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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 521 matches for " Amadou Traoré "
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The Effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection on Low Birth Weight, Mother to Child HIV Transmission and Infants’ Death in African Area  [PDF]
Traoré Youssouf, Téguété Ibrahima, Dicko Fatoumata Traoré, Bocoum Amadou, Fané Seydou, Traoré Tidiani, Traoré Mamadou Salia, Dao Seydou, Touré Moustapha, Varol Nesrin, Dolo Amadou
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.92017
Abstract: Background: It is yet a controversy subject whether low birth weight and infant death are associated to human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection. Objective: To appreciate association between low birth weights, mother to child HIV transmission and infant mortality in HIV-1 infected pregnant women delivering between 2011 and 2016. Materials: We conducted 6 years cohort study in urban Mali. Outcome included preterm delivery, small for gestational age, infant survival status and HIV transmission. Comparison concerned women clinical WHO stage, mother viro-immunological status, and newborn anthropometric parameters. Results: HIV-1 infected women who delivered low birth weight newborn were 20.9% (111/531) versus 16.5% (1910/11.546) in HIV negative patients (p = 0.016). CD4 T cell counts low than 350 T cells count were strongly associated to LBW (p = 0.000; RR = 3.03; 95% CI [1.89 - 3.16]). There is no significant association between ART that was initiated during pregnancy (p = 0.061, RR = 0.02; CI 95% (1.02 - 1.99)) or during delivery (p = 0.571; RR = 1.01; CI 95% (0.10 - 3.02)) and LBW delivery. In multivariate analysis ART regimens containing protease inhibitor (PI) were lone regimens associated with LBW ((p = 0.030; RR = 1.001; 95%
Management and Prognosis of Early Postpartum Hemorrhage in African Low Setting Health  [PDF]
Youssouf Traoré, Ibrahima Téguété, Amadou Bocoum, Mamadou Traoré, Seydou Dao, Marion Koko Bomini, Niani Mounkoro, Amadou Dolo
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.81001
Abstract: Early postpartum hemorrhage is one of the major causes of maternal death in the world especially in developing countries. Its management often relieves resuscitation that is often difficult to set up in our countries and sometimes based on invasive and mutilate surgery. Objectives: The purpose of this survey was to report frequency of this pathology, to describe its management and the factors that influence the prognosis of early postpartum hemorrhage in low setting health in Africa. Method: Authors conducted a prospective study that analyzed early postpartum hemorrhage in the motherhoods of Gabriel Touré teaching hospital and community five health reference center of the district of Bamako. It took place from January, 2015 to December, 2016. The study concerned all the cases of early postpartum hemorrhage according to WHO definition. Statistical tests used were X2 or Fisher test, its 95% confidence interval (CI95%), p value was significant if <5%. Results: Early postpartum hemorrhage frequency has been 0.7% (62 cases for 8.885 deliveries). Sixty nine and one percent (69.1%) of patients have been blood fluid transfused. Obstetric treatment dominated by uterine revision (30.7%). Hysterorraphy (4.0%), hysterectomy (3.0%), suture of uterus injuries (15.7%), hypo gastric artery ligature (2.0%) and B-Lynch compression suture (2.0%) have been the main practiced surgical operations. No satisfy blood transfusion need was 26.9%. The main risk factors of early PPH were high parity (p = 0009; RR = 3.04; CI95% [2.80 - 5.11]), prolonged labor (p
Lipid Profile among the Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Obese Patients  [PDF]
Djénèbou Traoré, Aminata Hamar Traoré, Djeneba Sylla Sow, Massama Konaté, Amadou Koné, Hadiaratou Doumbia N’Diaye, Modibo Mariko, Ibrahim Amadou Dembélé, Moctar Bah, Bah Traoré, Djibril Sy, Ichaka Menta, Hamidou Oumar Ba, Nongoba Sawadogo, Abdramane Traoré, Assa Traoré Sidibé, Assétou Soukho Kaya, Abdel Kader Traoré, Mamadou Dembélé, Hamar Alassane Traoré
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2018.81010
Abstract: Objective: To study the lipid profile among the diabetic and non-diabetic obese patients. Methods: It was a descriptive and prospective study carried out over a period of 9 months from March to December 2010. It concerned all the patients who came for consultation in endocrinology at the internal medicine of Point G University Hospital Center and at the National Center for Diabetes Research. All the patients were included without any gender or age difference, voluntary and with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. Results: Out of the 1543 patients received in consultation, we had identified 178 obese people that is to say 11, 53% of the cases. Among these cases 60 abided by our criteria with 30 diabetic patients and 30 non-diabetic ones. The average age was 45.83 ± 14.68 years old; 73.3% were more than 40 years old. The sex ratio was 0.07. Two third (66.7%) of our patients limited their eating diet to the three main meals/day and 61.7% were sedentary. The notion of family obesity was found in 93.4% of the cases, of family diabetes in 58.3% of the cases, of past personal medical history of hypertension in 43.3% of the cases. It was about an android obesity in 91% and Gynoid in 9% of the cases. The BMI was 55% of the cases comprised between 30 - 34.9 kg/m2. The lipid profile noticed was: A hypertriglyceridemia: 33% of diabetic patients and 10% of non-diabetic patients, a high LDL cholesterol: 37% of diabetic patients and 30% of our diabetic patients, a HDL hypocholesterolemia: 40% of the diabetic patients and 20% of the non-diabetic patients, a total hypercholesterolemia: 37% of the diabetic patients and 23% of non-diabetic patients. A hyperglycemia was noticed in 13.3% of non-diabetic patients. Conclusion: The frequency of metabolic troubles were higher in obese diabetic patients comparedto non-diabetic obese patients mainly the hypertriglyceridemia.
Infectious Complications after Cesarean Delivery: Trends of Incidences, Risk Factors, and Prognosis in a Third Health Level Center in Africa. Case of Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital  [PDF]
Youssouf Traoré, Ibrahima Téguété, Amadou Bocoum, Malado Gamby, Sidy Traore, Soumaila Sanogo, Seydou Zana Dao, Mamadou S. Traoré, Niani Mounkoro
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.81002
Abstract: Post cesarean infections are the main sources of fever in the postpartum. We have undertaken this study in an African health setting where conditions of working are different from those in developed countries. Objectives: The objectives of this survey were to appreciate incidences, risk factors and prognosis of post cesarean infections. Method: We conducted a randomized historical cohort study in the department of gynecology and obstetrics of Gabriel Touré teaching hospital from 2010 to 2015. Data have been analyzed using X2 or Fisher test according their application conditions, p value < 1% has been considered significant. Results: From 2010 to 2015 we performed 15,963 deliveries within 5263 cesareans sections (32.97%). According to all the deliveries, the global frequency of infection fluctuates from 1.5% in 2010 to 2.1% in 2015. The main risks that influenced the occurrence of post cesarean infections were: the context of cesarean section (RR = 2.05; CI95% (1.35 - 3.11); p < 0.01), the prolonged labor (RR = 1.38; CI95% (1.05 - 1.81); p
Endoscopic Management of Migrated Intra Uterine Device in Sub-Saharan Health Setting Area. Our Experience about Seventeen Cases  [PDF]
Traoré Youssouf, Kanté Ibrahim, Sima Mamadou, Ongoiba Ibrahima, Coulibaly Ahmadou, Dicko Birama, Bocoum Amadou, Kodio Souma, Théra Tiounkani, Téguété Ibrahima, Traoré Mamadou
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.91003
Abstract: Intra uterine device migration is a relatively rare event. The migration of the IUD in the surrounded viscera can be managed by endoscopy approach. Objectives: We reported our experience to determine the epidemiologic characteristics of patients that presented migrated IUD, to report clinical aspects and describe the laparoscopic management. Method: We conducted a descriptive and prospective survey from January 1st, 2014 to October 31, 2016. That survey took place in the department of gynecology and obstetrics of Point G Teaching hospital, Bamako, Mali. Population study concerned patients with intra uterine device complications. Statistic tests used have been X2 or Fisher test according their application conditions. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Seventeen patients were included. Mean age of patients is 29 years with extremes of 13 years and 44 years. The main reference incitement of patients were perforation of the uterus and pelvis pain (27.8% for each), misplaced IUD (22.3%). Complications observed were intra uterine device migrated in to the bladder (1 case), in the abdomen (10 cases), in the ovary (2 cases) and in the uterine tuba (1 case). Three perforations were done without migration in to surrounded viscera. We used endoscopic surgery among all of them. But in one case we switched endoscopy method in to laparotomy because of important intra peritoneal bleeding to end the management of the patient. No death occurred and mean duration of the stay of hospitalization was 2 days. Conclusion: IUD migration is a scarce event. All the surrounded viscera can be the site of its migration. The management of that complication is usually done by endoscopy method.
Traumatic Perforation of the Small Intestine in General Surgery of the CHU Gabriel Touré  [PDF]
Alhassane Traoré, Bakary Tientigui Dembélé, Ibrahima Diakité, Adégné Togo, Lassana Kanté, Amadou Traoré, Madiassa Konaté, Boubacar Karembé, Abdoulaye Diarra, Amadou Bah, Boubacar Sidibé, Tany Koné, Astan Koné, Nouténé Koné, Djibo Mahamane Diango, Gangaly Diallo
Surgical Science (SS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2017.89045
Abstract: Goal: To determine hospital frequency, to describe the clinical and therapeutic aspects and to determine the prognosis. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective and prospective study carried out in the General Surgery Department from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2015. Inclusion criteria: 1) open or closed trauma of the abdomen with perforation of the small bowel; 2) clinical examination (abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, abdominal contracture, evisceration, intraoperative findings); 3) paraclinical examinations: pneumoperitoneum on the abdominal X-ray without preparation (ASP) and CT scan. Exclusion Criteria: Abdominal trauma without perforation of the small bowel. We selected 128 patients operated for traumatic perforation of the small bowel. The data was entered and analyzed using Word, Excel 2007 and Statistical Package and Social Science Windows 16.0. The statistical analysis consisted in the calculation of the different frequencies of the variables studied. We used the Khi2 test with significance level P < 0.05. Results: We recorded 119 men versus 9 women and the sex ratio was 13.22. The mean age was 25 years with extremes varying between 15 and 70 years. The majority of patients 57.7% (74 cases) came from the capital, 46.1% (59 cases) were workers, 26.6% (34 cases) of the students. The average time to admission was 29 hours. The main etiologies were road traffic accidents 36.7% (47 cases), stabbing 21.9% (28 cases), firearm 14.8% (19 cases), and sports accidents 10.1% (13 cases). The main clinical signs were abdominal pain 48.44% (62 cases), abdominal contracture 60% (76 cases), disappearance of pre-liver dullness 66.36% (84 cases), and Douglas painful 74.4% (94 cases). The abdominal X-ray without preparation (A.S.P) allowed to objectify a pneumoperitoneum in 45.31% and the scanner a liquid effusion in 45.31% with the associated lesions in 37.5% (48 cases). The surgical treatment consisted of 60.15% suture excision (77 cases), 25% anastomosis resection (32 cases) and a 15% stoma (19 cases). The average length of hospital stay was 9 days with extremes of 1 to 60 days. The morbidity was 10.15% at the site of surgical site (OS) infection 17.4% (8 cases), postoperative peritonitis 3.1% (4 cases) and evisceration 0.8% (1 case). Mortality was 17.18% due to septic shock and multivisceral failure. Conclusion: Traumatic perforation of the small bowel is an emergency. Young people are more victims. The prognosis depends on the speed of diagnosis and management. Emphasis should be
Prévalence globale des pathologies majeures liées à la production laitière bovine en système d'élevage intraurbain à Hamdallaye (Ouagadougou)
Amadou Traoré,Hamidou H. Tamboura,Balé Bayala,David W. Rouamba
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 2004,
Abstract: Global prevalence of main pathologies related to dairy cattle production in urban flocks of Hamdallaye (Ouagadougou). The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of three main diseases related to dairy production in urban cattle herds: brucellosis, tuberculosis and mastitis. Serum samples collected from 290 bovines have been tested for brucellosis using antigen buffered test. A global prevalence of 13.2 % has been observed, and the females were significantly (p < 0.05) more infected than the males (14.3 % vs 5.6 %). Simple IntraDermoTuberculination (IDT) test with the PPD tuberculin was used on 325 cows. The global prevalence of the infection was 27.7 %, with a very high significant variation (p < 0.001) between 2 years old animals and those over 6 years. From 98 individual milk samples submitted to California Mastitis Test (CMT), mean cellular concentration was 5385. 103 ± 1061.103 TCN/ml. The prevalence of the three studied diseases is important enough to retain the attention of farmers, as well as technical and city authorities. This is particularly the case for tuberculosis and brucellosis which are major zoonosis and which can seriously damage consumer health.
Hydric stress-dependent effects of Plasmodium falciparum infection on the survival of wild-caught Anopheles gambiae female mosquitoes
Fred Aboagye-Antwi, Amadou Guindo, Amadou S Traoré, Hilary Hurd, Mamadou Coulibaly, Sékou Traoré, Frédéric Tripet
Malaria Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-243
Abstract: In natural mosquito populations, Plasmodium fitness costs may only be expressed in combination with other environmental stress factors hence this hypothesis was tested experimentally. Wild-caught blood-fed Anopheles gambiae s.s. females of the M and S molecular form from an area endemic for malaria in Mali, West Africa, were brought to the laboratory and submitted to a 7-day period of mild hydric stress or kept with water ad-libitum. At the end of this experiment all females were submitted to intense desiccation until death. The survival of all females throughout both stress episodes, as well as their body size and infection status was recorded. The importance of stress, body size and molecular form on infection prevalence and female survival was investigated using Logistic Regression and Proportional-Hazard analysis.Females subjected to mild stress exhibited patterns of survival and prevalence of infection compatible with increased parasite-induced mortality compared to non-stressed females. Fitness costs seemed to be linked to ookinetes and early oocyst development but not the presence of sporozoites. In addition, when females were subjected to intense desiccation stress, those carrying oocysts exhibited drastically reduced survival but those carrying sporozoites were unaffected. No significant differences in prevalence of infection and infection-induced mortality were found between the M and S molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae.Because these results suggest that infected mosquitoes may incur fitness costs under natural-like conditions, they are particularly relevant to vector control strategies aiming at boosting naturally occurring refractoriness or spreading natural or foreign genes for refractoriness using genetic drive systems in vector populations.Determining whether Plasmodium falciparum, the agent of human malaria responsible for over a million deaths per year, causes fitness costs to its mosquito vector Anopheles gambiae has critical implications for th
Treatment of Operative Pain in Visceral Cancer Surgery at CHU Gabriel Toure  [PDF]
Dembélé Bakary Tientigui, Traoré Alhassane, Togo Adégné, Kante Lassana, Diakité Ibrahim, Konate Madiassa, Traore Amadou, Diakité Boubacar, Bah Amadou, Sidibé Yoro, Koné Tany, Diop Thiorno Madani, Django Djibo, Diallo Gangaly
Surgical Science (SS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2017.81006
Abstract: The objectives were to determine the frequency of pain in cancer patients and its intensity in cancer pathologies and to evaluate the evolution of pain intensity after analgesic treatment; the effectiveness of its management study involved 121 cases of operated gastrointestinal cancers, which accounted for 85.82% (141) of operated cancers and 16.78% (721) of all operated patients; the average age of our patients was 49.93 years with extremes 17 and 78 years. Standard deviation: 15.75; with a sex ratio of 1.46. The majority of our patients had WHO III (54/121) or 44.6%; 46.3% (56/121) of patients were in stage IV of the TNM classification. The main digestive cancers were cancer of the esophagus 4 cases (3.3%); of the stomach 61 cases (50.4%); of the pancreas 7 cases (5.8%); of the liver 4 cases (3.3%); gall bladder 2 cases (1.6%); colon 33 cases (27.3%); rectum 6 cases (4.9%) and hail 4 cases (3.3%). The average pain intensities were 3 to 6 hour; 2 to 24 hour; 1.6 to 48 hour; and 1.2 to 72 hour. The majority of our patients had a treatment protocol involving nefopam, and paracetamol was 58%. The pain was exacerbated especially during exercise. Vomiting and vein burning were the main side effects encountered.
Blows and Voluntary Wounds of the Emergency Unite in Gabriel Toure Teaching Hospital in Bamako  [PDF]
Mangané Moustapha, Diop Thierno Madane, Almeimoune Abdoul Hamidou, Keita Soumaila, Dembelé Aladji Seydou, Youssouf Sogoba, Konaté Madiassa, Koita Siriman, Traoré Amadou, Issa Amadou, Badimi Siaka, Abdoulaye Kanté, Diallo Sadio, Sangaré Harouna, Dembelé Bakary Tientigui, Togo Adegné, Diango Djibo Mahamane
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.99040
Abstract: Introduction: Voluntary assault and injuries are acts that damage the physical and psychological integrity of a human being. WHO in its global report on violence and health estimates that in 2000, 1.6 million people worldwide died as a result of self-harm, interpersonal or collective violence, resulting in an overall rate adjusted by age of 28.8 per 100,000 population. Because of the seriousness of this phenomenon and the heavy socio-economic and health consequences that they generate, it seemed important to us to undertake this study, which aimed to study the deliberate injuries in the emergency unite of the Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital in Bamako. Material and methods: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study with a prospective study from September 1st, 2016 to August 31st, 12 months, covering 295 patients, including any patient received for voluntary injury consultation with a workable medical record and/or a full investigation record with or without requisition. Our data were collected on individual survey cards and subsequently analyzed with Word, Excel, IBM SPSS Statistics 22 software. Results: The majority of victims of assault and bodily injury were male with 83.1%; with a sex ratio of 4.9, the 18 to 28 age group was the most concerned with 163 cases of the 295 cases in our study, 55.2%. The extremes were 6 and 100 years old with an ectype at 11.08. The most affected ethnic group was Bambara with 38.6% (n = 114) followed by Fulani with 15.6% (n = 46). Students were the most affected at 24.7% (n = 73), followed by traders at 10%. The victims coming from outside Bamako are the most predominant with 22.4% (n = 66) followed by those of commune IV of Bamako 15.6% (n = 46). In 92.2% of the cases the mechanism was direct with n = 272. Of the lesions recorded in our study, wounds came first with 53.2% of cases. Radiography was the most used imaging at 44.7% (n = 89) followed by computed tomography at 34.7% (n = 69). The hemoperitoneum objectified by abdominal ultrasound represented 29.3% (n = 12). Fractures embarrure associated with bruising-hemorrhagic bruises were the most predominant with 13.4% (n = 10) objectified by brain scan. Conclusion: We note that the phenomenon of violence has reached worrying proportions, especially among young adults, particularly among students and is observed in all so-cio-professional layers. The polymorphism of these injuries caused by the predominant use of knives must draw the attention of our authorities to take measures to reduce these
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