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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13585 matches for " Alice Fernandes; "
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Sistemas de informa??o em saúde no nível local
Branco, Maria Alice Fernandes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1996000200016
Abstract: information systems have assumed paramount importance in modern society, becoming an strategic resource of power in all areas. therefore, it is important that the process of decentralization of the health sector should not be limited to services, but should also consider the decentralization of information. the author discusses the sharing of political and technical responsibility between various governmental spheres, and the need to rethink and redirect the process of making accessible information on health. this is a matter of overcoming vertical relations between government and society and of moving toward cooperative management capable of minimizing regional inequalities and optimizing the utilization of resources.
Sistemas de informa o em saúde no nível local
Branco Maria Alice Fernandes
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996,
Abstract: A importancia que a informa o vem assumindo na sociedade moderna transformou-a em recurso estatégico de poder em todas as áreas. é fundamental, portanto, que o processo de descentraliza o no setor saúde n o se restrinja a a es em servi os, mas contemple também a descentraliza o da informa o. A autora discute o compartilhamento da responsabilidade política e técnica entre esferas governamentais e a necessidadede de repensar e redirecionar a es no tocante ao processo de descentraliza o da informa o em saúde. Trata-se de superar a prática da rela o vertical entre esferas de governo, e caminhar no sentido da parceria gerencial, capaz de contribuir para minimizar as desigualdades regionais e otimizar a utiliza o de recursos.
Animal caliciviruses / Calicivírus animal
Aline Fernandes Barry,Alice Fernandes Alfieri,Amauri Alcindo Alfieri
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2008,
Abstract: The caliciviruses were included in Picornaviridae family, and only in 1979 they were classified as Caliciviridae members. There are four genera included in this family: Vesivirus, Lagovirus, Norovirus and Sapovirus. Its genome consists of a single-stranded poly-adenylated RNA molecule with positive polarity. The Vesivirus genus includes viruses that cause vesicular disease in feline (FCV), swine (VESV) and cetacean and piniped (SMSV). Lagoviruses include the European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV) and Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) which infects hare and rabbits causing hepatic disease. The noroviruses, previously named, Norwalk-like virus, are the main cause of nonbacterial human gastroenteritis in some European countries, United States and Japan. The natural hosts of this virus are the man, bovine, swine, and rats. Sapovirus infects human and swine, especially the young. In human the infection is normally a mild diarrhea. In swine it has been described intestinal villous atrophy and diarrhea in experimental infected piglets. Despite the high genetic variability of sapoviruses, recombination between strains from different genogroups or genotypes was already verified, which suggests the zoonotic potential of the disease. Os calicivírus eram classificados como membros da família Picornaviridae e somente em 1979 foi proposta a cria o da família Caliciviridae. Nessa família est o incluídos quatro gêneros: Vesivirus, Lagovirus, Norovirus e Sapovirus sendo o genoma constituído de uma molécula de RNA fita simples, linear, de polaridade positiva, poliadenilado na extremidade 3’. O gênero Vesivirus compreende vírus causadores de doen as vesiculares em felinos (FCV), suínos (VESV) e cetáceos e pinípedes (SMSV). Os lagovírus incluem o European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV) e o Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) que acometem lebres e coelhos causando doen a hepática. Os norovírus, anteriormente denominados Norwalk-like virus, s o considerados os mais importantes causadores de gastroenterite n o-bacteriana em seres humanos adultos e crian as em países da Europa, nos Estados Unidos e Jap o. Os hospedeiros naturais dos norovírus s o os seres humanos, bovinos, suínos e ratos. Os sapovírus s o descritos em seres humanos e suínos, e principalmente os indivíduos jovens s o acometidos. Em seres humanos a infec o pelos sapovírus se manifesta como uma diarréia moderada e em suínos já foi verificada atrofia das vilosidades intestinais e diarréia em leit es experimentalmente infectados com a estirpe padr o Cowden. Apesar da grande variabilidade genética
Sobre a morfologia dos dúctulos eferentes epididimários no c?o (Canis familiaris, L.)
SCHIMMING, Bruno Cesar;ABREU, Mara Alice Fernandes de;
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-95962001000300003
Abstract: the structure of the ductuli efferentes in the epididymis of the dog were studied by light microscopy. the efferent ductules connect the rete testis and the initial segment of the epididymis. their epididymal segment is lined by a low simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium, which show basically nonciliated and ciliated cells. the morphological characteristics of ductuli efferentes are discussed in this report.
Dos pactos políticos à política dos pactos na saúde
Guerreiro,Jória Viana; Branco,Maria Alice Fernandes;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000300006
Abstract: the object of this article is the pact policy of the unified health system (sus). the few works available in the literature about health pacts frequently relates them to the principles of sus consolidation, specifically to the implantation of decentralization. here, the roots of this policy are evidenced showing how they are linked with the restructuration movement of the proper brazilian state in the last decades from the 20th century, by democracy rebuilding, federalism and state reform. during this period, some advances in politics democracy were identified, however a few results in consolidation of social democracy were identified. health pacts are articulated with social and political pacts, which are essential to make life possible in society, guarantee government legitimacy, governance and public policies effectiveness. pact is a management mechanism that comprehends permanent negotiation, looking for surpasses intergovernmental conflicts, moderate by solidary responsibility. throughout negotiation of goals, indicators and actions, pacts consist in a way of accountability and transparency, able to promote social control, and the own government control.
Ensaio imunoenzimático comercial no diagnóstico sorológico das infec??es por herpesvírus bovino 1
Médici, Kerlei Cristina;Alfieri, Amauri Alcindo;Alfieri, Alice Fernandes;
Ciência Rural , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782000000200024
Abstract: the performance of a commercial immune assay in the identification antibody of natural infection or vaccination against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (bhv-1) in 1000 samples of bovine serum was evaluated. the comparative analysis from the result of the evaluated system and standard serum neutralization technique showed a rate of agreement of 97.05% (k=0.94) between the two serologic diagnotic methods.
Prevalência de anticorpos neutralizantes contra o herpesvírus bovino tipo 1, decorrente de infec??o natural, em rebanhos com distúrbios reprodutivos
Médici, Kerlei Cristina;Alfieri, Amauri Alcindo;Alfieri, Alice Fernandes;
Ciência Rural , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782000000200025
Abstract: serum samples of 1235 adult cattle not infectious bovine rhinotracheitis-vaccinated were analyzed by serum neutralization technique for bovine herpesvirus type 1 (bhv-1) antibodies. the samples were collected from 81 beef and dairy herds presenting reproductive problems, at 30 counties of paraná state, brazil. in dairy herds 41.9% (409/977) of the serum samples and 90.5% (57/63) of the herds were positives. in beef herds the index of positives was 50.8% (131/258) and 100% (18/18) for serum samples and herds, respectively. the total positive frequency of serum samples (43.7%) and herds (92.6%) show that bhv-1 infections has a wide dissemination in the studied region.
SYSTEMATIZATION OF THE ARTERIES IN THE SPLENIC HILUS OF THE ARMADILLO (Dasypus novemcinctus, L.)
Schimming,Bruno Cesar; Fernandes de Abreu,Mara Alice;
Revista chilena de anatomía , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-98682001000200005
Abstract: the authors have conducted a anatomical study of armadillo spleen's arterial vascularization, in respect of its origin, their branches and the pattern vessels' distribution. therefore, was related in special, the arterial behaviour of the extra-hilaris vessels of the splenic artery. these observations were aggregated and reported, and all data are compared with those reported in the literature
SYSTEMATIZATION OF THE ARTERIES IN THE SPLENIC HILUS OF THE ARMADILLO (Dasypus novemcinctus, L.) SISTEMATIZACIóN DE LAS ARTERIAS EN EL HILIO ESPLéNICO DEL ARMADILLO (Dasypus novemcinctus, L.)
Bruno Cesar Schimming,Mara Alice Fernandes de Abreu
Revista chilena de anatomía , 2001,
Abstract: The authors have conducted a anatomical study of armadillo spleen's arterial vascularization, in respect of its origin, their branches and the pattern vessels' distribution. Therefore, was related in special, the arterial behaviour of the extra-hilaris vessels of the splenic artery. These observations were aggregated and reported, and all data are compared with those reported in the literature Se realizó un estudio anatómico para caracterizar la vascularización arterial del bazo en el armadillo, estudiando origen, trayecto, división y distribución. El objetivo de este estudio fue la búsqueda y análisis de las variedades anatómicas de las ramas extra-hilio de la arteria esplénica. Las características son comparables con las interpretaciones previas
Arginine metabolism in uricotelic species = Metabolismo da arginina em espécies uricotélicas
Jovanir Inês Müller Fernandes,Alice Eiko Murakami
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Due to the lack of a complete urea cycle, uricotelic species, such as broilers, are not able to synthesize de novo arginine (Arg), thus depending exclusively on dietary Arg. High levels of dietary lysine (Lys) increase the demand for Arg because of the antagonistic relationship between these amino acids. The Arg-Lys antagonism promotes an expressive increase in the renal Arg activity and consequently induces the degradation of Arg and the decrease in theactivity of glycine amidinotransferase, an enzyme that uses Arg in the synthesis of muscle creatin. Arg is considered an important modulator of immunological and physiological processes. The degradation of Arg produces ornithine, a precursor of polyamines that are key to cell division, DNA synthesis, and cell cycle regulation. Arg participates in the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), a highly reactive free radical in cells and membranes and participates in several cell processes, including in neurotransmission and immune response. Arg is also considered a potent secretagogue of insulin, growth hormone, and IGF-I in the blood stream. Exclusively vegetariandiets may not provide an adequate supply of Arg, which is required for maximum production and for the immune system of current broiler lineages. Devido à falta de um completo ciclo da uréia, espécies uricotélicas como os frangos de corte s o incapazes de sintetizar arginina (Arg) de novo, por isso dependem exclusivamente da Arg dietética. Níveis elevados de lisina (Lys) dietética aumentam a exigência de Arg devido à rela o antag nica entre estes aminoácidos. O antagonismo entre Arg e Lys promove expressiva eleva o da atividade da arginase renal e conseqüentemente induz à degrada o da Arg e leva à diminui o da atividade da glicina amidinotransferase, enzima que utiliza Arg na síntese de creatina muscular. Arg é considerada importante modulador da imunidade e de processos fisiológicos. A degrada o de Arg gera ornitina, precursor das poliaminas que têm papel-chave na divis o celular, síntese de DNA e regula o do ciclo celular. A Arg é utilizada na síntese de óxido nítrico (NO), um radical livre altamente reativo, permeável às células e membranas que participa de vários processos celulares, incluindo a neurotransmiss o e a imunidade. A Arg é também considerada um potente secretagogo da insulina, horm nio do crescimento e IGF-I. Dietas exclusivamente vegetais podem ser limitantes no fornecimento adequado de Arg para a maximiza o produtiva e do sistema imune das atuais linhagens de frangos de corte.
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