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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6554 matches for " Alex Asiimwe "
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Statutory Law, Patriarchy and Inheritance: Home ownership among Widows in Uganda
F Asiimwe
African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie , 2009,
Abstract: This paper discusses the ways in which urban widows in Uganda are deprived of home ownership upon the death of their husbands. It is based on a qualitative research conducted in the middle-income areas of Kampala between 2004 and 2007. The results show that the institutional legal framework and the patriarchal customary practices and beliefs deprive widows of home ownership notwithstanding the gender sensitive Constitution. The study also shows that the special ways in which widows are able to inherit the matrimonial home upon the death of their husbands demonstrate the difficulty widows face to become home owners.
Pattern of drug utilization for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in urban Ghana following national treatment policy change to artemisinin-combination therapy
Alexander NO Dodoo, Carole Fogg, Alex Asiimwe, Edmund T Nartey, Augustina Kodua, Ofori Tenkorang, David Ofori-Adjei
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-2
Abstract: Patients with diagnosis of uncomplicated malaria were recruited from pharmacies of health facilities throughout Accra in a cohort-event monitoring study. The main drug utilization outcomes were the relation of patient age, gender, type of facility attended, mode of diagnosis and concomitant treatments to the anti-malarial regimen prescribed. Logistic regression was used to predict prescription of nationally recommended first-line therapy and concomitant prescription of antibiotics.The cohort comprised 2,831 patients. Curative regimens containing an artemisinin derivative were given to 90.8% (n = 2,574) of patients, although 33% (n = 936) of patients received an artemisinin-based monotherapy. Predictors of first-line therapy were laboratory-confirmed diagnosis, age >5 years, and attending a government facility. Analgesics and antibiotics were the most commonly prescribed concomitant medications, with a median of two co-prescriptions per patient (range 1–9). Patients above 12 years were significantly less likely to have antibiotics co-prescribed than patients under five years; those prescribed non-artemisinin monotherapies were more likely to receive antibiotics. A dihydroartemisinin-amodiaquine combination was the most used therapy for children under five years of age (29.0%, n = 177).This study shows that though first-line therapy recommendations may change, clinical practice may still be affected by factors other than the decision or ability to diagnose malaria. Age, diagnostic confirmation and suspected concurrent conditions lead to benefit:risk assessments for individual patients by clinicians as to which anti-malarial treatment to prescribe. This has implications for adherence to policy changes aiming to implement effective use of ACT. These results should inform education of health professionals and rational drug use policies to reduce poly-pharmacy, and also suggest a potential positive impact of increased access to testing for malaria both within health facil
Lay Perceptions about Tuberculosis among Non-UK-Born Black Africans in the United Kingdom  [PDF]
Caroline Asiimwe, Ruth Cross, Jessica Haberer
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2015.34023
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis among non-UK-born Black Africans has been gradually recognized as a public health problem in the UK despite the various interventions implemented. Objectives: To explore the perceptions of non-UK-born Black Africans about TB health risk; to explore the health seeking behavior of the non-UK-born Black Africans in relation to TB and to explore lay views on TB health education and screening as opportunities for health promotion. Methodology and Study Design: A qualitative methodology was used on a purposively selected sample of 12 non-UK-born Black Africans living in Leeds. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to explore the lay perceptions about TB. Thematic analysis was used to derive important themes in accordance to the study objectives. Ethical approval was provided by Leeds Metropolitan University. Setting: Community setting of non-UK-born Black Africans in Leeds, UK. Results: This population holds mixed views and perceptions about tuberculosis, few facilitators and many barriers existed to current TB prevention efforts. The barriers included: language barriers, barriers related to services and systems, immigration status and stigma despite the benefits involved. The potential for black African communities to readily increase the likelihood of behavior change was found as an important finding for this study. Conclusions: Tuberculosis is a preventable public health problem. Involvement of the non-UK-born black Africans communities in the TB prevention may be beneficial for reducing and tackling TB rates in this population. Such an approach is potentially inexpensive and more readily implementable than other suggested strategies such as changes to immigration policies.
Gender Dynamics and Homeownership in Kampala Trapped by Laws: A Sociogical Perspective
Florence Akiiki Asiimwe
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: In this study present the existing laws of Uganda and how these enable or inhibit married women, widows in or from owning a matrimonial home has been presented. The supreme law of Uganda (The Constitution) seems to be gender sensitive in regard to a number of aspects but is not specifically clear on matrimonial property like a home. The Intestate Succession Law, seems not to favour widows in as far as inheritance rights of the matrimonial home is concerned. The widow is only allowed to have user rights and keep the home for the male heir. What would save the widow is for a husband to bequeath the home to his wife. Unfortunately, very few men make wills and a few that make them really bequeath the matrimonial home to their wives apart from allowing them to occupy the home until she dies. This is regardless of whether the widow contributed to the home or not. Similarly, the divorce law is very silent on division of the matrimonial home upon divorce or separation. The decision is left with the Courts of law to decide. The Registration Act is supportive in as far as giving individuals a right to own property is concerned. However, there is no legal framework for couples to co-own the matrimonial home. The decision is left to individual couples.
Antimicrobial Drug Resistance and Plasmid Profiles of Salmonella Isolates from Humans and Foods of Animal Origin in Uganda  [PDF]
Kalule J. Bosco, Deogratius H. Kaddu-Mulindwa, Benon B. Asiimwe
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2012.24025
Abstract: Salmonella organisms are among the most common causes of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, and food animals are important reservoirs of these bacteria. A further danger lies in the development of drug resistance in these organisms, primarily driven by non-prudent overuse of antiinfectives. The current study compared the plasmid profiles and drug susceptibility patterns of Salmonella isolates from man and foods of animal origin in Uganda. A total of 92 Salmonella isolates (58 from man and 34 from foods of animal origin) were analyzed. Identification was done by using biochemical tests; plasmid profiling by agarose gel electrophoresis while susceptibility testing to tetracycline, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone and tetracycline were done by the Kirby Bauer Disc Diffusion method. Among the human isolates, 57/58 (98.3%, 95% CI, 91.8% - 99.9%) were susceptible to Ciprofloxacin compared to 32/34 (94.1%, 95% CI, 81.9% - 91%) of animal-derived isolates. On the other hand, 48/58 (82.7%, 95% CI, 71.4% - 91%) human-derived isolates were resistant to Trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole compared to 29/34(85.3%) of the animal-derived isolates. Fifty four percent (n = 50) of the all the isolates were resistant to at least three antibiotics whereas only 2.2% (n = 2) were susceptible to all the seven drugs tested. Most worrying, however, was the fact that only 45% percent of the isolates were sensitive to all the three drugs (chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin) commonly used in the treatment of salmonellosis in this setting. The risk of ampicillin resistance was three times more likely to occur in animal-derived as compared to human-derived isolates (Odds Ratio = 2.705, 95% CI, 1.3 - 5.8) as was that to nalidixic acid (Odds Ratio = 2.895, 95% CI, 1.17 - 7.2). Plasmid profile analysis showed eight clusters comprising of 68.7% (46/67) of the isolates. In five of the eight clusters, there were both animal and human-derived isolates. Resistant strains of Salmonella are common in this setting and meat/meat products are the commonest source of infection. A majority of the isolates are multi-drug resistant, and there is evidence of cross-species transmission of plasmids, and possibly drug resistance, between animals and humans.
Qualititative Analysis of Interface Behavior under First Phase Transition  [PDF]
Alex Guskov
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2012.21005
Abstract: At present there is no explanation of the nature of interface instability upon first order phase transitions. The well-known theory of concentration overcooling under directed crystallization of solutions and Mullins-Sekerka instability cannot account for the diversified liquid component redistribution during solid state transition. In [1-3], within the framework of the nonequilibrium mass transfer problem, it has been shown that there are regimes of the interface instability, which differ from the known ones [4-6]. Moreover, the instability theory of works [1-3] demonstrates a complete experimental agreement of the dependence of eutectic pattern period on interface velocity. However, it is difficult to explain interface instability within the framework of a general setting of the mass-transfer problem. This paper is de-voted to qualitative analysis of the phenomena that are responsible for interface instability. The phenomena are connected by a single equation. Qualitative analysis revealed a variety of different conditions responsible for instability of flat interface stationary movement upon phase transition. The type of instability depends on system parameters. It is important that interface instability in the asymptotic case of quasi-equilibrium problem setting is qualitatively different from interface instability in the case of nonequilibrium problem setting.
Social Media and Political Participation: An Investigation of Small Scale Activism in Greece  [PDF]
Alex Afouxenidis
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.41001
Abstract:

This paper discusses the possibilities and limitations of online activism. The example used to illustrate the above point provides some evidence that, on some occasions, civil society maybe mobilized through the use of the internet and the online public sphere, to organize more coherent and practical political demands. At the same time, it is also shown that the capacity of individuals to fully participate depends on previous offline experiences as well as a relatively higher degree of technical competence.

On Linear Analysis of the Movement of the Interface under Directed Crystallization  [PDF]
Alex Guskov
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2014.42014
Abstract:

We present a detailed discussion of the boundary conditions of the directed crystallization problem, a formulation of the model considering temperature fields of external sources, the mechanism of attachment of particles to the growing solid surface, the influence of interphase component absorption on the phase distribution ratio of the components as well as the calculation of the period of the morphological interface instability which is made with due regard of all the aforementioned conditions.

Drawing on the “Lived Experience” —An Investigation of Perception, Ideation and Praxis  [PDF]
Alex Ashton
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2014.23007
Abstract:

“When we do not have the words to say something, drawing can define both the real and unreal in visual terms” (Kovats, 2007: p. 8). The paper addresses the question: what is the relationship be- tween perceptual experience and its interpretation through drawing? It is proposed that drawing, as knowledge and experience, is a particular way of coming to know the world that is explicated within artistic practice. The research examines how drawing, through its expression of the con- crete and the imaginary, provides interconnected ways of orientating knowledge that contribute to a multifaceted understanding of the “lived experience” (Dilthey, 2010). The study draws on phi- losophy, in particular the writings of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, to consider the complexities and in- terconnections of mind, object and body that are experienced through drawing. A central tenet of the research is an examination of the role of the body in constituing and explicating experience. In considering how we, as objects, are integral to the world and its phenomena, it is proposed that our “sense experience” (Sentir) (Heidegger, 1962) furnishes us with the ability to enter into this world as sensate beings; to interact, affect and engage with the world in both time and space. Mau- rice Merleau-Ponty in an essay entitled “Eye and Mind”, first published in 1961 (Johnson, 1993), contends that it is through contemplating a connection between the “seer and the seen”, in a direct reference to artist and viewer, that our experience of the world is “opened up more fully” (Johnson, 1993: p. 124). That is, by being immersed in the visible, the concrete, through the body, the visible is not appropriated, but is instead revealed by the act of “looking”. The practice of drawing is a means through which the act of looking is evinced in a tangible form. Investigating

A t-Norm Fuzzy Logic for Approximate Reasoning  [PDF]
Alex Tserkovny
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2017.107035
Abstract: A t-norm fuzzy logic is presented, in which a triangular norm (t-norm) plays the role of a graduated conjunction operator. Based on this fuzzy logic we develop methods for fuzzy reasoning in which antecedents and consequents involve fuzzy conditional propositions of the form “If x is A then y is B”, with A and B being fuzzy concepts (fuzzy sets). In this study, we present a systemic approach toward fuzzy logic formalization for approximate reasoning. We examine statistical characteristics of the proposed fuzzy logic. As the matter of practical interest, we construct a set of fuzzy conditional inference rules on the basis of the proposed fuzzy logic. Important features of these rules are investigated.
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