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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144672 matches for " Alia B. Munshi "
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Iron-deficiency anemia. A study of risk factors among adult population of Quetta Valley  [PDF]
Khalid Mahmood, Hasan Salman Siddiqi, Ashif Sajjad, Sohail Shoukat, Zahid Mehmood, Amir Wasim, Alia B. Munshi
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49095
Abstract: Risk factors for iron deficiency anemia among the adult population of the Quetta valley have been investigated. Anemic adult patients, both males and females, who were admitted in the Sandeman Provincial Hospital, Quetta, were invited to participate in this study. After detailed history and examination, preliminary blood tests including full blood counts, platelets count, retics count, absolute blood values and blood film examination were done. A clinical diagnosis was made based upon the findings of history, examination and blood tests. In patients suspected to have iron deficiency anemia, serum iron studies (i.e. serum iron, Total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and serum ferritin) were done to confirm the diagnosis. Among the selected anemic patients, 60% were iron deficiency anemic, while 40% were non-iron deficiency anemic. Iron deficiency anemia was more common among females than males, as 70% patients were female and 30% were male. The risk factors were found to be pregnancy (40%), nutritional inadequacy (17%), menorrhagia (9%), hemorrhoids (9%), hook worms (8%), hematuria (2%) and blood loss due to various gastro-intestinal pathologies (15%).
Impact of Pesticides Contamination on Nutritional Values of Marinefishery from Karachi Coast of Arabian Sea  [PDF]
Hina Ahsan, Nasim Karim, Syed Sanwer Ali, Alia B. Munshi, Sohail Shaukat
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49120
Abstract:

The present study explores the chemical and economic aspects of pesticide contamination of marinefishery in relation to nutritional values Marine Pollution of pesticides poses signify can tricks to the environment and non-target organisms ranging from beneficial marine micro organisms, to insects, seaweeds, fish, and mangroves at Karachi Coast. Fish typically contains good quality nutrition, particularly oily fish has maximum commercial values but contamination of fishery is the major problem caused by pesticides and PCBs pollution resulting in serious health hazards. A number of fish and shell fish samples were analyzed for determination of pesticides contamination due to marine environment pollution. It was found that most pesticides pose risk to humans, fishery or the environment because they are designed to kill or adversely affect living organisms. Quantitative analysis of pesticides and PCBs was performed using GC equipped with ECD and the FPD for organophosphorus and GC-MS. The arithmetic mean concentrations of each pesticide were calculated and statistical evaluation was done. Relationship of protein and pesticides level has been determined to determine impact of pesticide on protein content of each type of fish. There is a considerable difference found in the pesticides contents of each type of fishery, which reveals that environmental pollution status that attributes towards pesticides distribution.

Risk assessment of alcohol and obesity on liver enzymes (transaminases, cholestatic)  [PDF]
Sobia Khawaja, Khalid Mahmood, Alia Munshi, Masarrat Yousuf, Fozia Tabassum, Sohail Shaukat
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47069
Abstract: Background: This study was designed to investigate the BMI and alcohol consumption effects on hepatic enzymes. The degree of alteration among moderate drinkers is still unclear. Objective: To determine causes of liver failure due to alcohol and obesity. We observed the association between moderate alcohol consumption, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) and transaminase, cholestatic enzymes. Design: Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphate (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and gammaglutamyltransferase (GGT) were examined in 995 healthy persons. In this study 400 persons were reported as abstainers and 595 participants involved as a moderate drinkers. The study population was further split into according to BMI as follows: <19 (underweight), ≥19 and <25 (normal weight), ≥25 and <30 (over- weight), and ≥30 (obese). Results: Serum ALT (P < 0.002), GGT (P < 0.001) and ALP (P < 0.001) but not AST (P < 0.883) activities in moderate drinkers were higher than those in abstainers. Mean ALT activity is higher in obese and over weight in alcohol consumers and abstainers as compared to mean AST activity in the same groups. ALP activity was increased with BMI in moderate drinkers. In abstainers activity of ALP shows weak relation in order to BMI. Conclusion: The result of moderate alcohol use raises activity of hepatic enzymes with increasing BMI. Most participants with alcohol consumption have an AST/ALT ratio above 1.
Health Hazards among Coastal Villagers of Pakistan Due to Arsenic Contaminated Drinking Water  [PDF]
Syed Sanwer Ali, Nasim Karim, Alia Bano Munshi, Ishratullah Siddqui, Farooq A. Khan
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.512132
Abstract:

Water supply has become insufficient for the rapidly rising population in Pakistan. As in other parts of Pakistan, coastal villagers also become helpless to use ground water for drinking and daily consumption, due to their need and their not knowing about the quality of water. A number of patients arrived to Karachi hospitals, suffering from a strange disease and this study has been done to find the exact cause of this disease by assuming that arsenic contaminated drinking water may be one of the possibilities. Maximum permissible limit (MRL) of arsenic in drinking water of Pakistan has been calculated by analysis of 50 samples of supply water as 0.05 mg/l. It was observed that most of the residents of Ibrahim Hyderi, Rehri, Chashma, Mubarak, Fagheer Muhammad and Gul Hasan Goths (villages) of the coastal belt of the Karachi city were suffering from melanosis, leuco-melanosis, keratosis, hyperkeratosis, dorsum, non-pitting oedema, gangrene and skin cancer that might be due to arsenic contamination in drinking water. Studied subjects were seriously affected due to paralyzing lower limbs, arms and other body parts in the coastal belt of Karachi, which

Gamma flashes from relativistic electron-positron plasma droplets
Mustafa, Munshi G.;Kampfer, B.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.79.020103
Abstract: Ultra-intense lasers are expected to produce, in near future, relativistic electron-positron plasma droplets. Considering the local photon production rate in complete leading order in quantum electrodynamics (QED), we point out that these droplets are interesting sources of gamma ray flashes
Gamma flashes from relativistic electron-positron plasma droplets
Munshi G. Mustafa,B. Kampfer
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.79.020103
Abstract: Ultra-intense lasers are expected to produce, in near future, relativistic electron-positron plasma droplets. Considering the local photon production rate in complete leading order in quantum electrodynamics (QED), we point out that these droplets are interesting sources of gamma ray flashes
Relativistic Expansion of Electron-Positron-Photon Plasma Droplets and Photon Emission
R. Yaresko,Munshi G. Mustafa,B. Kampfer
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1063/1.3499410
Abstract: The expansion dynamics of hot electron-positron-photon plasma droplets is dealt with within relativistic hydrodynamics. Such droplets, envisaged to be created in future experiments by irradiating thin foils with counter-propagating ultra-intense laser beams, are sources of flashes of gamma radiation. Warm electron-positron plasma droplets may be identified and characterized by a broadened 511 keV line.
Hydrodynamic Mixed Convection in a Lid-Driven Hexagonal Cavity with Corner Heater  [PDF]
M. Jahirul Haque Munshi, Golam Mostafa, A. B. S. Manik Munsi, Md. Waliullah
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2018.83020
Abstract: Hydrodynamic mixed convection in a lid-driven hexagonal cavity with corner heater is numerically simulated in this paper by employing finite element method. The working fluid is assigned as air with a Prandtl num-ber of 0.71 throughout the simulation. The left and right walls of the hex-agonal cavity are kept thermally insulated and the lid moves top to bottom at a constant speed U0. The top left and right walls of the enclosure are maintained at cold temperature Tc. The bottom right wall is considered with a corner heater whereas the bottom remaining part is adiabatic and inside the cavity a square shape heated block Th. The focus of the work is to investigate the effect of Hartmann number, Richardson number, Grashof number and Reynolds number on the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics inside the enclosure. A set of graphical results is presented in terms of streamlines, isotherms, local Nusselt number, velocity profiles, temperature profiles and average Nusselt numbers. The results reveal that heat transfer rate increases with increasing Richardson number and Hartmann number. It is also observed that, Hartmann number is a good control parameter for heat transfer in fluid flow in hexagonal cavity.
Creative Characteristics and Its Relation to Achievement and School Type among Jordanian Students  [PDF]
Alia Al-Oweidi
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.41004
Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the creative characteristics among creative students in regular schools and its relation to achievement and school type variables as perceived by teachers. The sample of the study consisted of (176) male and female students with an age range (9-17 years), (127) of them are high achievers and (49) average achievers chosen purposefully from (11) schools, (7) private schools and (4) public schools. (67)teachers participated in evaluating the creative characteristics in students regardless of the academic achievement of students. The creative characteristics inventory isused to identify the creative characteristic in students. The findings of the study showed that there are apparent differences in the means between high achievers and average achievers on all creative characteristics. By using (T) test to examine the differences between means, the findings showed that the differences were between high achievers and average achievers on the achievement variable within five domains: fluency, fantasy, problem sensitivity, originality and intuition for the favor of high achievers. Meanwhile, there were no significant statistical differences on the domains and other creative characteristics. With regard to school type, the findings showed significant differences on the means of the ambiguity, fantasy, curiosity, adventure and sense of humor for the favor of private schools. Moreover, there were significant differences in the mean of fluency, problem sensitivity, and independency for the favor of public schools.

Studies on Physical and Biochemical Characteristics of Milk Including Vitamin-A of Lactating Women of Different Socio-economic and Age Groups
Alia,M. Tariq Javed,N. Abbas,B. Tabassum
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1998,
Abstract: Milk studies within two days post delivery in 90 randomly selected women of three socio-economic (low, middle and high) and three age groups (< 25, 26-32 and > 33 years) of Faisalabad, Pakistan, revealed an overall concentration of vitamin-A to be 718.85 RE/L. The milk vitamin-A showed non-significant difference between socio-economic groups, but was higher (P<0.01) in women of > 33 years (863.41 RE/L) of age. The mean specific gravity of milk was 1.0265±264 and the pH was 7.0876 and showed non-significant difference in socio-economic and age groups. The mean total milk proteins was 1.31±4 per cent and was higher (P<0.05) in women of 26-32 years of age, however, it showed non-significant difference between socio-economic groups. The mean milk lactose and fat was 5.76±5 and 2.89±3 per cent, respectively and showed non-significant difference between socio-economic and age groups.
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