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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 595166 matches for " Alvaro García-Pérez "
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Fluorosis and Dental Caries in the Hydrogeological Environments of Southeastern Communities in the State of Morelos, Mexico  [PDF]
Gricelda G. Varela-González, Alvaro García-Pérez, Rafael Huizar-Alvarez, Maria Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Maria M. Espinoza-Jaramillo
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.49115
Abstract:

Objectives: 1) To identify the hydrogeological characteristics and fluoride (F-) concentration in drinking water in the southeast of the state of Morelos, Mexico, and 2) to estimate the association between the prevalence and severity of fluorosis, dental caries, and water F- concentration. Methods: A hydrogeological model was developed to determine the vertical distribution of lithostratigraphic units, rocks’ hydraulic conductivities, and groundwater flow characteristics. A total of 649 schoolchildren from two communities received oral examinations. One community was located in an area with 0.75 mg F-/L in the water supply and the other in an area with 1.6 mg F-/L. Fluorosis was assessed using the Thylstrup & Fejerskov Index (TFI) and the dental caries were assessed with the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. The region groundwater was extracted from an inter-granular aquifer consisting of volcano clasts of intermediate volcanic chemical composition. Results: Oral examinations showed that 32.35% of the children had severe forms of fluorosis (TFI ≥ 4) in the community with 1.60 mg F-/L and 7.8% in the 0.75 mg F-/L community (p < 0.0001).

A Matching Model on the Use of Immigrant Social Networks and Referral Hiring  [PDF]
Mónica García-Pérez
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.24070
Abstract: Using a simple search model, with urn-ball derived matching function, this paper investigates the effect of firm owner’s and coworkers’ nativity on hiring patterns and wages. In the model, social networks reduce search frictions and wages are derived endogenously as a function of the efficiency of the social ties of current employees. As a result, individuals with more efficient connections tend to receive higher wages and lower unemployment rate. However, because this efficiency depends on matching with same-type owners and coworkers, there is also a differential effect among workers’ wages in the same firm. This analysis highlights the potential importance of social connections and social capital for understanding employment opportunities and wage differentials between these groups.
Genotyping of Coxiella burnetii from domestic ruminants in northern Spain
Ianire Astobiza, Jeroen JHC Tilburg, Alvaro Pi?ero, Ana Hurtado, Ana L García-Pérez, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen, Corné HW Klaassen
BMC Veterinary Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-8-241
Abstract: A total of 45 samples from 4 goat herds (placentas, N?=?4), 12 dairy cattle herds (vaginal mucus, individual milk, bulk tank milk, aerosols, N?=?20) and 5 sheep flocks (placenta, vaginal swabs, faeces, air samples, dust, N?=?21) were included in the study. Samples from goats and sheep were obtained from herds which had suffered abortions suspected to be caused by C. burnetii, whereas cattle samples were obtained from animals with reproductive problems compatible with C. burnetii infection, or consisted of bulk tank milk (BTM) samples from a Q fever surveillance programme. C. burnetii genotypes identified in ruminants from Spain were compared to those detected in other countries. Three MLVA genotypes were found in 4 goat farms, 7 MLVA genotypes were identified in 12 cattle herds and 4 MLVA genotypes were identified in 5 sheep flocks. Clustering of the MLVA genotypes using the minimum spanning tree method showed a high degree of genetic similarity between most MLVA genotypes. Overall 11 different MLVA genotypes were obtained corresponding to 4 different MST genotypes: MST genotype 13, identified in goat, sheep and cattle from Spain; MST genotype 18, only identified in goats; and, MST genotypes 8 and 20, identified in small ruminants and cattle, respectively. All these genotypes had been previously identified in animal and human clinical samples from several European countries, but some of the MLVA genotypes are described here for the first time.Genotyping revealed a substantial genetic diversity among domestic ruminants from Northern Spain.Coxiella burnetii is ubiquitous and the causative agent of Q fever, a zoonotic disease [1]. Domestic ruminants are often asymptomatic carriers of C. burnetii and are considered the most important reservoir and source for human Q fever infection [2]. However, other animal species like birds, reptiles, arthropods or pets can also be infected and possibly transmit the disease to humans [1].C. burnetii can cause abortions and stillbirth
Statistical Conclusion Validity: Some Common Threats and Simple Remedies
Miguel A. García-Pérez
Frontiers in Psychology , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00325
Abstract: The ultimate goal of research is to produce dependable knowledge or to provide the evidence that may guide practical decisions. Statistical conclusion validity (SCV) holds when the conclusions of a research study are founded on an adequate analysis of the data, generally meaning that adequate statistical methods are used whose small-sample behavior is accurate, besides being logically capable of providing an answer to the research question. Compared to the three other traditional aspects of research validity (external validity, internal validity, and construct validity), interest in SCV has recently grown on evidence that inadequate data analyses are sometimes carried out which yield conclusions that a proper analysis of the data would not have supported. This paper discusses evidence of three common threats to SCV that arise from widespread recommendations or practices in data analysis, namely, the use of repeated testing and optional stopping without control of Type-I error rates, the recommendation to check the assumptions of statistical tests, and the use of regression whenever a bivariate relation or the equivalence between two variables is studied. For each of these threats, examples are presented and alternative practices that safeguard SCV are discussed. Educational and editorial changes that may improve the SCV of published research are also discussed.
Structural Elucidation of Condensed Tannin from Picea mariana Bark  [PDF]
Papa Niokhor Diouf, Carmen Mihaela Tibirna, Martha-Estrella García-Pérez, Mariana Royer, Pascal Dubé, Tatjana Stevanovic
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.43A001
Abstract:

The aim of this work was to determine the structural characteristics of the condensed tannins isolated from the aqueous extract of black spruce (Picea mariana Mill) bark. This is the first report on the structural characterization of condensed tannins from black spruce bark. The condensed tannins from the hot water extract prepared from Picea mariana bark were isolated by column chromatography on Sephadex LH-20 media. In this study, UV-visible and 13C-NMR spectroscopic techniques, along with pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and liquid chromatogramphy analyses were applied to determine the structural characteristics of black spruce bark tannins. We have confirmed for the first time the presence of methoxylated B-rings in the flavanol units of condensed tannins from black spruce bark, which could be regarded as further contribution to the chemotaxonomy of the genus Picea. The methoxylation of Norway spruce bark condensed tannins have been demonstrated previously.

Visual Contrast Processing is Largely Unaltered during Saccades
Miguel A. García-Pérez,Eli Peli
Frontiers in Psychology , 2011, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00247
Abstract: Saccadic suppression refers to a reduction in visual sensitivity during saccadic eye movements. This reduction is conventionally regarded as mediated by either of two sources. One is a simple passive process of motion smear during saccades also accompanied by visual masking exerted by high-contrast pre- and post-saccadic images. The other is an active process exerted by a neural mechanism that significantly reduces visual processing so that the perception of a stable visual environment is not disrupted during saccades. Some studies have actually shown that contrast sensitivity is significantly lower during saccades than under fixation, but these experiments were not designed in a way that could weigh the differential contribution of active and passive sources of saccadic suppression. We report the results of measurements of psychometric functions for contrast detection using stimuli that are only visible during saccades, thus effectively isolating any visual processing that actually takes place during the saccades and also preventing any pre- and post-saccadic visual masking. We also report measurements of psychometric functions for detection under fixation for stimuli that are comparable in duration and spatio-temporal characteristics to the intrasaccadic retinal stimulus. Whether during saccades or under fixation, the psychometric functions for detection turned out to be very similar, leaving room only for a small amount of sensitivity reduction during saccades. This suggests that contrast processing is largely unaltered during saccades and, thus, that no neural mechanism seems to be actively involved in saccadic suppression.
Florescimento e frutifica??o de lichieiras em fun??o do anelamento de ramos
García-Pérez, Eliseo;Martins, Antonio Baldo Geraldo;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452006000100007
Abstract: the effects of girdling of branches on flowering and fruiting of 17 years old 'bengal' lychee trees were evaluated. the treatments consisted of girdling of main branches, and branches with 6, 4 and 2 cm of diameter and the control. the experiment was conducted in a randomized block design, with 5 replicates. the evaluations in relation to flowering were: flowering per tree and per quadrant and length of flower panicles; in relation to fruiting were: fruit set per panicle, fruit weight, longitudinal and equatorial diameters, soluble solids, harvest time and production. the girdling in the main branches induced larger flowering, without influence on the flower panicles characteristics, there were no differences in the fruit set, but with an increasing in the flowering, it increased the production, with significant anticipation of the harvest.
Cuando el coito produce dolor: una exploración de la sexualidad femenina en el noroeste de México
García-Pérez,Hilda; Harlow,Sioban D;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000200007
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of dyspareunia among women aged 25-54 and its associated risk factors. material and methods: a cross-sectional population-based study was carried out in the city of hermosillo, sonora and data from 1183 sexually active women were analyzed. a multiple logistic regression was computed to analyze the association between dyspareunia and sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions and sexual violence. results: the 12-month prevalence of dyspareunia was estimated to be 12.3% (95% ci 10.5, 14.4). after adjustment for working conditions, dyspareunia was associated with younger ages (25-34 years), history of sexually transmitted diseases/pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic urinary tract infections, colitis and history of sexual violence. conclusion: increased attention to this condition by reproductive health programs and primary care services is urgently needed in mexico.
Crustal structure of the Arteaga Complex, Michoacán, southern Mexico, from gravity and magnetics
Frank García-Pérez,Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi
Geofísica internacional , 1997,
Abstract: The Arteaga region, Michoacán, southern Mexico is one of the few areas with basement outcrops in the Guerrero ter rane. The Zihuatanejo subterrane is characterized by Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous island-arc volcanosedimentary se quences that rest unconformably on metamorphosed rocks of the Arteaga Complex, of possible Triassic-Jurassic age. Gravity and total field magnetic measurements were taken along two SW-NE profiles across the metamorphic and igneous complex. Spectral analysis is used to estimate depths to the Moho and major crustal interfaces. The crustal thickness in creases to the N and NE away from the margin and is in the order of 28-32 km. The metamorphic complex has an average thickness of 15 km. In the southern sector near Arteaga, the uppermost metamorphic units present a lower density contrast possibly due to regional alteration. The granitic and granodioritic batholith has a thickness of up to 8 km in the SE sector. The gravity and magnetic models are consistent with proposals that the Arteaga Complex constitutes the basement of the Zihuatanejo subterrane.
Assessment of Seismic Indirect Losses Based on Utility Curves  [PDF]
Jaime García-Pérez, Eric García-López
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2019.93015
Abstract: In the process of quantifying optimum seismic design parameters, the losses implying the failure of the system must be assessed. Intangibles such as human lives may lie among indirect losses. In this paper, we propose a model to calculate the value of the investment that society should be willing to make for saving lives. In order to do this, we analyze both individual and social problems. However, special treatment is given to the individual problem where the value of the life of a human being is inferred by what the person should be willing to pay or willing to accept to reduce the risk of dying. Due to the use of utility curves in the calculation of this kind of intangible, we pay special attention to shape and requirement conditions of these curves. We also pay attention when personal impact and legacies or bequests are considered in utility curves. The results are shown through some applications, especially in the computation of optimum seismic design coefficients at a low seismicity site.
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