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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5764 matches for " American Civil War "
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'Grease and Slide Back into the Union': Patriotic Essentialism, the Civil War, and Postbellum Reunification
Adam Thomas
Opticon1826 , 2009, DOI: 10.5334/opt.060905
Abstract: [In speeches, Robert Barnwell Rhett and Abraham lincoln espouse the] views of a Union leader and an outspoken and extreme proponent of the Confederate cause. Both cite the memory and philosophy of the founding fathers, both use rhetoric from the Revolution, and both refer to the doctrines of the government they created. Two politicians, fundamentally opposed and at war, evoked the same brand of American patriotism to justify their beliefs. This was by no means a unique occurrence; men on both sides of the conflict, from foot soldiers to Presidents, believed that their cause was the true defence of American ideals and that their opponents’ viewpoint would only corrupt their country’s ideology. Even when the South formed its own nation, it did so not to separate itself from the ideals of the United States, but to return to them, feeling they had been lost in the North. The Confederate Constitution, with few exceptions (most notably the legitimisation of slavery) reflected verbatim the original (Rable 1994, 44). As Anne Sarah Rubin states, ‘new Confederates created a national culture in a large part by drawing on the usable American past’ (Rubin 2005, 11). The first paradox is: two sides, bitterly opposed fought a violent war, but with matching adoration for the same country and the same confidence in their righteousness.
New Light on a Lost Cause: Atticus G. Haygood’s Universalizing Spirituality
Susan Kwilecki
Religions , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/rel3020357
Abstract: The American tragedy of slavery and the Civil War provides the backdrop for the exemplary spirituality of Atticus Haygood (1839–1896). The son of a Georgia slaveholder, Haygood served as a chaplain in the Confederate army. At the War’s end, he returned to Atlanta to suffer poverty and humiliation under the martial law of conquerors. His spirituality developed as a positive response to the chaos of Reconstruction. Following a mid-life transformation, he earned a national reputation as a progressive Southerner and crusader for the rights and education of former slaves. As a Southern Methodist clergyman, Haygood blended the ideals of evangelism and the social gospel, envisioning an America in which Northerners and Southerners, blacks and whites joined together to build the Kingdom of God. His spirituality evolved to the “universalizing” pinnacle of James Fowler’s stages of faith, a perspective from which all persons—regardless of race, status, and place of birth—participate as equals in fellowship with a just and loving deity.
Review: The Making of a Confederate: Walter Lenoir's Civil War, by William Barney
Sacher, John
Journal of Historical Biography , 2009,
W. Otto
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/6-3-851
Abstract: In recent years historical writers in the United States have begun to question the accuracy of the patriotic mythology of the American soldiers' markmanship. Particular attention has been paid to the American Civil War and it is evident from, a study of the facts that troops on both sides were indifferent shots. A large proportion of the Federal soldiers was recruited from urban backgrounds and lacked any knowledge of fire-arms. Rifles thrown away at Gettysburg provide ample proof of the lack of expertise among thousands of troops of the Confederate armies and even some of the regiments of the western states made very poor showings at target practice. As in the case of the American frontiersman, the Republican burghers of the late nineteenth century have enjoyed a reputation of incredible ability with a rifle. Yet a comparison of ammunition expenditure and casualty lists in the Second Anglo-Boer War surely give pause for thought and there seems ample evidence to bring the truth of the sharpshooting tradition into question. Such myths are indeed hazardous, for they breed complacency in the present day, where a very real danger exists that the modern South African soldier will assume that he has inherited the ability of markmanship instead of realising that this is not an inborn characteristic but rather something achieved after long practice and great mental application.
Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'
Maggie Oran
Journal of Transnational American Studies , 2009,
Fiction as Reconstruction of History: Narratives of the Civil War in American Literature
Reinhard Isensee
American Studies Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Even after more than 140 years the American Civil War continues to serve as a major source of inspiration for a plethora of literature in various genres. While only amounting to a brief period in American history in terms of years, this war has proved to be one of the central moments for defining the American nation since the second half of the nineteenth century. The facets of the Civil War, its protagonists, places, events, and political, social and cultural underpinnings seem to hold an ongoing fascination for both academic studies and fictional representations. Thus, it has been considered by many the most written-about war in the United States.
Lincoln’s Image in the American Schoolbook
David Goldfield
American Studies Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Abraham Lincoln's image in American school books has reflected the shifting political and social landscape of American society. Following Lincoln's assassination in 1865, textbooks for the next half century portrayed him as a martyr for a mostly evangelical Protestant nation and as a role model for African Americans. The centennial of Lincoln's birth in 1909 and the massive immigration during the first two decades of the twentieth century broadened the image of Lincoln in textbooks as a common man and an inspiration for American diversity.
“I Fought the Law and the Law Won”
Kristen A. Williams
American Studies Journal , 2007,
Abstract: This essay considers the political personas of figures historicized by their own anti-governmental and decidedly excrescent performances of civic and political engagement. Tracing a winding path of Confederate spies’ ideological formation and performance of Southern citizenship during the period of American disunion and the Civil War, the paper argues that these individuals self-consciously framed and justified their performances of outlaw citizenship by relying heavily on both rhetorical and aesthetic performances of the mythologized civic republicanism long-associated in popular consciousness with the founding of the American republic.
Abraham Lincoln’s Attitudes on Slavery and Race
J?rg Nagler
American Studies Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The life of Abraham Lincoln coincided with dramatic societal transformations that shaped the future of the United States. In the center of these developments stood the question whether that nation could continue to grow with the system of slavery or not. Inherently linked to that issue—that almost dissolved the nation—was the problem of racism and the future of race relations after emancipation. To examine Lincoln’s attitudes on slavery and race opens a window for us to look at his own struggles concerning these issues, but at the same time at the political and cultural contentions at large of a nation that he helped to save as President during the American Civil War. His legacy as the "Great Emancipator,” liberating over four millions slaves, has generated a controversial debate on Lincoln’s position towards race and racism.
Mary Johnston and “Stonewall” Jackson: A Virginia Feminist and the Politics of Historical Fiction
Wallace Hettle
Journal of Historical Biography , 2008,
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