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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198187 matches for " Aliocha N. Nkodila "
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Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Short-Term Risk Estimate among Civilian Licensed Aircrew  [PDF]
Nathan B. Buila, Jean-Marc B. Bantu, Gilbert K. Kabanda, Pascal M. Bayauli, Aliocha N. Nkodila, Fran?ois B. Lepira, Symphorien M. Ditu, Jean-René M’Buyamba-Kabangu
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.92010
Abstract:
Background: Flight and cabin crew are known to be at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, ASCVD risks have not yet been compared in flight and cabin crew in low resource settings like sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: To assess absolute ASCVD risk estimate and its clinical correlates among flight and cabin crew. Methods: From June 1st 2015 to December 30th 2015, 379 consecutive aviation navigants (Flight crew: 62.5%, pilots: 46.2%, women: 29.6%, Caucasians 23.2%) were enrolled in a cross-sectional survey of ASCVD risk estimate using the Framingham tools. They underwent a physical examination for either initial or
Prognostic Signification of Admission Hyperglycemia among Acute Stroke Patients in Intensive Care Units in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo  [PDF]
Josée K. Tshituta, Fran?ois B. Lepira, Fran?ois P. Kajingulu, Jean Robert R. Makulo, Ernest K. Sumaili, Pierre Z. Akilimali, Aliocha N. Nkodila, Freddy M. Mbuyi, Angèle I. Masewu, Stéphane Mutombo, Eric B. Amisi, Jean Pierre M. Ilunga, Wilfrid B. Mbombo, Patrick M. Mukuna, Adolphe M. Kilembe
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.99060
Abstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although admission hyperglycemia has been reported to be associated with unfavorable outcomes in acute stroke, little is known about this association in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic significance of admission hyperglycemia in the acute phase of stroke in Congolese patients. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective cohort study, consecutive patients with acute stroke were examined in 5 Emergency Rooms or Intensive Care Units of Kinshasa between July 15th, 2017 and March 15th, 2018. The severity of stroke was assessed at admission using the Glasgow Coma Scale. Stress hyperglycemia was defined as random blood glucose levels at admission > 140 mg/dL in patients without known type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The endpoint was 10-day all-cause in-hospital mortality. Survival (time-to-death) curves were built using the Kaplan Meier methods. Cox proportional analysis was used to identify predictors of 10-day all-cause in-hospital mortality. The predictive performance of blood glucose level
Interdialytic 24-Hours Ambulatory Blood Pressure versus Dialysis Unit Blood Pressure for the Diagnosis of Electrocardiographic-Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Chronic Hemodialysis Black Patients  [PDF]
Cédric Kabemba Ilunga, Fran?ois Bompeka Beka Lepira, Jean Robert Rissassi Makulo, Yves Lubenga, Trésor Mvunzi, Noel Utshudi, Aliocha Nkodila, Vieux Momeme Mokoli, Ernest Kiswaya Sumaili, Nazaire Mangani Nseka, Eleuthère Vita Kintoki
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.911075
Abstract: Background and Aim: In hemodialysis patients, 24-hours interdialytic ABPM better detects TOD than dialysis unit blood pressure. Therefore, the present study was aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of 24-hours ABPM vs. dialysis unit BPs for the diagnosis of ECG-LVH in steady state chronic hemodialysis black patients. Methods: From March 31 to September 30, 2018, interdialytic ABPM was performed after a mid-week hemodialysis session for 24 hours using a Spacelab 90207 ABPM monitor in the non-access arm in 45 stable chronic hemodialysis black patients (age ≥ 20 years, hemodialysis for at least 3 months and informed consent) attending 3 hemodialysis centers in Kinshasa. Ambulatory BP was recorded every 20 minutes during the day (6 AM to 10 PM) and every 30 minutes during the night (10 PM to 6 AM). ECG-LVH was defined using Cornell product criteria. ROC curve method was used to assess the performance of dialysis unit BPs vs. interdialytic 24-hours ABPM in diagnosing ECG-LVH. P < 0.05 defined the level of statistical significance. Results: Whatever the method of BP measurement, all the SBP values were related to ECG-LVH with similar AUC and overlapping 95% CI; however, they were not significantly different from each other. 24-hours interdialytic ambulatory SBP (AUC 0.748; 95%
Festivales de Música Chilena: muestra o competencia?
Aliocha Solovera
Revista musical chilena , 1998,
Abstract:
Prevalence of Circadian Blood Pressure Patterns and Factors Associated with Non-Dipping among Black Patients with Untreated and Treated Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
T. S. Mvunzi, Y. Lubenga, F. B. Lepira, J. R. Makulo, A. Nkodila, D. K. Kuntonda, Y. Samafundu, Y. M. Nlandu, Y. M. Engole, B. P. Kianu, F. Kintoki, D. Mupepe, N. Buila, R. M. Kongo, E. V. Kintoki
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2017.711038
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of circadian BP patterns and to assess factors associated with the non-dipping pattern in untreated and treated hypertensive patients, studied separately. Methods: Clinical data and ABPM were obtained from 52 untreated and 168 treated hypertensive patients referred for ABPM to Monkole Hospital in Kinshasa. Twenty-four ABPM was performed using an oscillometric device. Non-dipping pattern encompasses non-dipping (nocturnal systolic BP dip less than 10% of daytime systolic BP) and reverse dipping (mean night SBP higher than the day SBP). Results: the prevalence of non-dipping pattern was 75% (63.5% non-dipping and 11.5% reverse dipping) and 70% (60.1% non-dipping and 10.1% reverse dipping) in untreated and treated hypertensive patients, respectively. Advanced age (adjusted OR 1.80; 95%CI 1.96 - 3.38; p = 0.015), female sex (adjusted OR 2.28; 95%CI 1.19 - 4.36; p = 0.013), diabetes (adjusted OR 5.06; 95%CI 1.38 - 6.95; p = 0.014), reduced kidney function (adjusted OR 3.10; 95%CI 1.50 - 6.43; p = 0.018), inflammation (adjusted OR 2.65; 95%CI 1.76 - 6.48; p = 0.031), LVH (adjusted OR 4.45; 95%CI 1.78 - 7.67;
Constellations de l’étrangeté :
Aliocha Wald Lasowski
Methodos : Savoirs et Textes , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/methodos.529
Abstract: Dans son dernier livre Pour en finir avec la généalogie, Fran ois Noudelmann interroge l’imaginaire dans lequel est pensée la figure de la relation, de la fraternité, de l’origine, du frère. L’imaginaire est le processus au sein duquel se constituent l’identité et ses représentations, c’est-à-dire les formes et les symboles à travers lesquels un sujet envisage le même, l’identique, la similitude, toutes ces notions qui conditionnent le désir d’appartenance, le jeu de la distinction. Par l’imaginaire de la transmission se construit une image de soi propice aux liens et aux affiliations. C’est pourquoi une critique politique de la filiation doit passer par l’étude de ce processus opératoire et de ses effets identitaires, afin de faire entendre, dans leur singularité et dans leur étrangeté, les constellations du nouveau. Il s’agit de réagencer, à rebours de la fixation identitaire, ces rapports inédits qui échappent à l’emprise unitaire prévalant dans les images véhiculées et les pensées déterminées de l’imaginaire de la filiation. Le projet de Fran ois Noudelmann n’est pas de proclamer l’utopie d’une société qui aurait définitivement évacué la référence généalogique, mais déterminer une autre pensée du sens, de l’image, de l’analogie. La construction des identités sociales, sexuelles et ethniques se trouve suspendue à une telle réévaluation. Finir la généalogie peut s’entendre ainsi : traquer au plus près les paradigmes, les schèmes et les figures qui structurent notre représentation, en défaire les pouvoirs de légitimation et de prescription, et mettre au jour les scènes sur lesquelles se jouent aussi bien sa déchéance que sa dispersion, pour en déterminer les enjeux épistémologiques, politiques et esthétiques. Il s’agit d’achever, au double sens de mettre fin et de mener à son terme, la généalogie et la représentation qui à la fois l’expose et la fonde.
Politique et esthétique dans L’enfance d’un chef de Sartre
Aliocha Wald Lasowski
Revue Electronique de Litterature Francaise : RELIEF , 2007,
Abstract: En 1964, Deleuze évoque Sartre comme un de nos ma tres , un de ceux qui savent inventer une technique artistique et littéraire et trouver les fa ons de penser correspondant à notre modernité, c'est-à-dire à nos difficultés comme à nos enthousiasmes diffus. (Arts) Sartre est sans cesse aux points de passage de la modernité politique et esthétique. L'enfance d'un chef, la dernière et la plus longue des cinq nouvelles qui composent le recueil intitulé Le mur, paru en janvier 1939, participe de cette actualité. Véritable petit roman dans l'oeuvre à construire du philosophe écrivain, cette parodie cruelle du roman d'apprentissage saisit, par des exemples fictionnels et existentiels, l'analyse conceptuelle des essences. Dans ce récit, contemporain de La Nausée par sa chronologie et par les thèmes qu'il aborde, brille une écriture violente et individualiste, faite de cassures et d'abandons : L'enfance d'un chef s'insère dans un mouvement spéculatif, conteste l'ordre de la représentation anthropologique ou politique. A partir de Lucien Fleurier et du vide brumeux de son existence, Sartre dessine une subjectivité ouverte, une figure inhumaine de l'anti-héros : le salaud , le chef et l’ antisémite . Par une description phénoménologique rigoureuse, le philosophe précise le réseau de métaphores et d'images qui parcourt L'enfance d'un chef et constitue une poétique du bleu, entre Walter Benjamin – Rêver de la fleur bleue, ce n'est plus de saison (Neue Rundschau, n°38, janvier 1927) - et Roland Barthes – Le bleu est à la mode cette année (Revue fran aise de sociologie, n°2, avril 1960) -. Le malconfort du personnage principal ne peut pas se concevoir en termes de noir et de blanc, d'ombre et de lumière : sa difficulté d'être se décline plut t en gris bleu et en teinte violette, sur le mode de l'inauthenticité, rappelant les obsessions sartriennes du non-être et de la viscosité. Sans effacer l'aspect novateur et la puissance du dépaysement de L'enfance d'un chef, il s'agit de montrer que cette nouvelle ne se réduit pas à une intention théorique, mais constitue un projet en soi qui fait na tre une philosophie sous nos yeux. (Michel Tournier, Le Vent paraclet, 1977, p. 155)
Blood Pressure Patterns and Factors Associated with Relative Hypertension among Steady State Sickle Cell Disease Patients in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
P. I. Mboliasa, F. B. Lepira, J. R. Makulo, A. Nkodila, E. K. Sumaili, J. B. Bukabau, V. M. Mokoli, A. L. Longo, C. V. Zinga, F. M. P. Kanjingulu, Y. M. Nlandu, Y. M. Engole, M. M. Mukendi, E. M. Kadima, C. K. Ilunga, P. M. Ekulu, N. M. N. Nseka
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.83021
Abstract: Background: Although systemic hypertension is rarely seen in steady state sickle cell disease (SCD), relative hypertension has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and renal complications. Objective: To determine the prevalence of BP patterns and assess factors associated with relative hypertension insickle cell anemia (SCA) adult patients. Methods: Clinical data and office BP were obtained from 103 consecutive steady-state SCA adult patients (mean age 26 ± 7.9 years, 66% females, 22.3% on hydroxyurea) attending four healthcare centers providing SCD-specific care in Kinshasa. Seated BP was measured using an automated electronic device. Three consecutive blood pressure measurements were taken with 2 minutes interval between readings and the average of the 2 last readings was considered for the analyses. Normal BP, relative hypertension and systemic hypertension were defined as BP < 120/70 mmHg, 120 - 139/70 - 89 mmHg and ≥140/90 mmHg, respectively. Results: Normal BP, relative hypertension and systemic hypertension were observed in 56 (54%), 43(42%) and 4 (4%) of SCA patients, respectively. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with relative hypertension were leg ulcer (aOR 2.05; 95%CI 1.77 -
Bosquejo histórico sobre las principales teorías de la motivación y su influencia en el proceso de ense?anza-aprendizaje
Batista Silva,Aliocha; Gálvez Espinos,Maydel; Hinojosa Cueto,Iliana;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: present study account for a bibliographic review of the motivation area of teaching-educational process and its main objective is to reflect on thus subject. motivation isn't an observable variable but a hypothetical feature deduced from the behavior manifestations and that inference may be correct or incorrect. motivation, together with intelligence and the previous learning, determine if students will achieve the expected academic results or not, or rather, the motivation is means related to other objectives. the student is a active subject of learning, if the learning is revealing, there is a favorable attitude by student and thus a motivation as a unitarian process. one of the more relevant features of motivation is to arrive to a determined and preexisting behavior of student and that behavior be related to its future, in other words, the professor make that student to control its own production and that learning be motivating, process that in its essence is very complex and thus it is necessary to reflect and update the subject in question.
Condiciones motivacionales internas y rendimiento académico de residentes venezolanos en Medicina General Integral
Batista Silva,Aliocha; Hinojosa Cueto,Iliana; Gálvez Espinosa,Maydel;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: objectives: to characterize the relation established among the internal motivational condition and the academic performance of venezuelan residents of integral general medicine. methods: present study is related to a research project in postgraduate education area and it was conducted at the end of the first academic year (2006) of residents from the "barrio adentro" cuban mission, monagas state, venezuela. the sample included 59 subjects. tool used was the academic motivational questionnaire in its specific and supported category in the motivational theory fulfilling the ethical requirement for biomedical researches. we used the r correlation coefficient to measure the strength of the relation among the internal motivational conditions and the academic performance. results: in group there was a high and homogenous qualification average. within the factors characterizing the internal motivational conditions the power and the recognition had the higher values expressed as a deep interest of residents in these components. these same factors had a statistically significant correlation with the academic performance. conclusions: included in the internal motivational factors those with more strength to drive residents to maintain a good academic performance were the power and the recognition. it is essential to organize courses and activities directed to develop the motivation in these students in relation to its achievement, an important factor in the internal motivational conditions.
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