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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2834 matches for " America "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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The Dragon vs. the Eagle & Serpent: The Economic Impact of China in Mexico  [PDF]
Paul A. Escajadillo
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.44024
Abstract: Although China has become, over the past three decades, an unprecedented case of economic growth accompanied by a voracious appetite for natural resources, China has been increasingly engaging with Latin America. However, as Sino-Latin American relationships have improved Latin American countries’ economies through their supply of primary products and through the region’s growing importance to China as a market, Mexico has not benefited from this increased engagement. This paper will show that as the balance of trade of selected Latin American countries has grown with China and benefited their economies, it has not been the case with Mexico in particular.
Remote Sensing Study of Glacial Change in the Northern Patagonian Icefield  [PDF]
Lucy Dixon, Shrinidhi Ambinakudige
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2015.44022
Abstract: The Patagonian Icefield has the largest temperate ice mass in the southern hemisphere. Using remote sensing techniques, this study analyzed multi-decadal glacial retreat and expansion of glacier lakes in Northern Patagonia. Glacial boundaries and glacier lake boundaries for 1979, 1985, 2000, and 2013 were delineated from Chilean topographic maps and Landsat satellite images. Aster stereo images were used to measure mass balance from 2007 to 2012. The highest retreat was observed in San Quintin glacier. The area of glacier lakes increased from 13.49 km2 in 1979 to 65.06 km2 in 2013. Four new glacier lakes formed between 1979 and 2013. Between 2007 and 2012, significant glacial thinning was observed in major glaciers, including HPN1, Pared Norte, Strindberg, Acodado, Nef, San Quintin, Colonia, HPN4, and Benito glaciers. Generally, ablation zones lost more mass than accumulation zones.
Impact and Dilemma: New Christian Right in America  [PDF]
Huiling Zhang, Anneng Deng
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.41008
Abstract: New Christian Right (NCR) in America developed during the social ferment and upheaval of the 1970s, initially focusing exclusively on social issues such as abortion, gay rights, and school prayer, etc. which was a reaction to the moral decline in American society. In the 1990s, NCR adjusted their political style in addressing social problems, abandoning extreme positions and adopting mainstream politics. NCR was active in the country’s national political arena, aligned with the Republican Party and gained its political fortune. The purpose of involvement in politics was to apply traditional Christian values to American public policies, but in most cases because of the challenges from both inside and outside, NCR movement had to accept compromise in order to get incremental policy gains. Unless NCR attained its final aims, it was for sure that the movement would always be around in the American political arena. NCR made a valuable topic for academic research.
Elementos para una construcción teórica sobre América Latina
Osorio, Jaime;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2008,
Abstract: latin america does not constitute a given object, as supposed by empirist-positivism. yet, it is neither pure disarticulation, as concluded by posmodern approach. latin america is constituted as a theoretical problem as questions arise around its way of being in a world ruled by the logics of capital, that in its unfolding becomes capitalism. it is in the vortex of that social tornado that the region becomes intelligible. the aim of this article is to show a possible path in that direction, one that contemplates the regional whole and that allows, at the same time, to assume the differences and diversities that preveil in its interior.
97th annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America AIA/APA joint conference, San Diego, California, 27th-30th December
Deborah Ruscillo
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1996, DOI: 10.5334/pia.88
Abstract:
Latin America: Axis of Hope vs. Axis of Evil
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2007,
Abstract:
Healthy aging and intergenerational solidarity – Latin America and its moment of opportunity
Diego A. Bernardini-Zambrini
Colombia Médica , 2012,
Abstract: In recent years, health has seen changes in its global dynamics. The historical stage opened as of the emergence of globalization radically modified two constitutive aspects of human societies from their first expressions: time and space. Crucial aspects that organizations of human beings have taken into account to define their own agendas, fulfill their objectives, and meet their needs. The changes generated by the economic, social, and cultural globalization have revealed the close association among the development of societies, management of public policies, foreign policies of nations, and the interaction with the other players in the global scenario. In this international arena, aspects and effects on the health of individuals can be considered as one of the central themes addressed by contemporary societies.
Family, Poverty and Inequalities in Latin America and the Caribbean  [PDF]
Cristina Gomes
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31005
Abstract:

This article adopts the concept of development as freedom and the relationship between income and capabilities to analyze and compare macroeconomic, demographic and poverty trends and inequalities in Latin American and the Caribbean countries, and the responses from governments to promote the inclusion of the poorest and marginalized population groups in development and policies. Differences in population structures indicate that poverty and gender, generational and race inequalities fragment societies. Policies oriented to reduce poverty have been implemented with a set of combined programs such as cash transfers articulated with actions in nutrition, health, education, day-care programs for poor children, civil registration and other programs to promote poverty reduction and the conciliation of domestic and work life for poor women and social protection. Some good practices are discussed, particularly in Brazil and Mexico. During the last 15 years, the Conditioned Cash Transfers programs raised public support and political consensus, guaranteeing continuity in their implementation, development and integration with other social protection programs. Currently there are 18 countries implementing such programs, covering approximately 25 million households and over 133 million people, representing 19% of the Latin American and Caribbean. Policies to reduce poverty, in combination with income distribution and social protection in nutrition, health, education, civil registration and day-care for children, have contributed to human development, and also promoted internal market of consumers, even in rural areas, mobilizing local economies and promoting the return of investments to development. Despite the economic crisis in 2008-2009, Latin America had a relatively good performance in the world economy, demonstrating that social and economic

Predictors of Electoral Participation among Spanish and Latin American Undergraduates  [PDF]
José Juan Vázquez, Sonia Panadero, Ana B. García-Varela
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31010
Abstract:

This paper presents the results of a study of 709 undergraduates in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Chile, and Spain, countries with different developmental levels that held the first free elections following their respective dictatorships within a thirteen year span. The paper analyzes the electoral participation of undergraduates in relation to different factors. Results show a high electoral participation among Salvadoran, Nicaraguan, and Spanish undergraduates, while low turnout is observed among Chileans. The best predictors of electoral participation of undergraduates are related to their nationality, economic status, interest in politics, gender or living away from home.

Calibrating Vegetation Cover and Grassland Pollen Assemblages in the Flint Hills of Kansas, USA  [PDF]
Julie L. Commerford, Kendra K. McLauchlan, Shinya Sugita
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.47A1001
Abstract:

Grassland cover and composition respond to climate and have undoubtedly changed during the Holocene, but quantitative reconstructions from fossil pollen have been vague about spatial scale and taxon-specific cover. Here, we estimate the relevant source area of pollen for sedimentary basins approximately 50 m in radius, and we report pollen productivity estimates for 12 plant taxa in the tallgrass prairies of central North America. Both relevant source area of pollen and pollen productivity estimates were calculated via the Extended R-Value Model. To obtain these estimates, we collected and quantified the pollen found in surface sediment samples from 24 ponds across the study area. Vegetation was surveyed in the field in a 100 m radius around each pond, and vegetation maps from the Kansas Gap Analysis Project (GAP) were used to a radius of 2 km. Pollen fall speeds were calculated according to Stoke’s Law. Pollen assemblages from basins approximately 50 m in radius have a relevant source area of 1060 m in this grassland landscape. Pollen productivity estimates range from 0.02 to over 30 among the 12 taxa: Artemisia, Ambrosia, Asteraceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cornus, Fabaceae, Juniperus, Maclura, Poaceae, Populus, Quercus, and Salix. Woody taxa generally have higher pollen productivity than herbaceous taxa (except for Chenopodiaceae and Ambrosia

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