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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2760 matches for " Amin Abbasi "
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Influence of NaCl treatments on growth and biochemical parameters of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.)
Mohsen Janmohammadi, Amin Abbasi, Naser Sabaghnia
Acta agriculturae Slovenica , 2012, DOI: 10.2478/v10014-012-0004-5
Abstract: Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) is widely cultivated throughout the world for use as a medicinal plant and oil consumption purposes; however its salt tolerance has not been clarified. To investigate the effect of salt stress on its growth and on activity of antioxidative enzymes in different organs, castor bean plants at the 4-leaf stage were subjected to 50, 100 and 200 mM NaCl admixed to Hoagland's solution for 10 days under greenhouse conditions. The results showed that salt stress inhibited plant growth (root and shoot length, fresh root and shot weight) but root growth was more affected then shoot. Relative water content of leaves and the membrane stability of the leaves were decreased with increasing NaCl concentration. The activity of guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and catalase (CAT) was sharply decreased by escalation of salt stress. However activity of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) was enhanced under moderate salt stress (100 mM NaCl) in both root and shoot but then decreased with increased NaCl concentration. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased with the increase of the concentration of NaCl in shoots and root. However alternation in enzymatic antioxidant activity was noticed in shoot compared to root. Increased H2O2, total soluble protein, proline content and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in both plant's organs was linearly and positively correlated with increasing NaCl concentration. The results of this study suggest that the salt sensitivity of Castor bean plant under salt stress conditions is probably due to a lack of efficient activity of CAT and GPX probably lead to imperfect H2O2 scavenging.
Biochemical and Physiological Changes in Response to Salinity in Two Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) Genotypes
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2011,
Abstract: The effects of salt stress on the activity of antioxidative enzymes, some oxidative stress indices and Na+ and K+ content were studied in leaves of two durum wheat cultivars, ‘Egypt 449’ (salt-tolerant) and ‘Syria 371’ (salt-sensitive), grown under control (nutrient solution) or salt stress (nutrient solution containing 200 mM NaCl) conditions. Leaves of control and salt-stressed plants were harvested from 10 days old plants beyond salt treatment. The results showed significant increase for activities of antioxidant enzymes such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), in ‘Egypt 449’ under salinity. At the same time, in cultivar ‘Egypt 449’, activity of SOD and CAT were not changed. Meanwhile, under salinity condition the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and GPX in cultivar ‘Syria 371’ was lower than control. There was no significant difference between salinity situation and control ones regarding APX activity. Salt stress elevated the amounts of malondialdehyde (MDA) in both cultivars. However, the increasing rate in ‘Syria 371’ was more than (four times) that of ‘Egypt 449’. Membrane stability index (MSI) of both cultivars negatively influenced by salinity. This negative impact on ‘Syria 371’ was highlighted than on ‘Egypt 449’. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content of salinity faced ‘Syria 371’ was higher than control. Both cultivars displayed increasing and decreasing trend for Na+ and K+ content, respectively. Moreover, K+/Na+ ratio was decreased in both cultivars due to salinity. The studied parameters elucidated that salt resistance of ‘Egypt 449’ might be due to increased activity of antioxidant enzymes, low lipid peroxidation, assumingly lower changes in membrane stability index and avoidance of Na+ absorption.
Prevalence of Different Electrocardiographic Patterns in Iranian Athletes
Behzad Farahani,Mehrshad Poursaeid Esfahani,Mohammad Amin Abbasi,Farhad Moradi
Acta Medica Iranica , 2012,
Abstract: To explore the abnormalities in Iranian athletes' electrocardiogram and find any relation with body fat. 239 international athletes were involved in this cross sectional study. Body-fat percentage and resting 12-lead ECGs were recorded from all participants. Of 239 participant athletes, 212 were male and 27 female. 60% of participants had sinus bradycardia. A total of 84% of the athletes demonstrated at least 1 abnormal ECG finding. Average values for the PR, QRS and QT intervals, P-wave duration and QRS axis were in normal range. Frequencies of various ECG abnormal findings in all athletes were as follows: right axis deviation 4.2%, left ventricular hypertrophy 6.2%, sinus arrhythmia 5.8%, right bundle branch block (RBBB) 24.2% (incomplete RBBB 16.8%, complete RBBB 7.4%), ST elevation 72.5%, prolonged QT interval 1.7%, T inversion 3.1% and Mobitz type I 1.2%. The athletes' ECG response to treadmill stress test was normal with no ischemia or arrhythmia. The means of BMI and body-fat percentage were 24.04 ± 3.5 kg/m2 and 9.15 ± 2.12%, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient between body-fat percentage and ST changes was 0.65 (P=0.008) in anterior leads and 0.198 (P=0.017) in lateral leads. Also, the correlation coefficient between the body fat percentage and right bundle branch block was 0.36 (P=0.013). The results of current study support the inclusion of ECG in athletes' cardiac screening before they engage in vigorous exercises in order to detect the potentially fatal arrhythmias.
Effect of Anti Bcterial Skin Secretion of “Rana ridibanda” Frog on Methycillin Resistant Staph Aureus
Mohammad Amin Abbasi,Nariman Mosaffa,Sodabe Taheri,Khosro Molla Jaafari
Cell Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The dorsal skin of the Iranian frog, Rana ridibanda, is associated with numerous prominent granular glands which extract their secretions in the response to stressor or invading pathogens .The secretions have broad spectrum antimicrobial effects. In this research the effect of antimicrobial skin secretions from Iranian frog (Rana ridibanda) has been examined against gram positive Methycillin Resistant Staph Aureus (MRSA), under sterile conditions. To show this effect, 1cm2 of frog skin was cultured in complete tissue culture medium containing RPMI, FBS and FUNGISON for the period of 10 days. Immediately after, MRSA was exposed to frog skin secretion (medium culture) and Vancomycin. The results showed that the frog skin secretions has significant antimicrobial effect against MRSA. The range of inhibition zone for MRSA was the same as (20mm) Vancomycin in DISK method. In Minimum Inhibitory Concentration method, for MRSA, the tube 1/8 was positive.
Evaluation of Zinc Plasma Level in Iranian Cirrhotic Patients due to Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
Mohammad Abbasi Nazari,Sahar Hasani Malayeri,Mohammad Amin Pourhoseingholi,Seyed Reza Mohebi
Hepatitis Monthly , 2010,
Abstract: Background and Aims: Zinc (Zn) has various significant roles in physiological functions of the liver. Furthermore, it has been reported that the administration of zinc has an important role in pharmacotherapy of viral hepatitis. Cirrhotic patients with decrease in plasma zinc level have been covered in previous studies. It is seemingly necessary to assess the zinc level, in Iranian cirrhotic patients, as a distinct population, Because of the large phytate amounts in Iranians diet. Regarding to etiology, disease progress, and treatment, there are some differences in the 2 most common causes of cirrhosis in the Iranian population (hepatitis B and hepatitis C) and it is possible that the zinc level may be different between the two. This study was done to shadow some lights on the subject. Methods: Between April 2008 and November 2008, plasma zinc level was determined, by atomic absorption method, in 60 cirrhotic inpatients treated due to hepatitis B or hepatitis C in Talighani hospital (a referral center for gastrointestinal and liver diseases in Tehran, Iran). Results: Mean ± standard deviation (SD) plasma zinc levels determined 0.34±0.22 mg/L and 0.37±0.22 mg/L in hepatitis B and hepatitis C patients respectively. Analysis of t-test showed there is no significant difference between 2 groups regarding to plasma zinc level (P = 0.745).Conclusions: It is concluded that zinc level of studied cirrhotic patients is less than half of the normal range. Moreover, there is no difference in plasma zinc level between cirrhotic patients due to hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Regarding to this result, supplementation with complementary zinc, may be recommended in both groups in order to optimize the nutritional support and probably better the treatment response.
Modeling Accidents on Mashhad Urban Highways  [PDF]
Esmaeel Ayati, Ehsan Abbasi
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2014.41004

In recent years, numerous researches have been carried out with purpose of predicting motor vehicle crashes on transportation facilities as freeways and urban or rural highways. Accident process can be modeled successfully with assuming a dual-state data-generating process. Based on this assumption, road components like intersections or road segments have two states of perfectly safe and unsafe. Zero-inflated regression models are applied to model accidents usually in cases of preponderance of excess zero data in crash data. We handle in this research, the investigation into effective factors on frequency and severity of accidents on urban highways and use crash data of Mash had-Iran urban highways as a case study. We use in this study, the Poisson, Negative binomial, Zero-inflated Poisson and Zero-inflated Negative binomial regression models for modeling accidents, and traffic flow and road geometry related variables as in dependent variables of models. In addition to identifying effective factors on crash occurrence probability, we deal with comparison of models, evaluate and prove the efficiency of Zero-inflated regression models against traditional Poisson and Negative binomial models.

Geothermal Water in Lebanon: An Alternative Energy Source  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2010.11003
Abstract: Recently, demand for energy has been increased worldwide, notably in the view of high economic value and competi-tion of fossil fuel, as well as the negative impact of fuel consumption through carbon release, and thus the consequences on human health and environment. Various aspects of energy sources into Earth’s crust have been discovered and utilized. Geothermal energy is one aspect of these sources where they have been well pronounced in many countries and proved to be a potential energy source for the future needs. Lebanon, the country with rare natural energy, the renewable energy sources are almost ignored and there is only limited utilization of hydro-power, wind and solar energy, whilst oil imports occupy a substantial portion for energy use. Yet, geothermal energy has not raised and no concern has been given to this renewable source. Meanwhile, there are several indicators showing the existence of geothermal water in different regions in Lebanon. They almost occur where basalt rocks are exposed. This was evidenced whether from water in drilled wells or from various discharging springs, as well as indications of thermal water was observed also in many localities along the Lebanese coastal water. This study shows the available information in this respect, considering the occurrence of geothermal water in Lebanon as an alternative energy source. Thus four major geothermal domains were recognized. The study introduces detailed characterization on the existing aspects of geothermal water and inducing its hydrologic regime and mechanism of groundwater heating. It would be a reconnaissance stage that may help applying further detailed assessment.
Preferential Trade Agreements and the Law and Politics of GATT Article XXIV  [PDF]
Amin Alavi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2010.11002
Abstract: The tasks Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) perform are expressed in their scope and covered issues, thus in order to be WTO compatible these aspects of PTAs should comply with the relevant WTO rules. This paper examines which aspects of PTAs can violate these rules and therefore can be challenged before the WTO Dispute Settlement Body, who may initiate such cases and why there hasn´t been more cases dealing with this important issue.
Support of Space Techniques for Groundwater Exploration in Lebanon  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.25054
Abstract: Lebanon is known by the availability in water resources whether on surface or among the existing rock for-mations. However, the status-quo does not reflect this availability due to a number of physical factors, as well as the mismanagement of these resources. Hence, the per capita has been reduced by about 50% in the last three decades. There are sixteen exposed rock formations in Lebanon, two of them are major aquifers and they are characterized by highly fractured and karstified carbonate rocks. Recently, challenges for groundwater in Lebanon have been developed. These are the: overexploitation, climate change and the acute geologic setting, which led to decline in rainfall rate, and thus exacerbated water demand. The existing chal-lenges resulted with a number of problems in ground water resources management, namely: quality deterio-ration, impact on springs and groundwater behavior, loss of groundwater o the sea, saltwater intrusion and exacerbated by the lack of data and mismanagement in water sector. In this respect, new technologies can be utilized as a helpful instrument in managing groundwater resources to treat the unfavorable situation. Space techniques and GIS have been recently raised in several topics on water resources management, including, mainly exploration and monitoring. They proved to be capable to extract hydrogeologic information and thus to manipulate this information in creditable approaches of analysis. This study introduced the present status on the Lebanese groundwater resources and the existing challenges and problems. Thus, it extends an appli-cation from Lebanon on the used new approaches for exploring groundwater.
An Application of Cyclotomic Polynomial to Factorization of Abelian Groups  [PDF]
Khalid Amin
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2011.13017
Abstract: If a finite abelian group G is a direct product of its subsets such that G = A1···Ai···An, G is said to have the Hajos-n-proprty if it follows that one of these subsets, say Ai is periodic, meaning that there exists a nonidentity element g in G such that gAi = Ai . Using some properties of cyclotomic polynomials, we will show that the cyclic groups of orders pα and groups of type (p2,q2) and (pα,pβ) where p and q are distinct primes and α, β integers ≥ 1 have this property.
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