituosos do ponto de vista sociolinguístico. PURPOSE: to investigate the acquisition of the consonantal meetings in children speakers of the non-standard Portuguese in Recife, considering linguistic and social variables. METHODS: 100 children of public schools and nurseries took part in the study, being 50 boys and 50 girls, with ages between 2:0 and 6: 11-year old, divided in 10 groups with intervals of six months. We applied a socioeconomic questionnaire and a phonological evaluation test. RESULTS: discrete differences at the beginning of production and domain of complex onset between the sexes were found, having a trend for an earlier acquisition from girls. About the ages of beginning for production and domain, we observed the beginning of production from 2:0 - 2:5-year old, and the domain from 4:0 - 4:5-year old, earlier than the described in most of the literature. We also observed that the meeting composed by obstruent + /r/ was acquired before the compos
Aquisi??o dos fonemas fricativos coronais por crian?as da regi?o metropolitana do recife
Cordeiro, Ana Augusta de Andrade;Alves, Jakelline Miranda;Queiroga, Bianca Arruda Manchester de;Montenegro, Ana Cristina;Telles, Stela;Asfora, Rafaella;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000001
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the acquisition of coronal fricatives by public county schools' children of recife's metropolitan region. methods: 40 children from four schools with ages between 2 and 6 year and eleven month old, whereas 20 were males and 20 females. the instrument applied for data collection was 83 images which could be referred to with 32 words carrying the phoneme target /s/, 11 which had the /z/ phoneme target, 21 with the /∫/ and 19 with the /?/; these were selected from tonicity and syllabic structure. the children were divided, according to their age, into ten different groups of four children each. the cut-point for considering an indicative of stability of the aim-phoneme was 80% of production. results: the beginning of coronal fricatives' production took place at ages 2:0-2:5. it has been noticed that the phonemes /∫/, /?/ e /z/ were acquired at ages 3:0-3:5 and the phoneme /s/ at ages 2:6-2:11. the phonological processes that were more frequently found are substitution and omission. we also quite often observed semantics exchange. conclusions: children from public schools of recife's metropolitan region have acquired the coronal fricatives later than the national literature average. it is important to highlight that there is wide linguistic and socio-cultural diversity in the brazilian territory. for this reason data from different brazilian regions cannot be applied homogenously in the country and therefore any attempt to determine the parameters for a phonologic evaluation ought to take this limitation into consideration, especially if such evaluation has the objective of detecting phonologic deviances.
Legionnaires' disease in the renal transplant unit of "Hospital das Clinicas, FMUSP": during a five year period (1988-1993)
Mazieri, Neusa Augusta de Oliveira;Godoy, Cid Vieira Franco de;Alves, Solange Figueiredo;Andrade, Dahir Ramos de;Levin, Ana Sara S.;Hablitzel, Ana Cristina;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46651994000300007
Abstract: several reports have related legionella pneumophila with pneumonia in renal transplant patients, however this association has not been systematically documented in brazil. therefore this paper reports the incidence, by serologycal assays, of legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in these patients during a five year period. for this purpose sera from blood samples of 70 hospitalized patients with pneumonia from the renal transplant unit of hospital das clinicas, fmusp collected at the acute and convalescent phase of infection were submitted to indirect immunofluorescence assay (ifa) to demonstrate anti-legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 antibodies. of these 70 patients studied during the period of 1988 to 1993,18 (25.71 %) had significant rises in specific antibody titers for legionella pneumophila serogroup 1. incidence was interrupted following hospital water decontamination procedures, with recurrence of infections after treatment interruption. in this study, the high susceptibility (25.71%) of immunodepressed renal transplant patients to legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 nosocomial infections is documented. the importance of the implementation and maintenance of water decontamination measures for prophylaxis of the infection is also clearly evident.
EVALUATION OF A RAPID SCREENING ASSAY FOR BACTERIAL IDENTIFICATION (DOT-ELISA) IN FECAL SAMPLES FROM CHILDREN
BOCCATTO Etelvina,SANTOS Sania Alves dos,MAZIERI Neusa Augusta Oliveira,ANDRADE Dahir Ramos de
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 1997,
Abstract: With the objective of standardizing a Dot Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Dot-ELISA) to detect antigens of fecal bacterial enteropathogens, 250 children, aged under 36 months and of both sexes, were studied; of which 162 had acute gastroenteritis. The efficacy of a rapid screening assay for bacterial enteropathogens (enteropathogenic Escherichia coli "EPEC", enteroinvasive Escherichia coli "EIEC", Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp.) was evaluated. The fecal samples were also submitted to a traditional method of stool culture for comparison. The concordance index between the two techniques, calculated using the Kappa (k) index for the above mentioned bacterial strains was 0.8859, 0.9055, 0.7932 and 0.7829 respectively. These values express an almost perfect degree of concordance for the first two and substantial concordance for the latter two, thus enabling this technique to be applied in the early diagnosis of diarrhea in infants. With a view to increasing the sensitivity and specificity of this immunological test, a study was made of the antigenic preparations obtained from two types of treatment: 1) deproteinization by heating; 2) precipitation and concentration of the lipopolysaccharide antigen (LPS) using an ethanol-acetone solution, which was then heated in the presence of sodium EDTA
O empreendedorismo acadêmico no contexto da intera??o Universidade - Empresa - Governo
Ipiranga, Ana Sílvia Rocha;Freitas, Ana Augusta Ferreira de;Paiva, Thiago Alves;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512010000400008
Abstract: in the context of cooperation between university, company and government, the complementary concepts of "enterprising university" and "academic enterprising" stand out. this occurs when an academic institution is going beyond the formation, playing a part in the system of innovation and in the development of the country. considering this discussion, the aim of this study is to approach the subject of training at the university to promote cooperation, based on the following research subjects: how does the cooperation of the university with companies and government and of these with the university occur? what are the barriers and advantages for those participating in these processes? what contracts and arrangements are articulated for the materialization of this interaction? the qualitative methodology makes use of the case of the technological development park (padetec) linked to a federal university as an institution located on the border of these relationships. the analysis of the data was based on the thematic analysis technique that is inserted in the group of content analysis techniques. the analysis showed that there is evidence of an enterprising university and that, above all, there are signs of academic enterprising. however, there is a long way to go in order to consolidate these concepts and, therefore, before they can complement one another in their respective practices.
Disponibilidades e auto-implica o: desenvolvimento profissional e plurilinguismo
Gon?alves, Maria de Lurdes,Andrade, Ana Isabel
Educa??o , 2007,
Abstract: A crescente importancia e o relevo que o plurilinguismo vem adquirindo, alargou o ambito do trabalho dos docentes de línguas. Assim, a educa o plurilingue e intelectual constitui um importante desafio para o crescimento profissional de um educador em línguas, sendo os programas de forma o, enquanto mecanismos de desenvolvimento profissional, uma condi o necessária para responder a esse desafio. Este texto apresenta um programa de forma o para o desenvolvimento do plurilinguismo e analisa as disponibilidades e auto-implica o que esta proposta de forma o encontrou no seio do grupo de professores de línguas de uma escola secundária em Portugal.
A Teoria da Lógica Mental e as Teorias Competitivas
Ana Augusta de Andrade Cordeiro,Maria das Gra?as Bompastor Borges Dias,Antonio Roazzi,David P. O′Brien
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2006,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi confrontar a teoria da lógica mental com as teorias que postulam contra ela. Nos últimos anos, a afirma o de que o raciocínio humano inclui uma Lógica Mental tem encontrado consideráveis resistências e a morte dessa teoria tem sido proclamada com certa freqüência. No entanto, para estudiosos da lógica, anunciar esta morte é prematuro. Eles acreditam que teorias da lógica mental est o vivas, mas que o problema reside no fato delas usualmente serem mal compreendidas. A maioria das críticas existentes contra elas é fruto de uma má interpreta o do que vem a ser esta abordagem. Os defensores destas teorias afirmam que elas n o s o exatamente iguais e o que pode ser considerado como evidência contra uma teoria da lógica mental, necessariamente n o conta como evidência contra todas as teorias. Este estudo traz uma vis o geral sobre cada uma das teorias competitivas, detalhando com profundidade os princípios que norteiam a Teoria da Lógica Mental.
A etiopatogênese do processo de Restri o de Crescimento Intra-Uterino: um estudo bibliográfico
Ana Karina Marques Salge,Fernanda Alves de Oliveira,Hélina Augusta Marques Barbosa,Daiane Lima Bandeira de Morais
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2008,
Abstract: Revis o bibliográfica, realizada junto aos bancos de dados MEDLINE, SciELO, ScienceDirect e LILACS, com o objetivo de identificar a produ o científica na área de saúde sobre os principais fatores envolvidos na etiopatogênese do processo de Restri o de Crescimento Intra-Uterino (RCIU), entre os anos de 1990 e 2008. A RCIU constitui a segunda causa de mortalidade perinatal. O recém-nascido com RCIU possui um aumento de duas a dez vezes nas porcentagens habituais de mortalidade perinatal e apresenta complica es associadas à prematuridade. A morbidade está diretamente relacionada às altera es metabólicas e imunológicas, desacelera es cardíacas, acidose fetal, baixo índice de Apgar, hipóxia, hipoglicemia, hipotermia, asfixia, coagula o intravascular disseminada, hemorragia intracraniana e aspira o meconial. A identifica o das principais altera es maternas, fetais e neonatais envolvidas no processo de RCIU é de fundamental importancia para o planejamento de a es de preven o e melhora da qualidade da assistência de enfermagem prestada às gestantes no pré-natal, pré-parto, parto e puerpério, bem como ao recém-nascido com RCIU durante o período neonatal.
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